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1859

one will tell us where the path is without first receiv

THE ARMIES OF EUROPE. ing two bashliks-over two francs. At last a woman, with a remnant of the instinct of her sex, points in the WE have been alyvays accustomed to speak of the

war. right direction, and after dragging our horses up and there may be a condition of things almost as dis

But we are learning that down black waves of rock, that ring metallic under astrous and quite as costly, viz., an armed peace. their feet, we emerge on a path flagged with broad Europe is at this moment at peace, but “it is a peace,' stones worn slippery as glass. We soon reach the

Times, “not only full of mutual suscoast-line, and for a mile or so I walk along the picion and mistrust, but one which entails as great a high edge of Argob parallel with my party, in order burden as Europe collectively has ever borne as the to get a better idea of the strange and awful district. cost of war. Our talk still is of peace and progress ; The lava lies in great petrified waves, and these huge but Peace has been shorn of its accustomed blessings, waves are generally split along the centre of their and Progress has chiefly enabled us to devote more ridge, and the two sides falling away, leave a yawn- money and greater efforts to the preparation for ing chasm, wide at the top but narrowing towards the mutual destruction.” These remarks are suggested bottom, and disclosing the heart of each wave. The by the following tablo

, given by the "Times” Berlin scene has a weird, unearthly appearance. Here we correspondent, to illustrate the increase in the military cross the party that engaged to start from Dasmascus forces in the principal European States in the last with us, but were being led about through the land, fifteen years:

Army available at the will of their dragoman.

Total Army

Purposes. We coast along the edge of the Lejah in a south

Austria

1859
634,000

443,800 westerly direction, crossing broad bays which end in

1874

856,980. 452,450 narrow creeks, and skirting headlands with their

incrcase 222,580 increase 8,650 lighthouses in ruins. We pass likewise four con

European Russia
and Caucasus. 1859 1,131,200

604,100 siderable towns, with high towers, on the coast of

1874 1,101,510

665,810 the Lejah, and a number of smaller ruins. The

increase 267,310 increase 61,710 Asiatic Russia . 1859

89,950.

75,656 country on our right is entirely under cultivation,

1874
118,300

87,550 and towards night we join in a long stream of farm

increase 28,350 increase 11,900 labourers returning from ploughing. The plough

Italy

1859
317.050.

156,450
1874
605,200

322,000 man generally rode a little donkey, carrying his

increase 287,550 increase 165,550 plough across the saddle before him, and leading his Germany. . 1859 836,500

453,700 two oxen behind. The men were strong, healthy,

1874 1,261,160. 710,130

increase 421,360 increase 226, 430 and hearty. They were going to Khubab, and so

France and Al. were we, and we swept along together. As we enter geria

6:10,500. 438,000 Khubab, we meet all the youths of the place drawn

1874 977,600

525,700

increase 337,100 increase 87,700 out in line to receive us, headed by the priest, the

Belgium.

1859
80,250.

53,800 sheikhs, and the schoolmaster. As we pass all bend

1874
93,590.

59,140 to the ground to honour us, the holy father lowest

increase 13,310 increase 5,310 Holland

1859
58.550.

42,200 of all. It soon appears that some mistake has been

1874
64,320.

32, 430 made, and that honours have been given us that

increase 5,770 decrease 9,770 were not intended for us; for the sheikh, an old

Great Britain 1859

215,800.

77,300 1874 478,320

71,860 acquaintance, darts forward and shakes hands with

increase 233,020 decrease 5,440 me in the most familiar manner. For a moment Denmark.

. 1859

57,550. Sheikh Diab is the most envied man in Khubab, for

1874

48,700 Lord Snifly's dragoman had sent a report before

decrease 8,850 decrease 7,950

Sweden and Nor. that a prince was coming, and the simple people

way

1859 134,900. 46,300 beheld with wonder and awe their own sheikh shak

1874
204,510,

54,910

increase 69,610 increase 8,610 ing hands with the prince in the most familiar manner.

The number of men contributed for military purIt was curious to hear them telling one another that they felt assured from the beginning poses by every million of inhabitants in the principal that I had nothing princely about my hat; but States, may be seen from the following table :when the real scion of nobility did come, his appearance impressed them so little that they let him pass without a nod, though they had been waiting all the evening to give him a princely reception. He

Army.

Purposes. that would rule Easterns must not neglect ap

Austria .

27,821

15,674 European Russia and Caucasus 20,086

10,021 pearances. When the Crown Prince of Prussia

Italy

25,175

13,863 came to Damascus he was looked upon as of little Germany

36,815 20,624 account, chiefly, I believe, because he did not wear

France and Algeria

29,059

16,290 Belgium

20,333

13,013 a crown through the streets; and nothing seemed

Holland

19,230

9,894 so inexplicable in that wonderful Franco-German Great Britain

16,088

2,935 war as that so quiet-looking a man could a soldier

Denmark

30,392

19,748 Switzerland :

77,624

40,251 at all. The Russian prince entered Dasmascus last Servia

105,913

69,977 year in princely trappings, and the effect was Ronmania

30,196

10,029 marvellous. An old Moslem who stood by my side The Servians and Swiss having no army, but only exclaimed, “Wulla such a giant!" and then he a militia, it follows from the above that universal went off into the following soliloquy: “Praise be to conscription has nowhere become so oppressive as in God who raises up men like themselves to destroy Germany. Next to Germany follow France, Austria, them." Of course he meant the English, whose and Italy, whose offensive forces taken together do mission in the world is to fight the Russians when- not much exceed the total that could be summoned ever Turkey calls upon them to do so.

for defensive purposes by Germany.

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Number of Soldiers for Each

Milliou of Inhabitants.

The various
Classes of the

Available for Offensive

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Varieties.

convents.

Paper CHURCH.-There exists near Bergen, in Norway, a (2.) The Greek-Catholic Church (population 40,000) was church constructed of paper, which can contain nearly a thou- formed by a secession from the Greek Church about 120 years sand p. ssons. Its interior is of a circular forin, while its exterior ago. Their liturgical language is Arabic; they receive the is of Octagon shape. The relievos without and the decorative Lord's Supper in both kinds; their priests are allowed to statues within, as well as the vaulted roof, nave and Corinthian marry; they keep Easter after the Oriental tradition; but capitols, are made of papier-maché, which have been made they acknowledge the Pope's supremacy, and follow several waterproof by soaking them in a solution of quick-lime, curded

Romish customs. The Patriarch resiiles at Damascus, and milk and white of egg. It appears to us that this is up to the their ecclesiastical dignitaries are usually Arabs by birth, present the boldlest use which has been made of paper. How. educated at Rome. ever, it ought not to cause great surprise, since the same material (3.) The Maronite Church (name derived from their first is partially employed in private houses, steamers, and publie Bishop, who flourished in the seventh century) embraces about buildings, where papier-mache is used for ornamentation instead 200,000 souls, the descendants of the ancient Syrians. Their of plaster cornices or embellishments cut out of solid stone. ecclesiastical language is Syriac, an unknown tongue to the We confess our preference for the employment of bricks or stone generality. Their Patriarch resides on Mount Lebanon. They in the construction of churches, but the preceding fact demon- are bigoted and fanatical Romanists, with, however, certain strates the impossibility of foreseeing where the genius of usages of their own, most of their priests being married. industry of our century will stop with regard to the use of (4.) The Latins are native Roman Catholies of the European paper. Who, some few years ago, would have thought it possible | Church, but few in number, under the supervision of the to cover with glass a superficial area of eighteen acres ? This fact has, however, been realised. When we think that psalms (5.) The Syrian or Jacobite Church consists of but few are chanted by a thousand voices in a church constructed of old members. Their Patriarch resides near Mardin in Mesoporags, imagination may take its boldest flight, and everything may tamia. be expected from perseverance and the science of the times. - (6.) The Syrian Catholics, but few in number, bear the same Papeterie Francaise.

relation to the Syrian Church that Greek Catholics bear to the OFFERTORY STATISTICS. -The following figures, showing the

Greek Church-i.c., they are Papists, retaining the language offerings made in four London churches last year, give curious

and certain of the rites of the Church from which they have

seceded. statistics : St. Mary, Newington, 30 per cent. in copper

£937 (7.) The Armenians in Syria are fer in number, but imSt. John, Hammersmith

1,001 portant from their wealth. They are an ancient Oriental St. Mary Magdalen, Paddington

5,693

church, and their version of the Scriptures (about A.D. 421) is St. Peter, Eaton Square

6,085 valuable in determining the Greek and Hebrew texts. They The “St. Peter's, Eaton Square, Parish Magazine,” gives an

have few holidays, and condemn the worship of images. They interesting table of the coins which make up this sum, viz. :

are governed by four Patriarchs, of whom the principal resides 31 cheques; 91 bank-notes; 1,457 sovereigns; 1,375 half-sove

at Echmiazin, near Erivan. reigns; 17 crowns; 3,092 half-crowns; 5,128 florins ; 20,547

(8.) The Armenian Catholics are a papal ofleloot of (7), as shillings; 19,638 sixpences; 3,582 fourpences ; 12,278 tliree

(2) is of (1). pences ; 18,956 pence; 8,891 halfpence; 597 farthings; 60

(9.) The Copts are the Church of Egypt, numbering about foreign coins.-Churcle Bells.

200,000 souls. They are the descendants of the ancient

Egyptians—the Arabic form of the name, Kubt, being apReligious SECTS IN SYRIA.-The effects of the Crimean parently connected with Alyurtos. They practise circumcision. war on the Mohammedan mind are even now not fully deve

(10.) Abyssinians regard themselves as a branch of the Coptic loped: but it is obvious that prejudices have received a severe

Church, though far outstripping them in absurd legions, supershock, and Christian books are making their silent way into

stitious ceremonies, and the worship of saints and angels. the most unexpected quarters. Prayerful and watchful ex

They regard Pontius Pilate and his wife as saints. Their worpectation will be the present attitude of the friends of the ship is in the ancient and to them almost unknown Ethiopic Dlissions in Palestine, Asia Minor, and Constantinople. Syria language.-The Church Missionary Atlas. [Excellent maps, contains representatives of almost every religious sect to be

prepared with great care, and each illustrated by a good found in the Levant, besides others not met with beyond its historical summary.] borders. 1. Mohammedans, the lords of the country, about 150,000; religion see people at their very best.

DocToRS SEE PEOPLE WITH LEAST DISGUISE.- Ministers of divided into the Sunni, or followers of Omar, dominant in

When a visit is expected Turkey, Egypt, Syria, and parts of Hindustan; and the Shia,

the Bible or some pious book is found on the parlour table, and or followers of Hassan and Hossein, dominant in Persia, and

all seems serene and fair. Lawyers see people at their worst, bitterly hostile to the former.

and good legal advisers have a task to resist the angry feelings The Druses (population 100,000), the Ansayrii (population

that would hurry them into bitter lawsuits. But doctors see

From them few wish to hide their 200,000), the Ismaelites, or Assassins, now few in number, and people just as they are. the Metawileh (population 25,000), may be regarded as heretical

real condition. -Dr. Livingstone. offshoots of Islamism, though their particular tenets, which MR. PLIMSOLL HONOURED BY FOREIGN SEAMEX. -An adthey keep a profound secret, are but imperfectly ascertained. dress, illuminated on parchment, was lately presenteel to Mr.

2. Yezidis, or devil-worshippers, the bulk of whom are to be Plimsoll, M.P., by a deputation of sailors from ships plying met with in Mesopotamia and Assyria.

between Loudon and Hamburg, of which the following is a 3. Jews (population 40,000), subdivided into Talmudists ; copy :-"Honour to whom honour is due! This address to Mr. Karaites-who.reject the Talmud, and are found principally in Samuel Plimsoll, M.P., the sailor's friend, is presented by the the Crimea; Chasidim-fanatics, not dissimilar from Doham. undersigned, representing over 600 seamen, who trade between medan dervishes ; Habadin, or Quictists; and Zoharites, so Great Britain and Hamburg, to express their admiration of called from their adherence to the Talmudical book, Zohar. and to show their gratitude to him who has for many years

In connection with them may be mentioned the Samaritans, taken a deep interest in the welfare of sailors. At a meeting between whom, however, and the Jews the bitterest hostility | held in the Sailors’ Institute, Hamburg, it was unanimously still exists. They are now dwindled down to 150 or 200 souls resolved to offer our thanks and give some humble proof of our at Nablous (the ancient Sychar).

appreciation of such disinterestod and self-denying work by ask. 4. The Christian sects of Syria and the adjoining countries, ing you to accept this testimonial, which has been subseribel

(1.) The Greek Church-called by themselves The Catholic to by master-mariners, engineers, officers, and men. and Apostolic Oriental Church'-with the four Patriarchates valuable life may be long spared (with that of your dear wife, for Turkey in Asia, having their seats at Constantinople, Alex- to whom we look with reverence as your untiring coailjutor in andria, Antioch, and Jerusalem. The two latter are virtually, this great and ennobling work in trying to prevent shipwreck though not nominally, subordinate to the Patriarch of Con- and loss of life, thereby lessening widows' tears and orphans' stantinople, and huve each under their jurisdiction eiglit cries) to bring to a successful issue such good and praiseworthy bishoprics.

labours we will ever pray; your honoured name engraven upon

That your

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our hearts, taught to our children, will not be forgotten when was brought in. These are a favourite dish in Yarkand, and your voice is no longer heard in debate pleading the cause of consist of minced mutton flavoured with onions and stret humanity.” Mr. Plimsoll, in thanking the deputation, said herbs, enclosed in a thin filmi of very nicely-made soft paste, that he was taken by surprise, as he never expected such a hand and cooked by steam. The numtoos were followed by hash some memento as that which had been presented. He begged 1.c., a baked leg of mutton buried in rice and carrots. The the deputation to express to the sailors at the Institute at Ham- Yurkan, mutton is delicious." This is a sketch of the general burg his sense of their kind recognition of the efforts he had appearance of the people :-“We could not avoid remarking made, and he trusted that such legislation as would materially that a number of the Yarkand faces are precisely like those of diminish the worst evils complained of would be entered upon. Englislımen, being for the most part quite as fair, and many of Complaints, we ought to add, have been made as to the exagge

them
ing rosy cheeks.

No females were observed, and rations of some of Mr. Plimsoll's statements, and the actions for I was afterwards told that the rule against females appearing in libel by some shipowners ought to make him more guarded in public is more strictly observed in Yarkand than in most future, and his zeal consequently inore useful.

Mohammedan countries.

In the villages we saw num. FRANCIS JEFFREY AND HIS MSS.—Of Jeffrey's habits of bers of women. As we approached they always disappeared, work we do not know much. But what we do know is charac

but we could often see numbers of pretty faces trying to get a teristic of the man. He never took up his pen till the candles sight of us through the chinks of the doors or peeping over the were lit; and, like Sheridan, and Byron, and Charles Lamb, garden walls.” The total distance from Jamu, the winter he did most of his work in those fatal hours of inspiration from capital of the Maharajah of Cashmere (a few hours' distance ten at night till two or three o'clock in the morning. Adopted from Lahore), to Yarkand, is a little above 1,000 miles, taking originally, perhaps, from the exigencies of his profession, about seventy days marching, exclusive of halts. Jeffrey continued his habits of study and of work all through TUDOR SHOES IN WINDMILL STREET, FINSBURY.-At a his life ; and the only disagreeable incident attending his eleva: late meeting of the British Archäological Association, a collec. tion to the bench was, at least in his own estimation, the hard tion of shoes, consisting of fifteen examples, found in Windmill necessity it imposed upon him of breakfasting now and then at Street, Finsbury, was exhibited. They were of the date of eight o'clock in the morning. His manuscript was inexpressibly | Henry vii's time, and a few of Henry vil's. Stow, in his vile ; for he wrote with great haste, wrote, that is, as most i “Survey,” states that the street, where the shoes were found, re. men do whose thoughts outrun their pens, generally used a ceived its name from the following circumstance. On the north wretched pen, for he could never cut a quill

, and altered, erased, side of St. Paul's Churchyard there stood formerly a chapel and and interlined without the slightest thought either of the printer a charnel-house, which were founded in 1287, but were pulled or his correspondent. Sydney Smith was always quizzing down in 1549. In that year the bones from the latter building Jeffrey upon his scrawl. How happy I should be,” he says, were removed, to the extent of about one thousand cartloads, to in one of his notes, “if you would but dictate your letters, and Finsbury Fields, and a mound was formed by dust and all sorts not write them yourself. I can scarcely ever read them !" He of rubbish being thrown over them. On the mound three wind. gives a description in another of the sort of perplexities he got mills were erected ; and these shoes, it is thought, were part of into in trying to puzzle out Jeffrey's manuscript. “I have the rubbish of which the mound had been originally formed. tried to read it from left to right, and Mrs. Syuney from right Many of the shoes exhibited resembled in shape those repreto left, and we neither of us can decipher a single word of it.” sented in the manuscript of the “Roman de la Rose," which Constable's printers followed Jeffrey's copy as Scotch terriers was executed in Henry vi's time, and most of them, no follow their quarry, by scent, for it was impossible for any of doubt, belonged to that period. them to put two sentences together by sight. - Authors at Work.

“Papist or PROTESTANT, or Bota BETWEEN."- Pope, the LIFE AT CAPE YORK, NEW GUINEA. In a letter from Mrs. Murray, whose husband has charge of the New Guinen poet, in a letter to the Bishop of Rochester (November, 1717),

says :"I am not a Papist, for I renounce the temporal invaMission, we read : “The few poultry we have are fed on

sion of the Papal power, and detest their arrogated authority rice. There are horrible large serpents here from seven to ten

over princes and states. I am a Catholic in the strictest sense feet in length, which devour the fowls. We have lost many in of the word. If I was born under an absolute prince, I would that way. After finding out the cause of their disappearing, we be a quiet subject ; but, I thank God, I was not. I have a due made places for thein in the back verandah, about ten feet above sense of the excellence of the British Constitution. In a word, the ground, but it was of no use, they were devoured still. Then

the things I have always wished to sec are not a Roman Catholic, we had some put in boxes in the dining-room. One night we French Catholic, or a Spanish Catholic, but a true Catholic; heard a great noise among the fowls. Mr. Murray went to see and not a king of Whigs, or a king of Tories, but a king of what was the matter, and to his great horror there was a huge England, which God of his merey grant his present Majesty serpent hanging over a cask with a fowl in its mouth. It is

may be, and all future majesties.”Letter of Mfr. Pope. still a mystery how the serpent got into the room, unless it was at one of the small windows near the ceiling. Four or five large HARVEY MEMORIAL WINDOW.--A stained glass window has serpents have been killed near our house since our arrival.” been placed in the parish church of Folkestoue to the memory of

Dr. William Harvey, the discoverer of the circulation of the YARKAND.-In his book “From Lahore to Yarkand,” Dr.

blood, who was born in the town in 1578. It is the gift of the George Henderson gives pleasant notices of the countries which medical profession, more than 3,000 of whom have contributed he visited in the expedition of 1870 under Mr. Forsyth. Dr. towards the cost. The artist was Mr. C. E. Kempe, of BeauHenderson thus describes his first view of Yarkand.

The city mont Street, London. In the chancel of this church there is a kall is about thirty feet high, and is built entirely of sun-dried brass to the memory of Joan Harvey, mother of Dr. Harrey, bricks, and outside the wall there is a ditch. We entered by one of the gates, and found a guard drawn up inside, composed of dyed in ye 50th yeere of her age, Joan, wife of Tho. Harvey,

which bears the following inscription :-“ A.D. 1605. Nov. 8th, villagers, or the peaceful inhabitants of the city, shopkeepers, mother of 7 sones and 2 davghters, a godly, harmless Woman; and others who formed the Yarkand reserve force. We passed through many winding streets, most of them clean friendly Matro ; a provident, diligent Hyswyfe a carefvll

a chast loveing wife ; a charitable qviet Neighbovr ; & cofortable and wide, and in many places rooted over with trellis work and te der harted Mother; deere to her Åvsband ; reverensed of her wires, as at Kargalik. The shops and houses were precisely children ; beloved of her Neighbovrs ; clected of God; whose like those in every Oriental town ; but from the scarcity of Sole Rests in Heaven ; her Body in this Grave, to her a Happy timber and the absence of stone and kiln-burnt brick, all the Advantage, to Hers an Vnhappy loss.” houses are limited to one story in height. Our residence was extremely spacious and comfortable, and had evidently been NEWSPAPER COPYRIGHT.—The “Printing Times " advocates built and fitted up specially for our use, which must have been a “newspaper copyright." It says, the thing to be done “is to a work of several months. Chairs and tables had also been enact a twenty-four hours' copyright for all newspapers. This provided. A splendid dastarkhan (entertainment) was at once would prevent the appropriation of news both by evening papers brought in. Our quarters consisted of several courtyards ; one and by those who furnish the commercial newsrooms of the of them was laid out as a flower-garden, and had a tank in its country with information (which is really taken earlier) from centre surrounded by rows of willow-trees.” This is the bill of carrying out practices which, however legal, certainly inflict a fare of a good dinner in Yarkand :-“First came melons, very serious amount of injustice.

We draw the line grapes, apples, pears, and apricots, with all sorts of jams and here—that whenever another man's bruins are used they ought sweetmeats. One dish, much like marmalade, was composed of to be paid for either directly or indirectly; and we do not the pulp of some preserved fruits and finely-sliced carrots, approve of the telegraphing to the country papers the body of flavoured with lemon. After the fruits and sweets, and a great fact and opinion which has cost the London paper prolably tan variety of fancy bread and biscuits, a large tray of numtoos times as much as it would cost the agency who sent it out"

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LEISURE LOUR .

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A FAMILY JOURNAL OF INSTRUCTION AND RECREATION.

“BEHOLD IN THESE WHAT LEISURE HOURS DEMAND, -AMUSEMENT AND TRUE KNOWLEDGE LAND IN HAND."- Cowper.

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BY THE AUTHOR OF "MATTHEW MORRISON."

I.

AUNTIE KIRSTY'S VISIT TO GLASGOW. she always keeps me company then if no friend

has dropped in—“Mr. Matthew, I often wonder that we are such slaves to habit. If we werena,

what should hinder you and me from going cannily I

AM an old bachelor, and have no near relations in back to the old place and ending our days there ? I

this world. My housekeeper Nelly (Mrs. Pender often find myself yirning after it when the days turn the neighbours and those we deal with call her, but long and warm, and the setting sun glints bonnily to me she is only Nelly) is my oldest friend with one on the craigs and Arthur's Seat; and then I marvel exception, and indeed more friend than servant. at our folly in living on in a close stoury (dusty) “Mr. Matthew," said Nelly one evening—for town, when we might have green grass and trees, No. 1179.- AUGUST 1, 1874.

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and maybe a bit running burn before our door; and "It wasna from ill-looks, however. She was a big, a bonnie garden with flowers and grozzet (goose- well-favoured, bouncing woman, I mind, with an berry) bushes, and a bleaching-green of our own. arm like a inan's for strength. I have seen her lift

“Still, Mr. Matthew, when the days begin to draw weights that many a man couldna stir. To see her in, and get wet and cold, I canna say but I'm thank- going about her work with her coats weel kiltit to ful to be so near kirk and market. I'm no so strong keep them clean, was just to see the picture of and supple as I have been, and there's a great differ- a throughgau (praetical), elever woman; and ence between stepping down to the flesher's at the everybody said that John had just fallen on his corner for our bit pound o'steak or minced collops, feet for a housekeeper. But, though my Auntio to sending two or maybe three miles for it in the Kirsty was all this, she was also very simple and country; and the meat often as teugh (tough) as bend tender-hearted, and just as ignorant as a bairn about leather when you get it.

the ways of the world; and no wonder, for she had "And then the country kirks, that are a pleasure to zever been out o’ the country side she was born in. sit in in summer, when you can see the green kirk- She had never seen Yoker even, though it was only yard and the waving trees and the blue sky through ten miles from John's; but the truth was, she couldna the windows and the open door, are awfully cold and be easily spared from home, and, 'deed, she cared comfortless in winter—it's like sitting in a damp little about it. cellar to be in them, and every other body has a “But at last, one summer, about six years after hoast (cough). It's a great comfort to have a kirk she had gone to Braeside, when all the cows had near one, there's no doubt; and they're very par- calved, and the thrang (pressure of work) was by till ticular in heating the stoves in ours; and that's why the harvest came, it came into my Auntie Kirsty's I never grudge to give the bedral a half-crown at the head that she would like to go to Glasgow and see new year, while most put him off with a shilling. her sister Peggy and her family. Peggy and her

“But I have kent some, Mr. Matthew, who, man had settled in Glasgow soon after their marriage; rather than bide in a town with all its comforts, for Rabby was a pushing chield, and had heard of a would have preferred to live in the poorest bigging good opening there in his trade; and, 'deed, he got in all the country. There was my Auntie Kirsty~ on wonderfully. Peggy had been through once to far from thinking a town either a cheerful or a com- see her friends, but it was years since; and every fortable place, she held to her dying day it was time she wrote to them, which was about twice a neither, and that the most of the folk there were year, she was very fain that her sister or some o' just thieves and vagabonds. But then she was only them should come and pay her a visit. once in a town in her life, and she got a fright at “My Auntie Kirsty couldna be at the trouble of that time besides."

writing to say she was coming-for, well-a-wat! she “ How was that, Nelly?" said I.

could handle a milk-bowie (milk-pail) muckle better “I dinna think, Mr. Matthew," said Nelly, settling than a pen-but she got Rabby's direction by heart ; herself more comfortably in her chair, and sticking and though Glasgow, she heard, was a place just her knitting-needles carefully into the feather sheaf extraordinary for bigness, she thought, having a at her waist, as she always does before telling a story Scotch tongue in her head, that there would be no —“I dinna think that you ever heard me speak of my difficulty in finding the way to the house she wanted. Auntie Kirsty before. I am sure, at least, that you “Well, my Auntie Kirsty got a far-away cousin of never saw her, for at the time we lived in the manse her own to fill her place at the farm till she came she was an eldern woman, stopping at a farmhouse back, which she meant to do in three weeks; and in Boulder parish. She wasna my full aunt, for my very early on a fine summer morning she started—10 grandfather was twice married, and she and my empty handed, you may be sure—for Glasgow. She Auntie Peggy were by the first wife, while my father had a bundle with a change and her Sabbath-day's was by the second. When my grandfather died, gown and shawl in it, for she didna travel in her and

my Auntie Peggy got married to the tailor, she best, besides a basket with some fresh eggs and went among her mother's friends at the East Brae- butter and two pair o' ducks that she was taking as side Farm, where she kept her cousin John Lundie's a treat like to her town friends. She would have house till her death; and a good manager she was, nothing to do with a coach, though one ran through and

very kind to his motherless bairns. Many folk Yoker to Glasgow; she had never been in one in her wondered that she and John didna make a match life, and she thought she was safer trusting to her o't; but she was some years older than he was; own legs. John sent a cart with her for the first besides, they had kent one another all their days, twelve miles, and after that she had to walk as many and I have often noticed that folk seldom think of more to reach the house of an old acquaintance who, marrying when that is the case.

she knew, would be glad to see her, and with whom “1 dinna believe that marriage--at least, as re- she meant to bide a night. garded hersell—ever entered into my Auntie Kirsty's “She had no trouble in finding her out, for the head. For one thing, she had no time to think o't, house stood by the roadside on the outskirts of a and I canna but suspect that idleset is at the bottom small town that she bad to pass through; and well of many matches. If folk had their hands full of pleased was her friend to see her, for they hadna work there would be fewer thoughtless marriages. met since my auntie had gone to John's. Of course

“My Auntie Kirsty," continued Nelly, “was aye they had many old stories to crack about, and new the worker in her father's family, and when she came ones too, for her friend had got married since she to John's, truly she had her hands full. There were had seen her; and if my Auntie Kirsty hadna a man four wee motherless bairns to look after, two young and weans o' her own to make cares for her to talk light-headed hizzies to keep to their work, and most about like the other, she had toil enough with John of the care of a large dniry farm on her shoulders, and his, if she had been of a compleening turn o' for John, honest man, aye took things easy. There mind, which she wasna. was no wonder she didna get married.

“Her friend prigged (entreated) sore that she

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