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lacerated by the tight cords that had bound them. On the following day two more Siklis were brought
Varieties. back, and these the Chinese declared were the last of the survivors. The poor creatures were in a fearful state of anguish, and one of them died shortly after- Russia, IN ASIA. --As it is in Central Asia that Russia has wards. Then came several carts, with twelve coffins lately presented herself to us in the guise of a possible enemy, containing the mangled and decomposed remains of it is worth while to inquire what Central Asia really is. Its twelve more of the captured, while two missing were
area and population (so far as it is possible to strike a balance
between half a dozen conflicting estimates) appear to be as supposed to have been decapitated and their bodies follows :thrown into a canal. Among these victims was Mr.
RUSSIAN TURKESTAX. Bowlby, the “Times" correspondent.
Sq. Miles. When the allies learned the sad fate of their Province of Ural
9,398 49(",000 countrymen, the indignation in the camp reached a
6,123 350,000 Syr-Daria
8,800 771,500 terrible pitch, and fortunate it was for the Chinese
Semiretchensk 6,200 550,000 that no more encounters occurred, as they would
190 200,000 thenceforth have received no quarter on the battlefield. Lord Elgin was so impressed with the necessity
30,701 2,361,500 of enforcing a severe act of retri ition on the
Voy-RUSSIAS TURKESTIN. Emperor, that he resolved on committing the palaces
Sq. Miles. Inhab. of Yuen-ming-yuen to the flames. His reasons for
kokan doing so were that it was the Emperor's favourite re
1,500 600,000 Khiva
2,100 300,000 sidence, and its destruction could not fail to be a
2,000 300,000 blow to his pride as well as to his feelings. He also Small Khanates on the Upper found that it was to this place the prisoners were Oxus
2,700 100,000 taken, that they might undergo the severest tortures
21,100 600,000 within its precincts.
Total .. The first division were detailed for this Fork of
32,000 3,400,000 destruction. Ere long a dense column of smoke The difficulty of maintaining these remote and thinlyrising to the sky indicated that the work had com
populated dependencies, possessed of only one navigable river, menced. As the day waned the column increased in
anii so unproductive in themselves that the forts on the Lower
Syr-Daria have to be victualled from Orenburg, at a cost to the magnitude and grew denser. and denser, wafting in Government of £3 for every quarter of flour, needs no de. the shape of a large cloud over Peking, and having monstration ; and the only feasible solution of the problem the semblance of a fearful thunderstorm impending. (M. de Lesseps’ projecte:l railway from Orenburg to Samarcand) On approaching the palace the crackling and rush- is simply unattainable without the aid of foreign capital. In a ing noise of fire was appalling. The sun shining no more money.-- Ker's "On the Road to Khira.”
word, our surest way to keep Russia out of India is to lend her through the masses of smoke gave a sickly hue to every plant and tree, and the red flame gleaming on
Malagasy CHRISTIANS.—Sir Bartle Frere pays a very higli the faces of the troops engaged made them appear
tribute to the devoutness of the native Christians of Madagascar
Upon his return home to England he made the following statelike demons glorying in the destruction of what they ment to the officers of the London Missionary Society : When could not replace.
sailing along the northern coast of Madagascar on a Sunday morning, and as they were not far from shore, he saw a nativo town. Desiring to see what a native Malagasy town was like, he went ashore in a boat. They found all the streets deserteil. He inquired of his interpreter the reason for this, and was told,
“The people are praying, sir." He was then conducted to a Sonnets of the Sacred Dear.
large shed, where some two thousand people were devoutly attending the worship of God. He listened attentively, and never saw nor heard a service conducted with more devoutness and propriety. At the close of the service some went away, the
others remaining. Through the interpreter he was told that the SEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.
people were next about to hold a communion service. Sir Bartle
Frere sat down with them at the table of our Lord. A beautiful “The wages of sin is deatlı ; but the gist of God is eternal silver communion service, all wronght by native silversmiths, life through Jesus Christ our Lord."--Rom. vi. 23.
was prounced. “Never in all Christendom,” added Sir Bartle Frere, “hall I seen a communion service conducted with such propriety.” This station was fully three hundred miles away
from the nearest European missionary station. When it was With all the true Jeshurun to the verge asked how the people there came to the possession of the truth, Of farthest Jordan : in that stream to purge
he was told that it had been conveyed thither, in 1846, by two
native slaves, who were sold at the capital, and who had preMy feet, a weary of the toilsome days,
viously been under missionary influence. From every stain of travel: on my gazo
DIANA OF THE EPILESIANS. -- Mr. J. T. Wood gives the result To find all Eden break as I emerge
of his last season's explorations on the site of the great temple
of Diana. The architecture is Grecian-lonic, as seen in the From the dark depths, and in my ears the dirge base, capital, and sculptured drun of columus now in the British Changed to the greeting of my Master's piraise, Museum. “ The temple is found to measure 163ft. 9 in. by " Well done, thou good and faithful!”-O my Lord, by 418ft. 1'in., ineasured on the lowest step. The length here
342ft. 61in. ; the platform on which it was raised, 239ft. 4!in. For Whom I toil, to Whom I tend! 0 Thou given nearly accords with that given by Pliny-viz., 4.25 Roman
feet; the ascertained width exceed's Pliny's dimensions of Almighty, with my holy covenant vow
220ft., which dimension must have, therefore, lost something Make all my life in 'holiness accord;
in transcript from the original. An element of great beauty lind So shall I, through what weariness or strife,
almost escaped discovery--2,1., the plentiful use of gold in the
decoration of the temple. One fragment was fortunately found, Win—not my merit—but Thy gist, of Life!
composed of two astragals, between which a narrow slip of lead sympathies of the people of England would not fail me in this The Rock.
BY THE REV. S. J. STONE, M.A.
OH to enduro! to tread the pilgrim ways
was doubled in, in the fold of which was inserted a narrow strip £6 125. Old John Evelyn himself ia 1675 says that 'the Dut:h
PURCHASE IN THE Church.-
“ l'as. position of the statue of the goddess has been, 'therefore, has spoken plainly about the sale of “church livings.' decided. The remains of a wide portico have been found
tors of the Church of Christ are tempted by the inducements, surrounding the temple on three sides, and at a distance of not of saving souls and promoting the glory of God, but by such seventy feet on the south side has been recently discovered
allurements as gardens and greenhouses, coaches and stables, a another temple or other building in the Grecian-Doric style, comfortable parsonage and well-kept grounds, with a trout which is now being partially explored.”
stream and grammar-school for the sons, and with the sea not
far off for the wife and daughters, and good society and a Weign House CHAPEL.-On this site, we are told by Strype, railway station within a mile, and an income of £800 a year;
was weighed merchandise, brought from beyond the seas to and, it is added, that the incumbent is 75 years of age, and that the King's beam, to which belonged a master, and under him the population is small, with light duty.' “We have opened! four master porters, with labouring porters under them. The slave markets of souls in London. Congregations of immortal house belongeth to the company of Grocers. But of late years beings are publicly put up for auction and are sold to the highest little is done in this office, as wanting a compulsory power to con- bidder, and the clergyman who has bought them-either strain the merchants to have their goods weighed, they alleging directly by his own money, or by some clandestine and oblique it to be an unnecessary trouble and charge." In former times it subterfuge and evasion-comes and presents himself to a bishop was the usual practice for merchandise brought to London from for institution, and makes a solemn declaration that he has abroad, to be weighed at the king's beam in the presence of made no simoniacal contract, by himself or others, to the best sworn officials. In the Weigh House there was originally a of his knowledge and belief.” “Purchase has been recently Presbyterian chapel, founded by Samuel Slater and Thomas abolished in the army at a great national sacrifice, and the Kentish, two divines driven by the Act of Uniformity from St. question is now freely asked, if promotion in the army is to Katherine's to the Tower. John Clayton, chosen for this chapel depend solely on merit, ought advancement in the Church to in 1779, was the son of a Lancashire cotton bleacher, and was be saleable for money? Is the salvation of men's sonls less patronised by the well-known Countess of Huntingdon. Dr. important than the protection of their bodies ?" Biuney was Clayton's successor ; he was pastor of Weigh House Chapel more than forty years.
EMPEROR OF GERMANY.–We lately quoted Prince Bismarck's LABOUR SERMONS.—The Rev. Henry Burgess, LL.D., St.
explanation of the Prussian policy as to ultramontanisin. The Andrew's l'icarage, Whittlesey, says :—“I preached upon the
declaration of the Emperor, in his letter to Earl Russell, subject of Labour l'nious. Those who witnessed the appearance
acknowledging the sympathy of English Protestants, is a of my church on those occasions will not readily forget it.
memorable historical manifesto : “It is incumbent on me to be Every foot of the area was densely filled with a congregation the leader of my people in a struggle maintained through ceuexhibiting a larger proportion than usual of rell-dressed taimers' turies past by German emperors of earlier days, against a power men, filling the streets in picturesque harmony with farmers,
the domination of which has in no country of the world been ladies, and well-dressed women. In this church an impressive found compatible with the freedom and welfare of nations --a silence is always noticeable while the preaching is going on, but power which, if victorious in our days, would imperil, not in on these special occasions it was almost painful. Å neighbour Germany alone, the blessings of the Reformation, liberty of ing clergyman came over to hear me preach one of these sermons,
conscience, and the authority of the law. I accept the battle and his testimony to the impressiveness of the scene, and the
thus imposed upon me in fultilment of my kingly duties and in apparent influence exerted upon the men, was most gratifying to
firm reliance of Gol, to whose help we look for victory, but also me. One of my texts, intended to favourthe men, was, Be content
in the spirit of regard for the creed of others and of evangelical with your wages,' which I explained to mean that a man was to get laws and administration of my States. The latest measures of
forbearance, which has been stamped by my forefathers on the all he fairly could, and to be content when he had what was reasonable, though it might fall far short of his wishes. 'A
my Government do not infringe upon the Romish Church or the reasonable wage,' I stated, 'must be sufficient to keep a
free exercise of their religion by her votaries ; they only give labourer's wife and children out of the fields, and to pay for his
to the independence of the legislation of the country some of the children's schooling.' Another text was, 'Friend, I do thee no
guarantees long possessed by other countries, and formerly wrong; didst thou not agree with me for a penny?" from possessed by Prussia, without being held by the Romish Church which I pointed out the necessity of an honest and strict regard incompatible with the free exercise of her religion. I was sure, to the men's engagements with their masters, and the general and I rejoice at the proof afforded me by your letter, that the importance of a fair construction of the terms on both sides.”
struggle—the people of England, to whom my people and my
Royal House are bound by the remembrance of many a past and BLACK POPLAR. -A correspondent of the “ Times" renews the honourable struggle maintained in common since the days of recommendation of using black p•plar in building, on account William of Orange." of being the most incombustible wood known : "Captain Shaw remarks that he considers his experimental pitch-pine post, NORWEGIAN HOUSES.—Mr. Fulford Vicary, North Tawton, which was exposed to a petroleum fire for seven hours, and was writes to say that the cost of a house similar to that erected by as good a story-post as ever at the end, 'a strong practical testi- him would not be so much as stated in the article in the mony in favour of massive timber for the internal support of “ Leisure Hour” (p. 399). “When it is considered that the heavily-loaded buildings.' Your correspondent (A. Dawson), £877 which I paid for the house as shipped in Christiania inin the Times' of June 13, 1873, told of a Nottingham manu- cluded a great many things besides the timber, the advance in factory which burnt out to the top from a fire originating on the price of timber does not affect the total sum so very much. the second story ; but, although the floor lay a yard thick in The freight I paid was excessive, and from being new to the hot clinkers and melted machinery, the fire did not get down work I paid too niuch in the erection. Taking everything into wards because the floors were of poplar.' For 200 years writers account I am convinced that instead of a similar house costing on arboriculture have reminded us that the wood of white 100 per cent. more, 10 per cent. more would be nearer the fact. poplar is light, uninflammable, and well a lapted for flooring I find my house comfortable and pleasant. I have no reason
Mr. James Brown, in his standard molern book, “The to regret my enterprise in the matter, but I shall regret if it Forester,' relates that he sold a black poplar tree only 35 years should go forth that other persons could not share the advan. olu, but containing 66 cubic feet of timber, at 2s. per foot, or tages I have pointed out without paying double the cost I paid.”
"DEHOLD IN THESE WHAT LEISURE HOURS DEMAND,-AMUSEMENT AND TRUE KNOWLEDGE LAND IN NAXD.". Cowper..
LANG TAM TAISON.
him at leisure ; re often found him too busy for more than a passing word. For instance, there
were the shearing and branding times every year; IT T was not in the nature of woman not to be and if disease appeared among the sheep, the shep
curious about the progress of this singular herd had sometimes a hard time of it. And portions courtship; and not very long after Tam's visit to the of the flock had occasionally to be separated from manse, my mother and I took our after-dinner walk the rest for the markets; and this, though with the along the hills, on some ridge of which Tam was aid of men and dogs, was often a work of time and sure to be feeding his flock.
trouble. Many an afternoon did my mother and I in We could never be certain, however, of finding our rambles sit down and watch such attempts at No. 1178.-JULY 25, 1874.
PRICE ONE PENNI.
selection with unfailing interest. The struggles of, and the clouds streaking them time about? Did the captured sheep to return to their scared and you ever see a finer day for the time of year, mem? bewildered fellows, whose plaintive and responsive it's as if the winter was making up for the bad bleatings ochoed loudly along the hillsides; the summer we had. Well, and as for the quiet cager panting dogs that hemmed the captives in, or waters '-just look, mem, at that burn down there gave chase to some terrified individual that had below us; it's never dry in the hottest summer, for regained its liberty, and was frantically rushing here it has its fource in a deep loch lying far back among and there, only to meet these ubiquitous tyrants at the hills, that's ayo kept brimming with the huncvery turn it made; the guiding cries of the shep- dreds of wee water-courses that trickle down the herds, the ceaseless barking of the dogs, made up a hillsides after every shower. And there it goes scene of much excitement and amusement to us, winding in and out among the hills; and cven on though mingled with pity for the poor “ silly sheep," the lownest summer day, when there's no enough whose innocent white or black faces seemed to appeal of wind, you would think, to blow a thistledown off, to us for it.
you'll no hear a murmur from it; for it just steals But no such busy scene presented itself anywhere through the grass, and there's no a rock or a big to us this afternoon as we walked along the hilltops stone in all its course hereabouts to disturb it." towards that portion of them pertaining to Mr. “You are quite poetic, Tam,” said my mother, Telfer's farm. It was a mild spring-like day, though who had followed his description with her eyes, and we were in the heart of winter; and we were so felt the truth of it. fortunate as to find Tam sitting quietly alone on the “Eh, mem! I never made a verse o' poetry in all sheltered side of his favourite knoll, with his dogs, my life, but I'm very fond of reading it. But they as usual, lying at his feet.
say there's a shepherd down Ettrick ways that's Both my mother and I delighted greatly in the written some very bonny things. Me! no, no; I fresh breezy air of those green hillsides, and in the have no gift that way, and you must just be laughsense of calm and sweet solitude which they creatod. ing at me, mem, to speak o't. But what I like Not that they possessed the actual loneliness of verses for is that they put in words what I have often being far removed from the neighbourhood of men thought myself, but didna ken how to express; and -—there were farmhouses and cots in their vicinity; I suppose that's the use of poetry.” but so shaped and arranged were these hills as This kind of conversation lasted some time; but to make this impression upon the mind. Green at last my mother changed it by remarking that we swelling slopes, with rounded summits, appeared must not sit much longer in the open air at this clustered together-a tumultuous, undulating, grassy season of the year, and that she would be glad to sea-when once you had surmounted the outmost hear how his courtship was progressing before re overlooking ridge, and turned your face from the returned home. more open country that you had ascended from. " Finely, mem, finely," said Tam, cheerfully; Not a habitation of man was then visible; nothing “the old folk have given their consent, and Susy's but a verdant hilly desert, with here and there a grey agreeable.” boulder embedded in the turf, looking like a solitary “ But how did you get her to understand that you sentinel keeping watch over the quiet hillsides. want her to be your wife?" asked my mother, with
My mother alluded to this peculiar characteristic natural curiosity. of the scenery; and to the feeling of peace and “ I'll tell you, mem. You could scareely believe serenity which, she said, it always imparted to her, what a quick creature Susy is by nature, unless you as she sat down on the grass over which Tam insisted were often beside her. It was a story that her on spreading his plaid for our accommodation, mother tell’t me about her glegness that first made
“Ay, mem," said Tam, looking round about him me think how we might get her to understand it. reverently, and then up at the blue sky, where The Bissets have a number of Scripture prints masses of white cloud were slowly sailing, casting, pasted up on the walls, that they bought from a when not obscuring the wintry sun, long moving travelling packman (pedlar). One of them is meant, shadows on the pleasant slopes; “ ay, mem, it's a it says below, to represent Joseph's marriage to grand thing to be alone with the works of God. I Asenáth, the daughter of Potipherah, priest of On. would rather follow a shepherd's life than any other Joseph 's got a light blue coat with gilt buttons on trade just on account of this. We are busy enough
We are busy enough him, yellow breeches, and a grand ruffled sark at his at times, but then we have plenty of leisure between bosom, besides top-boots, no unlike them that the both for reading and thinking; and it's wonderful duke wears when he comes here for the hunting. what thoughts come into my head as I sit by myself The bride is something browner than him-I supon the hillside, with no a sound to be heard around pose the Egyptian folk were darker in their colour me but now and then the bleat of a sheep or the than the Israelites; but she has braw ornaments on chirp of a bird. Such verses there are in the her head and neck and arms, and she has a red silk Psalms now about a shepherd's life. I often croon gown on, open in front, with a white satten petticoat over the twenty-third :
below it. King Pharaoh is seated on his throne, "• The Lord 's my shepherd, I'll not want.
with a gold crown on his head and a skepter in his He makes me down to lie
hand, with all his counsellors round about him; and In pastures green : he leadeth me
the pair are standing in front of them. Joseph is The quiet waters by-'
holding up the third finger--that everybody keus
is the marriage finger-of the bride's left hand, just as if I was David my own self keeping my and is just slipping a plain gold ring over it. father's sheep on the hills of Bethlehem. Isna “Weel, mem, her mother, who is aye in the house there the 'pastures green' here too, mem? Could with her, and kens her ways best, saw that Susy was anything be greener and more pleasant to look at greatly taken up with this picture when they first than these bonnie sloping braes, with the sunshine I got it. She was clearly trying to make out the
meaning o't, but couldna succeod, till one night all over. And when they came to the door at night with at once it seemed to break on her. From looking the things, didna the old wife hand me back two at the picture, she came and set herself down beside pounds of what I had given her! It'll be a nest-egg her mother, and began to examine what hand her to provide for Susy if it's the Lord's will that I'm marriage-ring was on. Having made herself sure taken away first; I have put the notes back into my of this, she then fell to coonting the fingers, and mother's stocking and hidden it away in the old hole. found that her mother's ring-finger was the same as The only thing I'm vexed about, mem, is that I canna that one of Asenath's that Joseph was holding up. be married by my own minister. But, you see, they
Then up she jumps from her stool, making her belong to Mr. Tait's parish, and they wouldna like to mother, who thought it best to humour her, to rise pass him by-he's a tine man too, Mr. Tait. But and stand in the middle of the floor. Then she Susy will come with me to my own kirk when we're would have her father get up next, which he was man and wife." siveert to do after his day's work; but his wife And we left Tam on his hillside, and much amusel alvised him to please the poor lassie, as there was and interested we were by the information he had evidently something working in her mind, and she given us about his betrothal. couldna bear to cross her. So up he got, and Susy So Tam and Susy were married. Mr. Tait, as to made him stand in front of his wife, as it is in the learned from him afterwards, had so far to alter the picture-only the braw claes were wanting. Then usual ceremony as to substitute signs for words in she took off her mother's ring, made her father hold laying the marriage vows upon the bride ; but Susy, up the third finger of his wife's left hand, gave him from her extraordinary acuteness, evidently comprethe ring, and made signs to him to slip it on the hended much of their meaning: The marriage was finger. And when he did it she clapped her two laughed at by many, and wondered at by all except hands together in great glee, and then pointed to those who, liko my father and mother, were acthe picture, as much as to say that she had now quainted with Tam's reasons for making such a found out all about it. Now, mem, wasna that choice. Tam appeared with his wife in church; and wonderful clever for one like her?"
though most eyes there were bent inquisitively on “Very remarkable indeed, Tam," said my mother. them for at least the first two Sabbaths, he stood the
“Well, the way we brought it to bear on my case scrutiny with composure, and as if he was not was this. I had begun to come gey and often at ashamed of the step he had taken. As for Susy, the nights; and I aye took a seat beside Susy, as Mary's people had to acknowledge that though a "dummy," lad did beside her. And I would give her a smile she was in looks and behaviour "just like other and a nod every now and then, with maybe a bit folk.” kindly clap on the shouther by way of variety. And My mother paid a visit of congratulation at Tam's she didna take it ill
, and gloom at me, as I feared at cottage not long after the marriage. She made first she might. Then one day that the maister sent it in the evening, that she might be certain of me to the fair I bought a bonnie ribbon for her, the finding him at home. Our knock was followed by very colour of Asenath's gown; and she was real the cheery sound of Tam's voice inviting whoever it well pleased with it, that was she. Well, mem, one was to enter. We did so, and found Tam sitting by night when there was nobody there but her and the the bright fireside in the "big chair;" for Susy had gudewife and me, the gudewife, as we had planned always seen her father occupy the seat of honour as it between us, signed to me to rise and stand in the head of the house, and now followed her mother's middle of the floor. Then she brought Susy and example by yielding it up to her "gudeman." Tam placed her in front of me; then she took off her gave us a most beaming welcome, and the chair was wedding-ring and gave it to me; and I held up vacated for my mother's accommodation.
It was a Susy's left hand and third finger, as in the picture, pleasant home picture we had intruded upon. The and slippit it on. Then-then-well, mem, I just dogs lay on the white hearth-stone like privileged put my arm round her neck and gave her a good inmates, and the cat was in Susy's lap. smack to show that I was claiming her for
seated opposite to her husband's chair on a stoolsaid Tam, reddening and laughing heartily; "it was Tam's seat in childhood, which seemed her favourite all in the way of honest coortship, you know, mem," position, and knitting diligently as he had described
, added he, apologetically.
She was neatly and becomingly dressed in "Certainly, Tam," said my mother, highly amused the national “short gown"-a dress much more picby the description.
turesque than the "wrapper” of present times-a “But the end o’t was gey droll,” continued Tam. full woollen petticoat striped black and red, and a “She evidently considered that she was my wife, and blue and white check apron, whose strings gathered that the ring now belonged to her, for when her the short gown tidily in to her waist. She had not mother wanted it back, she aye pointed to me and the dull, heavy look which those who suffer from her Fouldna give it up. And the truth is, mem, I have deprivation often have, and her quick observant eyes been obliged to buy the wedding-ring already, seemed in great measure to supply the lack of her although we're not to be married for some weeks absent senses. yet; and as it's broader and more shiny than her Tam seemed delighted to show his wife and his mother's, we found no difficulty in getting her to altered house to my mother. It was altered truly. take it instead. Her mother and her have been The new articles of furniture, of course, did someover at the house to see what things are wanted thing towards the change; but it was the order and there; and they got the lend of a cart yesterday, and cleanliness that now reigned instead of the former a neighbour's laddie drove it to the town, to get them. dirt and confusion that were the principal cause of it, I gave the old wife, who's a grand hand at making and which pleased my mother; and she could not bargains, the five-and-twenty pounds, telling her to but think that Tam had been guided wisely though get the gown and shawl for Susy, and either of the strangely in his choice of a wife. two for herself, as a marriage present, with what was He pointed out to us with simple pride the various