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BY THE REV. S. J. STONE, M.A.
A regular trade in rice is established between cooked. As in all simple culinary performances, England and Cochin China, South Africa, Brazil, observation and practice soon lead to success. The the United States, and other parts of the world, as tying in a cloth and leaving the delicate grain to well as India; and to interfere with this trade by boil its strength away into the water, which latter, compulsory laws, and so check its natural operations, containing all the flavour and nutriment, is then would be, we are told, fatal to the future. History thrown away, is worse than barbarous. Barbarous tells us of great cities ruined by a check to their nations know better. Rice-water made from the trade, and we have before us similar instances in old grain is useful in dysentery; new grain produces Charleston, Savannah, and New Orleans, which the disease. As a drink it can be flavoured, and is cannot for years, if ever, regain the commercial extremely nutritious. If not required for such uses, importance they enjoyed before the secession war. the less water the better for cooking the grain. It
During the Orissa famine in 1866-7 the grain is a subject of wonder that rice--so wholesome, was carried away before the very eyes of the dying life-sustaining, and within the means of every onenatives; and this not from wanton barbarity on the should not be more freely used in England. The part of the authorities, but because the law of supply poor Hindoos are, for the most part, content to boil and demand had carved a natural channel that they it and then mix it with ghee, vegetables, grease, or feared to check. “ It is impossible to interfere with merely sweeten it. But the American housewife will free trade," say political economists, although cir- astonish you with her countless ways of introducing cumstances may sometimes arise which overbear all rice into her “breads,” her “corn-fixings," and ordinary considerations. In good seasons in India “flour-doings;" cakes, pastry, puddings, to say nothere is always enough for food at home and a thing of soups and stews. The ways rice has of surplus for exportation.
insinuating itself into American diet are endless ; In the districts where the crops are so liable to and it is all the more adaptable on account of its own failure are populations of about 11,000,000, of lack of strong flavour. 7,500,000, and 4,000,000, amounting in all to above twenty-four millions of people, who require the enormous amount of 20,000 tons a day, at ordinary rations. In some parts the peasantry are paid in kind, so much rice a day for wages. A Hindoo
Sonnets of the Sacred Year. consumes two pounds of rice a day; a Malay scarcely so much, 56 pounds a month ; a Siamese 64 pounds per month ; and in China rice is cultivated at the
SECOND SUNDAY AFTER EASTER. rate of half an acre to each person. A recent writer “That we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness.” from India has stated that on an average more than-1 St. Peter ii. 24. five and a half millions of tons of rice are annually consumed in Bengal! Supposing only one-half of THE light of Jesus lies o'er all the way the population of the whole of India live on rice, That leads the pilgrim to the portal strait twenty-two and a half million tons are thus con
Of the spiritual City. That far gate
. sumed. The means of transportation over a wild and savage country are only slightly better now than Admits to full meridian of the Day in former times of famine. Immense efforts have Whose tender earnest, like a dawning ray, been made to overcome this difficulty, and we may Lightens that narrow path o'er the wide plain hope to see some permanent improvement. John Where Lust and Pride and all-seducing Gain Stuart Mill says “great scarcity is the natural result Would each by broader roads the soul betray. of imperfect traffic, which does not allow the Light of Life, that I at last may win abundance of one track to compensate the deficiences O Light of Life, that I at last of the other.” Rice-famines in India have been That lovely radiant City of the morn, hitherto accepted by the natives as a sort of inevit. Here grant me grace to count with hate and scorn able evil. It need not be so, and will not be when As ways of death the ways of Self and Sin; rice-lands are properly irrigated as in other countries, And ’mid what world-contempt, what inner strife, and facilities of intercommunication are established.
By way of postscript, a passing hint on cooking To keep Thy path of Resurrection life. rice may not be unacceptable ; for rarely in an English kitchen is justice done to this wholesome and excellent grain. In the Southern States of America, rice, in one form or another, is seldom
Varieties. absent from the table. As a vegetable it is an unfailing dish—or was, when the writer was in South Carolina. Snow-white, large, loose, and yet not dry, a
ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S DREAM.—A strange dream of President
Lincoln is told, which Mr. Dickens related to the Queen when dish of rice was beautiful to behold. The method of he was her Majesty's guest for a day at Windsor Castle. He preparing it there is to throw the rice into boiling had formerly told it in a letter to Mr. Forster :-" On the water, which has already been rendered sufficiently afternoon of the day on which the President was shot, there salt, and allow it to remain on the boil for four or
was a cabinet council at which he presided. Mr. Stanton, being five minutes at most. Then drain off the water, and
at the time commander-in-chief of the Northern troops that
were concentrated about here, arrived rather late. Indeed they let the saucepan stand corered over near the fire
were waiting for him, and on his entering the room, the Presi. for twenty minutes more. By this time each grain dent broke off in something he was saying, and remarked : Let is fully swollen and soft, and you have only to “dish us proceed to business, gentlemen.' Mr. Stanton then noticed, up." In India they use less water, and allow the with great surprise, that the President sat with an air of dignity
in his chair instead of lolling about in it in the most ungainly rice to boil until all moisture has evaporated. The attitudes, as his invariable custom was; and that instead of result is the same, each grain is loose and thoroughly I telling irrelevant or questionable stories, he was grave and
calm, and quite a different man. Mr. Stanton, on leaving the more or less caustic, and quickly destroyed the hair, burning the council with the Attorney-General, said to him, “That is the skin even when they touched it ; hence the blonde dyes were most satisfactory cabinet I have attended for many a long day ! | quickly falling into disuse. But a set of preparations called What an extraordinary change in Mr. Lincoln!' The Attorney, Aureoline, Aqua Mira, etc., all being fancy names for the same General replied, “We all saw it, before you came in. While chemical compound, was produced, which can be used with we were waiting for you, he said, with his chin down on his impunity ; it is so harmless that it may be even drunk, although breast, “Gentlemen, something very extraordinary is going to the taste is not agrecable ; and these articles quickly revived the happen, and that very soon. To which the Attorneywaning fashion for fair hair. To this fluid is due nineteen out General had observed, Something gond, sir, I hope ?' when of twenty of the heads of fair hair we see daily in the pnblic the President answered very gravely, I don't know, I assemblies Some sixty or seventy years ago the same fashion don't know. But it will happen, and shortly too!' As they existed, but at that period there were no blonde hair washes, so were all impressed by his manner, the Attorney-General took our belles of that period had to be content with wearing wigs and him up again : ‘Have you received any information, sir, not fronts of hair of the then fashionable tint, and it was carried to yet disclosed to us ?' *No,' answered the President; but I the same excess that the chignon is at the present moment. have had a dream. And I have now had the same dream three times. Once, on the night preceding the Battle of Bull Run.
JOHN HOWARD MEDAL.-An article was published in the Once, on the night preceding such another (naming a battle also not favourable to the North).' His chin sank on his breast
"Sunday at Home last November (No. 1019), headed again, and he sat reflecting. Might one ask the nature of this
“John Howard, the Philanthropist.” It was illustrated by a dream, sir ?' said the Attorney-General
. Well," replied the portrait and autograph of the great philanthropist. Reference President, without lifting his head or changing his attitude, centenary anniversary of Éoward's appointment as High Sheriff
was made to a pamphlet by Dr. Guy, F.R.S., on occasion of the • I am on a great broad rolling river-and I am in a boat--and of Bedfordshire, when he first began his public career as a I drift—and I drift !—But this is not business' - suddenly raising his face and looking round the table as Mr. Stanton prison reformer. The Statistical Society, recognising in Howard entered, 'let us proceed to business, gentlemen.' Mr. Stanton
the Statist no less than the Philanthropist, have done lasting
honour to him after their own fashion. The Council of the and the Attorney-General said, as they walked on together, it Society, giving effect to the views of the president, Dr. Guy, would be curious to notice whether anything ensued on this ; have established a Howard Medal. This Medal is to be given and they agreed to notice. He was shot that night.”
every year to the Author of the best Essay on some subject in HAIR AND HAIR-DYEING.—I have been lately looking at an social statistics, giving a preference to those in which Howard article on “Hair-Dyeing” in the “ Leisure Hour" volume for himself was most interested. The subject of the Essay for 1867, and even at this distance of time would make a few re- which the Medal will be given in 1874 (the centenary of the marks on one or two of the paragraphs. The writer says that year in which Howard achieved his Parliamentary triumph) covering the hair interferes with its luxuriance. In the great is-“ The State of Prisons, and the condition and treatment of hair-producing districts of France (Normandy and Picardy) Prisoners in the Prisons of England and Wales during the last the peasant women almost invariably wear a covering to the half of the Eighteenth Century, as set forth in Howard's State head. The caps of the women of these provinces are celebrated
of Prisons' and his work on Lazarettos.'” Full particulars on account of their picturesque forms. ` Again, take Bohemia, may be obtained on application to the Assistant Secretary of another large hair-producing country, and you will find the the Statistical Society, 12, St. James's Square, S.W. We are rule amongst the women is to wear a handkerchief tied corner. happy to hear that the number of applicants for information is wise over the head, leaving one corner to hang down the neck, already such as to justify the expectation of a brisk competition. so that in these two, or rather three districts, the hair is not
CARLIST SYMPATHISERS.—Some members of the Society of injured by being covered up, so far as the female part of the Friends, who are not given to untruth or exaggeration, bring population is concerned. The great bulk of hair is obtained from those countries where the female peasantry cover the north of Spain, in districts ravaged by the Carlists. The funds
sad reports of barbarous cruelties witnessed by them in the hair, as they are enabled to part with nature's covering without for carrying on this insurrection aro largely supplied by the inconvenience or even detection from this very fact. In the English papists
, who thus make themselves responsible for the fourth paragraph also I must beg to differ from your writer.
crimes of the brigands in Spain. Commercial experience tells us emphatically that the hair of English women is very far inferior in quality to that of the David THE KING.—“ David the king has fallen into sins foreigner. The finest hair that comes to market is the produce enough ; blackest crimes; there is no want of sins, and there. of the north-west provinces of France, then the Swedish and upon the unbelievers sneer and ask, 'Is this your man accordGernian, and lastly the Italian, and the produce of England ing to God's heart ?' The sneer, I must say, seems to me a certainly is no better than the Italian ; in fact, I should give shallow one. What are faults, what are the outward details of the preference by far to the produce of northern Italian States. a life, if the inner secret of it, the remorse, temptations often Since the date of the article, the article "hair-dye" bas under. baffled, never-ended struggles of it, be forgotten! Of all acts, gone some considerable changes. The old powder dye men. is not repentance, for man, the most divine ? The deadliest tioned is practically discarded. The various dyes in which sin, I say, were that same supercilious consciousness of no sin; nitrate of silver formed the basis are barely maintaining their that is death. David's life and history, as written for us in position, having had to give way to what are termed progressive these psalms of his, I consider to be the truest emblem ever hair-dyes, or colour-restorers, some of which are well known given of a man's moral progress and warfare here below. Is not from conspicuous advertisements, and which all contain sul. | man's walking, in truth, always that, 'a succession of falls '! phur and lead in larger or smaller proportions, visible in the That his struggle be a faithful, unconquerable one, that is the deposit of the article. These preparations are again being question of questions." - Thomas Carlyle. thrust aside by more recent English and French preparations FEMALE CHARACTER KNOWN BY THE FOOTSTEPS.-A lady which are displacing the old nitrate of silver hair-dyes for writes: "Few things betray the character more completely several reasons. They are not, in fact, dyes that at one
than the footstops, and we recommend Colebs, very earnestly, operation change the hair suddenly, but they are slow and to make choice of a woman whose foatfall is never heard as she cumulative in their action; neither do they produce the moves about the house. The footfall of the most active and black colours produced by the old dyes ; indeed, the fault with clever is silent ; the footfall of the considerate is silent; the nearly all of them is that the colour is too brown, and it yet footfall of the tender-hearted and gentle is silent; the footfall remains to be discovered how to dye the hair a natural dark of the graceful is silent. The poet makes the fairy sing, brown. The preparations are nearly all of American origin, 'I leave not a trace nor a footprint behind me;' so light is her and it is in America that the widest scope exists for the employ- trend that it does not crush a blade of grass. Of 'Annie ment of hair-dyes. Our cousins, from climate or social causes, Laurie' it is said in praise, turn grey at a very early age, while the hair is thick and luxurious, hence the demand for hair-dyes is there very groat, and large
Like dew on the gowan lying
Is the fall of her fairy feet. fortunes have been realised by the proprietors of many of these American articles. And now as to the fancy colours. The fashion This model woman of the lyrical singer is made by him both has been and is increasing for dyeing the hair blonde colour ; fair and handsome ; but he dwells with equal admiration on her indeed the disposition is to entirely de-colour the hair even to gentle voice and quiet movements. If a woman or girl is noisy whiteness. At the present time many ladies are desirous of in her tread it is not a good sign, as it may arise from clumsiappearing with white hair, thus realising the effect of hair ness, or thoughtlessness, or temper. A soft footfall is almost powder. At the time the article in question was written, all the always accompanied by a gentle voice, which is, in the words of blonde dyes, or, more properly speaking, bleaching fluids, were | Shakespeare, .an excellent thing in woman.'”
A FAMILY JOURNAL OF INSTRUCTION AND RECREATION.
“ BEHOLD IN THESE WHAT LEISURE HOURS DEMAND,-AMUSEMENT AND TRUE KNOWLEDGE HAND IN HAND."-Couper,
The men got them out, and the Nancy glided
swiftly through the water. CHAPTER XXXVI.-SIR RALPH'S ARRIVAL.
“I am hoping, sir, the cutter will catch Miles " HE Nancy, close hauled, stood for the shore. Gaffin's craft. There is not a bigger villain to be “Two or three tacks will do it, sir, I hope," found than he is in these parts."
, , , said Ned Brown, who, since Adam had been deprived “What has he done to gain such a character ?” of Ben's services, had acted as his mate. " The asked Headland. Nancy knows her way into the harbour."
“That's just what no
say exactly," “The oars will help her along, though, I think," answered Ned. “ Still, it's pretty well known that observed Headland.
there is nothing he would not dare to do if he chose No. 1165.—APRIL 25, 1874.
PRICE ONE PENNY.
to do it. He says he is one thing, and we know he “Were you ever in the Indian seas in your younger is another. When he first came to Hurlston he used days, sir ? You will believe me that it is not idle to call himself a miller, and there is not a bolder curiosity that makes nie put the question," said seaman to be found anywhere. He does not now, Gaffin, in the blandest tone he could assume. however, pretend that he isn't. Many is the cargo “You are right in your supposition,” said Headof smuggled goods he has run on this coast, and yet land, his own curiosity somewhat excited by the he always manages to keep out of the clutches of the question. revenue officers. There are not a few decent lads he “And you were known as Jack Headland when a has got to go aboard his craft, and they have either boy ?" lost their lives or turned out such ruffians that they
ir I was." have been a sorrow and disgrace to their families. “And you took that name from another to whom He is more than suspected of having been a pirate, it properly belonged ?" or something of that sort, in foreign parts. And "I did. Can you tell me anything of him?” said they say when he first came to Hurlston he seemed Headland, eagerly. to know this coast as well as if he had been born "I wish to ask that question of you, sir," replied and bred here, though he told people that chance Gaffin. “He was an old shipmate of mine, and brought him to the place, and that he had never set being struck by hearing your name, I thought there eyes on it before."
might be some connection. I have long lost sight of “At all events, if common report speak true, him, and should have been glad to hear that he was Hurlston will be well rid of him if he does not alive and well.” venture back. I hope that the law will, at all events, “He lost his life, I have too much reason to bebe able to lay hands on the villain, should it be lieve, in the Indian seas many years ago," said proved that he kidnapped your friend Jacob,” ob- Headland. served Headland.
“Ah, poor fellow, I am sorry to hear that. Good “If the cutter catches his craft Jacob may be evening to you, Captain Headland," and Miles saved. I am more than afraid that Gaffin will knock Gaffin, turning away, was soon lost to sight in the him on the head and heave him overboard with a darkness. shot to his feet, if he finds that he is hard pressed, Captain Headland, accompanied by one of the and then he will deny ever having had the poor fellow Nancy's crew, hastened on till he met his horse, and on board.”
mounting, rode back to Downside. He found the Headland was thankful when at length the boat ladies somewhat anxious at his and his friend's long glided into the Tex and ran alongside the quay. absence. Julia had sent a messenger on foot home
Several people were standing there. The news of to say that they were delayed, and hoped to return what had occurred had spread about the village. in the evening. The ladies now made many inHeadland, anxious to lose no time, asked if any boy quiries for Harry, while May stood by showing by would be willing to run on to the Texford Arms and her looks even still greater anxiety about him. order his horse.
Headland assured them there was no risk, though he “Say Captain Headland's horse, the gentleman probably would not be back till the following day. who accompanied Mr. Harry Castleton," he said. Headland, for Julia's sake, wished to set off at
“Captain Headland!” said a person standing once for Texford; but Miss Jane had supper prenear, stepping up to him. “May I venture to ask pared, and insisted on his taking some before startwhere you come from?"
ing. Whether or notithey suspected that he would “I shall be happy to reply when I know to whom become their relation, they treated him as if he were I speak,” said Headland, not quite liking the man's one already, and completely won his heart. tone of voice.
“What dear amiable ladies your cousins are!” he “I am Miles Gaffin, the miller of Hurlston. My observed, as he rode home with Julia. “I have never good neighbours here have been making pretty free had the happiness of meeting any one like them.” with my name, and accusing me of carrying off one "Indeed they are,” said Julia; “I wish they were of their number on board a lugger, which I under- more appreciated at home. I have till lately been stand you have been chasing, sir, when I have had prejudiced against them. It has been an advantage nothing to do with the matter, having been miles for that sweet girl to have been brought up by them. away at the time the occurrence is said to have Though she would have been equally lovely othertaken place."
wise, yet she might not have had the charms of mind “I cannot say that I am unacquainted with your which she possesses. I am not surprised that Harry name, for I have just heard it mentioned, and I shall should have fallen in love with her, though I fear he be glad to hear that you can give me the assurance will have a severe trial to go through when our that the young man has not been carried away,' father hears of his engagement." said Headland.
“If she is all Harry believes her to be, I hope “I know nothing about the matter," answered he may surmount that difficulty,” said Headland. Gaffin, "so I cannot tell whether the story I have “Though I have no parents to obey, I feel that he heard is true or not. You at all events see, sir, would be wrong to marry against his parents' that I am not on board the lugger, which I hear wishes." left the coast some hours ago. But I must again « Thon how ought I to act, should Sir Ralph beg your pardon, and ask you to answer the question refuse to allow us to marry ?" asked Julia, in a voice I put when I first had the honour of addressing which showed her agitation. you.”
“I dare not advise you to disobey your father," “I am a commander in his Majesty's service, and answered Headland. “But there may come you must rest satisfied with that answer, sir,” said change favourable to us." Ileadland, not feeling disposed to be more communi
Neither Julia nor Headland uttered a vow or procative to his suspicious questioner.
testation ; such they both felt was not required, so
perfect as the confidence they had in each other's His father seemed struck by his appearance, and lore.
asked with more concern than usual if he had not As they rode up to the house two servants, who slept well. had evidently been on the watch for them, hastened "Not particularly so; my cough somewhat troudown the steps to take their horses.
bled me, but with the advantage of a few warm Headland helped Julia to dismount, and led her days I dare say I shall be soon to rights again.” into the hall. Lady Castleton hurried out of the The baronet's thoughts seemed to be diverted drawing-room to meet them.
from their former channel by his anxiety for his son. "Sir Ralph arrived this afternoon. We have General Sampson and Mrs. Appleton did their been very anxious about you; we could not under best to make the conversation more lively than it stand your message. Where is Harry? What has might otherwise have become, for Lady Castleton happened, Captain Headland?"
had evidently some anxiety on her mind, and was Headland explained that a young Hurlston fisher- less able than usual to act the part of the hostess. man had been kidnapped by a band of smugglers; The old gentleman had discovered that Julia and that he and Harry, indignant at the outrage, had Headland were on better terms than mere acquaintset off in the hope of recovering him, and that anceship, or even friendship, and he had a shrewd while he had returned on shore, Harry had con- suspicion also that Master Harry had some greater tinued the chase on board the cutter.
attraction at Downside than his old maiden cousins " Harry was scarcely called upon to go through could personally offer. He was now certain that some so much risk and inconvenience for the sake of a hitch had occurred. He had already paid a longer visit stranger," observed Lady Castleton. “ His father than usual, but a better motive than mere curiosity was much disappointed at not soeing him on his prompted him to stay to see the upshot. He had a arrival.”
sincere regard for Harry and Julia, and was much Julia pleaded that Harry had done what he pleased with Headland, who took his jokes in such thought to be right, and then went in to see her excellent part. "I
lend the young people a father, who was reclining on the sofa with his fingers helping hand, and give my friend Sir Ralph a stroke between the pages of a book closed in his hand. He the right way,” he thought. received her even more coldly than usual; he never Soon after breakfast Headland's horse was brought exhibited much warmth of feeling even to her. She to the door. He saw Julia only for a moment in tho had again to recount what had happened, and he hall. expressed the utmost surprise at Harry's acting in "Although I have had no opportunity of speaking so extraordinary a manner. He did not allude to to my mother, she, I suspect, guesses the truth, and her ride home with Captain Headland, although she has thought it best at once to speak to Sir Ralph, erery moment thought he would speak of it. She for she dare not conceal anything from him. I would excused herself for leaving him as soon as possible, rather
had been the first to inform him of our on the plea that she must change her riding-habit. engagement, but he evidently wished to prevent you
When Headland at last entered the drawing-room doing so by begging you to go to Hurlston.” the baronet received him with marked coldness, and
"I wish I could have spoken myself; but pray made no allusion to his having been absent. The
father that I would have done so had ho young captain could not help feeling that Sir Ralph given me the opportunity. As we have nothing for did not regard him with a favourable eye.
which to blame ourselves, we must trust that his preJulia came down only for a few minutes before the judices will be overcome, and that he will not withusual hour for retiring for the night had arrived, hold you from me." and Headland had no opportunity of speaking to
The old general entering the hall at that moment prevented Headland from saying more.
Mounting his horse, the captain rode on to HurlCHAPTER XXXVII.-YO NEWS OF THE CUTTER. ston. He met several of the Nancy's crew.
The Trex Sir Ralph entered the breakfast-room next cutter had not returned, and Ned Brown again exmorning, Headīand could not help remarking the pressed his conviction that if the lugger was to bo formal politeness with which he groeted him. caught it would not be till after a long chase.
“Has nothing been seen of my son Harry ?” he Knowing that the ladies of Downside would bo asked; "perhaps, Captain Headland, you would anxious to hear any news he could give, he profavour me by riding over to Hurlston, to ascertain ceeded thither. The Miss Pembertons welcomed whether the cutter in which he enbarked has re- him cordially. May was on the point of setting out turned.”
to visit Dame Halliburt. She had from early dawn Ileadland said that he should be very happy to do kept a look-out over the ocean, and was aware that as Sir Ralph wished. He looked towards Julia, the cutter had not returned. He was more than doubting whether he might venture to ask her to ever struck by her beauty and unaffected manners, ride in the same direction.
though her anxiety on Harry's and Jacob's account Sir Ralph seemed to divine his thoughts, for he made her paler and graver than usual.
She eximmediately said:
pressed her regret at being compelled to set off at "Julia, I wish to have some conversation with once, and Headland, therefore, did not mention Sir you during the morning; we will afterwards, if you Ralph's arrival till she had gone. please, take a canter round the park."
"I am sorry to hear of it,” said Miss Jane, “ for The hint was too broad, Headland saw, to be I fear that it will terminate Harry's and May's premisunderstood.
sent happiness, and that the troubles and trials which Julia looked annoyed, but quickly recovering her. I foreseo are in store for them will at once begin, self, replied :
though I trust that they may overcome them in the *I will come to you, papa, whenever you wish.” end." Algernon soon after came in, looking pale and ill. Captain IIeadland felt that the remark applied