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THE PERSIAN LETTERS.

JACK THE GIANT-KILLER.

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I drew up an equivocal preface, in which you will | graph, frequented James Ballantyno's printing-office. discover my opinion, and sent it with the dedication. For my competency as an authority in this matter, I The earl gulped down the one under the palliation refer your readers to the seventy-fifth chapter of of the other; and here you will have it."

Lockhart's 'Life of Scott.'

DR. YOUNG'S POETRY. In the “Persian Letters,” by Lord Lyttelton, as A little after Dr. Young had published his originally published, the imaginary Persian writes 6. Universal Passion,” the Duke of Wharton preto his friend at Ispahan an account of his introduc- sented him with two thousand pounds for it. When tion to the House of Lords, wherein he states that, a friend of the Duke, who was surprised at the in a certain part of it, there was a considerable body largeness of the above sum, cried out, on hearing it, of personages, distinct in figure from the other “What! two thousand pounds for a poem ?” the nobles, being peculiarly habited in robes of white and Duke smiled, and said, “It is the best bargain I black, who (adds the Persian), “ from such observa- ever made in my life, for it is fairly worth four tions as I am qualified to make, appear to have no kind thousand.” When the doctor was deeply engaged of business there.” It is, however, a remarkable cir- in writing one of his tragedies, the Duke made him cumstance that this passage has been omitted in the a very different kind of present. He procured a several editions of the “ Persian Letters " which human skull, fixed a candle in it, and gave it to the were published after the noble author's reverend doctor as the most proper lamp to write tragedy by. brother had been elected to a seat on the episcopal bench.

Sonnets of the Sacred Year. As the Golden Legend lingers in the "Seven

BY THE REV. S. J. STONE, M.A. Champions," so the old Norse mythology breathes

QUINQUAGESIMA SUNDAY. its last sigh in the nursery tale of av Jack the Giant

“Then He took unto Him the twelve, and said unto them, Killer.” °As Mr. Carlyle eloquently laments : " It Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written is all gone now, that old Norse work, Thor the by the prophets concerning the Son of Man shall be accomThunder-god,' changed into Jack the Giant- piished. — And they understood none of these things."—St. Killer;' but the mind that made it is here yet. Luke xviii. 31, 34. How strangely things grow, and die, and do not die! There are twigs of that great world-tree of “UP

TP to Jerusalem.” Their way they wend Norse belief still curiously traceable in the poor

As men whose eyes are veiled, for on His Jack of the nursery, with his miraculous shoes of

Hoad swiftness, coat of darkness, sword of sharpness--he Must rest pain's sovran crown: and He must tread is one. Chile Etin, in the Scottish ballads, is a Norse The wine-press all alone. Mythus; Etin was

So do they tend a Jötun. Nay, Shakspeare's Hamlet is a twig of this same world-tree.

With Him, unheeding, to the awful end Hamlet, Amleth, I find is really a mythic personage; Whereof He only knows. O bitterness and his tragedy of the poisoned father, poisoned Of human anguish! O supreme distress asleep by drops in his ear, is a Norse Mythus! Old Of His man's heart, to be without a friend! Saxo, as his wont was, made it a Danish history; and Shakspeare, out of Saxo, made it what we see.”

Ascending up," as to an altar-stone

The one true Victim, working His own loss PROOF SHEETS OF THE AUTHOR OF “WAVERLEY." Of His own will in love, towards His Cross

Mr. George Huntley Gordon communicated to He passes, Priest and Sacrifice, alone. the “ Times" the following statement of a curious E'en now-so near His hour—the skies are dim, and interesting fact : "If I were not the sole sur- And no man knows, and no man weeps for Him. vivor of all connected with the publication of the novels and tales of Sir Walter Scott, I should think

ASH WEDNESDAY. it strange that neither in the catalogue nor in the account of the sale in the Times' of the mss. and

“Then shall they fast in those days."-St. Mark ii. 20. proof sheets of the author of Waverley,' ; at GR

*REY dawn of the stern time of fast and prayer, Christie's on Thursday last, is there any mention That leads the obedient soul through solemn of a peculiarity which distinguishes the latter docu

ways, ments from all other proofs that ever were seen or sold. Not one of them ever went to press. Sir Dark glade and lonely hill, to feast and praise, Walter Scott always had the proof sent to him in What promise, that to grief forbids despair, duplicate, writing his corrections on one copy and Thrills all the silence of thy fearful air ? returning both to James Ballantyne, who transcribed Forty the days of flood, then undefiled them on the other proof, and that, of course, was the one sent to press; so that the originals are as

Earth rose again ; such years within the wild clean as when they came from Scott's hand. In For Israel closed in Canaan's vision fair ; this respect these proofs are quite unique, and no "Yet forty days," a prophet cried, "and sin wonder they were so carefully preserved by the late Shall be your doom !” but king and lord and slave Mr. Robert Cadell. So scrupulous was the Great

Wept them

and He who warned forgave; Unknown' in keeping his incognito that he would not permit even a single line in his own handwriting And humbly thus did sad Elias win to be scrutinised by the prying eyes of the ‘ Modern That strength wherewith through forty days he trod Athenians,' many of whom, familiar with his auto- His fearless path to Horeb, Mount of God.

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MATTHEW MORRISON: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY.

CHAPTER VII. MY COLLEGE FRIENDS.

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I WAS now busy with my education cannot say

arms and on the watch for some cause of offence. that I made a brilliant figure at college, but I Their lodgings were mean enough, certainly. They was plodding and persevering. Though every step were situated in the West Bow-now demolished I mounted in the ladder of learning was a great six stairs up, and such stairs ! They were so steep effort to me, I never lost what I had once acquired; | and narrow that persons could not pass each other if I had not a quick and penetrating intellect, I had except at the small landing-places on each floor, and at least a retentive memory. Archie, too, was always these consisted merely of a somewhat broader step. ready to assist me; and, upon the whole, I got There were some narrow apertures in the outer wall through my first session creditably.

for admitting air and light, but little of either found Of course I was thrown into the company of other entrance. Add to this, that the staircase, being lads at college, and had opportunities of forming rarely cleaned, though much frequented, was squalid friendships, but I was ever slow in availing myself and filthy in the extreme. I had a great dread of of such. "I generally required the first advances to it; and when I occasionally engaged to visit my be made by others; so, as I lacked both Archie's friends in the evening-for I could not always gay turn and good looks, few sought my society at give them complete possession of a book we mutually

a all events, none like my dear old friend Adam. In- needed, but we had to study it together-it was on deed, I may as well confess that my nickname the understanding that Bob Galbraith (Big Bob we amongst my fellow-students was "sober Matthew," used to call him), who was a giant in size and having reference to a certain old-fashioned formality strength, should protect me to the bottom. and sobriety which they professed to discover in my The tenement was thickly peopled, and strangely demeanour.

diversified were the occupations of its inhabitants ; There were only two lads with whom I was on cobblers and the humblest class of seamstresses, howterms of intimacy. They showed a liking for my ever, most abounded. My friend's landlady was a company, and a little of this went a great way with Widow McLeary, who, besides letting lodgings, me. They were from the Highlands, and rough- maintained herself by making clothes for the dead, looking tykes they were, with the north-country a signboard to that effect being projected from one accent in full perfection. They were, however, of the windows for the information of the public. decent lads enough, although their up-bringing had Poor Big Bob! what an ill-will he had to that been very different from mine—they having literally sign, being prone to superstitious fancies, like most followed the plough till the ambition, so common of his race, and often did he express the desire that among the Scottish peasantry, of seeing their sons some windy night he might have the satisfaction of ministers of the “kirk," had dawned upon their hearing it torn from its fastenings and shivered on parents' minds. The lads were not related, but the street below. But many a year after Bob being from the same district, and both utter strangers Galbraith and Malcolm Campbell had quitted the to the town, they, from motives of economy, as well lodgings did Widow McLeary's doleful signboard as for company, shared the same lodgings.

maintain its position high up beneath the garrets of Our acquaintance commenced through some little the West Bow. attentions I paid to them in the loan of books, which In this uninviting domicile they rented one small the poor fellows could ill afford to purchase; they room, containing a truckle-bed, but with little else were my father's, who possessed every theological in the way of furniture; and for this accommodation, and classical work of merit of that day. I was sorry and for the privilege of occasionally pursuing their for the lads. Their uncouth appearance and evident studies at Mrs. McLeary's fireside, they paid eighteenpoverty procured them the ridicule of the better-born pence in the week. and better-clad students, who, generally speaking, Our house and manner of living were plain and are a most unfeeling tribe. They were the laughing- simple, for we were compelled to practise strict stock of the classes. I saw that they felt this keenly, economy, but this was not apparent to these lads, for they had all the irascibility and pride charac- to whom ordinary comforts were luxuries. Thero teristic of their race; and often did these boil over was a great contrast, of course, between our clean beneath the petty annoyances and boyish wit with orderly home and their sordid lodging, and I which especially their younger fellow-students un- generally found them more or less disposed to be weariedly assailed them. So little accustomed were jealous and touchy, and full of those sharp proverbial they to civility that mine at first was received suspi- sayings with which Scotland abounds, intended to ciously; but once convinced that no covert insult was humblo my pride, after spending an evening with us. hidden under it, they met my advances in a friendly Poor fellows! the pride as all on their side. It spirit. It was some time, however, before they had was doubtless a keen mortification to those poor sufficient confidence in my good faith to admit me proud lads, who were anxious to make a creditable into their lodgings, or even to give me an inkling appearance beforo others for the honour of the where they were situated, and I was careful to Highlands, when I inadvertently looked in on them betray no curiosity on the subject. With my one morning and found them at breakfast, consistmother's consent, I invited them occasionally to our ing of one large wooden bowlful of thick oatmealhouse of an evening, and undoubtedly it was her porridge without milk, but with a lump of salted kindly, motherly reception of them that finally in- butter in the middle for kitchen (relish). They were duced them to throw off all reserve.

evidently keenly appetised, having just returned My first visit to their lodgings was rather embar- from the morning class, where I had not succeeded rassing to me, for their pride was evidently up in in speaking to them, for their horn spoons were

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passing rapidly between the dish and their mouths | I found a half-crown put up along with the books, when I entered their room. They received me un- intended, I supposed, as payment for the use of them, graciously enough, so I discharged my errand as which, of course, I sent back by a sure hand to their quickly as possible, and I took care to time my visits lodgings. The session was at its close, and I gave better afterwards.

up all expectation of an explanation. The thing, It was not always easy to bear with them patiently, however, caused me some pain, for I have been ever but then I sincerely pitied the lads and their friend- constant in my friendships, though slow to form less condition in Edinburgh. My mother, too, would them. They finally departed for their distant homes, say to me when I was feeling chafed by any unreason- to prosecute their studies alternately with labouring able exhibition of temper on their part, “ Matthew, on their fathers' small and unproductive farms till my dear, let us bear with the pride that springs the next session of college arrived ; and I continued from poverty." I did bear with it, and it was not in utter ignorance of the nature of my offence. my fault that our friendship, at least for that session, The harvest of that year was exceptionally good in came to an abrupt conclusion.

the Highlands. Friends were found willing to open They had promised to call on me one evening, and their stockings (an old stocking is a common purse in my mother kindly proposed to detain them to supper, the north) to help them, and when the two students and had provided a bunch of savoury Finnan haddies returned to Edinburgh they could afford better for their entertainment. Just about the hour when lodgings than Mrs. McLeary's; their outward man I expected them, she recollected an order which she was also improved, and, perhaps owing to the had forgotten to give in the afternoon, and as the soothing influence of these changes, they were less shop was in the neighbourhood I offered to deliver touchy and irascible in temper. We met at the first it, as Nelly was busy. Before leaving the house as strangers; but in a few days they began to feel I told the latter that if the gentlemen from the Bow their way to a renewal of intercourse; and perceiving -80 I called them in the uprightness of my heart this, I met them half-way, being curious to know and not in mockery-should arrive ero I returned, what excuse they could make for their past behaviour, she was to explain the cause of my absence and ask at the same time resolving to be very prudent in all them to wait. I was back in about ten minutes, and my future dealings with them. was surprised to learn that they had come in the

And now

came the explanation of the riddle. interval, but had refused to enter.

Will it be believed that my offence entirely consisted “And ’deed, I think, Mr. Matthew, begging your in the unfortunate appellation which I had innopardon,” said Nelly, whose good-temper seemed cently put into Nelly's mouth? Gentility, indeed, unusually ruffled, " that neither o' them is very had little to do with the locality of the “ Bow;" and right in the head. I just gied them your message my presumed bad jest was the sole cause of the burst in your ain words—for ľaye like to be particular—that of rage which had so scandalised Nelly, and of their the twa gentlemen frae the Bow (though weel-a-wat, outrageous conduct towards me during the last there's little gentlemen about them) were to come month of the session. Truly, Highlanders are kittle in and wait till such time as you came back, when cattle to deal with, and need wary approaching to ! they took to fighting on me like fishwives-na, as I lost sight of them after this session; circumto that, Jean Jaup's tongue is naething to theirs-stances having induced them to continue their studies and the big ane said that you were an insolent, at Glasgow College. I believe they hoped to get jeering fallow, but that he would be upsides with pupils there, which their strong nonth-country accent you yet for it. And awa' doon the stair they ran, prevented in Edinburgh. I often thought of them, and I wonder you didna meet them at the foot o' it." however, and wondered how they were getting on,

Though we questioned and cross-questioned Nelly, especially Big Bob, who had many eccentricities. none of us could make anything of it. But I did I knew not whether he were alive or dead till, years not doubt of getting an explanation at the morning after our separation, I chanced to hear him preach class, and of being able to disabuse their minds of in a chapel of ease in the west. I recognised him any wrong impression; at the same time I was the moment he entered the pulpit; and truly ho growing seriously weary of these causeless alterna- rowted that day like one of his own Highland stirks, tions of mood. They, however, carefully avoided much to the edification of the deaf old wives in their giving me an opportunity. Moreover, they both grey duffle cloaks and white caps, in the table seat, looked, bnt especially Big Bob, so scowling and who appeared to think that they had lighted on a wrathful that I had not courage to follow them to perfect Boanerges. their lodgings. We met, of course, every day at the The church was vacant, and he was preaching as classes, but their displeasure with me underwent no a candidate before the congregation. I waited to abatement. Nay, they waxed more and more out speak to him at the close of the service, and he rageous, as if my very patience under this treatment greeted mo with great heartiness. Bob had spruced provoked them, even putting themselves in my way up wonderfully, and had now a good black coat on on the streets, that by their gestures and looks—I his back. I learned from him that Malcolm Campknew not what they said, for they jabbered to each bell had emigrated with his relations to Canada, other in Gaelic-they might testify their contempt and now had a kirk and Gaelic congregation in the for me. Any one that has seen an angry Highlander backwoods, and that he himself, if at present unsnuffing up the air can imagine it. I grew so nervous successful, meant to follow his example. And as Bob from this state of things that at last I would slink up was unsuccessful, probably by this time he has any close or backway to avoid them. My father's preached many à sermon in his nativo Gaelic in books, which I had lent them, they returned without the remote regions of the far-west. the civility of thanks, thrusting them into Nelly's hands I must not omit to state that Bob's preaching, when she opened the door at their knock, and then judging from the specimen which I heard, was both running down the stairs so quickly as to escape

the earnest and evangelical, and not devoid of a certain torrent of indignant words which she sent after them. I rugged eloquence.

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BISMARCK AND GortSCHAKOFF. " Galignani's Messenger" dom.. The cost of the existing school buildings amounted to has the following anecdote : Prince Bismarck had undertaken from £30,000 to £40,000 ; some idea may thus be formed as to to obtain the adoption by foreign Powers of German as the lan- the accommodation already provided. After making the neces. guage of diplomacy. He had not hitherto endeavoured to iin- sary provisious as to the expense of management, etc., the new pose it officially, but had confined himself to semi-official pro- scheme states that one eleventh share shall be appropriated to positions by his agents. He has just himself commenced the eleemosynary purposes, two eleventh shares to elementary educastruggle. He sent a note in German to Prince Gortschakoff, tion, four elevenths to the purposes of modern schools, and four who replied in Russian. As the Emperor William's Prime elevenths to the purposes of grammar and high schools. The Ministe does not understand that language, he had to send for education to be given is liberal, and the fees only nominal. a translator, and the opposition journals of Berlin state that he In the case of the elementary school, the fee is not to exceed was much irritated at the result of his experiment.

threepence weekly, and this is to be reinitted if the governors ROME AND THE BIBLE.- What can the reason be which

are of opinion that the parent or guardian is unable to pay. In induces Rome to seek to sever believers from the Holy Scrip. £1 10s., or more than £4 per year, the subjects of instruction

the modern school the annual tuition fee is not to be less than tures ? Cardinal Wiseman has betrayed the secret. the prohibition of the reading of the Scriptures is the stronghold modern languages, history and geography, mathematics, poli

to be English language and literature, Latin, one or more of the Church's unity. Let the faithful but read the Scriptures, and the government of the church will tumble to pieces, insub

tical economy, natural science, drawing, and vocal music. A

Provision is ordination will enter, and self-sufficiency and pride take the similar school for girls is also to be established. place of humility and docility. No doubt, this unity of the

likewise made for a grammar school for boys, and a high school church, which denies the truc Church of Jesus Christ, this

for boys, the minimum fee to be £t a year, with a inaximum of despotic unity, would be destroyed. For when the Pope main

£12. The subjects of instruction are to be proportionate with tains that, as Christ's vicar on earth, he has the right of wearing mestie economy, the laws of health, and needlework, are added

those given in the modern schools. In the case of girls, dothe triple crown, or causing himself to be borne about by his fellow-men, then, most assuredly, he cannot allow the faithful

to the list. The schools are "open to all candidates who are of to read the Scriptures, with which such a vicarship is absolutely good character and of sufficient bodily health, and who are incompatible. When the Pope proclaims that, as the vicar of residing with their parents, guardians, or near relations." Jesus Christ, he is the judge of all men upon earth, then

EMIGRATION To Caxada. As we are sure to hear much about assuredly the faithful may not read that Christ said "I came not to judge the world, but to save the world”. to seek and to save

emigration as the result of Mr. Arch's visit to Canada, and as that which was lost.” The Pope has as little right to judge a

rumours not favourable to the success of emigrants have already Christian brother as that brother has the right, supposing him

been spread, the following letter to the “ Times” from the Rev. to have recognised in the Pope a brother, to judge him. The

A. Styleman Herring, of Clerkenwell, is worthy of attention :

“In 1863 Canada had but one agent, now 20; then the cheapest words "Judge not, that ye be not judged,” hold good for the Pope as for everybody else. God only sees, and God alone has

passage was £8, now £5 15s. (£3 5s. for an agriculturist), with a

return of £1 4s. 8d. after three months in Ontario ; then no the right to judge what transpires in the inmost soul of man. When the Scriptures tell us that the bond between man and mented friend Mr. Dixon, the late Commissioner, to aid rela

remittances. This season £48,000 was sent direct to my laGod is without human meditation, that it is the Father who draws to the Son; and when Paul, placing himself on this My experience, based on helping upwards of 3,500 poor people,

tives and friends to Canada. These betoken increasing prosperity. foundation, exclaims, “Who shall separate us from the love of

a visit to Canada, and piles of letters, leads me to take a cheerChrist ?" and then, after having enumerated all the elements which weaken and destroy this bond, declares triumphantly.

ful and hopeful view of emigration. In fact, unless by misfor“In all these things we are more than conquerors, through hiin

tune or misconduct, the greater part of my emigrants have that loved us”—when that can be read in the Holy Scriptures,

im ed their condition. The Dominion Government have and the Pope maintains that he can separate us from the love of

exerted themselves greatly to diminish hindrances and incon

veniences. Christ by à maledictory Bull, then certainly he does well, in steamships (ten days only on voyage), food and lodging on

They have provided cheap passages in splendid prohibiting the reading of the Holy Scriptures. Bishop

arrival, free passes to destinations, and a register of vacant Rcinkens, at the Congress of Old Catholics.

places (600 emigrants in two days found places from the Toronto BEDFORD AND THE HARPUR CLARITY.Bedford, as is depot). Perhaps two instances out of many will suffice to pretty well known, is celebrated for its associations with show how people may, by perseverance, progress. Two brothers Bunyan, the glorious dreamer, and Howard, the philanthropist. from Marylebone, hired out on arrival--one to a farmer, and It is also noted for its remarkable charity in the shape of schools the other as a navvy-saved £60 from May to October, and and almshouses. The original endowment was bequeathed to secured 200 acres on free grants. In April 1 sent out the the town some three hundred years ago by Sir William Harpur, ellest's young lady. The following year I sent another brother who was born at Beaford in 1496. At an early age he went to (a mechanic) and his wife. They, united, possess 500 acres (60 London to learn the business of a tailor, and so well did he suc. per cent. goodland), and are happy and prosperous. An ceed that he became one of the chief officers of the Merchant Islington mechanic-wife, and seven children (happy is the Taylors' Company, and subsequently, in 1561, was elected lord man who has his quiver full of them in the colonies !)-has now mayor of London.

In 1566, Sir William, and Dame Alice his a cleared farm of fifty acres, with ten years to pay for it. The wife, founded a Free Grammar School at Bedford, and conveyed Ontario Government are always suspicious of big schemes for it, by an indenture entitled “The Deed of Gift to the colonisation, as most have proved failures. I feel Mr. Arch Mayre, Baylyfes, Burgesses, and Commonaltys of the Towne would better serve his cause if he allowed the labourers to be of Bedford." The annual income at the time named amounted scattered and go where required than by colonising. I can but to only £40, and was derived from property in London and say that well-conducted emigrants will meet with a hearty Bedford. In those days, however, this was sufficient for the welcome from the loyal and hospitable Canadians. Food and purposes of such a school. The value of the estate increased so labour are in abundance, good credit given, free or cheap land, rapidly that in 1760 the income had reached the sum of £3,000 free schools ; a well-kept Sunday, with grog-shops closed from a year.

At the present time the annual rental of the property 7 P. M. on Saturday to 7 A.M. on Monday. Many places of trust of the Charity amounts to something like £15,000. Until the and position are open to all (four-fifths of men in office-merrecent interposition of the Endowed Schools Commissioners, the chants, farmers, etc. - are self-made men). True, there are Charity provided, in addition to the schools, a hospital for drawbacks ; but to the sober, industrious, and persevering there twenty-six poor boys and girls, sixty-five almshouses, marriage is a good and prosperous field open.” portions of £20 each for Bedford-born maidens, and apprentice fees for boys. Under a new scheme, which has recently been AN EMPLOYER'S VIEW OF LABOUR.--Mr. T. Brassey, M.P., sanctioned by the Commissioners and accepted by the autho- in a recent speech said :-"It is most economical to pay labour rities at Bedford, the income is devoted almost entirely to well. It is better to employ fewer men at high wages than education. Indeed, every provision has been made for develop- more men at low wages. Every individual is better off, and ing the usefulness of the Charity for this particular purpose, to the total expenditure on labour is reduced. For the nonthe greatest possible extent, and the town bids fair to become employed fresh ficlls must be found, and these will be opened more than ever one of the chief educational centres of the king | by the ingenuity and enterprise of mankind."

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A FAMILY JOURNAL OF INSTRUCTION AND RECREATION.

" BEHOLD IN THESE WHAT LEISURE HOURS DEMAND,- AMUSEMENT AND TRUE KNOWLEDGE HAND IN HAND."-Coper.

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CHAPTER XVI.- PRIZE-MONEY.

enemy there was no doubt, and as she was evidently MAIDEN MAY.

as heavy a frigate as the Triton, there appeared, even should she be captured, little prospect, with the Spanish

squadron close at hand, of her being brought off. AS S Harry and his friend reached the deck they The crew were at their quarters, stripped to the

caught sight of a strange frigate standing to waist, waiting eagerly to begin the action. The wards the Triton, which was, as has already been second-lieutenant being left on shore, and the third said, off the port of Carthagena, and as they looked being ill, Headland and Harry were doing duty in towards the land they observed a small vessel under their places. all sail running in for it. That the stranger was an The stranger, which hoisted Spanish colours, and No, 1166,- FERUARY 21, 1874,

PRICE ONE PENNY,

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