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CHAPTER XV.-A TAIPING EMISSARY.

fidence to tell you what I hear, for the news is THE MANDARIN'S DAUGHTER. published in our newspapers at Shanghai, so that

any one who reads English knows all about it." A STORY OF THE CHINESE GREAT REBELLION, AND THE

• Ah!” said Cut-sing, “I wish I could speak and EVER-VICTORIOUS ARMY."

read your honourable language, as you do ours." BY SAMUEL MOSSMAN, AUTHOR OF “NEW JAPAN : TIIE LAND OF THE

The latest news received by steamer, informs RISING SUN," ETC.

us that the Taiping army under Chung Wang

have captured Soo-chow and Hang-chow, and TIME passed on and I became more and more numerous smaller walled cities in Kiang-soo and

intimate with the mandarin, his daughter, their Cho-kiang, which have been garrisoned by forces kindred, and friends. A-Lee's lady connections quizzed said to be two hundred thousand strong.". her unmercifully for having a “barbarian" lover, for On hearing this the stranger's eyes twinkled, and it was by this time understood by all that my visits he remarked, in a suppressed tone of voice, “ This were something more than ordinary friendly calls. is great news, indeed. These two cities are the most

“We are both Christians," she would say to them, famous in our great flowery land for their wealth and "and it does not matter what country we belong to, luxury. Tho poet has said that "Paradise is in if we are sincere in professing that faith, and become heaven above, but Soo-chow and Hang-chow are on united in the holy ties of wedlock, under the blessings the earth below. What successes those are! The of a religion which makes that union equal between conquering armies of the Heavenly Kingdom of husband and wife in the eyes of God and man. I have Great Peace will prevail over the imps." imbibed the doctrines preached by the missionaries “I don't know exactly what you mean," was my of our church, and learned from their teaching the rejoinder, “but I tell you that the British and superior condition of females in Christian countries French authorities at Shanghai are becoming afraid compared to what it is here. When I consider their for the safety of that settlement. Admiral Hope has physical and mental degradation, I dread the thral- | been to Nanking, and held a parley with the rebel dom I would have to submit to in espousing a hus- chiefs, saying that the British forces will not interband among my own countrymen."

fere with the progress of the rebellion, if the Taiping Amongst my comrades it was well known that I hordes approach no nearer than ninety lee (thirty was waiting for my time to expire to make A-Lee my miles) of that treaty port. Should they cross the wife, and settle down to some occupation in China. boundary, our troops will fire upon them."

Upon several occasions I met a stranger at the This piece of information seemed to displease mandarin's, who gave his surname as Wo and his Cut-sing, and he quickly interrupted, saying, "Parproper name as Cut-sing: Ho was about thirty don, noble sir, they would not dare to injure one of years of age, of the middle height, and had a thick your people. For are they not both God-worshippers, set figure. His forehead was low, with strongly- and believers in the elder brother Jesus Christ? Is marked eyebrows, overhanging acute-angled eyelids not theirs a form of religion most effectual for prothat shaded restless piercing eyes. In manner he pagating the truth of Christianity? Before their was officiously polite, but a sneer which frequently progress all forms of idolatry are totally destroyed, crossed his features while making his humble obei- without distinction, and the ruins of Pagan temples sance, indicated insincerity of disposition. He was and the remains of Buddhist idols are to be seen far a native of South China, and, though a scholar, he and near wherever their victorious arms have been." spoke the mandarin dialect of Peking with a peculiar “Ho! ho!" I thought, “our inquisitivo stranger provincial accent. There was something about the is a rebel ; " 80 I remarked at once,

Froin what you man that was displeasing, yet he was most assiduous say, I conclude you are a Taiping?" in his attentions to secure my good opinions.

"I am," he replied, unhesitatingly, "and I glory It was always in the evening when Cut-sing made in being a humble subject of the Taiping Tien-wang. liis appearance at Meng-kee's house, and generally I came last from Nanking to this city of the Tartar he and his host would retire into the library, holding imps, where if I was suspected I would be cut to secret converse together. Apparently, he was not a pieces by them. But you, honourable sir, will not, I favourite with any one, except the mandarin himself, am sure, inform upon me.” who paid him great attention.

From what I saw, Certainly not," I said, "you may rely on the however, I concluded that those were matters of honour of a British soldier. Besides, I am not a importance discussed between them, which they were friend of this treacherous Tartar Government, who unwilling to speak of before the members of the tortured and murdered our men; and if your Taiping household or their friends.

Government succeed in overthrowing them, without One evening when this stranger called, I was hurting us, why we should be glad, especially as asked to join them in the library, which I assented you profess to be imbued with the spirit of Christo, as I felt somewhat curious to know the topic of tianity.” their conversation. On this head I was soon en- “ We not only profess the doctrines of your relilightened by Meng-kee, who said, after they had gion, but we practise it in the Protestant form which been seated

prevails in your honourable country. It is based “My friend, Foong Cut-sing, is anxious to know upon the Holy Bible, which your learned missionaries if your honourable officials at the embassy have have translated into our language, and distributed heard any late news of the Taiping movements at throughout the land. Our decalogue is literally the Nanking and the middle provinces.

same as that of the English Church, but with annoYes, noble sir," the stranger added, " you will tations to some of the commandments applicable to make me your humble debtor, if you can tell me. I the Taiping worshippers. The principal sacraments trust that I do not infringe on your honour by asking of the Protestant religion are observed; the Holy you to give me any information on the subject." Communion is rendered by an offertory of tea upon

“Not at all," I replied. “It is no breach of con- the altar every Sunday during service; and no one

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can enter our ranks without being baptized with water. Our creed is the same apostolic creed as

CHAPTER XVI. ---DEATH OF TIIE EMPEROR. yours; our prayers are the same, including the WHEN I reflected on what tho Taiping emissary had Lord's Prayer; and our hymns aro in praise of the said, and the inducements he held out to enlist the heavenly God; while our great festival is at Christ- mandarin in the cause, I became alarmed for the mas."

safety of the fathor of my beloved. I knew well, “I have heard all this before, and that when your from what had transpired at Canton, of the sanguichief, Hoong Lew-tseuen, first disseminated his views, nary punishments inflicted on the rebels, even if only he and his followers were simple and sincere. But suspected, as proved by the wholesale decapitations now, after the lapse of ten years, when his armies by the monster Yeh. Nothing of the kind had have overrun the country and defeated the imperial- occurred in Peking, as the Government had too much ists, I have been told that, under his new title of on hand with foreign affairs to look after these Tien-wang, he assumes divine power himself, and his internal matters. This in a great measure accounted followers have degenerated into bands of banditti, for the impunity with which Cut-sing had gone about

, who plunder and kill friend and fue alike, without his mission. establishing any peace in your distracted land." Of course I was careful not to whisper a word at

“It is true, noble sir, that our armies have devas- the embassy about the secrets divulged by the emistated the country in their progress from south to sary, but thought it advisable to ask Loo A-Lee if she north, but that is the fate of all places where the was not afraid that his frequent visits would causo scourge of war is introduced; as it has been where suspicion to fall upon her father, and he might come your own victorious army has defeated the Tartar under the wrath of the Board of Punishments. forces and destroyed the palace of Heen Foong. But “I am indeed, and I have told my father that it is as your honourable chiefs have made peace with the not safe to see Cut-sing come so often to the house. imps through defeating them, so we expect to found He agrees with me, and that man-of whom I havo our Great Peaceful Heavenly Kingdom on the ruins an involuntary dread-has been told to make his of the Tartar dynasty. Ah! if your armies and ours visits less frequent, to prevent any of us getting into would but combine, we could destroy their power for

trouble.' ever, and raise up a dynasty of Christian emperors

This information was satisfactory in more ways to last for all time."

than one, as I had a strong suspicion that the sinis“ "Well! the imps, as you call the imperialists, ter-looking Taiping emissary cast an amorous eye on had a very narrow escape last year in a change of the mandarin's daughter, and that his frequent visits dynasty. If the allied forces had driven them out of were on her account as much as that of the father. Peking, and the Government had refused to come to Be that as it may, I did not see Cut-sing at the house terms, there is no saying but what they might have again, though I heard from Meng-kee that he saw

I recognised your chief and placed him on the throne." him occasionally for a short time in the evening after

“ It may not be too late yet, noble sir, to effoct it was dark, and that his mission was progressing that union. Who can tell what the year may bring favourably without creating any suspicion. forth? We know through our agents that this is but “ The fact is, my honourable son, the present cona hollow peace the Tartars have made with you. dition of the Government is so disjointed, that any There is no doubt there are some who are sincere in important event may cause it to fall to pieces; and upholding it, but there are more among the war tho ministers have been rendered powerless by tho party, who look upon it as temporary, and Vide their successes of your victorious army, and also those of time to renew the strugglo, and drive your armies, if the Taipings. Moreover, the emperor is known to they can, into the sea.

be seriously ill at his retreat of Je-hol in the fast“We know these things also, but our commanders nesses of the Tartar mountains; and the empress, are fully prepared for them, as they are on their whom we supposed to be in the secret apartments of guard at Shanghai to drive back your troops should the palace here, has been in close attendance on her they threaten to invade the suburbs of that city and lord in case he succumbs to his disease.” settlement. I must tell you plainly,” I added, " that “This is important news, my honourable father, somo of them are in favour of maintaining the and may be of value to our embassy; so may I mako strictest neutrality, and allow the insurrection to use of the information, without compromising you in take its course, but the majority have as little the matter?” reliance in their faith as that of the Tartar Govern- “ You may do so, but be careful that my name is ment. Besides, they find your chiefs to be ignorant not mentioned as your informant.' men, excepting a few who have recently joined the At the embassy they had heard something about movement."

the emperor's illness, but as it was officially reported “There you are rightly informed, and it is for the in the Peking Gazette” that he was well, they purpose of enlisting scholars in our righteous cause were inclined to disregard the rumours. But I heard that I have been sent by the Chung-wang, the com- that Mr. Bruce's Chinese secretary had an interview mander-in-chief of our arnies, to Peking on a secret with Prince Kung that afternoon, who appeared in mission. Our honourable friend hero, Meng-kee, is very low spirits. Wan Se-ang, the primo-minister, favourable to our cause, and I am empowered to offer was also present, who wished to know from Mr. him a high post should he join us."

Wade if he had any recent news of the movements of " That is the case," said the mandarin, “and I am the Taipings, and put the question point-blank, as to so disgusted with the corruption and favouritism of whether, in the event of their attacking the Takoo these Manchoos that I am seriously thinking of going forts or Tien-tsin, we would defend thoso places. over to the Taipings, who may in the end be the The secretary replied that the Taipings had no ships, rulers of China. But let us return now to the ladies' and that there was no risk whatever of their coming apartments, to prevent them taking too much notice near any place where the Allies were in military of our interview.”

occupation. This functionary excused the dulness of

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the prince, as it was probably from some domestic our offices who would denounce me as a Taiping for cause, and there was nothing politically wrong. the sake of obtaining promotion. Seeing that there However, this explavation was not satisfactory to the is trouble in store for me, I must be very circumspect 'members of the legation, and on further inquiry in my conduct, even towards you. To-morrow all among their Chinese agents they learned that the relations between the Government and the embassies information about the emperor's dangerous illness will be suspended for twenty days, during which there was correct.

must be no intercourse between us. You will thereShortly afterwards a rumour was current that the fore, my son, have to postpone your visits for that emperor had died ten days before, and that it has period, so that I may not get into further trouble." been the policy of the Government on such occasions It was a sad parting with Loo A-Lee. Tears to keep the event secret until they deemed it proper glistened in her eyes, and she sobbed at the thought to announce the fact publicly. There is one peculiar of our future, though she almost recovered her comlaw put in force after such announcements, namely, posure before I left, and proinised to write to me by that subjects of his deceased majesty are not allowed à faithful messenger should anything important to marry for nine months. In view of his actual happen. demise tho matrimonial market at Peking was exces- In the streets preparations were being made everysively busy concluding engagements that otherwise where for the public mourning at the emperor's would not have been consummated until the following death, which was to continue for a hundred days. year. Great was the traffic among the match-makers, The shopkeepers were taking down all the red ornaand the purveyors of wedding furnishings raised their ments on their shop-fronts, and were hanging up prices in consequence of the demand for their wares strips of white and blue calico, or silk if the proprioand services. The number of marriage processions tors could afford it. All the richly-gilded signboards seen in the streets quadrupled from what I had seen which hung outside the doors were also taken down, in ordinary times. Some of these were on a much and a modest white sign substituted. Unusual actigrander scale than usual-camels were introduced vity prevailed, likewise, amongst the barbers, every into them, with the bridal chair, covered with gorgeous person having his head shaved for the last time for trappings, on the back, like the howdah on the three months, during which the hair is allowed to elephant in India. Altogether the anxiety to get out grow, as a token of mourning for the monarch. of the state of single blessedness seemed to be the On reaching the embassy I saw the British stangreat characteristic of the day among the young dard hoisted half-mast high, and I learned that Mr. Pekingese.

Bruce, the minister, had received a despatch from This uncertain state of affairs continued for more Prince Kung containing an official notification of his than a fortnight, and the people were “marrying brother the emperor's death. The letter and enand giving in marriage" until they ceased altogether. velope were in Chinese mourning, namely, white, tho Then the official announcement of the emperor's latter having a light pink stripe round it, and its death arrived from Je-hol. At the same time a decree contents, when translated, were to the following was published, proclaiming his eldest son, a boy be effect :tween six and seven years of age, as his successor, " The prince with all solemnity informs the with a council of eight ministers to assist him in British minister that, on the 17th of the present carrying on the government-in fact, leaving him a month (22nd August), his majesty the emperor demere puppet in the hands of the council, which con- parted on the great journey, ascending on the dragon sisted of those who had shown the greatest aversion to be a guest on high; and that nearly related as his to foreign intercourse, while all the best statesmen royal highness is to the emperor, his grief is greater friendly to foreigners, including Prince Kung, were than words can express. Also, that occupied as he carefully excluded.

will be by the numerous and important obsequial This event created great consternation among all rites the performance of which he has to superintend, classes of the Pekingese, and caused considerable he will necessarily be compelled to postpone for anxiety to the members of the foreign legations. It twenty days the discussion of matters relating to was evident.to every one that a serious crisis in the foreign affairs, which otherwise it would be his duty government of the empire was at hand; I therefore to attend to." lost no time in calling upon the mandarin.

Thus closed the mortal career of Hien Foong, He was alone in his library, busy with his duties Emperor of China, whose reign was one of turbuin connection with the State ceremonies to be arranged" lence and disaster, of internecine strife and foreign on the occasion of the Court going into mourning, and making preparations for the funeral of the deceased emperor. There was a careworn expression on his face, and this appearance was heightened by the

NOTES ON BOOKS. change in his apparel, which was blue and white, without any ornamental work, according to the rules laid down in the Book of Rites, when the people mourn for a dead monarch.

SALE OF TIIE VALDARFER DOCCACCIO. after salutations . të Tom wild this revert, affect you?” I inquired, THE Roxburgh Club claims its foundation from

sale of the library of John , “Very seriously, my son,” replied Meng-kec. in 1812. The sale lasted forty-two days-we abridge As you are aware, the members of this new council the story from the Rev. T. F. Dibdin--and among of State are inimical to foreigners, and should they tho many curiosities

copy of Boccaccio, hold supremo control over the various Boards, they published at Venice in 1471, the only perfect copy will remove from office every one whom they suspect of this edition. Among the distinguished company to be friendly to your countrymen here. Now I am who attended the sale were the Duke of Devonnot only suspected of this, but there are spies about shire, Earl Spencer, and the Duke of Marlborouglı,

Wars.

11.

BY JOHN TIMBS.

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LITERARY FAME.

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then Marquis of Blandford. The bid stood at five | oracle declared, that if all other books were to be hundred guineas. “A thousand guineas," said Earl burnt, "Pamela" and the Bible should be preSpencer; "and ten,” added the marquis. You served. “Even at Ranelagh,” it was said, “it was might have heard a pin drop. All eyes were bent usual for the ladies to hold up the yolumes to one on the bidders. Now they talked apart, now ate a another, to show that they had got the book that biscuit, now made a bet, but without the least every one was talking of.” thought of yielding one to another. "Two thousand pounds," said the marquis. The Earl Spencer bethought him, like a prudent general, of useless

Literary fame Lord Byron affected to despise, in bloodshed and waste of powder, and had paused a

the following entry in his “Ravenna Journal," quarter of minute, when Lord Althorp, with long January 4th, 1821:-

"I was out of spirits-read the papers--thought steps, came to his side, as if to bring his father a fresh lance to renew the fight. Father and son

what fame was, on reading in a case of a murder whispered together, and Earl Spencer exclaimed, that Mr. Wych, grocer, at Tunbridge, sold some “ Two thousand two hundred and fifty pounds!" bacon, flour, cheese, and, it is believed, some plums,

He had on his An electric shock went through the assembly. “And to some gipsy woman accused. ten,” quietly added the marquis. There ended the counter (I quote faithfully) a book, the Life of

( strife. Ero Evans let the hammer fall, ho paused; Pamela,' which he was tearing for waste paper, etc., the ivory instrument swept the air ; the spectators Pamela,' wrapped round the bacon. What would

etc. In the cheese was found, etc., and a leaf of its fall sounded on the farthest shores of Italy. The Richardson, the vainest and luckiest of living tap of that hammer was heard in the libraries of authors (i.e., while alive)—he who, with Aaron Rome, Milan, and Venice. Boccaccio stirred in his Hill, used to prophesy and chuckle over the presleep of five hundred years

, and M. Van Praet groped sumed fall of Fielding (the prose Homer of human in vain amidst the royal alcoves in Paris to detect nature), and of Pope (the most beautiful of poets)

- what would he have said could he have traced his a copy of the famed Valdarfer Boccaccio. On the day after the sale (June 17) a convivial meeting pages from their place on the French prince's toilets was held at the St. Albans Tavern, and twenty one and the gipsy murderess's bacon? What would he

(see Boswell's 'Johnson') to the grocer's counter celebrated members of the club dined together at have said what can anybody say- savo what Jaquiere's, the Clarendon, and the bill was comparatively moderate, £55 138. . Mr. Hazlewood says, passing from one counter to another — from the

Solomon said long before us ? After all, it is but with characteristic sprightliness, “Twenty-one members met joyfully," dined comfortably, divided bookseller's to the other tradesman's

, grocer or regretfully, and paid the bill most cheerfully."

pastrycook. For my part, I have met with most

poetry upon trunks; so that I am apt to consider RICHARDSON'S NOVELS.

the trunk-maker as the sexton of authorship.” High as Richardson's reputation stood in his own

GULLIVER'S TRAVELS. country, it was even more exalted in France and

Sir Walter Scott has well observed : " The character Germany, whose imaginations are more easily of the imaginary traveller (Gulliver) is exactly that of excited, and their passions more easily moved by Dampier, or any other sturdy nautical wanderer of tales of fictitious distress, than are the cold blooded the period, endowed with courage and common English. Foreigners of distinction have been known sense, whó sailed through distant seas without to come from far places to Hampstead, and to inquire loving a single English prejudice which he had for the Flask Walk, distinguished as a scene in brought from Portsmouth or Plymouth; and on his Clarissa's history, just as travellers visit the rocks of return gave a grave and simple narrative of what Mellerie to view the localities of Rousseau's tale of he had seen or heard in foreign countries. The passion. Diderot vied with Rousseau in heaping character is, perhaps, strictly English, and can be incenso upon the shrine of the English author. The hardly relished by a foreigner. The reflections and former compared him to Homer, and predicted for observations of Gulliver are never more refined or his memory the same honours which are rendered to deeper than might be expected of a plain master of the father of epic poetry; and the last, besides his a merchantman, or surgeon in the Old Bailey; and well-known burst of eloquent panegyric, records his there is such a reality given to this person, that one opinion in a letter to D'Alembert: “On ne jamais fait

seaman is said to have sworn he knew Captain encore, on quelque langue que ce soit, de roman egal Gulliver very well, but he lived at Wapping, not à Clarisse, ni même approchant.' But Lord Byron at Rotherhithe. (Gulliver, so Swift tells us, was said he could not read « Clarissa." It was reprinted long an inhabitant of the place : 'It was as true a few years since, but with little success as regards as if Mr. Gulliver had spoken it' was a sort of the sale.

proverb among his neighbours at Redriff.) It is Richardson wrote his “Pamela” and printed his the contrast between the natural ease and simplicity novels on premises with a frontage in Salisbury of such a style, and the marvels which the volume Square, the house being at the top of the court, now contains, that forms one great charm of this memoNo. 76, Fleet Street. Goldsmith was once Richard- rable satire on the imperfections, follies, and vices of son's reader in his printing-office; and hero the mankind.” latter was visited by Hogarth, Dr. Johnson, Dr. The secret of the authorship of “Gulliver” was Young; Secker, Archbishop of Canterbury; and kept up by Swift by alluding to a book sent to him Mrs. Barbauld, when a playful child. “Pamela,” called “ Gulliver's Travels." “A bishop here,” ho which first appeared in 1740, was received with adds, “said that the book was full of improbable a burst of applause : Dr. Sherlock recommended lies, and for his part, he hardly believed a word of it from the pulpit. Mr. Pope said it would do more it.” Arbuthnot writes him: “I lent the book to an good than volumes of sermons; and another literary old gentleman, who went immediately to his map to

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