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A walk upon

overhead struck twice. “ Baggage is out,” he said, “otherwise peas on Christmas-day in plenty for 45 cents., whereas it was he would have struck once, and I would have waited. I must thought a triumph of civilisation when the millionaire could order the train out. Do you see that locomotive just ahead ? get a handful of tasteless things which it cost him a handful of Well, now, see it move. He touched a stop, and I saw the gold to raise in his hot-house. This marks a sure and certain letter Z displayed at a window in a side building. “ He hears progression towards luxury ; but as luxury, kept within bounds, a bell ring also,” said the operator. The engine backed down is one of the handmaids of civilisation, this need not be de. and hitched to the empty train and the 2 disappeared. “I plored. shall now send him out,” said the operator, as he touched

A MONSTER VINE. -A vine, situated about three miles and another stop, and the empty train at once moved forward and left the station. The letters X Y Z(I may add parenthetically) circumference. It begins to branch out at about six or eight

a half from Santa Barbara, California, has a trunk 4ft. 4in. in designate the locomotives of the Harlem, Hudson River, and

feet from the ground, and is then supported on framework, New Haven Roads, and are the signals to back down and con

which it covers as a roof. The whole vine, thus supported, now nect with trains. “I am now about to send out a passenger train," continued the operator ; “ a half-hour ago I struck twice much as 10in. in circumference at a distance of 25ft. or 30ft.

covers over an acre of ground. Several of the limbs are as to open the doors and let the passengers pass from the sitting from the trunk. The annual yield of grapes from this mammoth room to the cars. Now I shall soon close that very door, but vine is from 10,000 to 12,000 pounds. The clusters average, first I must stop checking baggage." A small knob was touched when rive, from 2 to 21 pounds each. This vine, which is by his finger. “Now," said he, “the next trunk that comes

about forty years old, is on rather high ground, and it is stated must wait for another train. There (another touch with the

that the soil about it has never been manured at all. This vine, finger), the baggage-car is hauled out and switched on to the curiously enough, as in the case of Messrs. Lane's vinery at right track. Five minutes more and she is off. Here goes the Berkhampstead, bas a small stream of water running near it, close the door bell'(at a touch) ; no one passes in after this. Now I say all aboard'” (a touch), and we hear the distant voice

which probably assists its growth.—Garden. of the conductor echoing through the vaulted roof. “Now it LONDON.- According to a return issued from the office of the moves" (another touch), and the rumbling movement was im- Registrar-General, the estimated population of London within mediately perceptible, and in a few moments the train left the the tables of mortality is 3,356,073. The metropolis has an station. As the cars go up the road they signal their progress area of 122 square miles; it extends down the Thames from by ringing bells in the same office until they have got through Fulham to Woolwich, and climbs the bills up to Hampstead the city streets, and thus give assurance of a clear track for all on the north, and Norwooil on the south side of the dividing that may follow.-Correspondence of Troy Times."

tidal river, crossed by seventeen bridges, and partially fringed SKYE DESCRIBED BY DR. JOHNSON.- Skie is an island fifty above Trinity high-water mark at the last determination was

by a fine embankment. The mean elevation of the houses miles long, so much indented by inlets of the sea, that there is

thirteen yards; but the elevation ranges from four yards below no part of it removed from the water more more than six miles.

in Plumstead marshes to 143 yards in Hampstead above that No part that I have seen is plain ; you are always climbing or

mark. The hills are higher than the hills of Rome, the river descending, and every step is upon rock or mire.

at night, reflecting thousands of lights, eclipses the Tiber. The ploughed ground in England is a dance upon carpets compared average daily supply of water is 514,269 metric tons, and the to the toilsome drudgery of wandering in Skie. Here are annual rateable value of property is £20,000,000 sterling. Last mountains which I should once have climbed, but to climb steeps is now very laborious, and to descend them dangerous ; 2,285 weekly, and as the deaths were 76,634, or 1,446 weekly,

year the number of births was 121,100 in fifty-three weeks, or and I am now content with knowing that by scrambling up a the excess of births over deaths was 44,466, or 839 weekly. rock I shall only see other rocks, and a wider circuit of barren

This excess comes near the estimated increase of population, so desolation. Of stream3 we have here a sufficient number, but

the actual agrees with the natural increase; but there is a con. they murmur not upon pebbles but upon rocks. Of flowers, if

tinual outflow of people born in London, and inflow of people Chloris herself were here, I could present her only with the

born in the rest of the kingdom or abroad. bloom of heath. Of lawns and thickets he must read that would know them, for here is little sun and no shade. On the AGRICULTURAL LABOURERS IN 1826.- Exaggerated statesea I look from my window, but I am not much tempted to the ments of the wretched condition of agricultural labourers are shore; for since I came to this island almost every breath of air not new, as may be seen in the following extract from Cobbett's has been a storm, and what is worse, a storm with all its “Rural Rides" :-“In taking leave of this beautiful vale of severity but without its magnificence, for the sea is here so Avon, I have to express my deep shame, as an Englishbroken into channels that there is not a sufficient volume of man, at beholding the general extremo poverty of those who water either for losty surges or a loud roar. - Dr. Johnson's Lettors, cause this vale to produce such quantities of food and raiment. Sep. 1773.

This is, I verily believe it, the worst-used labouring people GHENT SAVINGS BANK.-Seven years ago it occurred to M.

upon the face of the earth. Dogs and hogs and horses are Laurent, the Professor of Civil Law in the University of Ghent,

treated with more civility; and as to food and lodging, how that the only way to make a man saving was to teach him the gladly would the labourers change with them! This state of habit as a boy. With this intent, arrangements were made by things can never continue many years ! By some means or which, in all the schools in Ghent, the teacher of each class

other there must be an end to it, and my firm belief is that undertook to receive the savings of the children from day to

the end will be dreadful. In the meanwhile I see that the day, each child, as soon as its savings amounted to one franc, common people know that they are ill-used." receiving a livret d'épargne or savings-bank book of the State Savings Bank, which gives interest at the rate of three per

ROMAN LIBRARIES.--Out of the many libraries existing in cent. The result of the experiment is as follows:- In the

the recently-abolished Roman convents only three have been primary schools, out of 7,989 pupils, 7,583 are depositors, and retained, with the exception of that in the Vatican, namely, ihe total of their savings amounts to 274,602 fr. or £10,984, an

the Caganatense in the Minerva, the Angelica in S. Agostina,

and the Alessandrina in the Sapienza (the university buildings). average of £1 9s. a head. In the infant school, out of 3,039 pupils, 1,920 were depositors, and the average sum deposited is

The Casanatense contains 150,000 volumes, the Angelica £1 78. a head. In Antwerp, Bruges, and other places, a similar posed to choose out some 600,000 books from those in the

100,000, and the Alessandrina about 60,000. It is now prosystem has been adopted. Such results are full of meaning. Would not our School Boards add greatly to their utility if some

convents now abolished, and to incorporate 100,000 volumes such system were established by them in the schools under their

with the Casanatense, as many with the Angelica, and 60,000 control ? It is already done with excellent results in the

with the Alessandrina, so that these three libraries will contain shotblack brigades, and in other institutions under philan. the disposal of the commission for the liquidation of the con:

a total of 570,000 volumes. This leares 300,000 volumes at thropic and sensible management in London.

vent property, which proposes to hand them orer to the muniPRESERVED Fruits AND VEGETABLES.- New York has the cipality and form them into a public library. Here everything monopoly of all the fruits and vegetables that are grown within which especially refers to the city, such as histories of Rome, the limits of steam conveyance. South Carolina's best trade at the topography, chronology, laws, and monuments of the city, this minute is the early vegetables she raises for this market. the biographies and works of celebrated Romans, etc., would be The Bermudas are in the same business ; so are Florida and all collected. The musical archives of the Philippine Fathers, the islands of the sea. It is the same with the late products of which contain many very valuable and as yet unpublished Canada. All that is not eaten or sold to other cities is canned works by great masters, Palestrina and others, would also be and sold at rates so reasonable that the household table has an incorporated with this metropolitan library, and complete an eternal look of midsummer. The mechanic can have liis green extremely rich and interesting collection of volumes.



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Old Broad Street, steadying himself by the wall.
How the crowd surged up and down !

All was

swimming before his senses. Where was he, David MR.

R. NICOLL'S clerk had, during his long Waddle, and what was he to do? Since the previous

career, witnessed many an outburst of anger evening he had undergone terrible excitement, and on the part of his master, but never before had he now all his hopes were for ever crushed. And not witnessed so decided a dismissal as this. Mr. only so. He had lost his wife's £2,000. He would Waddle was too much stunned to say a word in reply. have to pay up other £2,000, and that soon. Where When he came down into the dazzling sunlight of was he to get the money? He must sell the prethe court, he felt sick and giddy. He crept out into mises. That was not enough. Probably they must No. 1185.-SEPTEMBER 12, 1874.



give up part of their hoarded £300 a year; perhaps the Hartwell family. The likelihood is that it began one-half of it. Upon £150, without “premises, when weak Mrs. Hartwell, under the gentle admonithey could not all live.

tions of an interested friend that it was time “Emma What should he do? He could not begin busi- should do for herself,” had been provoked to say ness again; he had not capital; he might lose the Emma was about to do for herself, but in another little left him. Besides, he was too old to begin. way. However the secret first got abroad, it spread Would he get work in the tannery again ? Would with wonderful rapidity. The haberdashers eren they employ him? _And how was he to meet his sent her printed notices, all to herself; mother got wife and poor, poor Pussy? What of her trip to the pressing invitations to tea—“Quite private; just south? Yet the doctor had distinctly said she must among such old friends; and be sure you bring your have it. Assuredly she must die. Die! Everybody sweet daughter with you.' would die but himself, and he might get into one of But there was no need to make any further secret, the almshouses outside Greenwood. David Waddle just as there was no occasion for disguise or being had not tasted food since the failure of his attempt ashamed of it. So Emma could enjoy the sensation, at breakfast. He was weary and worn.

For a few a great deal more, though in quite a different way minutes consciousness forsook him. Then he felt from her numerous friends at Greenwood. In fact, himself swept along in the great stream of London. Dr. John Laing was coming by express from town It carried him to the Bank, and across all the maze to fix the date of the marriage, for he was weary of of struggling vehicles to the great lamp-post in the the delay. That was Saturday forenoon; time of middle of the thoroughfare, and, after a few minutes, arrival in Greenwood, about two o'clock; period of on to the Mansion House. Then it surged him slowly stay, till Monday by the first train, when he must up Cheapside. His mind was almost a perfect blank. return to his practice. Accordingly, it behored One thing alone was clearly present to his mind: he Emma to make the most of the limited time, and, with could not return to Greenwood by a day-train; he Rosa by her side, she went to meet the express. must arrive at home after it was dark. And so he The youngest of the Hartwells had been made unustarted afresh on his weary wanderings. Among sually elegant for the occasion. the thousands of human beings who met and passed The shortest road is not always the most desirable, him in the streets of great Babylon, there was none and so it happened that Emma went round by Plum he know would have spoken a kindly word or Cottage on her return to her own home. Then it stretched a helping hand to him.

was that the large yellow placards with which Mr. Yet there was one, as it happened, who crossed his Graham had covered so many spaces for the first path so near as to have almost touched his arm, time attracted the attention of Dr. Laing. The But Mr. Waddle did not recognise him, and James double iron gate that led up the gravel walk to Plum Nicoll, thinking he “cut him” intentionally, went Cottage was hung on two granite pilasters, which at on his way, more bitter in spirit than before for one time had been the delight and the pride of David the thought that the father of Kate had refused him | Waddle's eyes. But now the double gate was even the common courtesy accorded to a passing drawn to, and the pilasters were covered with Mr. acquaintance.

Graham's yellow placards, announcing the forthIt was quite late in the evening when David coming sale of “premises, with walled garden," Waddle reached Plum Cottage. Those who expected "modern and elegant furniture," and "shares in him were anxious about his unaccountable absence. influential companies." One glance now sufficed to tell them all, or nearly so. The more effectively to instruct passers-by Mr. The man had terribly aged in that one day. His Graham had also caused a small slip printed on red form was bent, his eyes heavy, his hands trembling. ground to be pasted on slantways, bearing a gigantic They asked him no question, but gathered up what hand whose outstretched finger pointed to the words: hints he dropped. They chafed his cold hands and “Here ! on Tuesday.” feet, and gave him tea to warm his frame, and then, Dr. John Laing stopped before the pilaster and as if he had been a child, they led him away—to read the placard slowly and carefully from beginning temporary unconsciousness, if not to rest. They to end, while Emma and Rosa tried to hide behind understood that they were ruined, though they knew him, lest Kate should see them. Not for untold not yet the extent of the calamity. And behind it treasures would she have added one drop to the all they seemed to see the shadow of even a darker | bitter cup her friend had to drink. She trembled lest cloud creeping up the horizon. Yet, the Lord Kate should chance to discover John and her, in all reigneth!

the enjoyment of their happiness, standing before the announcement of ruin and utter misery there. But

certainly just then the face of John Laing bore no FOUR weeks later, and Greenwood enjoyed the unusual expression either of joy or of happiness. luxury of two sensations. There was the announcement The blinds were closely drawn to all the windows of the engagement of Emma Hartwell to the young in Plum Cottage, just as if there had been death in doctor, and that of the “Unreserved sale of those the house. Yet, behind the drawn blinds, Kate had very eligible and commodious premises, with walled seen Emma and her lover, and was not grieved but garden, known as Plum Cottage, and presently in rejoiced in their joy, and breathed an earnest prayer the occupancy of David Waddle, late tanner in for their happiness. Greenwood, along with the whole of the modern and Long after they had left she was still watching the elegant furniture, as also certain shares in influential spot where they had stood, thinking not of herself companies”—all as set forth in detail by Mr. Peter but of them. It was, indeed, marvellous what change Graham in large yellow placards that covered overy | had come over Kate. Although she had not gone street corner and dead wall in Greenwood.

south, according to the well-meant advice of the How the rumour about Emma's engagement had doctor, she had rapidly recovered strength and energy. Srst spread in Greenwood was long a moot point in | Under the stimulus of trials which called her every




faculty into exercise, she had not sunk but risen. | delay, till their next quarter's income should be to To be sure she was no longer the girlish, almost hand, when she would pay all before they disposed childish, Pussy of old. But she retained all her of the capital. Others she had satisfied by converting former gentleness and sweetness, while she united to what little trinkets were left her and her mother's them the thoughtful care and loving decision of a watch and chain into ready money. But it was hard mature woman. Then she was happy. True, their to sit in momentary expectancy of another ring at pretty little home was swept of its easy comfort

, and the bell, and an altercation in the lobby with Phebe, they would soon be driven from it altogether. But who would not admit importunate creditors, while

. what mattered it, if the demon who had so long they asserted in their loudest tones, so as to be heard spread his dark wings over them were chased away? in the parlour, that they must see Mrs. Waddle, that To be set free at any cost from the curse under they could not wait, that it was too bad for honest which they had groaned was itself peace and joy. folks to be tricked by swindlers out of what was Father and mother and she were again all in ali to justly their due, that Mr. Graham would see justice each other on earth. Father was now a compara- done them, and other delicate truths like these. tively old, bent, broken-down man. But all the They were sitting together that evening talking in more that they daily dreaded the fell disease which a low tone, for father seemed disposed to doze a good seemed to threaten him-body and mind-did they deal. He would walk all that afternoon in the

—lovingly hold and watchfully care for him. As for garden, peculiarly restless, going from bush to bush James Nicoll, had she not been rightly led, when to examine the gooseberries and currants, of which, she made sacrifice of her heart's affections to the unfortunately, there promised to be a specially abunhigher call of filial duty? She was quite contented dant crop, and examining the roses ho had planted now that Providence so clearly showed how much he last autumn, when the premises were first bought. whom she had loved best would have suffered by And now each time he wakened it was with a start. being connected with them. And then what comfort He would rub the palms of his hands softly over the did faith and prayer bring to the noble girl; and arms of his easy-chair, as if to feel it all over, or what confidence in thinking

of the better home which once more to touch what so lately he had called his no one could take from them. Assuredly the way

Then he would similarly feel all over the sorrow is not desolate when we enjoy the felt pre- table before him, or look around at the other ticketed sence of Him who first trod it for us.

furniture in the room, and mumble to himself, as if It was evening, and the three had gathered as of recounting the story of their purchase. old in the well-known parlour. The furniture was Only two days more to the sale--and a pound or curiously arranged and ticketed as in preparation for two was all their prospective possessions, when they the sale. For Peter Graham, in his eager coarseness, would leave Greenwood. True, quarter-day was had often that week roughly bustled out and in, to close at hand, and there was no need for immediate "put things in order," as he called it, heedless of apprehension of actual want.

But whither were the keen pain it gave to Mr. Waddle, or of the they to go when they moved out of Plum Cottage? entreaties of his wifo. Unannounced he would hurry They had literally not a roof under which to find in, scarcely taking off his hat, to put some needless shelter on Monday night, and by that time, Mr. question which went like a knife to the heart. The Graham had emphatically impressed upon them, man had been odious in his impertinence and perti- | they must leave their present home. Would God nacious in his demands. He was morally responsible provide for them ? Assuredly it must be by some to his correspondents in London for meeting the agency to them altogether unknown, for all their £2,000 now called up, as Mr. Nicoll had predicted, former friends had in morally-righteous indignation on the shares held by Mr. Waddle. How was the deserted them, and the Hartwells, who alone had money to be paid ? It was not his fault if people been incessant in their kind attentions, were utterly would rush into speculations when they had not unable to give them any help. But the employment sufficient capital to pay their just and lawful debts. of an agency altogether unknown to us: why, that Hints would not satisfy him, and it was only when is a miracle! If so, then does God still work in our Mrs. Waddle assured him that every farthing would own times many miracles on each day. be paid, and so his honour with the London firm They had family worship, or rather Kate read remain intact, that he desisted from his reproaches. portion of Scripture, for her father was too feeble to

Nor was this by any means all the family had to conduct prayers. That evening it happened in the suffer. Those who had been foremost in showing regular course to be the 9th chapter of St. Mark's cringing respect to Mr. Waddle, when in supposed Gospel, which Kate read in her soft, sweet voice. prosperity, were now loudest in their denunciations. Here each portion in that eventful story seemed It was a shame and a disgrace for that old, conceited, exactly to meet their case. First, it was the disbankrupt tanner to have assumed the airs he did. ciples' natural desire, in their short-sighted weakness, He ought never to have been entrusted with any to remain where they were and to “make threo one's money; he ought, in fact, to be still working tabernacles" there, as if they could always have in the tannery. No wonder, remarked the watchful lingered in that place of joyous rest! Then it was spinsters, he did not like dear good Mr. Hartwell's the fierce contest of the Master himself with the evil sermons; how could he with such a conscience ? spirits the disciples could not conquer, and which so With few exceptions, every one to whom he owed from often had threatened to destroy its victim. Such was half-a-crown upwards and they were only too many its hold that when, even at the Lord's bidding, it came -sent to claim immediate settlement, as they had out, it “rent the man sore,” and “he was as one uniformly “heavy bills to meet," and they could not dead,” till “ Jesus took him by the hand and lifted become bankrupt, but meant honestly to pay each him up.” Assuredly they knew it themselves that man twenty shillings in the pound. Mrs. Waddle " this kind can come forth by nothing but by prayer had kept what she could from her husband's know and fasting.” Then, like the still voice after the ledge. With some she had been pleading for a little storm and earthquake, came the blessed words of





Jesus, concerning each one of his disciples becoming the side of Emma Hartwell. He was not even like a child, concerning meekness and love, concern- present in chapel! No wonder the female mind ing the cup of water given in his name, and the felt bewildered, shocked, even injured, and various reward that would follow, and lastly, concerning surmises were indulged in. Certain it is that poor that merciful “cutting off” of even a cherished Emma Hartwell found herself the target of not a member, that so life itself might be preserved. few righteously indignant looks. In the afternoon

They had finished their reading, and the peaceful it oozed out that Dr. Laing had returned to town influence of the hallowed words had gathered around late on the previous evening, thus unaccountably them, like cooling shadows on summer's evening: cutting short his stay at Greenwood; that Miss A ring at this late hour at the door. Phebe returned Enima's eyes had borne traces of tears, and finally with a letter for Mrs. Waddle, in a strange unknown that the minister had accompanied his future son-inhand. Mrs. Waddle opened it, not without many law to the station. What could it all mean? Asmisgivings, though she knew that the cravings of all suredly it was too bad, unless, indeed, there rere more importunate creditors had been satisfied. She something much worse behind it ! turned to the signature, but not knowing it, did For the present these meagre facts afforded no what she might have done from the first, and began clue in solving the problem in moral arithmetic, to read the letter itself. She read it twice before commonly designated as “putting this and that she handed it to Kate, who anxiously watched her together. Nothing further could be learned, not mother's features, while Mr. Waddle, who had be- even from the closest study of ministerial allusions come strangely wakeful, looked nervously from one to sudden trials in the forenoon and evening serto the other. The letter ran as follows:

Of course Greenwood could not know with “ Fir Cottage, Saturday evening.

what impatience Emma paced, all Monday, the little Dear Mrs. Waddle,

parlour, nor how often she pressed her face against “Will you allow one who is personally a stranger the window panes, in the vain hope of seeing farther to venture, not from idle curiosity, on what you may up or down the street in the direction a messenger possibly deem an impertinent interference? Like might take. Yet no messenger came till quite late in your excellent husband, my dear mother and I have the evening, and then Greenwood had, after the sorely suffered from recent losses. Thank God,

labours of the day, mostly given itself up to tea and enough is still left us to live.

But my present general gossip. object is not to intrude on you our own affairs. We

That evening the conversation around many a table have a nice little cottage just outside Greenwood, turned upon the approaching sale at Plum Cottage. which you may possibly have seen. My mother and If there were few to sympathise with David Waddie, I occupy only the half of it,—and we should be so

yet, as the bitter end was so closely and inevitably very, very happy if you all could come out and live at hand, not a few hearts grew sad at the thought of in the other half, till you have made other arrange

those connected with the poor man. Mrs. Waddle ments. Please do not refuse us. The place is small

, but what would become of that fragile, fair girl of

was true and brave, and accustomed to privations ; but we are very lonely, and my mother would so like your daughter beside her, and I am sure Mr. theirs? Well was it that Kate had never carelessly Waddle and you all would be the better for the air

or unconsciously called forth the sting of envy or the up here and of the garden. Do not trouble to send reproach of hatred. Had it been possible, many a an answer. We shall quite expect you on Monday of need. The world is alike more heartless and more

home would now have given her shelter in the hour afternoon for tea. Once more, please excuse my so introducing myself to you. I wanted to write

kind than we give it credit for. If those are rich all this week, but could not muster courage. Mother who have the treasure of love, then Kate Waddle joins in kindest regards, and I remain,

had never possessed so much as on the eve of their Yours very respectfully,

being cast forth homeless wanderers upon the world. “ÈLIZABETH PRINGLE.”

Yet it was a dreary, miserable day, the Monday Was this, then, the much-needed “cup of water," unexpectedly offered them not only a temporary home,

which preceded the sale. The letter which had so brought so unexpectedly by a poor one, who, like but, far better than that, carried to their hearts evithemselves, had been ruined by Peter Graham's dence of the watchfulness and loving care of our speculations! A perfect stranger, too, except to Father in heaven, had, indeed, left them in trustfulKate, who had often spoken to mother and daughter ness and peace. But still it was terrible to have to on her way to chapel, or through “the District " a visitor. God does employ, even in our days, agency rished flowers, so to speak, torn up petal by petal,

give it all up, to be cast forth, to see all their chealtogether unknown to us.

by rough hands. They all loved the dear old cottage The “cup of water” quenched not only present and every bit of the furniture in it, and never before so burning thirst, but proved that there was a spring much. Kate had risen very early in the morning, and at hand ever welling up. They said little to each wandered from room to room, and then through the other, except in tears, but much to God. Next day garden, to be confronted on her return by the swollen was Sunday—a quiet, peaceful Sunday of rest and eyes and passionate entreaties of Phebe, who would gratitude at Plum Cottage.

never leave them, and “take no wages. Poor Mrs. Waddle felt nervous and restless, and wished the

sacrifice was over, and Plum Cottage for ever behind THERE was terrible disappointment in store for them. Yet the while she dreaded most when the Greenwood in general, and for the attendants at hour for leaving would come. Zion Chapel in particular. Contrary to all lawful Inside the house there was more bustle even than expediency, nay, to what one might designate as before. What with men coming and going, lifting right and decency in the matter, Dr. John Laing and carrying furniture, and Graham's directions, it felt did not appear on Sunday in the minister's pew, by l in that darkened house as if the family were all to be

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