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BY THE REV. S. J. STONE, M.A.
several miles above the city, and these all flow through Damascus, bearing different names, and are Sonnets of the Sacred Hear. supposed to have different degrees of excellence. The river whose water is most prized is called the Abanias, doubtless the Abana, and passes through FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER EASTER. what was once a fashionable suburb, the “West End” of Damascus, overhanging the green merg: "Now I go my way to Him that sent me; and none of you Another river of Damascus passes through what asketh me, Whither goest thou? But because I have said these was the northern suburb of the city until Tamerlane things unto you, sorrow hath filled your heart.”-St. John xvi. destroyed it. It is now called the Taura, which 5, 6. name we find in the Arabic version of the Bible instead of Pharpar, and Benjamin of Tudela
; identifies the Taura with the Pharpar. The “Waddy YEA; weak their faith because their eyes were Barhar,” at the source of the 'Awaj, which was
dim. supposed to contain in its name the word Pharpar, is They saw but what is seen; they did not gaze now known to have no existence; and as there exist with that keen sight wliich pierces through the at Damascus a number of rivers, * known by distinct
haze and different names, there need be no question that the same rivers, and with various names, flowed That hangs about the world's horizon rim; through the city in the days of Naaman and Elisha. So sorrow filled her beaker to the brim; And there is no reason to doubt that the great So drank they then, not knowing as their days Damasceno mentioned in his haughty boast the two So should their strength be, and their pilgrim ways rivers he had most enjoyed. And if the various rivers of the Syrian capital now sparkle in fifty-eight Were the straight paths to bring them hoine to Hinn. bathst during the decadence of the city, who will Him must they lose awhile, but for such gain doubt that the same sparkling waters were as ex- As lay within that promise strange and sweet, tensively used for purposes of luxury in the palmy His advent-the all-blessed PARAÇLETEdays of the Ben Haddad dynasty ? Nor is it for a
Who should make dimness clear and roughness moment to be supposed that the great Syrian leader, who knew the refreshing charms of the Damascus
plain ; rivers, would mention as on a parity with one of In whom that "little while" they should abide, them the brawling little 'Awaj.
Still in their Master's love, and at His side.
XIX. - I AM TEMPTED TO COMMIT SIMONY,
recent event. Suitable inquiries and offers of as- howled round every angle of the house, and shook sistance had been made at the manse the previous the windows with a grasp that I feared would burst evening, I had learned from Jamie Willison. Now, them in. I stood in mine, and watched the scene the subject seemed dismissed till funeral arrangements without awestruck. The hills, except when the would bring it up again. If Mr. and Mrs. Gordon mist racked for a moment, were shrouded from top suspected somewhat of my feelings, they did not to bottom in impenetrable vapour ; and even the show it. She was good-humoured even to Miss smooth slope between them and the stables was often Tulloch this morning. A more favourable mood for altogether obscured by the fierce smoke-like rain the request I meant to make to her she could not which swept in wild gusts across it. Down the blasts have been in.
poured from Glencaird as through a funnel, and the She came into the schoolroom as usual during the stateliest pines, if exposed to their fury, were weak forenoon. After some talk about the lessons, I sum- as bulrushes. They were tossed about like playmoned courage to ask a few minutes' private conver-things-half a dozen piled upon each other in some sation with her, and the children were sent to the spots, their branches inextricably entangled, and nursery. In the best terms which agitation would their roots, with the earth and turf torn from the soil allow me to use, I then requested her good offices clinging to them, sticking up in the air. Mr. with Mr. Gordon on my behalf. She listened very Gordon's woods next day were like a field of battle graciously, and readily promised to exert her influ- strewn with the dead. ence for me, making me a handsome compliment on It would have been easy for a fanciful imagination my conduct in the parish and in her family, and she to picture shapes in that wildly hurrying mist. I left me very light-hearted and hopeful as to the thought of Ossian's spirits of the storm, and almost issue.
believed that I saw them. If there is any latent What a day of wind and wet that was! I was not superstition in a mind, be sure a residence in the likely to forget a day so exciting in other respects, Highlands will bring it out. The ravages of the but the tempest which raged during it has given a tempest extended even to the sheltered lawn and peculiar vividness to its recollections. I had no idea flower garden. The house wall, an angle of which
was visible from the schoolroom window, was black Nahr (river) Tavira, Nahr Abanias, Nabr Kanawat. Nahr Yazid, Nahr Barada, Nahr Deirany, Nahr Akrabany. Each is called a river.
with the beating rain, and entirely stripped of the + According to census
climbing plants which were trained on it; while the
beautifully-kept turf was strewed with twigs torn by | hope that he would see fit to take it into consithe savage blasts from the tossed and tortured over- deration ; but I was so nervous that I doubt if I greens. It would take years to effaco the devastation made my meaning plain. However, it mattered not. made at Inveruven that day, both gardener and “You are a very respectable young man, Mr. forester ruefully said.
Morrison,” he continued, dropping his words slowly, There was something truly sublime in this great as if unconscious of or indifferent to the anxiety with tumult of nature, and I felt a strange kind of excite- which I listened, “and I should be glad to further ment in witnessing it. We had to give up the lessons your interests. But there is another gentleman of as the storm increased. It was impossible to keep your cloth who has somewhat stronger claims upon either the children's or my own attention fixed upon me than you." And here he made a full pause. them while the sleet flashed like lightning past the My heart sank and my hopes fled on hearing these window, the wind roared so savagely in the chimney, words. It was a bitter disappointment; still I made and the very troes on the lawn scroeched and groaned a struggle and partly rallied from the shock. Rising as if in agony. The children clung to me in terror, from my chair-for of course I regarded the intimaand I tried to soothe them by speaking of Him who tion that another individual had a prior and superior holdeth the winds in the hollow of His hand, and who claim to Mr. Gordon's patronage as a dismissal of while on earth spoke to such a tempest as this, and the subject-I said respectfully, “that I was far lo! there was a great calm.
from desirous of interfering with the righteous claims The storm raged for about four hours with una- of another, indeed acknowledged that I had no claim bated fury; but towards evening the blasts began to whatever upon Mr. Gordon; but that I had hoped if sink gradually, and at last there was only a low the kirk had not been promised away—" moaning and wailing through the woods, liko that of “It is not promised, Mr. Morrison," said Mr. a child whose passion is exhausted, but who still sobs Gordon, coolly interrupting me, and motioning me to involuntarily. Now that it was possible to venture resumo my seat; “that is, it is not bond fide promised, out of doors with safety, I went to visit poor Mrs. for I could not foresee the event that has occurred; Macbriar at the manse. A windy, damp walk it was, but the individual I have alluded to, and who is, I and I had more than once to climb over fallen trees believe, a very deserving person, may reasonably which obstructed the path through the plantation expect that any preferment in my power should be What must the higher and more exposed woods have bestowed upon him. Circumstances, however, may suffered when the more sheltered ones were so compel me to disappoint him." ravaged ? I found the manse standing bare, with Here Mr. Gordon again paused, and it seemed to every chimney-can off it, and the gravel in front me was rather embarrassed. He took up tho penstrewn with their fragments and with broken slates. knife from the desk and began to trim his nails with I did not ask to see Mrs. Macbriar, being informed it, as if to avoid meeting my looks. I was in much that some of her relations had arrived that morning perplexity, not knowing what his last words indito keep her company.
cated; but there seemed a glimmer of hope in them, Mr. Gordon had as yet taken no notice of my ap- and I waited anxiously till he should again speak. plication to his wife, and I did not know whether to “The fact is, Mr. Morrison,” said Mr. Gordon, regard it as a bad or a good sign in a man of his proud suddenly laying down the knife and rising from his temper. The uncertainty was agitating, but I trusted seat as with the intention of ending the interview, I, it would not continue long; nor did it, for next fore- of course, following his example, "the fact is I have noon while I was giving little Missy her lesson, Jamie been led to believe that you entertain feelings of Willison appeared, and said that Mr. Gordon wished affection for a young person residing here. Indeed, to see mo in the library. The important moment had I may as well acknowledge, since I presumo you are come. My heart gave a great leap as if it would already aware of it, that she is a sort of connection burst from my side, and for a few seconds I felt dizzy of this family. I cannot see any objections to this ; and faint. I did not know till then how strongly I you are a worthy young man; will probably make a dreaded disappointment. My face must have be- useful parish minister; and here is an opportunity of trayed my mental agitation, and given so shrewd an benefiting you both. Get Miss Tulloch's consent, observer as Jamie an inkling of the business between then, Mr. Morrison,” he added in a more cordial tone the laird and me; for as he followed me down-stairs than he had ever used before when addressing me, he whispered, “Good luck to you, sir !" with a “ and I promise that you shall have the presentation respectful heartiness that gratified while it surprised to Ballanclutha living as her marriage portion." me.
And lifting his hat and riding-whip, which lay on I found Mr. Gordon engaged in writing when I the table beside him, he made a hasty exit through a entered the library. He did not raise his eyes from door that opened into a back passage in the direction the paper while he desired me to be seated. I was of the stables. glad enough to sit down, and I waited as composedly "Good sir!-worthy sir!" I faintly called after as it was possible in the circumstances till he should him, but he heard me not; and I remained for some be at leisure to speak to me. As I watched his pen minutes standing on the spot on which he had left more so quietly over the page, I could not but me in such a state of utter dismay and bewilderment contrast his coolness with my agitation, and marvel that I thought my senses were forsaking me. When at it as something extraordinary. In a few minutes I had got my ideas a little ravelled out, and had he closed and sealed his letter, and then pushing it convinced myself that I had heard Mr. Gordon aright, from him, he deliberately leaned back in his elbow- I quitted the library, making a hurried dash up to chair and looked at me for the first time.
the schoolroom lest I should encounter Miss Tulloch, “Mrs. Gordon has informed me of your application of whom I had now a perfect terror, on the road. I to her, Mr. Morrison," he formally said, without fur- did not feel myself secure till I was beside the bairns, ther preface.
who looked astonished to see me return so scared I bowed, and tried to say something about my like. “What is it, Mr. Morrison-what is it?" they
kept asking me. I was indeed for the time in a half- There were strong inducements for me to embrace distracted state, and when we set to the lessons again, the proposal so unexpectedly made to me. Here whether they said them ill or well, or whether they was a comfortable down-sitting for life, falling like said them at all, I believe I was quite unconscious of. a ripe plum into my mouth without trouble, in a
At last the play-time came, and when the bairns parish most quiet and pleasant, and where I was were at their sports in the room-it was a showery already familiar with and esteemed by the people. day, and we could not leave the house-I was able to The smallness of the population made it an easy arrange my thoughts more composedly. Since the charge, which suited one who, however willing to day I was born I had never been in such a quandary. spend and be spent in the Lord's service, had neither I was like a person under the influence of an opiate, the strength nor the gifts fitted for a more prominent and could scarcely persuade myself that I was not position in the kirk. The people all understood and dreaming. Supposed to entertain
to entertain "feelings of spoke English, and Gaelic had ceased to be preached affection" for Miss Tulloch! when if there had been there for a generation. The stipend was a very fair any courting at all, it was all-But it would not be one, being sixteen chalders; and if I married his good manners to conclude the sentence. My mind niece, Mr. Gordon was likely to see to the manse was more troubled at first about this notion of Mr. being put into thorough order, and might oven go a Gordon's than what was more particularly the busi- considerable length in furnishing it. ness in hand, namely-would I marry Miss Tulloch I never preached in any kirk I liked so well as to get the kirk? This, no doubt, was the proper way Ballanclutha. It just suited my voice; and the to put the case ; for whether I really liked Miss congregation in their plaids, and with their sheepTulloch or did not, would matter little to the laird if dogs lying at their feet-for the dogs always acI enabled him to be rid of her. Little did I think on companied their masters to the kirk-rere just a applying for the presentation that it would be offered picture of simplicity and gravity of demeanour. me on such a condition.
And many of them, though poor enough in worldly I stated the case to myself in this fashion. Here goods, were rich in faith. It would be truly sweet is a young woman who is a burden to her friends, to labour among so primitive and godly a flock. If and here is a vacant kirk; you may have the latter if from some scruples anent Miss Tulloch I rejected you also take the former, but you cannot get the kirk this opportunity of settling, I might never become a without the wife. I was in no joking mood, and yet placed minister. Among my acquaintances in ElinI could not help saying to myself, “ You are a lucky burgh were soveral grey-haired preachers, who had lad, Matthew, to have a wife and a living found for never had a chance of a kirk from their youth up, you on the same day; think well of it, for such a and were melancholy disappointed men, living in chance is not likely to happen a second time!" But humble lodgings, with scanty moans and few friends. as I have just observed, it was not a subject for jest- And truly a grew came over mo then I thought I ing. As to resolving how I was to act, that was as might end as they, and be shut out from all the yet out of the question. I was glad to put the matter kindly intercourse and pieties of domestic life. Why from me at present; to postpone it till night brought had I such an ill-will to the poor gentlewoman? For the needful silence and solitudo for reflection. I found myself continually repeating, “Oh! if it
Such a day as I passed! What between the dread had been anybody but Miss Tulloch, or if she had of Mrs. Gordon coming to the schoolroom to con- been something like that thoughtful genty creature, gratulate me, and expecting my thanks, or making Jeanie Carruthers!” And this led mo to inquire a pretext to send Miss Tulloch there that I miglit what it was that made me so dour and backward to have the opportunity, for which I must be wishing, think of her as a wife. of discussing our mutual prospects, or of that young It was not her want of beauty; a fair mind was woman being seized with a writing fit, and coming of of far greater value, I knew, than a street-featured her own accord with those weary pens, I was more body, which is so soon doomed to decay, and I was than half demented ! " What's tho matter with you, suro I could stand any grewsomeness short of deMr. Morrison ?” the boys were continually saying to formity in a wife if satisfied concerning the heart and
And certainly I inust have seemed strange to understanding. My affections might not be drawn them, for I soldom heard the questions they put to out to her before wedlock, but I should have accepted me, and onco was for mending the fire with the Mr. Gordon's proffer with an honest intention of large copy of Dr. Johnson's dictionary, which hap- doing my duty by her, certain that esteem would pened to be in my hands, instead of a pino log, but soon ripen into conjugal lovo. But tho truth was, I was stopped in time by Patrick. They got quito had my misgivings-not of Miss Tulloch's pioty, for riotous in the end, and I was fain to collect my it was clear she had none, but of her prudence and thoughts.
modesty. She lacked womanliness and discretion, of Mr. Gordon dined from home that day. If his which Solomon makes such count in the female chawife had accompanied him, I think I should have racter. What kind of minister's wife, therefore, gone without my dinner rather than have faced Miss would she be? Could I expect her to be my helpTulloch merely in the boys' company. Mrs. Gordon mate-to go hand-in-hand with me in any efforts för must have thought me a singularly cold and sheepish good amongst my peoplo, or even to sympathise with lover. I sat at the opposite side of the table to Bliss my spiritual travails and anxieties for them? Would Tulloch, but I never looked her airt, and I answered not rather the constant companionship of such a perall Mrs. Gordon's well-meant remarks with as much son be injurious to my own soul's health, drag mo brevity as civility would permit.
down, and be a snare to me as long as I lived ? Paul, The longest day will come to an end. Night indeed, saith, “How knowest thou, () man! whether arrived, and comfortably in bed, I began seriously thou shalt save thy wife ?" but would it not be preto ponder the question. And as I wished to attain sumption in mo for the mere sake of worldly luere to to a righteous decision, I argued for and against marry a woman devoid of the fear of God in the exMr. Gordon's proposition with strict impartiality. pectation that I might be made the instrument of her
conversion ? For doubtless the apostle only refers to the improvement of the poor fishermen and the development of marriages that were contracted when both parties a large and valuable industry, which, for want of some capital were destitute of spiritual life.
to work, is gravlually, the Inspectors tell us, becoming more
difficult to resuscitate? Until a more manly and independent Besides, Miss Tulloch had the germs of a fractious view of the case is taken by Irishmen generally and by the temper in her, or I was much mistaken, and might fishery officials individually, we have little hope of the Irish not prove a very loving daughter-in-law to my worthy people reaping anything but a very slight benefit from the mother, and the securing such a house as Ballan- valuable but neglected sea fisheries around the coast. If the clutha manse for the latter was my strongest tempta- would take the matter in hand and accomplish the proper
“Home Rulers ” who have lately been returned to Parliament tion to accept Mr. Gordon's terms. My mother, after working of the Irish sea-coast fishing by native industry, they all, might not be able to put up with my wife, who would undoubtedly remove a very formidable drawback to the doubtless would not forget that she was the laird's advancement of the poor Irishmen, and perhaps achieve at least niece, and Nelly, I was certain, would never sort
one measure for which the country might well be grateful.
Times. with her as a mistress. Again, Miss Tulloch had come out of a bad nest, and vices are hereditary as
MADRID.—The following extract from a letter of Miss well as diseases-she might be a shamo and a re
Whately gives a lively sketch of Madrid as it appears in summer.
In the "Sunday at Home" for April Miss Whately gives an proach to me all my days. And, to crown all, I was interesting report of the religious agencies in operation, from not altogether clear in my conscience that to obtain a which alone any good hope can arise for the stability or progress kirk by such a marriage was not the very worst of Spain. species of simony.
Madrid certainly does not deserve, strictly speaking, the And so I lay, tossing from side to side and troubled appellation of a beautiful city. It offers no striking coup d'oeil
at first sight, like Cadiz; nor has it any of the quaint picin mind till far on in the night; now inclining a little turesqueness of Seville; it has few fine buildings, and scarcely to this view, now to that, but never getting more any objects of special interest, except its unrivalled gallery; reconciled to the thought of Miss Tulloch as a wife. standing in the midst of a flat, desolate plain, it can boast of At length said I, “Let me test it by Scripture-'to
no pretty rural suburbs, no country excursions ; but it has comthe law and to the testimony'—and abide by what it rensations of its own, and some advantages
for residents which
many finer and more striking cities cannot boast of. pronounces;" and, being in great perplexity, I fer- Few European cities are so completely surrounded with vently implored God's guidance in this important public walks, boulevards, gardens, and avenues; there are few crisis of my life. And soon that passage came to my quarters of the town from which verdure and shade cannot be mind where the believers of the early Christian reached in a short walk. We are located close to the house
where the Cortes meet; and from our windows we look out on church were commanded to marry only “in the the green shades of the “ Buen Retiro," where one may wander Lord." . All hesitation was therefore over; as for hours among groves, and shrubberies, and gardens, all Christian I could not conscientiously enter into the abundantly watered on an admirable system of irrigation, and married state with Miss Tulloch ; and, having arrived therefore green and fresh in the greatest heats of summer ; or at this conclusion, I drew the blankets round me, my by the side of the ":Estanque," or large artificial piece of water,
where those who like boating on a miniature scale can enjoy mind recovered its tranquillity, and in a few minutes that diversion, and one has something at all events that looks I was sound asleep.
cool even at noonday in summer.
Or we may stray into the grove, which has been arranged for the reception of an orchestra and seats, where an excellent
band plays two nights in the week through the summer, and we Varieties.
may sit under the trees and enjoy the fresh evening breeze and good music at the same time.
Then we have the Prado, and various paseos, or public walks, EUPHRATES Vality.--Mr. Gaze, the enterprising manager of branching off from it, with an abundance of trees and fountains, excursions, has arranged for a trip to places out of the ordinary and plots and flowers here and there, and muestos, or small routes, including Babylon, Ninevel, and other scenes of ancient booths, where harmless cooling drinks—lemonade, eau sucrée, story in the East. The excursion is planned for the antumn of and the like-are dealt out for a few coppers to the passers-by; this year, and if successful will probably lead to similar trips with larger numbers of pilgrims. Mr. Cook's excursions "round
a very grateful refreshment in the burning heat of a Madrid the world” are now established as regular events. The public In the summer evenings, when the short twilight is over, is greatly indebted to these pioneers of modern popular travel, and the cool air and clear starlit sky attract one out of doors, and to their able and experienced assistants.
these promenades are alive with strollers ; the broad avenue IRISH SEA-Coast FISHERIES.---Out of 327 fishing vessels called the “Salon del Prado” is as crowded with elegantlywhich last year paid dues at Kinsale, only ninety-seven Irish dressed ladies and gentlemen, and loungers of every degree, as bonts had been employed in working the mackerel fishery. The any place of public entertainment could be ; and certainiy on a majority of boats engaged belonged to Scotland, the Isle of hot July night one would be inclined to give such a way of Man, and France, all of which, we understand, had a remu. meeting one's friends the preference over a close and crowded nerative season's fishing, and were amply repaid by crossing to saloon. It is a very gay scene. Parties of children are driven Kinsale, where they had little or no opposition to contend along in little carriages, decorated with gaily-coloured paper against from local boats. The figures quoted present a painful lanterns ; families and groups of friends occupy the seats by the example of the unwillingness or inability of the Irish people to side of the footpath ; the shrubberies and gardens are sparkling help thomselves, or avail themselves of the advantages which a with lights, and the whole seems like a fairy scene. On the bountiful Providence has provided for them. Here we have at eve of a saint's day, fireworks and other noisy demonstrations Kinsale a fleet of strange vessels from England, Scotland, and are added to these everyday accompaniments of the Madrid France coming over every year and carrying away from the summer evening, and there is little chance of sleep till the Irish shores vast quantities of valuable fish, representing a coin- small hours of the night are well advanced. The Madrilenians mercial value of many thousands of pounds in excess of that appear to spend almost the whole night abroad, and children harvested by the Irish themselves. The poverty of the Irish keep the same hours as their parents, somewhat to the detriment fishermen has been put forward by the Irish Fishery oflicials of their health, as we should suppose. and others as a strong and conclusive reason why Government “But how do you manage to live in the capital of so dis. loans should be advanced for the purchase of fishing boats, gear,
turbed a country ş” our friends write us word ; * are you not in etc. This we assert to be not only an erroneous, but a very mis. continual dread of a revolution ?" chierous view to take of the case. The improvement of the It cannot be denied that we have had occasional panies; but Irisla fisheries and of the fishermen lies altogether with the Irish hitherto it is wonderful how little real disturbance has taken people themselves. Banks for the accommodation of farmers place. The people live in a kind of chronic excitement, but it are, we are tolil, yearly becoming more numerous, and plenty of seems to evaporate in talking. One day we go out to walk, and money is lying therein idle, or, at any rate, drawing only a small find crowds collected at the doors of the Hall of Deputies, dividend. Why, we ask, is not some of this invested in eagerly listening for news, and detailing it to each other; at the
corner of almost every street is gathered an excited little knot | the entrance of the Prince's secretary: Herr von Jokai con. of a dozen or two, all talking together rapidly and vehemently, cludes :-“On seeing papers in his hands, the Prince rose, and blocking up the path of the passers-by without mercy. No shook hands with me, and invited me to a party next evening, one here has an idea of making way for others in walking the when he said he would have great pleasure in introducing me streets.
to somo German members of Parliament. A word in conclusion. As we cross the broad central open place called the “Puerta While conversing the Prince played with a couple of gigantic del Sol," a party of volunteer recruits marches across our path, lead pencils. They were long enough to do service as walking. some, perhaps, wearing an attempt at a uniform, but the sticks. When dilating upon the unprofitable results sure to greater number clad much like Falstaff's tagged regiment, in ensue from annexing Austrian territory, he said, “We do not shabby, dilapidated working clothes, with bayonets or muskets want to annex anything-not even so much as could be covered over their shoulders, handled by their owners with such mani- by this pencil.' I said to myself that on my large map of fest awkwardness that we incline to think, in the event of a Austria that pencil would just reach from the Bohemian frontier real call to arms, the persons most likely to escape unhurt to Trieste." would be those at whom these formidable weapons were aimed!
The plough of Hesiod is still the scienNow we come to a group standing round a wall on which a placard is affixed with an appeal, in large letters, to the seed, and donkeys carrying this classic instrument, followed by
tific implement in use to prepare the ground for the reception of Sovereign People, to rise and protect the country, betrayed Athenian landei proprietors, each accompanied by two oxen, by evil and incapable deputies, etc. One day these placards
may be seen every morning at daybreak passing before the were all over the town, and we were assured that unless certain
national university and the Royal palace. Those who combine deputies were expelled, and others chosen in the Cortes, an
zeal for useful knowledge with a taste for classic lore will find a immediate outbreak would be inevitable. There was con. siderable excitement and alarm ; but the crisis passed quietly, Travels in Northern Greece," with a drawing of the instru
detailed description of this Greek plough in Colonel Leake's and nothing at all occurred.
ment as perfected by the experience of 3,000 years, and with I obtained one day a place in the " Tribune,” or gallery in
the Greek names of all the parts of which it is composed. the Hall of Deputies allotted to lady spectators. It was so Times' Correspondent. crowded that it was only by standing on tiptoe, and stretching one's neck, that even å glance could be had of the assembly
PACIFIC RAILWAY.--The revenue of the two divisions of below.
the Pacific-the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific-in No one wore a hat; a deputy, whose name escaped me, was
1873, were, Union Pacific, 13,938,969 dols. ; Central Pacific,
thus holding forth very eagerly, but the confusion in the whole 10,266,104 dols. The gross revenue of 1873 was assembly was such that it was impossible to catch a word. 24, 205,073 dols., as compared with 21,627,335 dols. in 1872, There was a constant coming and going, a byplay of loud 16,988,754 dols. in 1871, and 15,649, 210 dols. in 1870. Com. "asides," one and another continually interrupting the paring 1873 with 1870, it will thus be seen that in three ycars speaker, and requesting to be heard ; the president every few
the Pacific established an increase in its receipts of no less than moments ringing a little bell, by way, we supposed, of at
55 per cent.- Railway Times. tempting to keep order, but only adding to the general COOPER INSTITUTE, New YORK.-Tho American corresponhubbub and confusion.
dent of the "Echo" reports that “One of the most interesting Prince BISMARCK AT HOME.-Herr von Jokai, the eminent gatherings seen in New York for a long time was the reception, Hungarian poet, patriot, and statesman, accidentally finding by the Arcadian Club, of Peter Cooper on the eighty-third himself in Berlin, was lately received by Prince Bismarck, and anniversary of his birthday. Mr. Cooper is known, not only gives the following account of the notable Chancellor as he in New York, but all over the Union, and is known only to be found him in his home :-“I succeeded in obtaining an audi- respected and honoured. Born in this city a poor boy nearly a ence of Prince Bismarck the day after my arrival at Berlin. It century ago, he has seen New York increase from a population was a peculiar audience. He spoke and listened. He received of 33,000 to nearly a million. He has watched the country me at 9 p.m., a comparatively carly hour, as he is in the habit grow with equal rapidity. Mr. Cooper, when a boy, helped his of seeing visitors after midnight. His mansion is the most father to make hats, was next apprenticed to a coach and unpretending in the whole Wilhelm Strasse, and so is the porter waggon builder, and first began to make money by his invenyou meet at the door. The man wears no livery, nor does he tion of an improvement in shearing cloth machines during the carry a baton or any other insignia of office. I rang, he opened,
war of 1812. His present fortune was, however, principally and had me conducted into an ante-room lighted up by one acquired by the manufacture and sale of gluc, which he carriel remarkably simple lamp. Passing through a room beyond this,
on for sixty years. He also early took part in the development I entered the study of the fainous Chancellor. I was struck of our iron industry, and built the first locomotive turned out by the same absence of pomp, or even elegance, which I had on this continent. His great wealth has been used to benefit noticed in the other apartments
. A few chairs, an iron couch, his fellow-citizens. Twenty years ago he founded the Cooper an iron chest, and an iron man seated at an enormous writing Institute, a sort of people's free university for instruction in table. When I add that a lruge St. Bernard's dog sleepily science and art as applied to useful every day purposes. The looked at me from under a couch, I have enumerated the whole building, which will always be Mr. Cooper's best monument, contents of the room. Prince Bismarck is a man of athletic stands at the head of the Bowery, where that great thoroughfare height and breadth. He stands rather more than six fect in
bifurcates into Third and Fourth Avenues, and contains free his shoes, has shoulders to match, and powerful hands, with a library, reading-rooms and classes and lectures, attended by 2,500 grip of cast-steel. I was astonished to find him so different pupils. In Mr. Cooper's speech on the occasion, he thus spoke of from his portraits, which represent him as gloomy and morose.
his old age :—Measured by the achievemonts of the years I have looking, and altogether do not do him justice. He has light, scen, I am one of the oldest men who have ever lived ; but I do confident eyes, a healthy, clear complexion, a martial mous.
not feel old, and I propose to give the receipt by which I have tache, and a wonderfully high, broad forehead. He reminded preserved my youth. I have always given a friendly welcome me of Deak, and in fact is the very type of a Hungarian noble
to new ideas, and I have endeavoured not to feel too old to learnman of the olden times. The Prince kindly stopped the well and thus, though I stand here with the snows of so many winters turned phraseology with which I was opening the conversation.
upon my head, my faith in human nature, my belief in the He said he was glad to find me still so young. He had read | progress of man to a better social condition, and especially my my first productions years ago in the Allgemeine Zeitung, then
trust in the ability of men to establish and maintain selia very clever paper, as he significantly added. Upon my telling government, are as fresh and as young as when I began to travel him my age he replied that he was ten years my senior, and the path of life. While I have always recognised that the offered me a cigar, which he had fished out of the iron chest. object of business is to make money in an honourable manner, I told him I was no smoker ; neither is he so far as cigars are
I have endeavoured to remember that the object of life is to do concerned, his habitual companion being a meerschaum pipe of good. extraordinary proportions. Just as we were sitting down a door A Kindly Hint.-I was riding to the country poor-house to oponed, giving admission to the Princess and her daughter. preach to its inmates, and a friend with me asked me what was Both were in splendid evening dress. The Princess, a truly to be the subject of my sermon. I said, “These words : “The aristocratic lady, of imposing beauty even now; the young poor have the gospel preached unto them.'" My friend was Countess, an ideal form beaming with youth and grace. They silent a moment, and said, “It's hard enongh to be poor without were about to go to the Palace, and came to say good-by. being told of it.” “You are right,” I said, " that's sound Bismarck dismissed them with a patriarchal kiss, charging philosophy as well as Christian kindness : we shall do them them to convey his respects to their Majesties.” Then followed more good by giying them the gospel and saying not a Ford of a long and deeply interesting conversation, interrupted only by their being poor."-Dr. Irenæus Prime.