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tracks of a well-known alligator, which frequently, one worth calling a house of prayer in Torres Straits. comes ashore for a drink. The true home of this The roof and sides are of grass ; the flooring consists reptile is in fresh water, but hunger drives some to of snow-white pebbles. The window-frames are set take up their abode in salt. These latter never up, but the pulpit is not yet finished. The little wander far away from fresh-water streams, which church is crowded every Sabbath. No work is done they frequent at night.
on that sacred day. Many come from a considerable On the 13th of November we sailed past Tut, or distance on a Saturday afternoon for the purpose of Warrior Island. Tauan was still visible, although attending the Sabbath services. forty miles distant. Tut is a mere sandbank, yet it Guchen landed here last year on sufferance; now has a population of 250, who are mostly engaged in these islanders would be sorry to lose him. Amani, the pearl-fishery. The water they drink is obtained who objected to his landing last year, is now one of from Turtle-back Island, a distance of twelve miles. his most attentive hearers. The site of this missionTut is the present home of our interpreter Joe. The station is ill-chosen. We advised the teacher to leave inhabitants are still heathen, and without a teacher. the church where it is, but to build for himself a new The first night Joe over spent ashore here he was house on the summit of the adjacent hill, in the compelled to sleep in a room where a female centre of his own plantation. On visiting the spot mummy was hung up, and seemed in the moonlight we were refreshod by a fine cool breeze. to look resentfully down upon the intruder. In pre- was lovely-hill and dale intermingled, and every
. paring these mummies the contents of the stomach where the soil was fertile. are extracted through an opening in the ribs. The The custom here and at Murray Island (and we brain is also removed. The soles of the feet are believe throughout the Straits) has hitherto been to taken off, as if in imitation of a pair of sandals. rear onły two children in each family, The rest are Punctures are made in the suspended corpse to let strangled or buried alive by the cruel father as soon out the juices of the body. These juices are collected as born. Illegitimate infants were invariably murand (horribile dictu) used as sauce to evince their dered by the mother to avoid the toil of having to love for the dead! The mummy is then carefully provide food for them. One day Guchen heard that washed in the sea, painted, and hung up finally. a woman-a neighbour of his-had given birth to a And yet a native of this island offered to sell to girl, who would probably be put to death. He hasCaptain B
the mummy of his own mother for tened to the spot and entreated the cruel father to four axes. As Captain B-- was only willing to spare the life of his child. The reply was, “I have give tuo, the bargain was not concluded.
two children already: who will be charged with the Passing a number of islets, some of them mere feeding of this one?” “I will,” said the childless groves of mangrove growing out of the sea, on the Guchen. A contract was made with the mother to 14th of November we landed on Ugar, or Stephen's feed it for one month. And so pretty little “ Mareta" Island, which is only a mile in length. It is a became the adopted daughter of Guchen. We were lovely and fertile islet, with a population of forty reminded of the words of Isaiah : “Can a mother souls. Here and at Erub, and at Mer, the houses forgct her sucking child, that she should not have are built in beehive or haystack fashion, with a very compassion on the son of her womb? Yea, they may low triangular aperture for a door. On either side forget, yet will I not forget thee.” On another occaof the sand floor a strong bamboo platform con
sion Guchen was too late-the child was murdered. stitutes the bedsteads of the household. The central The Erub people, however, have promised in future to post protrudes far above the grass-thatch, and is preserve their little ones; also to give up the ensurmounted by a great helmet shell. A neat balmment of the dead. enclosure of bamboo gives a pleasing finish to the These islanders are in constant feud with the whole. The atmosphere inside was stifling, the natives of Tut. Hence the depopulation which has only means of ventilation being the doorway. After been going on for many years past, reducing the waiting a long time in the hot sun we met the number on this fine island to 179. All the Erub chief, Malos, and a number of others, under a fine natives wear clothing on the Sabbath ; but, with the Achras xerocarpa. The island seemed to be overrun exception of some fifteen or twenty, dispense with it with this useful tree, which is absurdly called by all the rest of the week. They tell Guchen that some " a date.” Malos is a finely-built savage, but of their motive for so doing is, “ they are not ashamed of a very forbidding expression. He once hanged a man men; only of God!” They supply their teacher with for repeated theft
. It seems that he had previously fish (which is particularly abundant) and the other spent some months in Sydney, and whilst
there con- necessaries of life. ceived a lofty idea of English justice. He scarcely One day Guchen came upon two men fighting, deigned to notice our present.
When told our one wielding a spear, the other a long knife. He errand he frankly said, “I will not have a teacher; threw himself between the combatants, and succeeded it would lessen my authority.” A worthless foreigner in making peace. A scar on his right palm reveals had gained his ear before our arrival.
the cost to himself. On the day following we anchored at Erub, or In honour of our visit two cooked fowls and a Darnley Island, which is eight miles in circumference plentiful mess of sliced yam, stewed in the expressed and more than 500 feet above the level of the sea. juice of the cocoa-nut, was presented to our party. We filled a cask with bad water. Close to the spring This is a popular dish, introduced from Lifu. This are some noble sago-palms, introduced from New “ita," as it is called, must be prepared only by Guinea. A silky kind of wild cotton grows freely virgins. here and on Mooa. It is a pity that it cannot be On Erub and Mer, when a man dies, the spirit is utilised. Immense flocks of young snipe rose out of said " to go to Begim” (kewakum Beginí). The strict a bamboo jungle as we boated along.
meaning of “Begim” is “the inside,” or 7789. Guchen, the teacher hero, has built his house in Doubtless these islanders place Hades in the interior Rarotongan style. Close by is the chapel--the only of the earth.
MATTHEW MORRISON: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY.
CHAPTEP. XV.--CLERICAL INCIDENTS. - AY TUTORSHIP.
My second attempt at preaching was more successful. hands with me, and, as I fully expected, left someI officiated for various ministers both in town and thing in my palm. He then pressed my hand again, country during the first six months after I was smiling most benevolently, as if he rejoiced in making licensed, but never again at Kirklands, and for long me such a propine. He then would help me assidudid I jink Mr. Balbirnie on the street, so much ously into the boat, like one who wished not to be afraid was I of his jokes.
thanked, with a final “ God bless you, my dear young I was sometimes paid for preaching—and truly friend !” that went to my heart. And as the boat "the labourer is worthy of his hire '—but these glided away, I looked back at him with glistening occasions might be called “ gaudie ones, they so eyes, and thought, “ Truly that man is an Israelite seldom occurred. Many a time have I travelled con- indeed! siderable distances, to the detriment of my shoes and It was not till a winding of the canal hid his figure garments and black cloth is dear to buy and quick from me, that I opened the silk paper in which he to wear-and not got so much in return for my ser- had genteelly folded the supposed guinea. Lo and vices as to pay for a seat on a coach. And, indeed, behold! it was only a shilling-intended, no doubt, to I sometimes found that those ministers who were
pay my passage by the boat. glibest in their professions of friendship were more It was a sore mortification, for the guinea would apt than others to forget the preacher's guinea when have been seasonable, and I was entitled to it. Howthe Monday morning arrived.
ever, I never was so easily taken in again by fine My greatest disappointment in this respect was words and high-sounding professions, which I afterfrom Dr. Marrables, then minister of Beltane. He wards found out Dr. Marrables was notorious for. got Mr. Kemp to introduce me to him at the time of But I was often worse off than with him, getting the General Assembly, for Mr. Kemp kept open house neither pay nor kindly treatment. Ministers would for ministers during its sitting. And really Dr. sometimes forget that they had once been probaMarrables was so smiling, affable, and soft-speaking tioners themselves, and display considerable arro
- he was called Beau Marrables in his young days— gance to the humble Levite, who, though he served that I was wonderfully taken with him. He seemed in the sanctuary, was yet not of their order. Or to conceive quite a friendship for me at first sight, again, when the minister could not be found fault and when after some pleasant conversation on church with, perhaps his wife and family would be high and affairs he asked me if I could find it convenient to unsocial. Many a young probationer, especially if of preach for him on Sabbath week, as some business humble parentage and as yet lacking the polish of would detain him in town for several days after the good society, but modest and unpretending, has had rising of the Assembly, and hinder his pulpit pre- cause to complain of inhospitable treatment from the parations, I was happy to have it in my power to families of the beneficed ministers of Scotland. But, oblige so fatherly and courteous a man; besides, I as I have already intimated, there are bright excepfelt as sure of my guinea as if it was already in my tions to this, and many a kindly manse, besides the pocket.
one I was born in, have I sojourned in. Beltane was on the line of the canal, and I went By Mr. Kemp's advice I now looked about me for a by the boat. Dr. Marrables himself was waiting for tutorship. A man in those "moderate" days in which me at the landing-place, and we walked together to my early life happed, had little chance of a living the manse, which stood on the side of a hill com- | without patronage ; and though I determined with manding a view of the canal for several miles. So myself never to force myself upon an unwilling congreat was Dr. Marrables's politeness that he even gregation, it was undoubtedly for my interest to be offered to carry my little travelling-bag for me—but connected with some family of distinction. After probably he anticipated that I would not permit him. some delay and various disappointments, Mr. KempHe was so pleasant and attentive all the evening that blessings on his memory, he was truly a father to I quite enjoyed his company. I was not surprised me-obtained an engagement for me in the family of that he was so popular in society, for to hear him Mr. Gordon, of Inveruven, a gentleman of large speak even to his own servants was sufficient to show property in a Highland district, and I was to enter that if there was a good man and a Samaritan on upon my duties in the spring. earth, it was he, Dr. Marrables. I could not help It was a heavy thought to me, parting from my opening all my heart to him, and consulting him on mother for so long a time, as I should have to leave various matters, and he seemed as interested in me her in a manner solitary ; for though she had some as if I had been his own son, calling me repeatedly kind friends in Edinburgh, she had no relation but his dear young friend,” and expressing an earnest Cousin Braidfute, whom I could not count upon. I desire to serve me if ever it was in his power. knew, too, that she would fret herself about me when
I have seldom passed so agreeable a time, for I was separated from her; she did not about Archie, everything about the manse was in a handsome and except during the time of the war, which was now liberal style, even to the keeping of a chaise, the over; but Archio and I were so different. She knew doctor having married a fortune for his second wife. how much I needed indulgence and consideration, He must needs convoy me to the boat, too, on the and what a little thing discouraged me. All this Monday morning, so great was his attention, and, weighed even now upon her mind, and she was not taking leave of Mrs. Marrables, who was a pleasant convinced that Mr. Kemp's plan would be the best lady, though considerably older than himself, and of for me in the end. To me my path of duty was clear, his two young daughters by the first marriage, we for it was high time that I should relieve my mother set off for the landing-place. We had not to wait of the burden of my maintenance. We had little long for the boat. When it arrived the doctor shook / discussion upon the subject, but I overheard her
express her mind on it to Nelly, and she did it very said Jeanie, with the tear in her eye; "you have strongly.
been so kind to us that I don't know how we shall “It's a weary life, a tutor's in a great family, got on without you now.” Nelly," she said; "he's neither one of the family, nor I was sorry and yet gratified to hear this. one of the servants, and is therefore thought little of “Do you think Mr. Gordon is likely to get you a by either. He sits, no doubt, at the laird's table, kirk, Mr. Matthew?" asked Alison. except perhaps when there's company, but he must “I am told he has one in his gift, Alison,” I said ; leave it with the cloth, and he must not show his " but there may be no vacancy there for many years; face in the lady's drawing-room unless he is specially and even if there should, I might not be acceptable invited there ; and he's in great luck if he gets a cup either to the laird or the people.” of tea in his own room, for it's as likely as not that “I think you would,” she said, earnestly, “when no servant will take the trouble of bringing it to him, once they were fully acquainted with you: they especially when there's company in the house; and would learn to like you very much, I know, Jr. Matthew is so fond of his tea. Then the bairns may Matthew, for there are few people, I should think, be spoilt and ill brought up, and plague his heart so kind and patient as you are.. out, and he without a friend to speak to about any I was surprised and affected by her words and trouble. And maybe Mr. Gordon may not help him to a kirk after all."
“ Is the minister an old man ?" she again asked. "'Deed, mem," said Nelly, “I am
I shook my head at her, and Jeanie, with a smile Matthew will never hae onything to say to that siufu to her sister, said, “We should never look out for patronage."
dead men's shoon." "It's easy speaking, Nelly," I heard my mother
I left home for the Highlands with an ansious answer; “I like patronage as little as you, and heart. My parting with my mother was very sorMatthew's not the lad to intrude himself into a parish rowful, and she and Nelly were both in tears. Eren against the wishes of the people; but he may get Miss Betty was moved when Bidding me farewell the both a presentation and a harmonious call, like his previous evening; on which occasion she with much father before him, and that's enough surely to satisfy form presented me with an old moth-eaten scarf to any man's conscience. But what will it all avail if a tie round my neck when travelling, as a keepsake, cold settles down on his chest ? I hope there may be which my mother privately took possession of, insome motherly Christian woman of a housekeeper at tending to bestow it upon the first beggar-woman Inveruven, who will see to his getting a basin of that came to the door. gruel at night when that weary hoarseness comes on, I had never been more than a night or two from but he will never ask for it, and nobody, you may be home in my life, except during my yearly visits to sure, will think of nursing him.”
Adam. I was shy and reserved among strangers, “I know that I shall never get such a nurse as and so felt ill at ease about this untried situation on you, mother, go where I may,” said I, looking in at which I was about to enter. Inveruven, no doubt, the kitchen door, where my mother was ironing my would be a great house, where the style of living neckcloths, which she would never trust to Nelly; would be very different to what I had been accusand indeed her nicety about such things was out of tomed, and I was somewhat apprehensive that my the common.
ignorance of fashionable manners might expose me “ I did not know that you were within hearing, to derision. As to the bairns I was to teach-being Matthew," she said, tenderly; “but wait awhile till two boys and one little missy-I was quite easy you get a kirk and a wife, my dear, and you will about them, for I have always had a knack of getting think less of your mother's nursing.”
on with children. “I can never do that, mother," I said, " and I It was seven o'clock in the evening when the coach want no wife while you are to the fore. (I was set me down at Inveruven lodge gate. It was young then, and the mere mention of such a thing situated in a most picturesque country, the road for made me shamefaced.) But you must not be so some miles having wound among heathy mountains, desponding about me, mother; you should rather or between banks covered with silver birches, pinethink how pleasant it will be if through Mr. Gordon's trees, and oak coppice, and often crossing bridges, interest I get one of those quiet country parishes beneath which brown streams brawled and struggled like our own, where you and I and Nelly might pass with the great stones which their floods had at soino our lives in peace and godliness; though I should period deposited there. And truly it was a kittle be grieved to part with the Carrutherses."
road to travel on the top of a coach, for it was up-hill When I said this my mother gave me a strange and down dale without cessation. I was thankful look, which struck me at the time, though I did not when my journey came to an end, and I found myself understand it; but she only answered, “Well, my standing scathless on the firm ground once more, dear, I will try not to be desponding; and things though the next moment a sense of strangeness and may be different at Inveruven from some great loneliness came over me, and my heart sunk at the houses that I have heard of. I would not have said near prospect of meeting my employers. what I did if I had thought you could have heard me." The woman at the lodge directed me to walk on
And so the matter ended, and it was never again | to the house, pointing up a long, dark avenue, and alluded to.
promised to send my luggage when her husband, who I was greatly vexed, too, about the Carrutherses. was one of the gardeners, returned from his work. I knew they would miss ine. No more walks, 10 I proceeded, therefore, through a stately pine plantamore posies, no more pleasant talks and readings tion which skirted either side of the avenue for half would there be for them after I was gone. The a mile. The trees were very large, with great sweeppoor things' faces grew visibly sad when I told them ing branches that touched the ground, and some of what was to happen.
them were of a species that I was unfamiliar with. “We shall miss you very much, Mr. Matthew,” | I enjoyed the stillness and seclusion of this part of
the avenue at first, but was glad, however, when I | another stair, and so round to the back of the house, emerged from the monotonous gloom and confinement where she showed me into a plain but comfortablyof the wood. Beyond it was a fair spreading park, furnished parlour, which she said was the tutor's sprinkled with large ornamental trees, and gradually room. Some pine-cones and peats were laid in order sloping upwards to the hills, which, in the fading in the grate, and she soon had a fire blazing, the evening light, were indistinct and misty. The warmth and fragrance of which were very grateful. avenue was of great length. It was a delicious I had no need to ask for tea; the lass, who was a walk, full of variety and unexpected views. At this silver-tongued Euglish woman, left the room, but hour it was peculiarly silent and solitary, and the quickly reappeared with the tea-things, and I pine woods which encircled the park on three sides thanked her most gratefully for her attention. And wafted an aromatic fragrance all around.
as I sat drinking my tea and eating a bit of cold At last I perceived the house at a short distance, chicken and ham beside the bright cone and peat for the groups of trees through which the avenue fire, I wished that my good mother could see me to wound had concealed it from me till then. It was set her mind at ease about my comforts. delightfully situated, and seemed a large, modern When the lass came to remove the things, I asked building, resembling, though on a grander scale, Mr. her whether it was likely that I should see any of the Kennedy's mansion of Hallcraigs. Separating it on family that night. On learning that Mr. and Mrs. one side from the park was an ornamental shrubbery Gordon were engaged with company from the neighor flower-garden, protected from the inroads of the bourhood, and that the children's bedtime was come, sheep by a wire fence and gate. In trying to open I supposed I should not, and being shown my bedthe latter I awkwardly let the sneck fall from my room, which was next door to the parlour, after fingers, making a clink that resounded, I thought, writing to my mother of my safe arrival and comthrough the whole place, and disconcerted me tiil I fortable beginning, I went to bed, being much found it had attracted 'no one's attention. I was fatigued with my long open-air journey. very nervous by this time, and would gladly have been back in ny mother's parlour. I kept speculating what kind of reception I should get--whether Mr. and Mrs. Gordon would be frank and gracious
Varieties. or stately and condescending. And, truly, I felt as if the building before me was one of the enchanted castles in the bairns' fairy tales, the adventure of EARL RUSSELL'S PROTEST AGAINST Popisi CLAIMS IN entering which had fallen to my lot, and where I GERMANY. - "The very same principles which bound me to ask should probably encounter giants and ogres—of a
for equal freedom for the Roman Catholic, the Protestant Dis. moral kind at least. I had nothing of the hero about which aims at confining the German Empire in chains never, it
senter, and the Jew, bind me to protest against a conspiracy me, and would willingly have eschewed the risk. My is hoped, to be shaken off. I hasten to declare, with all friends feet trailed along the gravel as I approached the of freedom, and, I trust, with the great majority of the English door, and the sound of my own footsteps dis- nation, that I could no longer call myself a lover of civil and
a tressed me.
religious liberty were I not to proclaim my sympathy with the My ring at the house-bell was a modest one--as I Emperor of Germany in the noble struggle in which he is
engaged. We have nothing to do with the details of the Gerknew a tutor's should be; and as there was company man laws; they may be just, they may be harsh ; we can only there that day, it was some time before it was leave it to the German people to decide for themselves, as we attended to. The door was at last opened by a
have decided for ourselves. At all events we are able to see that
the cause of the German Einperor is the cause of liberty, and grand-looking man-servant-he must have stood six
the cause of the Pope is the cause of slavery." ieet on his stocking soles; and, indeed, as he looked down on me from the additional elevation of a higher tional currency is made at the Glen Mills, near Westchester,
CURRENCY PAPER. —All the paper used in printing the nastep, and inquired my business, I was somewhat overawed. He was not an ill-creature, Jamie Willison, peculiarity is, that short pieces of red silk thread are mixed
Pa., by a sixty-two-inch Fourdrinier machine.
The principal however; but doubtless he was a little out of temper with the pulp, and this is poured on the wire-cloth, without at the time, as the best of servants will be when going through a sieve, as this would retain the threads. Next, there is a pressure upon them. I managed to make from a separate contrivance, worked in a very peculiar manner,
a shower of short blue silk threads falls in strips on the paper him understand that I was Mr. Morrison, the tutor, on which he said “Oh!” as if he had forgot that thus covered with blue lines, formed by the blue silk thrend ;
while this is in process of formation.
One side of the paper is such a person was expected. He said nothing more, and this is used for the front of the greenback, on which these but held open the door in a way that showed me he threads are distinctly visible, conforming to the manner in wished me to lose no time in entering, in which I which they were superficially distributed, notwithstanding they gratified him. A smart-looking servant-girl appear- peculiarity of this machine is to make a paper so peculiar as to
are deeply enough embedded in the texture of the paper. The ing that moment in the hall, he handed me over to be practicably impossible to imitate ; and this is one of the her guidance.
principal guarantees against forgery in possession of the Govern. There seemed a considerable bustle in the house, We need scarcely mention that this paper-making and I heard a murmur of mixed voices from some
machine is night and day under the careful charge of Treasury
employés.--Philadelphia Paper. room near me. The lass led me through the entrancehall, on the floor of which were numerous deerskins,
POTATO BEETLE.—The potato is threatened with an enemy spread at intervals over the black and white marblo
more terrible than the disease which has occupied such a large
share of public attention during the last thirty years. This tlags which paved it, and which were arranged in the
enemy is an insect, the Colorado potato-beetle (Doryphora forn of lozenges. On the walls, too, were several decompunctata). Since its first appearance in the cultivated deer's heads, with wonderfully branching horns, and districts a few years since, it has done an immense amount of sume ancient armour and weapons. They arrested mischief, and spread with such amazing rapidity throughout niy eye immediately, for I have rather an antiquarian North America as to give cause for fearing that it will find its
way across the Atlantic to our shores. The original home of turn. She tripped up a wide staircase before me,
this pest was in the Rocky Mountains, where it feeds on a species then along a handsomely-carpeted passage, then up of wild potato; but as soon as crops of the edible potato were
BY THE REV. S J. STOXE, M.A.
THE setting of a blood-red sun in calm
planted at the foot of the mountains they were attacked by the beetle, which from that time commenced to travel towards the
Sonnets of the Sacred Hear. east, extending itself right and left as it did so. In 1859 it was 100 miles westward of Omaha, in Nebraska ; in two years afterwards it made its appearance in Iowa ; and in 1865 it had
GOOD FRIDAY. begun to devastate Missouri, and had crossed over the Missis. sippi and commenced its ravages in Illinois. It then proceeded " He said, It is finished : and He bowed His head, and gave on its way at such a rapid rate that by 1870 it was located in
up the ghost."-St. John xix. 30. Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, the State of New York, and Massachusetts, having thus accomplished a journey of about
HIS is tho hour of darkness and of light. 1,700 miles in eleven years. In 1871 a large number of these
Here Satan crowns his primal work of ill: beetles crossed Lake Erie on floating leaves and other convenient rafts, and in a very short time commenced their depreda
Here God consummates His redeeming will. tions in the country between the St. Clair and Niagara rivers.
This is the very blackness of the night, As an instance of the rapidity with which the Colorado beetle is increased, it may be mentioned that thrco broods are usually
Yet.as the deepest gloom precedes the bright produced each year. The first batch appears in April or May, Absolving dawn, so on this shrouded hill according to the mildness or severity of the weather, and in a short time the female insects begin to deposit their eggs on the
Doth God through Satan's deadliest hate fulfil under side of the leaf, at the rate of about 1,000 each. In little His Love's long promise, bring sweet Hope to less than a week the larva escapes from the eggs, and, after feeding upon the potato leaves for about seventeen days, the in
sight. sects bury themselves in the soil, from which they emerge in a O deathful sin! the sinner needs must die! fortnight full-grown, and the females commence depositing eggs as before. The last brood remains below the surface during the
So dies Emmanuel in the sinner's stead : winter. Fields of potatoes, when attacked, are quickly cleared Oh see, oh hear, the gloom, the passion-cry! of every particle of green foliage and the crop totally destroyed. It was at one time hoped that the beetles would, like an in
L0_“It is finished :" and the Christ is dead. vading army, devastate the country and pass on; but it has Dead! then live, Christian! Won from Death and been found that colonies are left behind and the pest established
Hell, permanently. They are uninjured by extreme heat and cold, and as yet no means have been discovered for destroying them Behold thy life in dead Emmanuel. excepting by hand picking, which is not only tedious but at. tended with a considerable amount of danger; for the blood of
EASTER EVE. the crushed insect or its larvæ produces blisters upon the skin whenever it comes in contact with it, and if it touches a wound
“ And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, upon the hand or elsewhere it causes severe inflammation, fol. sitting over against the sepulchre." --St. Matt. xxvii. 61. lowed in many cases by most painful sores. Gardener's Magazine. Dr. LIVINGSTONE.-Whilst endeavouring to spread the
After a day of storm ; the passionate roar blessings of Christianity through lands never before trodden by Of blast and flood and thunder heard no more: the foot of any European, he had made geographical discoveries of incalculable importance. In all his various journeys Dr. Only a sobbing, like a funeral psalm, territory, and he had come back to England as the pioneer of To weary sighings; on the beaten plain Livingstone had travelled over no less than 11,000 miles of African Of winds that stir the tempest-shaken palm sound and useful knowledge. For by his astronomical observations he had determined the sites of numerous places, hills, The falling of some last still tears of rain rivers, and lakes, nearly all of which had been hitherto un. known, while he had seized upon every opportunity of describing That with soft sadness sink like drops of balm. the physical features, climatology, and geological structure of Then the grey twilight: then a gloom more deep: the countries which he had explored, and had pointed out Then utter silence of most solemn night, many new sources of commerce as yet unknown to the scope and the enterprise of the British merchant. - Sir Roderick And all things are not, unto sound or sight, Murchison in 1856.
So seeming deathful is this awful sleep. FAMINES IN INDIA.—"The lower classes being reduced to Yet, Soul, thou hast thy promise of the morn; extreme poverty, were compelled to allopt the most frugal and scanty mode of subsistence. This frugality was still further Be still and commune, till the Light is born. increased, and extended in some degree to the higher classes of society, by its being considered as an eminent virtue. The
EASTER DAY. population would thus be pressed hard against the limits of the means of subsistence, and the food of the country would be
“ The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene carly, meted out to the major part of the people in the smallest shares when it was yet dark, unto the sepulehre, and seeth the store that could support life. In such a state of things every failure taken away from the sepulchre.”-St. John xx. 1. in the crops from unfavourable seasons would be felt most severely; and India, as inight be expected, has in all ages been subject to the most dreaulful famines."--Malthus on Population, Then waned the grey to silver like the gloom: Book I. Ch. xi.—That these famines in India are of ancient occurrence is proved by the fact that a part of the Ordinances And that o'er wider heaven to such a bloom of Menu is expressly devoted to the subject of times of distress, That all the landscape cast its grief away, and instructions given as to conduct. (Cited in Sir William Jones's works.) In the letters of early Jesuit missionaries de
And singing toward the orient hailed The Day! scriptions are given of terrible scenes in the famine years of In all the mighty champaign was no rooin 1737 and 1738. One of the Jesuit fathers ("Lettres Editiantes," tom. xiv., p. 284) says : “Every year we baptize children
For e'en one mournful memory of that tomb whom their parents can no longer feed, or who, being likely to
to Wherein so late, through night so long, it lay. die
, are sold to us by their mothers in order to get rid of them.” So didst Thon rise, O Light of Light! No eye The Abbé Raynal says that when the rice crops failed it was common to set fire to the huts of the Sudras and the poor outcasts, Beheld Thy first dawn from the grave, and few and for the proprietors to shoot down the flying inhabitants, that were those elect who in Thy vision knew they might not consume any part of the scanty produce. (" Hist. des Indes," tom. i.). Although the British Government The earnest of their immortality. has yet much to do for India, these glimpses of the past may But from that morning there shall grow ere long give cause for thankfulness at what has been done in more recent times of famine ]
The whole world's glorious Day and Easter song,
MORNING! the utter gloom did wane to gres;