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sonely for the accomi
mmodation, and the vast sums written at such an age than for anything else. He they paid were advantageously laid out. In this was buried at Winchester, and there is a poetical way Black Pots was saved from the ruthless and inscription to his memory full of love towards him, destructive invasion with which it was threatened. but which would scarcely deserve quotation. It lies just below the arch where the railway spans The following extracts from Izaak Walton's will, the river, and where its shrill scream of triumph is on the other hand, will be found full of interest. constantly heard by the peaceful inhabitants. Never. The whole document is interesting, but our space theless, I think Black Pots must look prettier now compels us to abridge. The vein of piety, tenderihan ever it did. Beyond the Eton Playing Fields ness, and quaintness is found even here. “I, Izaak you get into a secluded path, and by the side of this Walton the elder, of Winchester, being this present path is a stile. It is just like the stile which the day in the ninetyeth year of my age and in perfect Pilgrim took, and which led him into the grounds of memory, for which praised be God, but considering Doubting Castle. You go over this ground and how suddainly I may be deprived of both, do therethrough a wilderness of willows, and so to the iron fore make this my_last will and testament as gates which guard the domain. You find yourself followeth : And first, I do declare my belief to be, on an island or ait of the Thames. The neat that there is only one God, who hath made the whole modern house, the smooth-shaven lands, the fine trees world and me and all mankind, to whom I shall give shadowing the turf and willows bending over the an account of all my actions, which are not to be water, the stationary boats and punts, make up as justified, but I hope pardoned, for the merits of my pleasing a picture of the refined cultured beauty of Saviour Jesus. What money or rent shall the nineteenth century as Sir Henry Wotton and old remain undisposed of, shall be imployed to buy coals Walton could have furnished of the seventeenth. for some poor people, that shall most need them in The proprietor at the time of our visit, who holds the said town [of Stafford]; the said coals to be under Eton College, leased the river rights from the delivered the first week in January, or in every first corporation of Windsor, and jealously maintained week in February; I say then, because I take that them against vagrant anglers. We have been more time to be the hardest and most pinching time particular in tracing with some exactness the story of with poor people ; and God reward them that this locality, so interesting in relation both to Wotton shall do this without partialitie and with honesty and and Walton, as Mr. Jesse, in his contribution on the a good conscience. To my son Izaak, I give subject to Sir Harris Nicholas's magnificent edition Dr. Sibbs his "Soul's Conflict;' and to my daughter of Walton, leaves the narrative very imperfect. We his ' Bruised Reed,' desiring them to read them so have been unable to find any foundation for the in- as to be well acquainted with them. I give to Dr. genious theory of the summer-house painted by Hawkins, Doctor Donne's Sermons, which I have Verrio for Charles II having ever occupied the site. heard preached and read with much content. To my Mr. Murray's editor quotes the lines
son Izaak, I give all my books, not yet given, at
Farnham Castell, and a deske of prints and pictures ; “Methinks I see our mighty monarch stand,
also a cabinet near my bed's head; in which are The pliant rod now trembling in his hand
some little things that he will value, though of no And see he now doth up from Datchet come,
great worth. And my will and desire is that he will Laden with spoils of slaughtered gudgeon, home”. be kind to his aunt Beachame, and his aunt Rose
Ken, by allowing the first about fifty shillings a which he attributes to Pope. We think he would year, in or for bacon or cheese, not more, and paying find it very difficult to produce the lines in any four pounds a year towards the boarding of her son's good edition of Pope. As a matter of fact they were dyet to Mr. John Whitehead; for his aunt Keats, I written by Lord Rochester.
desire him to be kind to her, according to her necesWe must now return once more to the personal sities and his own abilitie, and I commend one of history of Izaak Walton. He resided at Clerkenwell her children, to breed up as I have said I intend to until the death of his wife. A friend has informed do, if he shall be able to do it, as I know he will; for us of an entry in the parish register of St. James's, they be good folke.
I desire my burial may which has escaped the vigilant eye of Sir Harris be near the place of my death, and free from any Nicholas, to the effect that in such a year Izaak ostentation or charge, but privately.” Walton quitted the parish. For the remainder of his It will be unnecessary to discuss critically the days he resided with good Bishop Morley, at Win- literary genius of Walton. There never was a case chester. It was, as we have seen, beneath the roof in which an author and his writings were so thoof Bishop Morley that he wrote his Lives of Hooker roughly identified. All men have spoken all good and Herbert. It is pleasant to think of the good old things of him; except, indeed, some anglers who man in the learned seclusion of the episcopal library, have with amusing anger denied the scientific or meditating in the sunshine amid tho gnarled oaks character of his fishing, and other some who have and beeches of Farnham Park. In his eighty-third loaded his text with commentary.
But what we year, at an age which he says might have procured most admire in Walton is the most true though thin him a writ of ease, he composed his Life of Sanderson. vein of originality, the sweetness and goodness and We have also an interesting mention of him in rela- perfect naturalness, of all he wrote, that cheerful tion to the Great Fire, when he claimed, and was piety and that serene wit. It must have been by a assigned under the usual conditions, the site of his most rare union of intellectual and moral qualities messuage which had been burnt down. It appears that the humble tradesman became the meet assoalso that he collected materials for a “Life of ciate of whatever was highest in character and rank Hales,” which, however, was never completed, and in his own time, has been celebrated by the greatest probably hardly touched. At the age of ninety poets of our own, and loved with a peculiar personal he published a pastoral poem, "Thealma and affection by all who are both good anglers and good Clearchus,'' more remarkable for having beon Christians.
IT T was an agitating time that to me when I was on mother a troubled farewell till Monday. She would my
trials before the presbytery. My heart was not appear otherwise than cheerful, and she followed in my mouth, as the saying is, during the whole me to the stair-head, patting my back encouragingly period of my examination. I got a bad turn at the and bidding me take heart. Nelly, too, came after very beginning by one of tho members starting a me, and again and again she bade me look on the doubt as to my being of fitting age for taking on “ folk in the kirk as sae mony kailstocks. I hae me the office of the ministry; and though I soon heard,” she said, “ that auld Mr. Router of Keltieset that point at rest, it disturbed my mind, for, to and he was a minister that was weel respected in the tell the truth, the juvenility of my appearance was country used aye to gie that advice to young a subject on which I was rather tender. I had, preachers.”'
1 according to rule, to read a portion of two dis- It was not so easy to practise, however; and truly courses before the presbytery, that they might judge it must be an extraordinary imagination that can of my gifts and doctrine. This was not so trying, transform a congregation of thinking men and however, as praying extempore before such a learned women into the semblance of green kail. It may and grave assemblage, many of them not only be successful with some, but it altogether failed with venerable fathers of the kirk, but the most eloquent me, as I experienced to my sorrow. preachers therein, for the towns always lick up the Kirkland was a good stretch from town; it was a best of everything. My discourses were pronounced pleasant-lying place, and I had often walked there solid and evangelical, and “happily free,” as one and back on Saturdays with Mr. Meggat. I was member-I think it was Sir Henry Moncrieff, father too anxious about the morrow to enjoy my present of the present Lord of Session of that name--re- walk. It was a March afternoon-pretty sharp and marked, “from that profusion of metaphor which breezy, compelling one to step out briskly. I calcuyoung preachers often mistake for eloquence." So lated on arriving about the manse tea-time, just they licensed me to preach the word like my father before dusk. before me; and with a relieved and, I trust, so- The minister was a widower, with three grown-up lemnised spirit, I left the presbytery court to carry daughters, of whom I had heard_some alarming the tidings to my mother and the Carrutherses. things within the last few days. I was told that
But a still greater trial lay before me, namely, they were each more or less of the order of blue preaching without the paper in public. It was for- stockings, and that on account of their satirical promidable enough to face the presbytery, where each pensities they were much dreaded by young preachers
, member was rendered more or less tolerant by the who could hardly be got to preach for their father remembrance of his own first experiences; yet what even for payment. But for my unfortunate shyness was that to standing up in a pulpit, and preaching in company, I might have learned this earlier and from memory before a whole congregation, every eye avoided the danger. It was now too late. Truly it of which would be concentrated upon me? My was a pleasant prospect for me to have to preach my heart begins to throb as of old when I recall it. It first sermon before such pretentious misses, and I is true I had had some little practice already, for deeply regretted having been so facile as to engage
, during the last year of my divinity course I had been myself to Mr. Balbirnie. But we had met at dir, in the habit of rehearsing the discourses I had begun Kemp's on the day after I was licensed, and he had to write to my mother and the Carrutherses, hoping so insisted in his kind but overbearing way that I thus to acquire confidence; and truly, though the should preach my first sermon to his people, that smallest, they were the most attentive congregation there was nothing for it but to acquiesce. I ever had. But what a difference between partial It was near six o'clock and growing dusk when friends and strangers !
I reached the village which contained the manse It was arranged that I was to preach my maiden ad kirk. It was a bit small town of one row of sermon in a kirk a few miles from town. It was a cottages, with a brawling burn at the back of them small country congregation there, and therefore I which turned a mill. It was most appropriately trusted to get through the duties of the pulpit with called Mossy Mill, for the thatched roof was very tolerable
composure. I committed my discourse most green; so were some huge twisted roots and trunks carefully to memory during the previous week, being of trees that sprung from the steep ivied bank that at it early and late, and repeating it both to my overhung the mill, and all around was-mother and the Carrutherses, who all did their best to encourage me, although they only partially suc
Green, and mossy, and watery,” ceeded-I having hot and cold fits by turns, though as some poet says. Painters, I am told, have often the cold predominated. The coming Sabbath was made pictures of that mill, and of the little footseldom out of my head. If for a minute my thoughts bridge beside it. It must be a cool, shady place on were diverted from it, it came back like a stab a warm summer day, but I should not be surprised through my heart the next; and, indeed, I wonder to hear that the miller suffers from rheumatism. that my fears did not altogether incapacitate mo for The manse was situated at the far end of the fulfilling my engagement.
village, separated from it only by a neat swing gate Mr. Balbirnie, the minister for whom I was to and a graveled walk. It had recently been enlarged. , officiate, had invited me to come to Kirkland manse and was now unusually roomy and commodious for a on the Saturday evening; so on the afternoon of manse; but the minister was wealthy, and could that day, having put the important sermon and a afford to keep it up. The kirk and burial-ground clean shirt and neckcloth into my pocket, I bade my were on the opposite side of the road, the two gates
nearly fronting each other. The kirk was very old, , only skin-deep, “much cry and little woo'," as is and had evidently been built in Popish times, for the case, doubtless, with the generality of female there was an unusual profusion of ornament about philosophers. the stonework for a Presbyterian kirk. There was Miss Balbirnie was a hearty, good-tempered-lookalso a finely-executed coat-of-arms above the en- ing body, on the shady side of thirty, who, if she had trance to a grewsome family vault outside the not had clever sisters, would probably never have set building; and such numbers of skulls and crossbones, up for cleverness herself. She talked in a fine style hour-glasses, and puffy cherubims on the grave- of language, but every now and then some common stones, I have never seen in any other kirkyard word would slip out that showed she was not perfect except Tranent.
in her lesson. I thought it likely that the others As I approached the manse I felt very nervous at kept her in order-left to herself she might have the prospect of meeting the minister's daughters. I been agreeable enough. Miss Priscilla evidently He himself was of a very genial temperament, and ruled the roast by virtue of her Greek and Latin; was eonsidered remarkably hospitable. The servant but she knew not how to darn stockings--at least I who opened the door to me told me that the family opined so from something I saw that night-and she were just sitting down to tea, and to my great relief would have been nothing the worse of a cleaner the minister came into the lobby, and giving me a ruffle round her neck. Miss Margaret, the poetess, hearty welcome, led me into the dining-room, where was, of course, a sentimental young woman. She had his three daughters were seated at the tea-table. a strange trick of shutting her eyes--winking with
“ You have never seen my lassies before, I think, both at once would perhaps be the better description Nr. Morrison,” said he, jocosely; "this is Jean, the --- when she spoke, and of heaving deep sighs as if eldest, iny housekeeper,” denoting the one who was she were scant of breath; she, indeed, might be making the tea, and who was a sonsy-like lass, very asthmatic. She condescended to ask me such queslike her father; “this is Pris, my second, who, tions as “Did I walk alone from town?” and “We
ere as you are new off the irons, will tackle you with not solitary evening walks delightful?” which I Latin and Greek if you like; and this is Peg, my cautiously answered in monosyllables, and doubtless youngest, who writes poetry.”
this did not raise me in her estimation. I learned The two youngest misses drew up their heads and from their remarks that their father had told them looked saucy enough at this unceremonious introduc- that I was to preach for the first time next day, which tion to the preacher, who in many manses is regarded grieved me to the heart, and I wished that I had as a very insignificant individual to whom little asked him not to mention it. attention is due. There are bright exceptions to After tea I requested permission to retire to the this rule, however, as many a bashful inexperienced minister's study, which I did not leave till the bell lad has found. No one of them offered to shake hands rang for family worship. Mr. Balbirnie asked me to with me; to be sure, the eldest had the teapot in pray, but I excused myself, I am afraid too earnestly, hers at the time. Miss Pris, as her father called her, for I observed his two younger daughters smile to examined me, I was conscious, somewhat superci- each other, which gave me a further inkling of the liously.
ordeal before me on the morrow. It was when she “You are so odd, papa,” she said, sharply; “why knelt down in front of me at the prayer that I noticed do you call us by such horrid names ?”
the hole in the heel of Miss Priscilla's stocking; and " Horrid names, Miss Pris ! Well, then, Miss truly, it gave me my revenge, for how I could have Balbirnie, Miss Priscilla-Scripture name, Mr. Mor- retaliated upon her! And as she was declaiming like rison-and Miss Margaret Balbirnie, known only to a professor at the supper-table, it was aye “the her friends, however, by the name of Peg. Anything stocking, the stocking," that rose to my lips as a for a quiet life, Mr. Morrison.”
burden to her exposition. I tried to smile as was expected, but felt con- I was glad when bedtime, which was rather late in strained and uncomfortable, being very deficient in that house, arrived. I was lodged in a most comthat species of humour which distinguished the fortable chamber, nevertheless I passed a restless minister, and, indeed, unable to appreciate it in night, and by six o'clock was up and at my sermon. others. He was very jocular during tea-time, though I had descried the entrance to the garden from my I thought his geniality had somewhat too much of window, so I stole down-stairs before even the servants patronage in it. He was evidently proud of his were stirring, unlocked the house door, and made my daughters, and desirous of showing off their gifts way to a shady retired walk, screened from observabefore the stranger, more perhaps than was alto- tion from the house by a very thick and lofty holly gether becoming or hospitable. I was afraid to open hedge, which also rendered it very snug and shelmy lips in their presence, they made such a parade tered. Heru I paced up and down for nearly two of their knowledge. I could not help mentally con- hours, trying to fancy that the gooseberry and curtrasting them with Jeanie Carruthers, and thinking rant bushes on either hand were men and women, that her modest retiring ways and simple acquire- and addressing my discourse to them. ments made her a more useful and womanly creature could deliver it to my vegetable audience without than these learned misses. Knowledge, no doubt, is hesitation. But truly there is such a thing as overa valuable thing; but surely a woman loses more learning a sermon, and in that case preaching bethan she gains if she sacrifices the gentleness and comes a mere sing-soug, a mechanical act of the diffidence natural to her sex for the possession of it. memory, without the higher powers of the mind Most of the learned women I have met with singu- being called into exercise. I would advise inexpelarly wanted ballast; were bad managers ; slatternly rienced preachers, especially if of nervous temperain their persons; and generally kept ill-redd-up ment, not to trust to a good memory, as agitation houses; and if that is not a striking commentary on may temporarily disorder it, but to have their manuthe subject, I know not what is. But truly, I sus- script in the Bible, and to turn over its pages pected that the learning of the Miss Balbirnies was although they do not read them; and thus they will
W. WYATT GILL.
be enabled to go on with comfort and composure of mind till habit gives them confidence. To be sure,
Varieties. the use of the paper is much more tolerated now than it was in my young days, when to be known as a " reader” was enough to destroy a preacher's pro- duty to respect the dogmas of the Catholic Church as clogmnas
BISMARCK ON ULTRAMONTANISM.-I acknowledge it as my spects and usefulness. As for myself, if I had spent and I have never interfered with anybody for believing in them. the greater part of the time I have described in But, if the Infallibility dogma is so interpreted as to lend to the asking the Lord for the help and strength I needed establishment of an 'ecclesiastical imperium in imperio, if it for the duty before me, and that the sermon I was to occasions the setting aside of the laws of this country, because preach might be made a blessing to the people, it wapproved by the Vatican, I am naturally driven to assert the
legitimate supremacy of the State. We Protestants are under would have been better for me.
the conviction that this kingdom of Prussia ought not to be I made but a poor breakfast though I had been up ruled by the Pope, and we demand that you, the Ultramontane so early--a little tea and toast was all I could swallow; section of the Roman Catholics, respect our convictions, as we nor were my nerves improved by the minister's signi- do yours. Unfortunately, however, you are accustomed to ficant remarks on my want of appetite.
How I complain of oppression whenever not permitted to lord it over
others. ---Prince von Bismarck. envied him the composure with which he broke the
“Just as I Au."-In the “Sunday at Home" for January, shell of his egg, and afterwards devoured slice after it is stated that this beantiful hymn of Miss Elliott's " has been slice of a fine bacon ham, of which he vainly tempted translated into French, Italian, and German." Two versions of me to partake! I wondered if he had made such a it are to be found in the Rarotongan Hymn Book ; one by good breakfast the morning of the day on which he myself and the other by the late Rev. A. Buzacott. The occapreached his first sermon, and if he recollected any snatched from us.
sion was painful. Two dear little ones had been suddenly
“Just as I am" was one of the hymns we thing about it now. I would have asked him if his sang together on their last Sabbath in life. After the removal daughters had not been present, for it would have of the dear boys, I could find no rest until I had rendered their been an encouragement to know that he also had had favourite hymn into the native dialect. On reading my transsimilar tremors. He at last tried in grave earnest to lation, Mr. Buzacott became so interested that he produced an
The natives of Rarotonga cheer me up, for my trepidation increased as the hour regard this version with a special interest—it was the last hymn
independent translation of his own. for public worship drer near, and I have no doubt he composed for his beloved people. The hymn is a favourite could be discerned in my face; but his manner was one in all the islands of the Hervey group. It has also bern too rough and burly to suit a nervous person, and his rendered into the Samoan language. My friend the Rer. W. attempts at encouragement did me no good. I think la wes has translated it into the dialect of Savage Island (Niue).
It is deemed to be the best of the 160 hymus constituting the Miss Balbirnie had some feeling for me, for she hymnology of that interesting island. It has been translated wanted to bring me brandy, which I refused, being into Welsh by the Rer. Morlais Jones, of Lewisham. afraid of confusing my head.
There was only one diet of public worship in Kirk- SALT. - The quantity of salt returned as made in the United land at this time of year. Mr. Balbirnie's custom Kingdom in the year 1872, is 1,309, 497 tons. There were 95,499 was to expound a chapter after the psalm and prayer, tons (of 26 cwt.) of rock salt sent down the River Weaver, and then after another interval' of praise and prayer to The quantity in Worcestershire was 276,000 tons, and the Belfast
918,068 tons of white salt, making together 1,013,497 tous. preach for an hour or thereby. I stipulated with Salt Mlining Company raised 20,000 tons. More than half th: him that he should conduct the early portion of the salt made in the United Kingdom is exported, India and the service--that is, pray and expound, and then retire United States taking together in 1872 more than half the from the pulpit, leaving me to do the rest. I should exports. thus, I hoped, be familiarised with my position be
EMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES. - It is estimated that fore my part in the day's (luties fell to me, which I since the Peace of 1783, and down to the end of 1873, there
have been 8,779,174 aliens landed in the United States, eini. expected would be a great help.
grants arrived from various parts of the world. Varions estimates have been made of the amount of money brought into the
country by immigrants. The late John A. Kennedy, for many Sonnets of the Sacred pear.
years Superintendent at Castle Garden, found it about 68 dollars per head for a given period. Placing it at only 50 dollars, we have 444,000,000 dollars as the result up to this time. But the
far greater value consists in the labour brought into the country, THE FIFTH SUNDAY IN LENT.
a very large proportion of which goes to build up new Terri.
tories and States in the West. “If a man keep My saying, he shall never see death."St. John viii, 51.
Coal Dross.-Mr. James Kerr, writing to the “Edinburgli My days are like a shadow that declineth."--Ps, cii. 11. Daily Review," suggests a plan for utilising coal dross : “Seting
some reference recently made to the Belgian substitute for coal BRIGHT is the world's moridian : overhead --a composition that consists of three-fourths of a scuttletul of The proud imperial summer wears its crown,
garden earth, one-fourth of coal-dust or dross, mixed with a
halfpenny-worth of washing soda dissolved in warm water-I And pours the largesse of its beauty down
have tried with success this idea without earth, using up the Over the strong young life, all garlanded
accumulating dross in the coal-bunker by watering each scuttle About the brows, and at whose feet is spread
ful with a pint of boiling water in which one halfpenny-worth of
soda has been dissolved, it having a wonderful effect in making So slight a shadow, so confined a frown,
the smallest dross burn clear without any offensive smell. My 'Tis all unnoted as it were unknown;
mode of using it is to back a fire of ordinary household coal well
up after it has burned bright; the caking dross gives out a clear And yet it marks the living for the dead.
glow of heat, with much slower combustion than large coal. For the day wanes, and that phantasmal doom
The experiment is so simple it may be worth the attention of
inany householders who have now to pay for getting rid of their Creeps from the feet far forward, till at last,
coal-dross. I have little doubt but some of our chemists will When power and pleasure, health and hope are past, soda for enabling us to utilise every particle of coal-dross.” In
yet be able to furnish us with even a better agent than common It merges in the impenetrable gloom.
a recent paper the proportions recommended are—200 lbs. earth, Yet can my Saviour make that darkness bright,
100 lbs. coal dross, 10 lbs. of common salt, and 14 lbs. of salt
petre. The Society of Arts ought to try these receipts, and And at that evening time shall give me light.
report as to their relative value,
BY TIE REV. S. J. STONE, M.A.
“ BEHOLD IN THESE WHAT LEISURE HOURS DEMAND, -AMUSEMENT AND TRUE KNOWLEDGE HAND IN HAND."-Cowper.
they were walking. “I do not remember that you MAIDEN MAY.
ever said very much in his favour." CHAPTER XXVII.-HARRY'S VISIT TO DOWNSIDE.
“Oh yes I did, I am sure, for I admire him more
than any other fellow I know; and I am sure when ND what do you think of my friend Headland ? I was last at home I constantly told you of the gallant
I have not overpraised hiin, have I?” asked things he had done.” Harry, when he happened to find himself alone with "That was before I saw him, and I suppose I Julia in the garden the morning after the fête. forgot all about it."
“You certainly have not overpraised him," an- “Well, I am glad you like him ; indeed, I am sure swered Julia, examining some flowers, amid which everybody must. But, by-the-by, Julia, do not fall No. 1161.— MARCH 23, 1874
PRICC ONE PENNY.