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in substituting bruised maize and chaff for the old-fashioned | Park or Kensington Gardens. A permanent stock of soldiers forage of oats and trusses of hay. Coachmen and corndealers are kept in the neighbourhood by a liberal country, with resolutely oppose the innovation for the reason that it enables nothing to do but to philander about the district and seek the owners of horses to exercise a control over supplies for their intrigues. The girls are almost driven to associate with these stables and prevent waste and fraud. Nothing can be more fellows, who hang round them like blue-bottles round sugar. simple than to allow so many pounds weight of a compound casks. Driving a perambulator is dull work, and a pretty forage for each horse per day and to see that he gets it; whereas woman who sees her young mistress flirting gaily in the Row it is almost impossible to check the consumption or ascertain is easily enough impelled to encourage the advances of the the quality of oats and trusses of hay which are frequently dashing private, or corporal, who is a skilled adept in such delivered deficient in weight, to the injury of both the horses atfairs. There is nothing indeed those bold warriors will not and their owner, but to the advantage of the servant and the do in laying siege to the nursery-maid., They will wheel the tradesman.-Pall Mall Gazette.

perambulator, or hoist up the contents of it above their lofty PartridGES AND PIGEONS At St. Paul's CHURCH.-Mr.

heads until the squoal of mere pettishness is exchanged for a crow

of pleasure. They recite songs from comic books, they offer Longman, in his work on the “ History of St. Paul's Cathedral," records the following from Stowe : -" In 1597, one Anthony themselves as escorts to music halls, and as standing cavaliers

on the Sunday out. The end is an old story. Sometimes a Finch, of Lewes, in Sussex, taught a covey of partridges to follow him to London, through Southwark, over London Bridge, it up after the coroner. It may, indeed, conclude differently:

coroner has to deal with it, sometimes a judge and a jury take through New Fish Street, Crooked Lane, Candlewick Lane, and, they being eight in number, followed him to the top of Paul's The girl may get married to her admirer, and become the half

. steeple, and there he gave them to the Bishop of London," who,

starved laundress to the regiment, put into quarters where the

conditions of living are not even decent.---Timcs. it is to be hoped, allowed them the run of Fulham, or at least of his garden in Aldersgate Street, for the rest of their lives, unless, with reference to their last mounting, he permitted them

LADIES' DRESS DESCRIBED BY A LADY. - Miss Elizabeth to join one of the flights of pigeons which made their resting- Stuart Phelps, authoress of “Gates Ajar," wrote in the “New place on the roof of the Cathedral, and swarmed down into the York Independent :" "For myself I confess that I never feel streets, like the pigeons of to-day in the great square at Venice. thorouglıly ashamed of being a woman, except in glancing over Of the St. Paul's pigeons, under the date of 1550 we read, -

a large promiscuous assembly, and contrasting the simplicity, “This year was many frays in Powlles Church and nothynge solidity, elegance, and good sense of a man's apparel with the sayd on to them; and one man felle downe in Powlls Church affectation, the flimsiness, the tawdriness, the ugliness, and the and brake hys necke for kecheynge of pegyns in the nyght the imbecility of a woman's. For her mental and moral deficiencies iij day of December." --Susscz Daily Neus.

my heart is filled with a great compassion and prompt excusc.

Over her physical inferiority I mourn not as one without hope. The Knight's Tour. — The exhaustive article by "J. B. D.,"

When I consider the pass to which she has brought the one sole Jast September part, has pleasantly recalled to my remem

science of which she is supposed to be set mistress, my heart ce my early practice, founded on Dr. Roget's paper, when misgives me down to the roots of every hope I cherish for her."

moro leisure hours to spare on such inatters than I can command. Although, however, Dr. Roget's method is

Prayer. --If there be any duty which our Lord Jesus Christ clearly described by your correspondent, I hope he will

seems to have considered as more indispensably necessary towards se my asking him what Algebra has to do with it? But

the formation of a true Christian it is that of prayer. He lmas taken blject now is to describe a practical method I used to every opportunity of impressing on our minds the absolute need

in working out the “ Tour.” With a small chess-board, in which we stand of the divine assistance, both to persist in ng a brass nail projecting from the centre of each square,

the paths of righteousness, and to fly from the allurements of a ced the moves withi a core of the necessary length, which fascinating but dangerous life; and he has directed us to the ziny passed round each peg, marking a more,

thus ex

only means of obtaining that assistance, in constant and habitual od to the eye symmetrical tigures indicating the particular appeals to the throne of grace. Prayer is certainly the foundafollowell.

tion of a religions life ; for a man can neither arrive at truo

piety, nor persevere in its ways when attained, unless with BRADFORD CHIMES.- The splendid new town-hall of Brad- sincere and continued fervency, and with the most unaffected ford, which was opened with much ceremony last autumn, has anxiety, he implores Almighty God to grant him his perpetual in its great tower a Carillon or chiming machine, with thirteen grace, to guard and restrain him from all those derelictions of bells, said to be the largest peal ever cast in Europe. The bells heart to which by nature we are too prone.. I should think it rango from 2ft. 64 in. to 6ft. 5 in. in diameter, and in weight an insult to the understanding of a Christian to dwell on the from 7cwt. 3qrs. *21bs. to 87ewt. The Carillon is at presont necessity of prayer. - Henry Kirke Il’hite. fitted with three machine barrels, each with seven tunes prieked on it. A tune is played every three hours, day and night ;

AIR-BELLS IN FRANCE. --The French have a system of bells and by self-acting machinery a fresh tune begins at midnight lately patented, which work by air. A series of small leaden of each day of the week. At the end of the week a fresh tubes proceed from the kitchen to each room, one to the barrel is put in. The bells can also be played by the fingers, sitting-room, one to the drawing-room, and one to each heil. an ivory keyboard being attacheil. The Carillon as well as the room. Attached to these tubes in each room are a few feet of great clock are from the factory of Messrs. Gillett and Bland, indiarubber tubing, suited in colour to the paper of the room. Croydon; the bells were cast at the works of Mr. Taylor, of To the end of the tube a syringe is fixed air-tight, and this Longhborough.

hangs similar to an ordinary bell-rope. In the kitchen is a

case containing the bell which serves for all the rooms, the dis. Service IN LONDON.-The condition of their servants is tinction being effected by tickets with the names of their re. almost the last thing that oceupies many of the gond ladies spective rooms printed on them, held down by springs. They under whose roof they live and work. Some of the most work in this manner: The indiarubber syringe is pressed, and charitable people in the world, the most patient in sitting the air by this means is forced throngh the tube into a corre. under preachers, and the inost generous in contributions towards sponding indiarubber syringe or ball in the case in the kitchen. the salvation of the heathen, never dream of seeing after the This of course expands, and forces up a small rod which moves a social or religious welfare of the cook or the parlour-maid. cogwheel and rings the bell, and at the same time sets free the When we think for a moment on this culpable neglect, and on spring which retains the ticket of the room in which the bell is the pitfalls in the path of good-looking servants, it is only a rung; this starts up into a square place in the glass door and wonder that more of them do not come to grief. In large at once indicates in a simple manner the room. These ingenious establishments, where footmen and butlers are kept, the evils bells act as effectively as electric bells, which they resemble ex. are of course aggravated. There is very little circumspection ceedingly in sound, without their trouble and expense, and not in such places, although some is supposed to be exercised by the getting out of order like our wire bells and cranks. housekeeper ; but it was only the other day we read of the servants' orgie in a fashionable street, where it appeared the whole DENSITY OF POPULATION. — In England the population is bateh of domestics were drunk promiscuously. At certain equal to one person to every 7,340 square yards ; in Wales, one times of the year families leave town, and many of the servants person to 18,777 square yards; in England and Wales together remain by themselves in the mansion. The irregularities that one to 7,953 square yards; in Scotland, one to 28,084 square oceur at such seasons may be more easily imagined

one to 18,621 square yards. In the United described. Out of doors the case of the nursery-maid

hole, the population is one person to every the hardest of any. She is turned with her charges

s, or about 260 persons to the square mile,

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A FAMILY JOURNAL OF INSTRUCTION AND RECREATION.

"BEHOLD IN THESE WHAT LEISURE HOURS DEMAND, -AMUSEMENT AND TRUE KNOWLEDGE HAND IN HAND." – Cowper,

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CHAPTER XI.-HARRY OFF TO SEA.

MAIDEN MAY.

us here," observed Algernon, “unless our uncle should turn up and claim the title and property, and

as he has not been heard of for a long time, I do not A

LETTER from Captain Fancourt at length think that likely."

arrived, summoning Harry to join the Triton. “I have no wish to be here except as Sir Reginald's He bade an affectionate farewell to his kind old guest," answered Harry, with more feeling than his "uncle. His brother had remarked the failing health brother had displayed. “I hope that our old uncle of Sir Reginald.

will live for many a year to come.” "I shall be very sorry when he goes, but pro- In those times of fierce and active warfare it was bably when you next come to see us, you will find far more trying to the loving ones who remained at No. 1153.–JANUARY 31, 1874.

PRICE ONE PENNL.

E

a

not maintain us and pay our college expenses. We hire a good flat, and endeavour to procure genteel were not long in getting some comfort as to Archie's lodgers. prospects, which were the chief thing. The laird of About six weeks after my father's death came a Hallcraigs—I must not forget to mention the great letter from Cousin Braidfute. It was in bad taste, attention shown by that family during our affliction, containing reflections not only on the living, but the offered to procure him an appointment whenever he dead; but still friendly enough considering the had passed as surgeon; and good interest the laird nature of the man. My mother answered it imhad, having friends in high places, besides a brother in mediately, detailing our plans, and requesting his the navy, who afterwards greatly distinguished him- opinion upon them. Cousin Braidfute liked nothing self in the war.

better than to give advice : so we soon received a My father's only relations were distant ones, who reply, generally approving of our arrangements, and could be of no assistance to us. My mother had containing an offer to look out a suitable house for friends in Canada, but they had lost sight of each us, if one was to be found at this season. This other. She had a cousin twice removed, however, relieved my mother of her greatest anxiety. And in Edinburgh, who had been formerly in trade, but we soon heard that he had engaged a first flat for who had now retired from business. He was a strict us in a respectable locality at a moderate rent. He religious professor, and had been used to pay us a would not become security for us, however, but we visit at the time of the summer communion. We had no difficulty with Mr. Tait, of Cruikstone parish. young folks stood much in awe of him, for he was We had a busy time preparing for moving. I a severe and narrow-minded man, dogmatic and was of some use to my mother, but Archie packed overbearing: Our intercourse had come to an all my father's books and manuscripts, and was ever abrupt close about two years prior to this period. ready to lift heavy burdens, or to do anything that It was occasioned by his having caught me with a required strength and activity. At other times he copy of the “Gentle Shepherd," which I was de- was best out of the way, for he was very apt to vouring, unobserved, as I thought, in a cunning throw down and break things, especially crockery.

, corner behind the parlour sofa on a rainy day. The The day came at last when we behoved to leave light on my page becoming suddenly obscured, I the manse, and the people among whom we had looked up, and beheld Cousin Braidfute's grim lived for so many years. Adam Bowman's father countenance glowering down on me over the back of sent his carts and men all the way to Edinburgh the sofa. Great was my dismay, and awful was the with our furniture free of cost. reproof administered to me for thus mis-spending “ We'll ca' the wee room yours after this, Mr. my time. And leaving me weeping, half from dis- Matthew," said Adam's mother, on bidding me appointment and half from fear of his warnings, he farewell; "and the oftener you come to fill it, the carried the offending book to my mother, on whom blyther will we a' be. Eh! but Adam, puir fallow, he bestowed a similar reprimand for indulging her will miss you.” family in such pastimes.

What a moment of sorrow it was when we turned But the result was not satisfactory to Mr. Braid- | a last look upon our late pleasant home, and left my fute. My gentle mother was troubled in conscience father and Mary behind lying in the quiet kirkyard ! by this reproof, and could not conceal it from my father, whom it seriously displeased on her account, and because he had given me permission to read the book. And with all civility he gave Mr. Braidfute

POSTAGE STAMPS AND STAMP ALBUMS. clearly to understand that he would not permit such interference with his family, which, however, gave AB in the Leisure Hour," entitled Postage

, !

BOUT ten years ago, in 1863, an article appeared that individual such offence that he speedily returned

“ to Edinburgh, from whence he penned a letter to my Stamps," followed by another headed “Rare and mother containing such · severe animadversions on

Curious Stamps." The collecting of stamps had not her and my father's conduct, and such denunciations then risen to the mania which it afterwards reached. anent the sin of reading light and unprofitable books, The practice of stamp collecting is now indeed more that he was never again invited to the manse. I widely followed than ever, but it attracts less attenthink my mother secretly regretted it: she could tion, from the rivalry of other fashions and usages. bear much from Cousin Braidfute (as she always The hold that it has on public favour is attested in a called him) for his mother's sake, who had shown very clear and practical way, by the number and her kindness in her youth.

variety of carefully compiled stamp albums, one of This family disagreement rendered it impossible which boasts of twelve, and another of seventeen for my mother to ask our relative's advice on our

editions.* The number of stamps has vastly increased affairs, which she would gladly have done; for during these past ten years. This is partly owing to “Cousin Braidfute," she said, “had ever a keen

new countries adopting this method of prepaying eye for business, and though so strict a professor, letters, as Japan, Egypt, Cashmere, Sarawak, Hunwas a shrewd and practical man.” We had sent gary, Servia, and the Fiji Islands. There have him intimations of the deaths in the family, but he been frequent causes of additions in tho older had taken no notice of them as yet, and my mother countries, whether from political changes, as in hardly expected he would.

America, during the Civil War, or from alteration of "We must just struggle on by ourselves, Matthew, the devices used in the most peaceable countries. my dear," she said to me, as she smiled encourag- As an extreme case—where both political revolution ingly through her tears ; ' "you and Archie have and artistic or financial motives unite in causing always been good bairns to me, and there is no fear but we shall get on somehow, for God is very

• A priced list of English, foreign, and colonial stamps, with descriptender to the widow and the orphan.”'

tion of size, colour, dates, is published by William Lincoln, of High

Holborn, under the title of " The Lincoln Stamp Album and Catalogue." So at length we decided to move into Edinburgh, Lallier, and others,

This useful manual gives notices of the larger albums of Oppen, Moen,

66

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disturbance—the whole series of stamps in Spain and Sunday at Home' for September. There appear to have her colonies are changed every year, the old ones

been three trees with the name Kett's Oak: 1. T'he tree near being withdrawn or destroyed.

Wymondham, now standing in the bounds of Hethersett, on We have before us a pretty complete collection of under this tree the rebels' first assembled in force. 2. A tree

what, less than a hundred years ago, was an open common; stamps, and in glancing through its pages are re- at Royston, near Downham, where another camp of Kett's minded of many historical facts and events. But followers appears to have been formed ; and 3, the tree on we will not do more than indicate the kind of Mousehold, near Norwich, the Oak of Reformation, under which changes which young collectors may usefully study.

Kett assumed regal authority.. Of this the only memorial is a The mere acquisition of stamps, so as to feed prido; Petermaph from an old engraving, given as the frontispiece in

Kett's Rebellion in

by the Rev. F. W.or make boast of a large collection, is a poor and Russell, 4to, London, 1859. A description of it may be found pitiful thing. A long purse, without much either of on p. 61 of that learned work, but we may doubt whether Rapin, industry or intelligence, can secure a large collection. as quoted by Mr. Russell, p. 4, is correct in saying 'they called

the old oak the Oak of Reformation But to have a judicious selection, and to be able to talked only of reforming the State, religion being neither the

because these obtain amusement and instruction from the various

cause nor pretence of their rising :' for certainly the proceedings devices in certain countries at different times, is a of the Commonalty were watched with great interest by the two far worthier object. In Italy, for instance, the dis- great religious parties, as appears on the one hand by the Lady placement of the Papal stamps by those of the Italian Mary's,' name being mixed up with the movement, and on the kingdom tells of the progress of national unity and Parker and others of his sentiments.

other by the great interest taken in repressing it by Matthew

W. R. c." freedom. The disappearance of the Confederate stamps from circulation in America is the memorial ARNOLD OF RUGBY. - Dr. Arnold's nioral influence in his of the doom of slavery, and the advance of free labour school was equally great and exceptional. He was a severe and equal rights all over the world. Or, in later disciplinarian, as a good schoolmaster necessarily is ; but this

was not the only reason of his wonderful power over his boys. years, the handsome stamps, with large plain figures, The real secret was that he loved and that he trusted them, and for Alsace and Lorraine, tell of the result of the that they wished always to continue to deserve his trust and great war by which the restless French have been love. This was a curious change from the old relations between driven back, for ever let us hope, from the Rhine master and pupil; but Dr. Arnold would rather have given up provinces, which they have kept for generations in quite necessary for him to feel tħat he could take his boys at

his school than havo governed it by any other method. It was commotion and disturbance. The recent rise and their word, and that there was some resemblance between their rapid progress of Japan, in imitation of western conduct and language when he was and when he was not with improvement, is notified by the presence of three them. He made them his friends when he could, and the series of stamps engraved by native artists, and friendship

, was not lightly interrupted. It was felt by the boy's

to be worth preserving, even at the sacrifice of a boy's ordinary printed on paper of native manufacture.

faults. There were some offences which Arnold could never The recent changes in the Spanish government are tolerate. He hated with his whole soul all deceit, all cowardice, marked by the various devices employed : the Re- and all oppression of the weak. He made his boys feel that public of 1870, by a head of Liberty, with mural these things were unworthy of them, and he enforced his crown; the accession of King Amadeo, by a fine His aim was to develop and to encourage in his school the

lesson with the full sanctions of authority and of religion. series of stamps bearing his portrait; his abdication, growth of a straightforward, manly, Christian character, and by the issue of a set with a seated figure, represent such a character was his own. He was, indeed, a rare coming the Republic of Spain. Stamps have been bination of all that boys who are worth anything at all can recently issued by Don Carlos, with his portrait, the moral and the intellectual side of his consistent nature. In

admire and love and reverence. It is not possible to dissociate which we hope will become only curiosities for the both we find the exercise of the rare qualities without which collector.

neither could have been what it was. There is the same ready sympathy; the same care without a thought of self, for the interests of others; the same large-minded allowance for imperfection ; the same glad recognition of excellence wherever

it can be found. It would not be easy to exaggerate, in either Varieties.

direction, the weight of Arnold's influence. There were, of course, black sheep at Rugby as elsewhere; the school and system have yet to be establislied that can hope to quite get rid

of them. But the general tone at Rugby was such as had never THE SULTAN'S TREASURY.—The chief piece of the collection

existed before at any public or private school in England ; and is the far-fained throne of Nadir Shah, which occupies the centre if it has become more cominon since, and if Rugby can no

It forms a large oval of 5st. by 3ft., standing on four longer give us an example of it, we must remember that other massive legs, and looking rather like a short couch than a schools have almost confessedly derived their tone from tho throne.

It is made of wood, as you may see when inspecting example which Rugby first set them, and that Rugby itself is the seat, which looks in colour like lemon wood, on which the not likely for some timno yet, to be governed by another Arnold, cushions are to be placed. A rim about 6in. high runs round

- Times. it, except in front, while at the back it rises up into a point. The inside of the rim is overlaid with gold-foil, while outside,

Horse FORAGE.-Somo useful information for all who keep on a ground composed of various colours-red, yellow, and horses may be obtained by studying the evidence taken before green-you see garlands of flowers and other ornamental tracery the Select Committee on Horses. For instance, it appears from in pearls, rubies, and emeralds, which cover the whole throne, the evidence of Mr. Church, the general manager and secretary including a small stool standing in front of it. All the stones of the General Omnibus Company, that oats have been discarded are rounded and uncut, but many of them are of the purest as forage for omnibus horses for the last six years. These water, and the pearls are almost faultless. Nadir Shah's throne animals are fed entirely on maize and chaff, each horse receiving is a trophy of Sultan Achmed ni, who, disappointed in the as its daily ration about 171b. of the former and 10lb. of the West, where the Victories of Eugène of Savoy had forced him latter. The maize is just broken sufficiently to enable the horses to give up his last footing in Hungary, endeavoured, and suc.

to cat it without difficulty, and they thrive better on this fodder cessfully, to make up for his reverses by extending his than they ever did upon oats. Indeed, every one who rememdominions in the East. Nadir Shah brought back those jewels bers the omnibus horse of former days, with his jaded, careworn with which he ornamented his throne from his Indian expedi- appearance and his hollow ribs, must observe a vast improve. tions, and hail to give them up in turn to the successful ment in the condition of the animals. On the ground of economy Turkish Sultan.

also maize is preferable to oats as forage for horses, its price being

much lower, and the saving effected being about 38. or 4s, a KETI'S OAK.-A correspondent writes :-“Let me add a note quarter. These facts have long been known to many owners of to an interesting article on Gospel and Reformation Oaks in the horses, but gentlemen with private stables find great difficulty

case.

in substituting bruised maize and chaff for the old-fashioned Park or Kensington Gardens. A permanent stock of soldiers forage of oats and trusses of hay. Coachmen and corndealers are kept in the neighbourhood by a liberal country, with resolutely oppose the innovation for the reason that it enables nothing to do but to philander about the district and seek the owners of horses to exerciso a control ovor sapplies for their intrigues. The girls are almost driven to associate with these stables and prevent waste and fraud. Nothing can be more fellows, who hang round them like blue-bottles round sugarsimple than to allow so many pounds weight of a compound casks. Driving a perambulator is dull work, and a pretty forage for each horse per day and to see that he gets it ; whereas woman who sees her young mistress flirting gaily in the Row it is almost impossible to check the consumption or ascertain is easily enough impelled to encourage the advances of the the quality of oats and trusses of hay, which are frequently dashing private, or corporal, who is a skilled adept in such delivered deficient in weight, to the injury of both the horses affairs. There is nothing indeed those bold warriors will not and their owner, but to the advantage of the serrant and the do in laying siege to the nursery-maid. , They will wheel the tradesman.-Pall Mall Gazette.

perambulator, or hoist up the contents of it above their lofty PARTRIDGES AND PIGEONS AT St. Paul's Church.-Mr.

heads until the squoal of mere pettishness is exchanged for a crow Longman, in his work on the “ History of St. Paul's Cathedral,"

of pleasure. They recite songs from comic books, they offer records the following from Stowe :-" In 1597, one Anthony

themselves as escorts to music-halls, and as standing cavaliers Finch, of Lewes, in Sussex, taught a covey of partridges to follow

on the Sunday out. The end is an old story. Sometimes a him to London, through Southwark, over London Bridge, it up after the coroner.

coroner has to deal with it, sometimes a judge and a jury take through New Fish Street, Crooked Lane, Candlewick Lane, and,

It may, indeed, conclude differently. they being eight in number, followed him to the top of Paul's

The girl may get married to her admirer, and become the half

starved laundress to the regiment, put into quarters where the steeplo, and there he gave them to the Bishop of London," who, it is to be hoped, allowed them the run of Fulham, or at least

conditions of living are not even decent. --Times. of his garden in Aldersgate Street, for the rest of their lives, unless, with reference to their last mounting, he permitted them

Ladies' Dress DESCRIBED BY A LADY. - Miss Elizabeth to join one of the flights of pigeons which made their resting

Stuart Phelps, authoress of “Gates Ajar," wrote in the “New place on the roof of the Cathedral, and swarmed down into the

York Independent :” “For myself I confess that I never feel streets, like the pigeons of to-day in the great square at Venice. thoroughly ashamed of being a woman, except in glancing over Of the St. Paul's pigeons, under the date of 1550 we read, --

a large promiscuous assembly, and contrasting the simplicity, “This year was many frays in Powlles Church and nothynge solidity, elegance, and good sense of a man's apparel with the sayd on to them; and one man felle downe in Powlls Church

affectation, the flimsiness, the tawdriness, the ugliness, and the and brake hys necke, for kecheynge of pegyns in the nyght the imbecility of a woman's. For her mental and moral deficiencies iij day of December."--Sussex Duily News.

my heart is filled with a great compassion and prompt excuse.

Over her physical inferiority I mourn not as one without hope. THE KNIGHT's Tou'r. — The exhaustive article by “J. B. D.,"

When I consider the pass to which she has brought the one sole in last September part, has pleasantly recalled to my remem

science of which she is supposed to be yet mistress, my heart brance my early practice, founded on Dr. Roget's paper, when misgives me down to the roots of every hope I cherish for her.” I had more leisure hours to spare on such inatters than I can now command. Although, however, Dr. Roget's method is

PRAYER. --If there be any duty which our Lord Jesus Christ very clearly described by your correspondent, I hope he will

seems to have considered as more indispensably necessary towards excuse my asking him what Algebra has to do with it? But

the formation of a true Christian it is that of prayer. He Ims taken my object now is to describe a practical method I used to every opportunity of impressing on our minds the absolute need adopt in working out the “ Tour." * With a small chess-board,

in which we stand of the divine assistance, both to persist in having a brass nail projecting from the centre of each square,

the paths of righteousness, and to fly from the allurements of a I traced the moves withi a corid of the necessary length, which fascinating but dangerous life ; and he has directed us to the on being passed round each peg, marking a move, thus ex.

only means of obtaining that assistance, in constant and habitual hibited to the eye symmetrical tigures indlicating the particular appeals to the throne of grace. Prayer is certainly the foundaroute followell. -1. A. $.

tion of a religious life ; for a man can neither arrive at true

piety, nor persevere in its ways when attained, unless with BRADFORD CHIMES.- The splendid new town-hall of Brad- sincere and continued fervency, and with the most unaffected fordd, which was opened with much ceremony last autunn, has anxiety, he implores Almighty God to grant him his perpetual in its great tower a Carillon or chiming machine, with thirteen grace, to guard and restrain him from all those derelictions of bells, said to be the largest peal ever cast in Europe. The bells heart to which by nature we are too prone. I should think it range from 21t. 6 in. to 6ft. 5}in. in diameter, and in weight an insult to the understanding of a Christian to dwell on the from 7cwt. 343. 2lbs. to 87cwt. The Carillon is at presont necessity of prayer. ---IIenry Kirke White. fitted with three machine barrels, each with seven tunes pricked on it. A tune is played every three hours, day and night ; AIR-BELLS IN FRANCE. --The French have a system of bells and by self-acting machinery a fresh tune begins at midnight lately patented, which work by air. A series of small leaden of each day of the week. At the end of the week a fresh tubes proceed from the kitchen to each room, one to the barrel is put in. The bells can also be played by the fingers, sitting-room, one to the drawing-room, and one to each beilan ivory keyboarl being attached. The Carillon as well as the

Attached to these tubes in cach room are a few feet of great clock are from the factory of Messrs. Gillett and Bland, indiarubber tubing, suited in colour to the paper of the room. Croydon ; the bells were cast at the works of Mr. Taylor, of To the end of the tube a syringe is fixed air-tight, and this Lonighborongh.

hangs similar to an ordinary bell-rope. In the kitchen is a

case containing the bell which serves for all the rooms, the dis. SERVICE IN LONDON.- The condition of their servants is tinction being effected by tickets with the names of their realmost the last thing that oceupies many of the good ladies spective rooms printed on them, held down by springs. They under whose roof they live and work. Some of the most Work in this manner: The indiarubber syringe is pressed, and charitable people in the world, the most patient in sitting the air by this means is forced through tho tube into a corremer preachers, and the inost generons in contributions towards sponding indiarubber syringe or ball in the case in the kitchen. the salvation of the heathen, never «ream of seeing after the This of course expands, and forces up a small rod which moves a social or religious welfare of the cook or the parlour-maid. cogwheel and rings the bell, and at the same time sets free the When we think for a moment on this ciupable neglect, and on spring which retains the ticket of the room in which the bell is the pitfalls in the path of good-looking servants, it is only a rung; this starts up into a square place in the glass door anı wonder that more of them do not come to grief. In large at once indicates in a simple inanner the room. These ingenions establishments, where footmen and butlers are kept, the evils bells act as effectively as electric bells, which they resemble ex: are of course aggravated. There is very little circumspection ceedingly in sound, without their trouble and expense, and not in such places, although some is supposed to be exercised by the getting out of order like our wire bells and cranks. housekeeper ; but it was only the other day we read of the ser. vants' orgie in a fashionable street, where it appeared the whole Density of Portlation. – In England the population is batch of domesties were drunk promiscuously. At certain equal to one person to every 7,340 square yards ; in Wales, one times of the year families leave town, and many of the servants person to 18,777 square yards; in England and Wales together remain by themselves in the mansion. The irregularities that one to 7,953 square yards'; in Scotland, one to 28,084 square ocenr at such seasons may be more easily imagined than yards; in Ireland, one to 18,621 square yards. In the United described. Ont of vloors the case of the nursery-maid is perhaps Kingdom, as a whole, the population is one person to every the hardest of any. She is turned with her charges into Hyde 11,935 square yards, or about 200 persons to the square mile.

room.

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