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CHAPTER XVI. -DEATH OF THE EMPEROR.
can enter our ranks without being baptized with water. Our creed is the same apostolic creed as yours; our prayers are the same, including the WIEN I reflected on what the Taiping emissary had Lord's Prayer; and our hymns are in praise of the said, and the inducements he held out to enlist the heavenly God; while our great festival is at Christ- mandarin in the cause, I became alarmed for the mas."
safety of the father of my beloved. I knew well, "I have heard all this before, and that when your from what had transpired at Canton, of the sanguichief, Hoong Lew-tseuen, first disseminated his views, nary punishments inflicted on the rebels, even if only he and his followers were simple and sincere. But suspected, as proved by the wholesale decapitations now, after the lapse of ten years, when his armies by the monster Yeh. Nothing of the kind had have overrun the country and defeated the imperial- occurred in Peking, as the Government had too much ists, I have been told that, under his new title of on hand with foreign affairs to look after these Tien-wang, he assumes divine power himself, and his internal matters. This in a great measure accounted followers have degenerated into bands of banditti, for the impunity with which Cut-sing had gone about who plunder and kill friend and foe aliko, without his mission. establishing any peace in your distracted land.” Of course I was careful not to whisper a word at
“It is true, noble sir, that our armies have devas- the embassy about the secrets divulged by the emistated the country in their progress from south to sary, but thought it advisable to ask Loo A-Lee if she north, but that is the fate of all places where the was not afraid that his frequent visits would cause scourge of war is introduced; as it has been where suspicion to fall upon her father, and he might come your own victorious army has defeated the Tartar under the wrath of the Board of Punishments. forces and destroyed the palace of Heen Foong. But “I am indeed, and I have told my father that it is as your honourable chiefs have made peace with the not safe to see Cut-sing come so often to the house. imps through defeating them, so we expect to found He agrees with me, and that inan-of whom I havo our Great Peaceful Heavenly Kingdom on the ruins an involuntary dread-has been told to make his of the Tartar dynasty. Ah! if your armies and ours visits less frequent, to prevent any of us getting into would but combine, we could destroy their power for trouble.” ever, and raise up a dynasty of Christian emperors This information was satisfactory in more ways to last for all time.”
than one, as I had a strong suspicion that the sinis“Well! the imps, as you call the imperialists, ter-looking Taiping emissary cast an amorous eye on had a very narrow escape last year in a change of the mandarin's daughter, and that his frequent visits dynasty. If the allied forces had driven them out of were on her account as much as that of the father. Peking, and the Government had refused to coine to Be that as it may, I did not see Cut-sing at the house terms, there is no saying but what they might have again, though I heard from Meng-kee that he saw recognised your chief and placed him on the throne.” him occasionally for a short time in the evening after
" It may not be too late yet, noble sir, to effect it was dark, and that his mission was progressing that union. Who can tell what the year may bring favourably without creating any suspicion. forth? We know through our agents that this is but “The fact is, my honourable son, the present cona hollow peace the Tartars have made with you. dition of the Government is so disjointed, that any There is no doubt there are some who are sincere in important event may cause it to fall to piecos; and upholding it, but there are more among the war the ministers have been rendered powerless by tho party, who look upon it as temporary, and bide their successes of your victorious army, and also those of time to renew the strugglo, and drive your armies, if the Taipings. Moreover, the emperor is known to they can, into the sea.
be seriously ill at his retreat of Je-hol in the fast"We know these things also, but our commanders nesses of the Tartar mountains; and the empress, are fully prepared for them, as they are on their whom we supposed to be in the secret apartments of guard at Shanghai to drive back your troops should the palace here, has been in close attendance on her they threaten to invade the suburbs of that city and lord in case he succumbs to his disease.” settlement. I must tell you plainly,” I added, “ that " This is important news, my honourable father, some of them are in favour of maintaining the and may be of value to our embassy; so may I make strictest neutrality, and allow the insurrection to use of the information, without compromising you in take its course, but the majority have as little the matter?" reliance in their faith as that of the Tartar Govern- “ You may do so, but be careful that my name is ment. Besides, they find your chiefs to be ignorant not mentioned as your informant." men, excepting a few who have recently joined the At the embassy they had heard something about movement.”
the emperor's illness, but as it was officially reported “ There you are rightly informed, and it is for the in the Peking Gazette” that he was well, they purpose of enlisting scholars in our righteous cause were inclined to disregard the rumours. But I heard that I have been sent by the Chung-wang, the com- that Mr. Bruce's Chinese secretary had an interview mander-in-chief of our arınies, to Peking on a secret with Prince Kung that afternoon, who appeared in mission. Our honourable friend here, Meng-kee, is very low spirits. Wan Se-ang, the prime minister, favourable to our cause, and I am empowered to offer was also present, who wished to know from Mr. him a high post should he join us."
Wade if he had any recent news of the movements of “ That is the case," said the mandarin, "and I am the Taipings, and put the question point-blank, as to so disgusted with the corruption and favouritism of whether, in the event of their attacking the Takoo these Manchoos that I am seriously thinking of going forts or Tien-tsin, we would defend those places. over to the Taipings, who may in the end be the The secretary replied that the Taipings had no ships, rulers of China. But let us return now to the ladies' and that there was no risk whatever of their coming apartments, to prevent them taking too much notice near any place where the Allies were in military of our interview."
occupation. This functionary excused the dulness of
the prince, as it was probably from some domestic our offices who would denounce me as a Taiping for cause, and there was nothing politically wrong. the sake of obtaining promotion. Seeing that there However, this explanation was not satisfactory to the is trouble in store for me, I must be very circumspect 'members of the legation, and on further inquiry in my conduct, even towards you. To-morrow all aniong their Chinese agents they learned that the relations between the Government and the embassies information about the emperor's dangerous illness will be suspended for twenty days, during which there was correct.
must be no intercourse between us. You will thereShortly afterwards a rumour was current that the fore, my son, have to postpone your visits for that emperor had died ten days before, and that it has period, so that I may not get into further trouble.” been the policy of the Government on such occasions It was a sad parting with Loo A-Lee. Tears to keep the event secret until they deemed it proper glistened in her eyes, and she sobbed at the thought to announce the fact publicly. There is one peculiar of our future, though she almost recovered hier comlaw put in force after such announcements, namely, posure before I left, and promised to write to me by that subjects of his deceased majesty are not allowed a faithful messenger should anything important to marry for nine months. In view of his actual | happen. demise the matrimonial market at Peking was exces- In the streets preparations were being made every. sively busy concluding engagements that otherwise where for the public mourning at the emperor's would not have been consummated until the following death, which was to continue for a hundred days. year. Great was the traffic among the match-makers, The shopkeepers were taking down all the red ornaand the purveyors of wedding furnishings raised their ments on their shop-fronts, and were hanging up prices in consequence of the demand for their wares strips of white and blue calico, or silk if the proprieand services. The number of marriage processions tors could afford it. All the richly-gilded signboards seen in the streets quadrupled from what I had seen which hung outside the doors were also taken down, in ordinary times. Some of these were on a much and a modest white sign substituted. Unusual actigrander scale than usual-camels were introduced vity prevailed, likewise, amongst the barbers, every into them, with the bridal chair, covered with gorgeous person having his head shaved for the last time for trappings, on the back, like the howdah on the three months, during which the hair is allowed to elephant in India. Altogether the anxiety to get out grow, as a token of mourning for the monarch. of the state of single blessedness seemed to be the On reaching the embassy I saw the British stangreat characteristic of the day among the young dard hoisted half-mast high, and I learned that Mr. Pekingese.
Bruce, the minister, had received a despatch from This uncertain state of affairs continued for more Prince Kung containing an official notification of his than a fortnight, and the people were “marrying brother the emperor's death. The letter and en. and giving in marriage" until they ceased altogether. velope were in Chinese mourning, namely, white, the Then the official announcement of the emperor's latter having a light pink stripe round it, and its death arrived from Je-hol. At the same time a decree contents, when translated, were to the following was published, proclaiming his eldest son, a boy be effect :tween six and seven years of age, as his successor, “ The prince with all solemnity informs the with a council of eight ministers to assist him in British minister that, on the 17th of the present carrying on the government-in fact, leaving him a month (22nd August), his majesty the emperor demere puppet in the hands of the council, which con- parted on the great journey, ascending on the dragon sisted of those who had shown the greatest aversion to be a guest on high; and that nearly related as his to foreign intercourse, while all the best statesmen royal highness is to the emperor, his grief is greater friendly to foreigners, including Prince Kung, were than words can express. Also, that occupied as he carefully excluded.
will be by the numerous and important obsequial This event created great consternation among all rites the performance of which he has to superintend, classes of the Pekingese, and caused considerable he will necessarily be compelled to postpone for anxiety to the members of the foreign legations. It twenty days the discussion of matters relating to was evident to every one that a serious crisis in the foreign affairs, which otherwise it would be his duty government of the empire was at hand; I therefore to attend to." lost no time in calling upon the mandarin.
Thus closed the mortal career of Hien Foong, He was alone in his library, busy with his duties Emperor of China, whose reign was one of turbuin connection with the State ceremonies to be arranged" lence and disaster, of internecine strife and foreign on the occasion of the Court going into mourning, and making preparations for the funeral of the deceased emperor. There was a careworn expression on his face, and this appearance was heightened by the
NOTES ON BOOKS. change in his apparel, which was blue and white, without any ornamental work, according to the rules laid down in the Book of Rites, when the people mourn for a dead monarch.
SALE OF TIIE VALDARTER DOCCACCIO. "How will this event affect you?” I inquired, THE Roxburghe Club claims its foundation from after salutations were over.
sale of , " Very seriously, my son," replied Meng-kee. in 1812. The sale lasted forty-two days-we abridge " As you are aware, the members of this new council the story from the Rev. T. F. Dibdin--and among of State are inimical to foreigners, and should they tho many curiosities
a copy of Boccaccio, hold supreme control over the various Boards, they published at Venice in 1471, the only perfect copy will remove from office every one whom they suspect of this edition. Among the distinguished company to be friendly to your countrymen here. Now I am who attended the sale were the Duke of Devonnot only suspected of this, but there are spios about shire, Earl Spencer, and the Duke of Marlborougli,
BY JOHN TIMBS.
then Marquis of Blandford. The bid stood at five , oracle declared, that if all other books were to be hundred guineas. “A thousand guineas,” said Earl burnt, “ Pamela" and the Bible should be preSpencer; "and ten,” added the marquis. You served. “Even at Ranelagh," it was said, “it was might have heard a pin drop. All eyes were bent usual for the ladies to hold up the yolumes to one on the bidders. Now they talked apart, now ate a another, to show that they had got the book that biscuit, now made a bet, but without the least every one was talking of.” thought of yielding one to another._"Two thousand pounds," said the marquis. The Earl Spencer bethought him, like a prudent general, of useless
Literary fame Lord Byron affected to despise, in the following entry in his "Ravenna Journal,'
“ bloodshed and waste of powder, and had paused a quarter of minute, when Lord'Althorp, with long January 4th, 1821 :
"I was out of spirits—read the papers—thought steps, came to his side, as if to bring his father a fresh lance to renew the fight. Father and son
what fame was, on reading in a case of a murder. whispered together, and Earl Spencer exclaimed; bacon, flour, cheese, and, it is believed, some plums,
, that Mr. Wych, grocer, at Tunbridge, sold some “ Two thousand two hundred and fifty pounds!
" An electric shock went through the assembly.
He had on his to some gipsy woman accused.
- And ten,” quietly added the marquis. There ended the counter (I quote faithfully) a book, the Life of strife. Ere Evans let the hammer fall, he paused;
Pamela,' which he was tearing for waste paper, etc.,
etc. the ivory instrument swept the air; the spectators Pamela,' wrapped round the bacon.
In the cheese was found, etc., and a leaf of
What would stood dumb when the hammer fell. The stroke of its fall sounded on the farthest shores of Italy. The Richardson, the vainest and luckiest of living tap of that hammer was heard in the libraries of authors (i.e.
, while alive)—he who, with Aaron Rome, Milan, and Venice. Boccaccio stirred in his Hill, used to prophesy and chuckle over the presloep of five hundred years, and M. Van Praet groped sumed fall of Fielding (the prose Homer of human in vain amidst the royal alcoves in Paris to detect nature), and of Pope (the most beautiful of poets) a copy of the famed Valdarfer Boccaccio. On the —what would he have said could he have traced his day after the sale (June 17) a convivial meeting pages from their place on the French prince's toilets was held at the St. Albans s'avern, and twenty-one and the gipsy murderess's bacon? What would he
(see Boswell's “Johnson') to the grocer's counter celebrated members of the club dined together at have said — what can anybody say
what Jaquiere's, the Clarendon, and the bill was com- Solomon said long before us ? After all, it is but paratively moderate, £55 138. . Mr. Hazlewood says, passing from one counter to another from the with characteristic sprightliness, , members met joyfully, dined comfortably, divided bookseller's to the other tradesman’s
, grocer or regretfully, and paid the bill most cheerfully."
pastrycook. For my part, I have met with most
poetry upon trunks; so that I am apt to consider RICHARDSON'S NOVELS.
the trunk-maker as the sexton of authorship.” High as Richardson's reputation stood in his own
GULLIVER'S TRAVELS. country, it was even more exalted in France and
Sir Walter Scott has well observed : “ The character Germany, whose imaginations are more easily of the imaginary traveller (Gulliver) is exactly that of excited, and their passions more easily moved by Dampier, or any other sturdy nautical wanderer of tales of fictitious distress, than are the cold blooded the period, endowed with courage
and common English. Foreigners of distinction have been known sense, who sailed through distant seas without to come from far places to Hampstead, and to inquire loving a single English prejudice which he had for the Flask Walk, distinguished as a scene in brought from Portsmouth or Plymouth ; and on his Clarissa's history, just as travellers visit the rocks of return gave a grave and simple narrative of what Mellerie to view the localities of Rousseau's tale of he had seen or heard in foreign countries. The passion. Diderot vied with Rousseau in heaping character is, perhaps, strictly English, and can be incense upon the shrine of the English author. The hardly relished by a foreigner. The reflections and former compared him to Homer, and predicted for observations of Gulliver are never more refined or his memory the same honours which are rendered to deeper than might be oxpected of a plain master of the father of epic poetry; and the last, besides his
a merchantman, or surgeon in the Old Bailey; and well-known burst of eloquent panegyric, records his there is such a reality given to this person, that one opinion in a letter to D'Alembert: "On ne jamais fait a
seaman is said to have sworn he knew Captain encore, on quelque langue que ce soit, de roman egal Gulliver very well, but he lived at Wapping, not à Clarisse, ni même approchant.”. But Lord Byron at Rotherhithe. (Gulliver, so Swift_ tells us, was said he could not read « Clarissa." It was reprinted long an inhabitant of the place : 'It was as true a few years since, but with little success as regards as if Mr. Gulliver had spoken it' was a sort of the sale.
proverb among his neighbours at Redriff.) It is Richardson wrote his “Pamela” and printed his the contrast between the natural ease and simplicity novels on premises with a frontage in Salisbury of such a style, and the marvels which the volume Square, the house being at the top of the court, now contains, that forms one great charm of this memoNo. 76, Fleet Street. Goldsmith was once Richard-rable satire on the imperfections, follies, and vices of son's reader in his printing-office; and here the mankind." latter was visited by Hogarth, Dr. Johnson, Dr. The secret of the authorship of “Gulliver” was Young; Secker, Archbishop of Canterbury ; and kept up by Swift by alluding to a book sent to him Mrs. Barbauld, when a playful child. “Pamela,” called Gulliver's Travels." “A bishop here,” ho which first appeared in *1740, was received with adds, “said that the book was full of improbable a burst of applause : Dr. Sherlock recommended lies, and for his part, he hardly believed a word of it from the pulpit. Mr. Pope said it would do more it." Arbuthnot writes him : “I lent the book to an good than volumes of sermons; and another literary old gentleman, who went immediately to his map to
all this must have amused the dean and his friends in popular occasion, preached a sernon so acceptable to connection with the unexampled sale of the volume : his parishioners, that they entreated him to print it, the price of the first edition was raised before the and he undertook a journey to London for that second could be printed. As a poetical humorist Swift purpose. On his arrival in town he was recomstands almost alone: all his verses exemplify his mended to Mr. Rivington, to whom he enthusiasticown definition of a good style--they consist of ally related the object of his journey. The printer proper words in propor places.
agreed to his proposals, and required to know how
many copies of the sermon he would have “struck GRAY'S “ELEGY."
Why, sir, I have calculated The scene of Gray's beautiful “ Elegy on a Country that there are in the kingdom ten thousand parishes, Churchyard” has been much controverted, but it is and that the majority of the parishes will at least settled by the following statement in vol. iii., page 19, take ono, and others more, so that I think we may of the edition of Gray's Poems by Mason, pub- venture to print about 35,000 or 36,000 copies. The lished in 1778, viz., " That being on a visit to his publisher remonstrated, the author insisted, and the relations at Stoke, he (Gray) wrote that beautiful matter was decided, and the latter returned home in little ode which stands first in his collection of high spirits. With much difficulty and great selfpoems. He sent it as soon as written to his be- denial a period of about two months was suffered to loved friend Mr. West, but he was dead before it elapse, when his golden venture so tormented his reached Hertfordshire.' To which is added: “This imagination that he could endure it no longer; so singular anecdote is founded on a marginal note in he wrote to Mr. Rivington, desiring him to send his commonplace-book, where the ode is transcribed, him the debtor and creditor account, most liberally and the following memorandum annexed: "Written permitting the remittances to be forwarded at Mr. at Stoke the beginning of June, 1742, and sent to Rivington's convenience. Judge of the astonishMr. West, not knowing he was dead!"
ment, tribulation, and anguish excited by the receipt Rogers thought the stanza which Gray threw out of the following account: of his Elegy better tban some of the stanzas he re- " The Rev.
Dr. to C. Rivington. tained. Here it is, and most persons will agree with To printing and paper, 35,000 copies of Rogers :
£785 5 6
Cr. “ There scattered oft, the earliest of the year,
1 By sale of 17 copies of the said Sermon
6 By hands unseen, are showers of violets found; The redbreast loves to build and warble there, And little footsteps lightly print the ground.”
Balance due to C. Rivington £784 0 0" The publisher, however, in a day or two sent a letter
to the following purport :In all the great English letter-writers of the last "Reverend Sir, I beg pardon for innocently century, with the exception of Cowper, it is easy to amusing myself at your expense, but you need not traco the wish to excel. They wrote a letter to do I give yourself any uneasiness. I know better than them credit, and to keep up their reputation. IIorace you could do the extent of the sale of single sermons, Walpole knew that no one would light a candle with and accordingly have printed but 100 copies, to the one of those careful productions of epigrammatic expense of which you are heartily welcome.” malice which he delighted to scatter around him. There is in Miss Hawkins's “Countess and Gray wrote his letters as he wrote his poems, and Gertrude” a similar story of a young lady having they seem as if they had been put by for the nine written a novel and placed the manuscript in the years recommended by Horace, and then laboriously hands of a printer without inquiring as to the exfiled into their requisito polish. Voltaire writes as pense of printing it; nor did she ascertain the naturally, though not perhaps as simply, as Cowper extent of her liability until the cost incurred was did. There is an air of lettered elegance about his somewhat considerable, and the printing was not correspondence, the style is always light, the subject completed. handled with the art of a man who has learnt not to
DAMBERGER'S TRAVELS-EXPEDITIOUS PRINTING. say too much; but all seems to flow spontaneously from his pen. These letters are not like letters of
The Travels of Damberger through Africa, which the present day, because they were written in a
consisted of 528 pages in octavo, with three coloured different state of society, but it probably cost any engravings and a large map, was received in London one habituated to the society of Paris å hundred from Germany on a Wednesday morning, and transyears ago no trouble whatever to hit off the happy lated from German into English, and 1,500 copies turns and the little prettinesses with which these printed, with the coloured engravings and the map letters abound. This is the opinion of the “Satur- of the route, on Saturday morning, the whole being day Review” about Voltaire's letters, and strangely sold and delivered before nine o'clock that evening. inconsistent it seems; the latter part of the state. The circumstances were these. The announcement of ment, as to the artificial prettinesses disproving the the work had excited great interest in Germany, alleged naturalness of the style.
and Professor Bottiger, of Weimar, had recommended
the work to a London bookseller, and had underPRINTING AND SALE OF SERMONS.
taken to transmit an early copy for a cortain The following anecdote is interesting as well as premium to the German publisher ; but the book, serviceable in showing how apt to run into mis- ihough advertised, by some accident did not calculation aro persons who found their estimate of arrive in time; and in the interim three London the chances of publishing upon the patronage of a booksellers associated to bring out another translacircle rather than upon the interest of the circum- tion from a copy which had reached them. The first stances to the public.
bookseller, therefore, to secure the market, employed
his translators, and himself revised the press; while he employed his engravers on the copperplate; and
Varieties. in the printing-office, sixteen compositors and ten presses, by working night and day, completed the whole in fifty-six hours. On the Wednesday follow
LOTION FOR SWEETENING THE FEET. -Permanganate of ing, the publisher received from Professor Bottiger Washed twice a day with the lotion. They are then to be care
potash fifteen parts, distilled water 1,000 parts. The feet to be notice that the work was discovered to be a forgery, fully dried, and powdered either with potato-starch or lycopoa fact which was instantly communicated to the dium. — Union alédicale. newspapers. But meanwhile a cheap edition had LIBEL.—Mr. Justice Blackburn, in summing up a recent case been prepared by a piratical bookseller from the of action for libel
, against the “ Times” for a letter which it translation published on the previous Saturday. It bad published, said, “The question of what is a libel is a mixed turned out that Damberger was
one of law and fact, and it cannot be better defined than in the
a journeyman particular words which have always been considered to be the printer at Leipsic, who, as a soldier at the Cape of best : A publication, without justification or lawful excuse, calGood Hope, had seen enough of Africa to confer culated to injure the reputation of another by exposing him to plausibility on the story of the Travels. The book hatred, contempt, or ridicule. That is as nearly an accurate in that time it was translated into most European been a libel, which we usually call a privileged communication, obtained only a month's currency at Leipsic, but definition of a libel as can well be. When there is a lawful
excuse for writing and publishing what would otherwise have languages.
it ceases to be a libel altogether. In the present case there is
nothing of that sort. It is a libel, and you have to consider SMITH'S " WEALTI OF NATIONS."
what damages should be given. When libellous matter has Charles Butler, when spending the day with Mr. been published, and you repeat it and put it in circulation, that Fox, at St. Anne's Hill, mentioned that he had never
repetition is none the less a libel. It is, perhaps, not so bad
as originating a libel, but it is giving greater circulation to it. read Adam Smith's celebrated work on the “Wealth of It is, to take a commercial metaphor, not only putting in Nations." "To tell you the truth," said Mr. Fox, “nor circulation and passing the libel, but it is also endorsing it so I either. There is something in all these subjects
as to give to it the credit of the person so endorsing it. It hich passes my comprehension, something so wido aggravates the libel, of course, and may givo occasion for more
. that I could never embrace them myself, nor find
FATHERHOOD OF GOD.-Men dream of their being God's any one who did."
children irrespectively of any new divine birth, being “ born of The stamp-duty on receipts was first introduced God!" Paul, at Athens, quoted a Greek poet as saying, "We during the short reign of the Administration of " All are all his offspring—from him we have our origin, and in him the Talents.” Fox was at this time in pecuniary diffi- we live, and move, and have our being. Simply as his deculties, which led Sheridan to write :
pendent offspring, we may think that we are entitled to be called his children, and to call him Father. We may speak of God's
love in creating and caring for us—his calling us, in that aspect “I would," says Fox, “a tax devise
of our relation to hini, children-as fatherly love. It is not, That should not fall on me."
however, really so in any valid Scriptural sense. At any rate it “ Then tax receipts,” Lord North replies,
is not “the manner of love" which St. John thinks it so “ For those you never see.”
amazing a wonder that the Father should have “bestowed upon us in our being called children of God :" divinely born children,
deriving from a divine birth a divine nature; children of God, as BLAIR'S SERMONS.
born of God; children by spiritual regeneration, not merely by Notwithstanding Dr. Hugh Blair's popularity as a
creation and natural relation.-Dr. Candlish. preacher, he had nearly reached his sixtieth year A New York Railroad SIGNAL OFFICE. – The signal before he could be induced to publish a volume of office is a little room at the northern entrance of the depôt, his Sermons. At length he transmitted the manu
about 30ft. above the pavement. It is reached by a narrow script to Mr. Strahan, the king's printer, who, after passageway from the west side, and when you get into it you
see a sight which made Jones go into an unmistakable surprise. keeping it for some time, wrote a letter to Dr. Blair, Looking down the depôt there was a space of more than 600ft. discouraging the publication. Such, at first, was the extent by
extent by 200ft. breadth, covered with an iron roof and lighted unpropitious state of one of the most successful theo- from the top. Trains of cars were coming and going inceslogical books that has ever appeared. Mr. Strahan, friend said, "went on like clockwork." There are two opera
santly, but no confusion was perceptible, and everything, as my however, had sent one of the sermons to Dr. John- tors in service here, relieving each other during a tour of duty son for his opinion, and after his unfavourable which extends from 5 a. m. to 11 at night, their motions being letter to Dr. Blair had been sent off, he received regulated by a large and costly clock. The gentleman in charge from Johnson, on Christmas Evo, 1776, a note in received us very politely, but before we had hardly thanked him which was the following paragraph : “I have read marked " Ninety-sixth to Seventy-fifth street."
we heard the sharp and rapid ring of a bell overhead. It was
“ You see,” over Dr. Blair's first sermon with more than appro- said the operator, “there is a train coming in, and it wants to bation; to say it is good is to say too little.” Mr. know if we are ready for it.” “But how does it ring that Strahan had, very soon after this time, a conversa
bell ?” said Jones. * By electricity,'' was the reply. “This tion with Dr. Johnson concerning the Sermons; and is Hall's patent, which works like a charm.” In a few minutes
another bell rang. It was marked “Sixty-first to Fifty-sixth then he very candidly wrote again to Dr. Blair,
street, “ The train now reports itself again," said the operainclosing Johnson's note, and agreeing to purchase tor, “and this renews notice either to prepare for it or to the volume, for which he and Mr. Cadell gavo one signal it to stop.”. He touched a telegraphic machine, and hundred pounds. The sale was so rapid and exten- then said, “This throws up the signal to come in," and sure sive, and the public approbation so high, that the enough in a few minutes the train arrived. One hundred and
forty trains arrive and depart in a day, including the Central proprietors presented Dr. Blair with fifty pounds, Hudson, the Harlem, and the New Haven Roals, and hence and then with fifty more, thus voluntarily doubling the signal service is one of incessant activity. The operator the stipulated price. For the second volume they then informed us that each road has four starting-bells of gave him at once three hundred pounds, and for the different keys, all of which were rung by him by means of others he had six hundred pounds each. A fifth electricity. Three started passenger trains and one ordered out volume was prepared by him for the press, after he which has just come in. The passengers are gone, and I want
the cars as soon as emptied. “You see,” said he, “this train had completed his eighty-second year, and published to know if the baggage is taken out. He touched a stop and after his death.
rang a bell (as he said) 600ft. distant. In a moment a bell