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disgust, “Tree more! villain !” and throwing down anxious to learn ; so he took off his apron, unpinned his pen, sat back in his chair to recover himself by his robe de chambre, put away his pan, and seated a long yawn.

himself at his omelette. Suddenly starting up, he went to the cupboard Cordell appeared to be wholly engrossed with the that answered for his buttery and cellar, and con- papers, so that he had full time to enjoy his much tained on the bottom shelf a little frying-pan, a needed refection, and the table being at length saucepan, and a few cups and plates. Putting on delivered from all remnants and appurtenances of an apron, and turning up his sleeves, he began the the meal, the abbé invited him to open his business. preparation of a favourite dish, composed of some You're a very good fellow,” Cordell began, as if fragments of cold fish, an egg, a few dry herbs, and awaking from an absent fit. a chopped onion, with less suitable seasoning, as he The abbé bowed, his slender little figure being unwittingly sprinkled it from time to time with the almost lost in his capacious robe, which was an heirsnuff he took in copious pinches.

loom of the Montmorencis, and too valuable in his It had suddenly struck him that he had gone eyes to be curtailed of its fair proportions. beyond the time of his evening repast, and that he And a super-excellent master," added Cordell. should get through the remaining papers much “Vous me faites trop d'honneur,” said the abbé, more easily when he had refreshed himself with an with fresh bows and smiles. omelette. His spirits rose as his omelette progressed, Oh, come, English, if you please. French is and he put it into the pan with great satisfaction, all very well for Tony King, but you haven't brought singing in a low voice little snatches of French me on to that sort of thing yet." ballads. One turn more and it would be ready, “I did not brought you on, Monsieur Fireplace ! when the door opened and disclosed him standing I can say I have done to you all my—" with the pan in one hand and the fork in the other, “Oh yes, it's not your fault; but I've no turn for the tails of his robe pinned up behind, and his apron | the thing. I am convinced I shall never read, write, hanging down low before.

or speak anything but English." “Ha, ha, ha! Ha, ha, ha, ha!” loudly laughed The abbo's countenance fell. Here, then, was a Cordell Firebrace, coming in without ceremony; pupil lost. “I'm just in time, I declare! nothing could have “But I tell you what I want you to do,"continued been more handy.”

Cordell," and I'll pay double for tho work (though I “Sare! Monsieur Fireplace !” replied the abbé, should think anything would come easy and pleasant,

! ” in some confusion, for he could not let go his pan instead of trying to teach me); but I will pay you without spoiling his omelette; “I am ver sorry; I like a gentleman, and none but a gentleman would make my souper; Madame Higgin make ver fine answer my purpose." oaelette, but-"

The abbé's face trembled with animation and “You prefer your own cooking ? Quite right, you delight. Was he charmed at the prospect of high are a sensible man; I have no doubt I should find it pay? He was. But was not the titillation of his difficult to choose between you,” said Cordell, look- heart caused by those gentle, chivalrous words? ing at the open snuff-box standing close to the Yes, it was. He rose, made a profound bow, and, pepper-castor, and the brown thumb and finger of with an expression of gratified and grateful feeling, the abbé's right hand.

offered his open box. You shall see, you shall discover!” exclaimed “Well, it's not objectionable--taken alone," mutthe little Frenchman, quite reconciled by the frank- tered Cordell, laughing as lie spoko, so that the abbé ness of his visitor, and shuffling the omelette, which did not understand his meaning. “Now, look here." was now done, into the plate waiting for it, he he said, laying his papers on the table, “my reason proceeded with alacrity to fetch another from the for wanting to learn French was this : Affairs in cupboard, and placed it before Cordell.

which I am interested are very much in the hands of “Not a bit for me, no, really; I have dined, and certain parties who live in your country, and are, in supped, and all that sort of thing,” cried Cordell, fact, little better than Frenchmen. Xhem! I beg earnestly; a joke was all very well

, but he would your pardon ; but the fact is, I wouldn't have behave declared himself satisfied for days to come lieved that France could have turned out such a rather than touch the abbé's cooking.

capital good fellow as you are; so you must take Oh, I am sorry,” said the abbé, not in the least that against the other. Well, these people are not suspecting the true cause of his visitor's declining quite so much alive to their duty as I should like to eat; “I make it all myself, it is French entirely; them to be, and I have my doubts about the best but you would prefer—"

way to spur
them on.

I write to them in English, "Oh, nothing, nothing at all, I assure you; I and they ansver me in French. It takes me a day could not eat anything just now," said Cordell, even now, and with your dictionary, to spell out one hurriedly glancing at the exposed buttery aforesaid, of their letters; and, after all, a great deal falls from which emanated not the most refreshing odour, through that I cannot bring the dictionary to bear owing to the lately emancipated fish.

upon, so I can't half get at their meaning; and I No, no,” he added, eat your supper;

I'm sure

dare say I puzzle them as much with my English, so you ought to enjoy it, for you've earned it in every a mistake between us isn't a thing impossible; and sense, and that's more than many can say. I'll that was why I wanted to learn French, for our busianuse myself with these till you've done,” he said, ness is better kept to ourselves, you see.” taking out some papers, “or, if you wish it, I will “I see; parfaitement; it is plain. You must read call again in half an hour."

French better, and write also French better. Ver The abbé would greatly have preferred the latter, good.” but his native politeness made him declare that he No, but I mustn't though. That was what I should be delighted to eat his supper in company was coming to,” said Cordell. “You must do it for

“ with his pupil, the purport of whose visit he was That's it. Understand ?"

me.

“ It is ver plain. I understand. Sans doute," said Although the chief reason why Henry wished to the abbé, who, however, felt a little mystified, as make the Queen Dowager of Naples his wife Tas Cordell saw, and he therefore went over again all he doubtless her large marriage settlement, yet he was had said beforo, till he had put him thoroughly in not unmindful of other matters, as will be seen, for possession of it.

we will now quote some of the most amusing of the “Here's a leap! Such lingo! and thin paper “instruccons geven by the king's highness, to his and small writing! Abominable!” cried Cordell, trusty and well beloved servants Franceys Marsyn, passing the letters to the abbé.

James Braybroke, and John Stile, shewing howe "Monsieur! eh! it is a long work, dis,” said the they shall ordre theymself when they come to the abbé.

presence of the old quene of Naples, and the yong "Of course it is. We ought to be together morn- quene hir doghter." ing, noon, and night, till the thing is settled. I don't Item 6. Specially to marke the favor of hir visage, know how wo shall manage it,” said Cordell, per- whether she bee paynted or not, and whether it be plexed.

fatte or leene, sharpe or rownde, and whether hir " Take de first floor; it is cheap; it is now open. countenance bee chiorfull, and amyable, frownyng or

. Madame Higgin is poor widow, has nine chick-un- malincolyous, stedfast or light, or blushing in comchile, and make ver good omelette, et je serai ravi de munication. rous faire quelquefois la cuisine moi-même," said the Item 7. To note the clearness of her skynne. abbé, his enthusiasm not allowing him to wait for Item 8. To note the colours of hir here. English in which to vent his eager desire for Cordell

Item 9. To note well hir ies, browes, teethe, and as a fellow-lodger.

lippes. "Quizzing ? What about that?” said Cordell. Item 10. To marke well the fassion of hir nose, " It is cooking I say,” explained the abbé. "I

"I and the heithe and brede of hir forehedde. shall be so happy to~"

Item 11. Specially to note hir complexion. “What, you cook! No, no," said Cordell, laugh- Item 12. To marke hir arms whether they bee ing. "I'm not particular; a chop-house is enough grete or small, long or shorte. for me at any time. I won't come upon your time Item 13. To see hir hands bare, and to note the and friendship for that; but I will take these rooms, fascion of theym, whether the palm of hir hand bee for then I can see you night and morning.”

thikke or thynne, and whether hir hands be fatte or Mrs. Higgins was accordingly called; and the leene, long or shorte. abbé, to his own intense delight, while he stood on Item 14. To note hir fyngers whether they be tiptoo, tapping the lid of his snuff-box as lie spoke, longe or shorte, small or grete, brode or narrowe and bowing with as gracious a smile as if sho had before. been a lady of the greatest attractions and in- Item 15. To marke whether hir nekke be longe or fluenco, informed her that she might take the card shorte, small or grete. from the first-floor window, for the rooms were let

Item 17. To marke whether there appere any hero to “ dat highly respectable gentleman, his pupil, about hir lippes or not. Monsieur Fireplace.”

Item 18. That they endevor theym to speke with Before he and his pupil parted that evening, a the said yong quene fasting, and that she may telle great deal of business was done. The abbé had, unto theym some matier at lengthe, and to approache notwithstanding his imperfect English, thrown con- as noro to hir mouthe as they honestly maye, to siderable light on somo matters which Cordell had thentent that they maye fele the condicion of hir entirely misunderstood, and he left him relieved and brethe, whether it be swete or not, and to marke at self-congratulating that he had so happily removed every time when they speke with hir, if they fele the burthen of learning another tongue from his an; favor of spices, rose waters, or muske, by the shoulders, by the happy expedient of using the brethe of hir mouthe or not. honest little Frenchman.

Item 19. To note the height of hir stature, and to enquire whether she were any slippars, and of what height hir slippars bee, to thentent they bee not

deceyved in the veray height and stature of hir; and SPYING OUT A WIFE.

if they may come to the sight of hir slippars, then to note the fassion of hir foote.

Item 22. To enquire of the manor of hir diet, and IN N his history of Henry vir, Lord Bacon says,

whether she bee a grete fedar or drynker, and rather quaintly, “When the king was very whether she useth often to ete or drynke, and ancient (A.D. 1505), he had thoughts of marrying the whether she drynketh wyne, or water, or bothe. young queen of Naples, and sentt three embassadors Besides these and other things which the amwith curious and exquisite instructions, for taking a bassadors were to ascertain, they had instructions survey of hir person.”. The names of these three to get a conyng paynter,” that he might take a ambassadors were Francis Marsin, James Braybrook, portrait of tho queen. Their rather difficult misand John Stile. It was by the permission of á sion seems on the whole to have been rery well descendant of this James Braybrook that the "curious fulfilled; but it did not result in the marriage of and exquisite instructions” of which Lord Bacon the King of England with the Queen Dowager of speaks came to be published.

Naples, for when Henry discovered, as he did from The three ambassadors were not to travel as am- his messengers, that Ferdinand had changed the bassadors, but as though for their own enjoyment queen's marriage settlement, which was very large, alone; they were, however, supplied with a letter into a pension for life, he gave up the idea of a from the Princess of Wales for the young Queen of union with her; and so the information that he had Naples, so that they might get an interview with got as to her personal attractions was thrown away her.

HENRY VII AND TIIE QUEEN DOWAGER OF NAPLES.

upon him.

CURIOSITIES OF THE CENSUS.

BY CHARLES MACKESON, F.S.S.

VII.-OUR FOREIGN POPULATION.

THE

"HE non-native part of our population is very have been expected, the great metropolis, where, if considerable when viewed by itself or in sec- they so will it

, they can lose themselves among the tions, but it is comparatively small when regarded myriads, or, if they have friends, can more easily as a part of the great whole. Out of the gross arrange to live near them. Thus we find that of the population of England and Wales in 1871—more ninety thousand Europeans no less than fifty-one than twenty-two and a half millions-upwards of thousand are within the London radius; the southtwenty millions were of English birth ; nearly a eastern counties take six thousand; the south-midmillion and a half hailed from the Principality; a land, two thousand; the eastern only one thousand; little more than two hundred thousand came from the south-western, two thousand; the west-midland, the land north of the Tweed; more than half a three thousand; the north-midland, seventeen hunmillion from Ireland; twenty-five thousand from dred; the north-western, ten thousand; Yorkshire, islands in the British soas; seventy thousand from four thousand; the northern counties, five thousand; British colonies and the East Indies; and only about and Wales, eighteen hundred. The occupations of a hundred and forty thousand were born in what the foreigners are classified under the same heads are termed "foreign parts," nearly forty thousand of as those of the ordinary population ; and we find, as whom were, however, British subjects by birth might have been expected, that they take comparaalthough born abroad. To these literal children of tively little part in the agricultural work of the the soil must be added more than four thousand country, their main sources of employment being luckless wights who were fortunate enough, or un- either mercantile, educational, or literary, for the fortunate enough, as their parents probably thought, upper classes, and the various forms of service for and as Mr. Plimsoll would undoubtedly affirm, to be the lower. born under Neptune's sway, either in the comfortable The foreign authors and literary persons stand at steamers of the popular P. and O., the noble pas- a thousand, but of musicians there are twice that senger ships of Messrs. Green and the other great number, and of “teachers” no less than four thouBlackwall firms, or more probably still in the sand. For each of these classes, and especially for steerage of the great emigrant ships. Practically, the second and third, there is and always must be a then, the foreign subjects resident in England fair field for labour amongst us. The French or numbered about a hundred thousand, of whom nearly German litterateur, even if he is but an indifferent nine-tenths were born in Europe, and nearly one- author, can generally find work in translating books tenth in America, the fractional numbers belonging from his own language into our vulgar tongue,” to Asia and Africa. It must, however, not be for while in connection with our public offices and newsgotten that if we were to include the natives of our papers a skilled foreigner can often gain employIndian Empire living in England it would largely ment. This mode of occupation will, however, in swell the number of Asiatics ; but they are counted time fail to provide even for the thousand who now as English men and women, and we therefore proceed live by their pens, for the increasing tendency to cast to look in detail at our hundred thousand neighbours aside the study of the ancient in favour of the modern from the numerous European kingdoms, and from languages throughout our schools must in the end Asia, who for the time being are living under the reduce the opportunities for the natives of the conrule of our good Queen, although they are still re- tinent to profit by our insular ignorance. garded by the law as foreign subjects.

With music the case is very different. The prevalent Taking first the ninety thousand European residents, worship of the foreign in the concert-room and the who it must be remembered were born abroad, and are shop is one of the standing disgraces of the country. A not the children of foreign parents born in London, we composer may perhaps have some chance if he sticks find that Germany contributes thirty-two thousand, to his honest patronymic, although a little flavour of or more than one-third; France nearly eighteen the Italian or German makes his wares decidedly thousand, about one-fifth ; Poland about seven thou- better property; but the singer or the player very sand; Italy, five thousand; Holland, six thousand; seldom appears in the concert-room or on the stage Norway, four thousand ; Russia and Belgium, about as plain Mrs. Brown or Miss Jones, and this arises two thousand five hundred each ; Denmark, Spain, from no other cause than the heresy which someand Austria, about fifteen hundred each ; Sweden, how or other has gained a place in our national nineteen hundred ; and Portugal, Greece, Turkey, creed, that an English musician is altogether below and Hungary, about four or five hundred each. Of his foreign brethren. The absurdity of the idea is the whole number the proportion of males to females of course proved by the admitted ability of some of is almost two to one, there being fifty-seven thousand our foremost singers, who have been bold enough to of the former, and thirty-two thousand of the latter. keep their own names on their cards; but then they Four-fifths of the whole foreign population are above are, as a rule, even in the matter of mere personal twenty years of age, a striking contrast to our home appearance, such genuine Englishmen or Englishborn population, in which the numbers under and women that it would create a smile if they appeared above this period of life are almost exactly equal. as Signor this or Mademoiselle that. The case is The explanation of this anomaly probably is that the altogether different, on the other hand, with a large men migrate to England from other countries, leav- number of mediocre artists, very respectable people ing their wives and families behind them, as there in their way, who are unable thus to face the world, is no reason to suppose that there is a preponderance and who, unless they Italianised their names, would of bachelors among our visitors. The favourite never get an engagement. resort of the majority of these people is, as might In the returus of the native population, strangoly

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enough, we do not find a single entry of these | German nurse. The French cook, or chef de cuisine, nomad music-makers, unless they are included is apparently more rare than would have been examong the “others” who come after the “musi- pected, there being only a hundred and fifty members cians," but in the foreign population the street of the craft localised amongst us. Out of twenty musician asserts himself—and herself too; for there thousand persons in the commercial class, of whom are three hundred and eighty-one males and forty- only a hundred and fifty are women, twelve thousand three females who are proved to gain their bread in are seamen, or employed in some similar capacity, this painful manner. Nor will it surprise the reader and six thousand are engaged in mercantile pursuits. to learn that nearly the whole come from Italy and The foreign sailors who form such a considerable France, not a single representative of any other item in the complements of our merchant ships, are country appearing in the list. Of the males, King drawn from very different countries. Norway gives Victor Emmanuel might claim all but forty-five, and us more than a quarter of the twelve thousand, of the females all but one.

Germany upwards of two thousand, Sweden more As regards the four thousand foreign teachers, we than a thousand, and France a thousand, the total may fairly express a hope that the number may being made up by nen of every European country, rather increase than diminish. Apart altogether from even Switzerland sending nine of her sons, Turkey the desire of the maternal heart for a smattering five, and Hungary two. This calculation is of course of French "acquired on the continent,” for her altogether independent of the royal navy, in which daughters, Paterfamilias sees the advantage of a foreigners are frequently to be found, although many more practical education than that which used to be of them are simply taken on board for tropical too much confined to "the dead languages.” French service. The number of foreigners in the agriculand German have taken their place beside, some- tural class is only four hundred, drawn mainly from times we fear before, Latin and Greek, and the France and Germany. In the industrial class more probability is that considerably more than the four than one-third of the twenty-two thousand persons at Thousand teachers named in the census would in this work are employed in connection with the manufacage of education find employment.

ture of articles of dress. There are nearly four The number of foreigners engaged as clergymen thousand foreign tailors, of whom fifteen hundred and ministers, or otherwise “connected with reli- are Germans, and upwards of a thousand are Poles. gion," is about a thousand, of whom one-fifth are we have, too, a strong infusion of foreign boot

We Roman priests, chiefly from France, Italy, and makers. The German bakers number thirteen hunBelgium. The number of foreigners engaged as dred. In the indefinite and non-productive division clergymen," or, in other words, as ministers of the there are thirteen thousand. Established Church, is about forty; as “Protestant Here our brief survey of this interesting porministers," forty-three. In the other learned pro- tion of these volumes must close, and here too we fessions we find thirty-five barristers and twenty- must conclude our papers; which, though perhaps three solicitors, more than half being Frenchmen; rather overcharged with facts and figures, will upwards of a hundred physicians and surgeons, one- not, we trust, have wearied the reader or tired his third coming from France, one-third from Germany, patience. In the volumes themselves there are and the remainder from Italy, Poland, and Russia. many other openings for inquiries of the utmost Nearly all these gentlemen probably reside in England interest, to which we have only been able to allude in for the primary purpose of attending upon their com- the most cursory manner, such as the tables relative patriots.

to the lunatics, the prisoners, the deaf and dumb, The only other point worthy of note in the pro- and other sections of our population, and for these we fessional class is that there are about six hundred must refer the reader to the Reports. Of their value artists, only sixty of whom are women. France, to the statistician it is impossible to speak too highly, Germany, and Italy, furnish the largest proportions as the tables are throughout drawn up with the to the body of painters, many of whom doubtless find utmost care and perspicuity; and if the perusal of ample employment among our capitalists, with whom, these articles tends to increase the number of readers as was said recently with only too much truth, from the general public we shall be much gratified. names go for more than artistic excellence, and who will give large sums for the merest daubs, provided they bear the signature of a well-known man. Such a fact doubtless brings a contingent of foreign artists THE MANDARIN'S DAUGHTER. to compete with their English brethren for the spoils of a rich field. in the second, or domestic class, vo find fiftoon MENG satisfactory termination of the difficulty

thousand wives and others engaged in household the duties, and nearly eight thousand domestic servants, Cut-sing got into. Had he been detained, it is just of whom two thousand are men. Switzerland con- possible that he might have involved the mandarin tributes nearly three hundred of the men and six in his troubles by divulging his sympathy with the hundred of the women engaged in service, a result Taiping cause. In order to prevent any suspicion probably due to our national propensity for “the that the customs official or the naval officer might Regular Swiss Round,” during which the tourist entertain regarding his relations with a common not unfrequently becomes attached to some trusty trader, he explained that he had furnished robes to attendant and retains him for home work. No less the Board of Rites and Ceremonies, of which he was than twelve hundred Frenchwomen and fifteen an officer. This explanation at once disarmed them hundred Germans are among our general servants, of any suspicion, and they soon became on familiar but the number of nurses from these countries is far terms, especially as the customs mandarin rememsmaller than one would have expected, remembering bered seeing his visitor in that imperial bureau. the partiality which is often shown for a French or “What may have caused you, honourable sir, to

CHAPTER XX.-FILIAL PIETY AND WARLIKE FOLLY.

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leave your post in these critical times, to journey moved; who, when they were sick or in pain, refused southwards ?" inquired that official in a grave tone of food or sleep on their account. Thus were they voice : his grizzled queue and wrinkled features nursed and trained till they grew up to manhood.” betokened him to be bordering on threescore and Although Meng-kee had long discarded the worship ten years.

of ancestors and other superstitious tenets connected “Venerable sir! I heard from my relatives in with the so-called religion of China, as expounded Yang-chow, that my aged mother was ill, and might by the ancient sages, yet he revered in all its axioms soon depart this life to mingle among the shades of the moral doctrine of filial duty which they inculour ancestors. I therefore deem it my duty to aid in cated. Indeed, it is so much in accordance with the

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consoling her on her death-bed, and have obtained | divine commandment, “ Honour thy father and thy permission to proceed thither."

mother, that thy days may be long upon the land, “Thou speakest well!” responded his questioner that it will be acceptable to every sincere Christian. sententiously “Remember the maxim laid down Accordingly, Meng-kee listened to the homily of tho by the immortal sage Kong-foo-tsze (Confucius): worthy mandarin with becoming respect. • Filial duty is the root of virtue, and the stem from “Are you travelling alone?" he inquired further. which instruction in moral principles springs forth.' My daughter accompanies me, honourable sir, Also the first of the sacred edicts promulgated by the and she will be glad to pay her respects to you if you Emperor Kang-hee: "Be strenuous in filial piety would deign to visit our humble boat.” and fraternal respect, that you may thus duly The commander of the gunboat, who had paid but perform the social duties.' This filial piety is a doc- little attention to the grave conversation of his coltrine from heaven, the consummation of earthly leagues, pricked up his ears on hearing that there justice, the grand principle of action among man- was a lady in the newly-arrived boat. He was a kind. The man who knows not piety to parents can young man of rather a dashing appearance, evidently surely not have considered the affectionate hearts of priding himself upon the gay uniform he wore. It parents towards their children. When still infants must not be supposed that in shape and decorations in arms, hungry, they could not feed themselves ; it differed from those worn by officers in the army, cold, they could not clothe themselves; but they had for the two services in China are so amalgamated that their parents, who watched the sounds of their voice the commanders of the land forces have sometimes and studied the traits of their countenance; who authority orer naval forces, and naval commanders were joyful when they smiled, afflicted when they over land forces. Consequently, there is no distincwept; who followed them step by step when they tion in uniform, and it frequently happens that a

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