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days, and a poor tailor's head would be counted for tion, all those hideous contortions of the face which nothing This a Damascus merchant, indeed! had so scared the tailor. “It's the Evil One himVerily he is favoured of the Prophet to live in such self,” cried he, “save us!” splendour! Wants his wife to travel in disguise! Go "You old dolt !” exclaimed the wife, when she to, go to, old Saadi, thou art not such a fool as to had found courage to come back and examine the believe that, though thou hast come on a fool's errand. mysterious thing, which after a minute's thought she Wallah! I wish thee well out of it. Old Mariam, seemed to recognise, “it is worse than the Evil One; my wife, too!”

it's the caliph's ape. Work, indeed! Fine work In the midst of the tailor's cogitations, Baba you have been doing to-night. In the name of the Mustapha entered by a fold of the curtain. Throwing Prophet, what will become of us now? Why, all down à bundle at his feet, “That is work to take the bashis and police will be here as soon as day home,” he said ; " but sit down now, and alter this dawns, and then good-bye to our heads. Wake up? tunic into a fisherman's dress to fit such another man Are you a fool ?” she continued, shaking him. Do as me. I will come to take thee back in an hour." you not see that if they find the foul beast in our

Saadi was now in his element. He tucked his legs house we are undone ? under him on the divan, and set to work with scissors "By my father's beard !" said the tailor, arousing and needle. He had nearly forgotten his strange himself

, “I understand it all now. That pestilent fortune, so busy was he, that when an Ethiopian, slave-may his limbs fail from under him!--who who had entered noiselessly, stood before him, blindfolded me last night, led me to the caliph's he looked up over his spectacles quite sedately, as if palace that he might foist on me the dead monkey he had been a fresh customer. Making a salaam, which some of his fellows have killed. He did it to this man inserted something that Saadi did not see save his own head. Wallah! he has made me to eat in the bundle at his feet. With another salaam the dirt-dog that he is ! But what shall we do? Tell intruder as noiselessly went out.

me, my cherished one, my Mariam! Thou hast a “Good,” thought the tailor to himself; “ this clever head; seek some escape from our toils.” seems like more work to do. Perhaps I am in luck “Well,” said the old woman, a little softened, after all."

we may

be sure of this, that when the caliph finds In a few minutes Baba Mustapha reappeared. it out many heads will fall. Thus, when the bashis Saadi's eyes were again bandaged, he was bidden to come, we must know nothing about the matter." take up the bundle, and then his guide led him back “ But what is to be done with the-creature ?" to the mosque whence they started. He left him, rejoined the tailor, putting it mildly. saying he would call at the shop in a day or two. “Well, we cannot cast it upon our neighbours'

Not a little pleased was the old tailor to find premises, that's sure; for that would be found out, himself safe at home again. Mariam opened the and we should have to eat more dirt. I bethink me door and helped him in with the bundle.

of a way. Take thy needle, and make quickly a “It is heavy,” she said. “What is in it? And loose scarlet coat for the beast, and put a small red where have you been ? Who have you seen

tarboosh well down over his head, so that he may “Gently, my cherished one,” pleaded her husband, look like a doll, such as the children in our street softly; "one question at a time, if you please. play with, and we will get him off our hands in My back is aching still with this bundle. By my peace. Just in the bazaar there is a stall for dolls. beard, there should be work therein enough to make There is a long string of them hanging up; go and us rich. Let us see then, my Mariam, what fortune hang this up among them as if it were for sale." has sent us.” So they two sat down on the floor, old Saadi entered heart and soul into the carthe tailor holding the lamp, while the old woman rying out of his wife's proposition, and at least rummaged into the bundle, bringing out one thing an hour before daylight tho monkey was so cleafter another.

verly dressed that none but a professional eye A piece of Persian cloth—"

would have detected him to be anything but a “ That's for a merchant's pelisse,” said the tailor. very distinguished doll. So, hiding it under his robe, “What lovely silk from Damascus !"

the tailor crept out in the dark, picked his way “That's to line it with,” said the tailor.

through two or three narrow streets in the bazaar “Silk for the caftan and tassels for the tarboosh,” quarter of Bagdad, and at last came in front of the continued the old woman, feasting her eyes on such stall his wife had indicated. There was only a thick costly things. “But what's this common sacking?" netting hung up in front of the wares. Saadi in the

“Stuff for a dervish's frock," said the tailor. silence of the night warily unstitched the fastenings.

And this heavy bundle, wrapped in an old silk He then hooked up his burden in company of the shawl?” And the tailor's wife proceeded to unroll other dolls, and having cautiously and securely sewed the thing in question.

up the net as at first, he slunk back home, feeling “Oh, a black man brought that,”

very much like a thief. And the tailor was going on to explain; but suddenly “Hast thou done it?” whispered Mariam on the his face turned to a ghastly pale. “Wallah!” he threshold. shrieked, starting up in a fright. Aman, Aman, “Yes, verily, O my wife!” he answered. "Lot have mercy, save us! It is Eblis himself! Thé us close the door and go to bed.” ghouls and the gins are here!”

Now it was the custom in Bagdad for the bazaar to Mariam, too, ran into a corner, wringing her be open very early, so that the dust and odd bits might hands as if they had been burned; for when her be swept out into the street for the dogs and other unrolling of the bundle had come to an end it scavengers to clear away before sunrise. Thus it came disclosed the limp form of a fat, portly monkey, about that Hadji M'hammud, who sold dolls and all evidently dead, but still warm.

manner of knick-knacks, which he had brought with The beast had just been strangled, for the cord him from the holy cities and from Turkestan, hapwas still tight round its neck, causing, by its constric- pened to be dusting his stall so early. For in fact


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the muezzin had only just begun crying out the first touched the monkey's ear; then, getting bolder, he call to prayer from the mosque hard by : “La illa, il ventured up, and getting hold of the tarboosh, lugged alla!" Hadji, the proprietor of the shop, was a man the beast bodily out of the utensil. They were unof some note in the bazaars; for he had been a great certain at first whether to laugh or cry, for fear of traveller. No man could tell so good a story as he; being found out; but seeing the thing dressed up as no man had so many curious things for sale—things a doll, they said, “ Let's take him away, and have that ran away with children's hearts; and so, in the some fun.'' ordinary way, it was bright-eyed children that came Now the fun that these two young gentlemen, clustering about Hadji's stall; but on this particular after some consideration, hit upon and finally carried morning a gathering of dogs was there. It was no out was this. Old Ali, the fisherman, lived in a sort use driving them away; they would come back; some- of hovel or roost at the back. He had no wife ; but thing interested them very much ; and there they the neighbours used to come and do for him-make stood, their noses in the air, sniffing up at the string his bed, put his place in order, and so on; for he was of dolls, just as if they wanted to buy one.

always off by daylight with his net to the Tigris hard Here, Y'hammud," cried Hadji, calling out to by, and never came back till noon. He was a ner

come and drive these dogs into the next vous old man, with one eye, and these youths thought street, while I go and get a cup of coffee.” And that if they were to put the monkey in his bed, and Hadji departed for his morning coffee and gossip in he not to know it until he retired at night, it would the next street.

be great fun to see how frightened he would be. So The urchin went in to fetch a whip to that end; they got unseen into the fisherman's room-an easy but by the time he came out, one of the dogs had matter, for he was away on the river fishing—and jumped up on the stall, and had got hold of old tucked the ape well down in his bed. Saadii's doll in disguise by the leg.

But their plans were thwarted; for it happened “Eh," said the boy, who thought it great fun, that Ali's old cat, being of a very suspicious nature,

here's a pretty trick somebody has been playing becoming convinced that something was not quite us. Well, this is a good joke. They have hung up a right about the bed, jumped up and went on scratchmonkey in our shop. l'll run in and tell my father." ing at the clothes until she uncovered and brought to

“It is a bad world,” said old Hadji. “Some light the monkey's head. Just at that moment the wicked man has been laughing at our beards. Well, old fisherman came back for his noontide meal, and let them have their laugh. By the pasha's salt that found her on the bed, her back arched up, her tail I have eaten, if we find them out, they shall laugh to ruffled out and set perpendicularly, and she with a look another tune. But watch them, my boy; say nothing of horror on her face, swearing as cats do when they about it. While you are the anvil, have patience ; | are not pleased. when you are the hammer, strike straight and well.” “By my father's beard!” said Ali, as soon as he For Hadji did not recognise the caliph's ape.

had stripped off the coat, “it is the caliph's ape. I But Y'hammud, when his father was gone, said to must be wary. My enemy is set to blacken my face. himself, “I'll take this to old Hassan's, the confec- All the bashis in Bagdad will be after me, and old tioner. His son played me a trick. I can stuff the Ali's head will come off." monkey into one of his stow-pans. I know they're So without more ado, leaving his meal untasted, going to make confection this morning, for I saw the the fisherman secretly wrapped up the monkey in pans ready last night to put on the fire. It will not some old garments he had by him, tied it round in a be found out till the monkey is cooked."

bundle of palm-leaves, and stealthily crept out with it It was yet too early for Hassan's shop to be open ; under cover of his nets, as if for an afternoon's fishing. but Y'hammud knew the place, for he and the confec- With an air of studied unconcern he then jostled tioner's son had been playfellows. So, with the his way through the streets, got on board his craft, monkey tucked under his robe, he got in stealthily, and thus finally, when no one was looking, the and gently drawing off the lid of one of the pans, he dead ape was dropped overboard into the Tigris. emptied the contents into a jar, curled the doll round so as to fit in, replaced the lid, and set the pan again The reader already knows of the consternation of in right order to go on the fire.

the illustrious Caliph Abdool Achmed when he became Now, Hassan the confectioner had two sons, and aware of his loss, and how all Bagdad went into the sons were the plague of bis life. He could not mourning. The reader also knows how the body of keep them in order at all; and for that reason I sup- the lost ape was found. Suffice it to say that the pose it was that they were always running to their grand vizeer, together with the chief mollah, the neighbours, and so became the plague of their neigh-chief bashi, and the principal imaum, by their active bours' lives too. On this particular morning they measures found out that the murderer was Mustapha, had somehow got scent of the fact that sweetstuif the chief of the Ethiopians, who it will be rewas in the course of manufacture, and at the risk of membered nearly choked himself with a melon pip a good beating, they, as soon as they got up, forced (very suspiciously) when the news was imparted to their way into the back shop-a place strictly prohi- him in the harem gardens. After a severe whipbited-to have a taste all round. Nobody saw them ; ping, this man was induced to confess that he had so they began taking off the lids of all the pans in been jealous of the ape's position and high standing turn, and dipping in their fingers to see which was at court, and had killed him. It was he, in fact, nicest. By-and-bye they came to the one into which that in the absence of Baba Mustapha had put the Y'hammud had stuffed the monkey; but when they ape into Saadi's bundle. What was his punishment listed off the lid and caught sight of the contents, is not recorded, for they kept no record of sentences they started up, for it scared them rather, and they in those times and countries. Perhaps he was tied in felt inclined to run away as from a bogey, the more a sack and thrown into the water as the ape had been. so because they felt very guilty. But Achmed, the Whether this larger bundle ever was found, and who youngest, an inquisitive urchin, crept warily up and found it, must be left to a future story-teller.



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“ CHINESE Gordon.”—Colonel Chesney, in his recently- , nected not with the Eucharist but with the East. It is a simple published “Essays in Modern Military Biography” (Long; misrepresentation of facts to say that they celebrated eastwards mans), gives a chapter to Lieut.-Colonel Gordon, c.B., and with any view of symbolising their undoubted teaching on the the Taiping rebellion. Of military genius and character sacrifice made to God in the Eucharist. Similarly, modern Colonel Chesney is a competent judge, and his chapter on Roman usage has as little to do with the eastward position as Chinese Gordon does full justice to an officer who has not can well be imagined. Modern Roman usage (by which I mean received due praise or reward from official authorities, his most usage that was in being at the Reformation, and therefore with notable exploits having been in a foreign service, and not under reference to which our Rubrics were made) is based on the gross the British flag. But not the less will Englishmen take pride and carnal views of the Eucharistic sacrifice prevalent in the in the fame of the young Crimean officer of Engineers who led Middle Ages. Hence the rule is that the priest should face the “the ever-victorious army," and saved the Chinese empire. altar, whether the altar faces eastwards or not, and in whatThus Colonel Chesney concludes his brief memoir :—“So parted ever part of the church it may be. Everybody the least conthe ever-victorious army from its general, and its brief but use- versant with Continental services knows that in churches where ful existence came to an end. During sixteen months' cam- there are many altars most of the masses are said at the side paigning under his guidance, it had taken four cities and a dozen altars, where the priest must ordinarily face north or south, minor strong places, fought innumerable combats, put hors de though sometimes west. Nothing could be more diametrically combat numbers of the enemy moderately estimated at fifteen opposed to primitive practice than this; yet it is easy to see that times its own, and finding the rebellion vigorous, aggressive, this is what occasioned the ambiguity of our Rubrics, and that and almost threatening the unity of the Chinese empire, had this is all really that taking advantage of that ambiguity can left it at its last gasp, confined to the ruined capital of the bring back. There was a natural disinclination on the part of usurper. Leaving his late command well satisfied, Gordon him- our Reformers to break with existing practice more than was self sailed for England, taking with him no more substantial absolutely required ; and there are several points on which treasure than the highest military title of China (Titu, equiva- they refrained notably from pronouncing against it in express lent to commander-in-chief of an army), the rare imperial terms, though their own instincts mistrusted it. But their decoration of the Yellow Jacket, and the good-will and respect doing so should not blind us to what is mediæval and what is of all with whom he had to do. Not only,' wrote the Prince primitive. If it is the primitive doctrine of the Eucharistic of Kung, the Chinese prime minister, to Sir F. Bruce, has he sacrifice really that we desire to revive, let us not think that shown himself throughout brave and energetic, but his thorough we shall get any nearer to it by distorting history.” appreciation of that important question, a friendly understanding between China and foreign nations, is worthy of all praise.'

A CENTENARIAN.—The British Consul at Calais has reported Much has been said, and fairly said, in eulogy of the modera- lez-Calais, in 1870, of the undoubted age of 101 years and nine

to the English Foreign Office that an old lady died at St. Pierretion and patriotism of those volunteer generals of the victorious armies of the Union who, at the close of the American Civil

months. Mr. Hotham (the Consul) has in his possession a War, laid down their important charges to return cheerfully to

certificate from the Town Hall of Tournai, in Belgium, of the the counting-house, the factory, or even to the bumblest ap

birth of this person, entered in the register as having been born pointment in the regular service on the frontier. Englishmen

at Tournai on June 6, 1768, and giving her own full Christian

He has also

names, as well as those of her father and mother. who bestowed admiration on this conduct of their transatlantic kinsfolk, should certainly yield no less to that of their own

a certificate of her death, at St. Pierre-lez-Calais, on the 17th countryman ; since he, his task once accomplished, sought for

of March, 1870; also with her full Christian names, and those no irregular employment in China, asked for no prolongation in

of her father and mother. Her identity, independent of the any form of his high command, but laid it down to return register, happens to be singularly easy of proof, for she was a straightway to the ordinary life of a captain of Engineers on

curiosity in her way, and not one whose history and antecedents home duty, his highest ambition the furtherance of some local

were unknown. She already a mother-together with her good work, his daily business for years to come the building Paris in 1791, and escaped only by the fall of Robespierre


husband, was awaiting her fate by the guillotine in prison in obscure forts from the designs of others on an Essex swamp. The very papers in which the record of his services was inscribed

Mr. Hotham conversed with her himself when in her 99th year, lay thrust out of sight, their existence forgotten save in Mr.

and found her working without spectacles ; though rather deaf, Wilson his biographer's mention of them. They might have

she appeared to be in very good health and spirits. mouldered for him away unread but for the appeal, made almost RAILWAY WHISTLE.— The Railroad Commissioners of Massaas a demand, of certain of his brother-officers, awakening to chusetts have been hearing a complaint made by the Corporation the knowledge that out of their own corps there were few who of Boston, that the citizens are annoyed by the sharp railroad were aware of the extent and bearing of Gordon's services, and whistle, which in one crossing is sounded more than three hunthe importance of the Chinese campaigns of 1863-4.

dred times in a day. The Commissioners find that it is ques. If there is a man in the world who can conduct a war with tionable whether, in its effects on invalids and horses, such honour, thoroughness, and humanity, and bring it to a satisfac- frequent annoying whistling does not occasion a greater loss of tory close without needless delay or expense, England has that life than would ensue from its total suppression. They regard man in Chinese Gordon.” Colonel Gordon has lately accepted it as “a singular relic of the crude expedients employed in the a command from the Viceroy of Egypt, to complete the work past,” that the companies should disturb whole communities in commenced by Sir Samuel Baker.

order to attract the attention of their own servants; and it is EASTWARD PositiON.-On the question of the Eastward suggested that electric signals, and a bell, with flagmen at level position as connected with the Communion Service, the Rev. E. S.

crossings, would answer every purpose, except in the manageFfoulkes, a recognised authority in ecclesiastical history, thus

ment of freight trains, and as a signal of danger. For this last wrote in a letter to the “Times :”—“The eastward position in purpose the value of the whistle, it is remarked, would be greatly primitive times had no distinctive reference to the sacrificial increased by abolishing that frequent use of it which leads character of the Eucharist whatever. To the early Church the people to pay little attention to it. The Commissioners recomEast was the symbol of light and the West of darkness; and

mend the change of practice thus indicated. that on scriptural grounds alone, whatever moderns may think NOVELTIES IN DINNERS.—A German paper publishes an of their value. Conformably with this vicw the eastward posi- account by Herr von Fries, an Austrian employed in the Chinese tion was the position in which prayer was made by all alike- Customs service, of an official Chinese banquet at which he was by young and old, by women and men, by priest and people, present. The guests, he says, having all assembled in the outer in public and private, whether kneeling or standing, on fast courtyard of the house, the doors were thrown open by two days and festivals, in the nave as well as the chancel, in every coolies, who admitted them into a second courtyard. Here part of the public service, without distinction, where God was they were received by a fiourish of trumpets, some discordant addressed-in other words, where there was any praying at all. Chinese music, and the firing of mortars. They then proceeded When the Scriptures were read, and when the sermon was to the third courtyard, where the master of the house received preached, he who oficiated faced the people. When any were them and showed them into the dining-room, which is only baptized, they faced westwards in renouncing the devil. Thus divided from the courtyard by a glass partition. In the middle they celebrated eastwards in primitive times solely because they of the room was a large round table, and against the walls were prayed eastwards, and they prayed castwards for reasons con- chairs with a small table before each to put teacups on, tea being


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served immediately before dinner. The walls were covered with little goodwill on the part of the French administration and a Chinese pictures, and numberless lamps and lanterns hung from slight change of the ideas of the English Parliament on subjects the ceiling. After a short conversation in the Chinese language, of monopoly and competition to give us in five years direct comthe table was laid in the presence of the guests. When all was munication between Paris and London.-Dover Chronicle. readly, the host asked each guest to come to the table, pointing LIGHTNING CONDUCTORS.—After long and disastrous expe. out his seat, and handing him with many compliments a set of rience in the frequency with which telegraph poles were struck red lacquered chopsticks. When this ceremony was completed,

by lightning, the English companies adopted measures that the company sat down to dinner. Rice wine was first brought up, together with ham, eges, and various cold vegetables. The property. To each pole they have attached a No. 8 wire, run

resulted in perfect security from this kind of damage to their next course consisted of bird's-nest soup, and thirty-four dishes hing from the upper end to the ground. It is chiefly necessary followed, among which were sharks fins, a soup made of that these conductors should be continuous ; that there should diminutive snails of the size of small beans, which came from be no joint unless well soldered ; and chain-link rods, braided Lake Tahu, a ragout of ducks' tongues, fishes' brain with brown wire rope, and tubing are not as efficacious as the simple sauce (a most disgusting dish to a European palate), and No. 8 wire. Further points of importance are suggested in puddings baked in oil. Roast pork and ducks were also served ; these were eatable, and the fish was particularly well cooked, nection, where practicable, should be made with some large

attaching lightning rods to dwellings. The underground conbut Herr von Fries came to the conclusion that the simplest European dish is far preferable to the most elaborate delicacy of earth. It is evident that the latter requisite can usually be

mass of metal, such as gas or water pipes; or else with deep, solid the Chinese cuisine, and he says that after dinner he felt as if best attained, out of cities, by carrying the rod underground to he had eaten boiled gutta-percha. The best part of the enter

a suitable distance from the building, into earth that is per. tainment was a dish of excellent fruit. Champagne was served towards the end of the dinner. This is the only wine drunk by Hanently

compacted by natural moisture. Each conductor, if

there be more than one, should have a separate gronnd connecthe Chinese, and only the wealthy can afford to buy it, as a

tion ; but they should also be connected together, and with a case costs from ten to fifteen Mexican ducats. Cigars were handed round after the soup, and it is the custom to go away There should be no points or acute angles in the conductor ;

metal roof or any other mass of metal in their neighbourhood. directly after dinner. It is also remarkable that at a banquet the straighter it is the better, as electricity will follow the line of this kind the host only appears in official costume, the guests of least resistance and greatest directness. Insulation, with such being all in mufti.- Pal Mall Gazette.

a conductor, is regarded as unnecessary. EGYPT AS IT IS. — There is much diversity of statement as to the real condition of the Egyptian people under their present

IRISHMEN IN SCOTLAND.-In the course of an interesting ruler. Of the wealth and power of the Khedive there is no paper on modern ethnological migrations in the British Isles, doubt, and of the introduction of some modern improvements in read before the British Association, Dr. Beddoe made the somethe towns, but the state of the poor fellaheen or peasants is truly

what startling statement that Glasgow, which is by far the represented by Dr. Bliss, the well-known American missionary. wealthiest and most populous city in Scotland, and indeed lays

Oppression comes to them daily with its sternest demands. claim to the title of the second city of the empire, is, from the Taxation is sucking at the very vitals of all classes. Unable to rapid influx of Irishmen and Highlanders, becoming as Celtic a pay their taxes, the people lave given their lands; so that city as Dublin or Belfast.” The statement is, however, in no the Viceroy has now in his possession one hundred and sixty way an exaggeration. We have not the means of ascertaining millions of acres out of the two hundred millions now the proportion of Highlanders in the population of Glasgow, but under cultivation, leaving only forty millions now in possession statistics enable us to ascertain with considerable accuracy the of the peasants. The result is a most distressing state of things extent to which the Irish element prevails. In 1871, 14:32 per among the people. The most squalid destitution is revealed cent. of the population were born in Ireland. This of course is at every turn. Men, women, and children sleep upon the bare exclusive of those persons who were of purely Irish extraction, earth without bed or covering, and the majority without even a

though born in Glasgow. The latter must be at least equal in mat. A single dark-blue tunic of thin cotton is the only numbers to the Irish settlers, and we shall probably be within garment of thousands by day, and their only covering at night. the mark in saying that 30 per cent. of the population of Glas. Multitudes have not a change of clothing, but wear the same

gow are Irish by blood. Add 10 per cent. for the Highland garment until it drops in rottenness from their bodies; of inhabitants, and we have the Celtic element in Glasgow reprewashings and cleansings they know almost nothing. These sented by two-fifths of the total population. While the emigrafellaheen may have treasures buried in the earth, or ornament tion of Scotsmen to England and elsewhere is steady, the immitheir hair, ears, and noses, with medals and gold rings, but gration of Irishmen into Scotland, particularly into those they cannot be persuaded materially to change their customs.

districts that lie nearest to Ireland, is equally so. In the • Gold does not wear out,' they say ; 'beds, coverlets, sheets,

counties of Renfrew and Lanark the percentages of the popula. and the like do.'"

tion born in Ireland were 13.298 and 14.428 respectively, while

in the town of Greenock the number rose to 16-558. It is calCHANNEL TUNNEL.—The project to construct a tunnel between France and England is assuming a practical phase. The culated that there are in all in Scotland about half a million capitalists and engineers embarked in this gigantic enterprise persons Irish by blood or by birth, or by both. demand a concession of thirty years instead of the ninety-nine DEEP-SEA SOUNDINGS.-Before the times of ocean telegraph usually accorded to railway companies, and ask for neither cables very little had been done in deep-sea sounding; but guarantee nor grant. Further, they are ready to advance a sum when the laying of ocean cables came first to be contemplated, of 4,000,000f. for preliminary investigations. The project in and when it came afterwards to be realised, the obtaining of question consists in the immerging of a duct on the English and numerous soundings became a matter of essential practical French coasts, and the boring of two long galleries from each importance. In the ordinary practice of deep-sea sounding, as side. Of the result of the enterprise, says the “Journal de carried on, both before and since the time of ocean telegraph Calais,” there can be no doubt. The soul of the enterprise, cables, until a year or two ago, a hempen rope or cord was used with MM. Michel Chevalier, Léon Say, and Rothschild, is as the sounding line, and a very heavy sinker, usually weighing M. Lavolley, an engineer who has surmounted the greatest from two to four hundred-weight, was required to draw down difficulties in the construction of the Suez Canal, and without the hempen line with sufficient speed, because the frictional whom that gigantic enterprise could not have been accomplished. resistance of the water to that large and rough line, moving at M. Lavalley estimates the cost of the work at 150,000,000f. ; any suitable speed, was very great. The sinker could not be the English engineers think it will amount to 250,000,000f. brought up again from great depths; and arrangements were He suggests that this work should be done partly by France and provided, by means of a kind of trigger apparatus, so that, when partly by England, and that to induce the two countries to the bottom was reached, the sinker was detached from the line, press on this undertaking energetically there should be a bonus and was left lying lost on the bottom ; the line being drawn up for the one which works the fastest. The 4,000,000f. forming without the sinker, but with only a tube of no great weight, the preliminary capital are nearly all, it is said, subscribed. The adapted for receiving and carrying away a specimen of the French Railway du Nord will advance 1,000,000f., the two com- bottom. For the operation of drawing up the hempen line with panies from London to Dover 1,000,000f., and Baron Roth. this tube attached, steam-power has been ordinarily used, and schild 500,000f. It is hoped that Baron Lionel de Rothschild

practically must be regarded as necessary. Sir Wm. Thomson, will subscribe the same sum. M. Ferdinand Duval offers instead of a hempen sounding line, or cord of any kind, pro50,000f. for the city of Paris ; MIM. Léon Say, Chevalier, and posed a single steel wire, resembling pianoforte wire, which, Lavalley are each engaged to supply 25,000f. It is certain that although exposed to the sea-water, was preserved against rust by on either side of the strait many persons will contribute a larger being kept constantly, when out of use, either immersed in or or smaller sum to the necessary capital. It only requires a moistened with caustic soda.-Prof. James Thoinsort, F.A.S.E.







so destitute of poetical feeling as to be altogether THE SALE OF CALLOWFIELDS.

unaffected by it. CHAPTER xx.

“I know one,” says the reader, “ whose only feel. “Leaves have their time to fall,

ing connected with this very poetical transaction is, And flowers to wither at the north wind's breath,

How untidy those dead leaves make the path!
And stars to set, but all,
Thou hast all seasons for thine own, O death."

Sweep them up."
- Mrs. Hemans.

Ah! reader, that is a hard heart, or seems so; AVE you watched the autumn leaves falling? | but between you and me, as Kezia would say, subject of his muse; nor can we imagine any heart whether for good or bad ; that insensibility to the No. 1196.- NOVEMBER 28, 1874.



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