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“Good luck be with the English ships !” cried | hesitated about venturing forth to the rescue of the one of the fishermen.

hapless crew. Long before they could reach the “ Amen to that! but they must be careful what wreck darkness would be resting on the troubled they are about, for with the wind dead on shore, if ocean ; they doubted, indeed, whether they could they knock away each other's spars, they are both force their boat out in the teeth of the fierce gale. more than likely to drift on Norton Sands, and if Adam took a turn on the pier. His heart was they do, the Lord have mercy on them,” said Adam, greatly troubled. He had never failed, if a boat solemnly. “Whichever gets the victory, they will be could live, to be among the first to dash out to the in a bad ray, as I fear, after all, it will be a dirty rescue of his fellow-creatures when a ship had been night. The wind has shifted three points to the cast on those treacherous sandbanks. The hazard eastward since I left home, and it's blowing twice as was great. He knew that with the strength of his hard as it did ten minutes ago. We may as well crew exhausted the boat might be hurled back amid run the Nancy up to her moorings, lads."

the breakers, to be dashed on the shore; or, should As one of the men was hurrying off to carry this they even succeed in reaching the neighbourhood of order to the rest, a heavier blast than before came the wreck, where the greatest danger was to be across the ocean. It had the effect of rending the encountered, they might fail in getting near enough veil of mist in two, and the rain ceasing, the keen to save any of the people. eyes of the fishermen distinguished in the offing two Every moment of delay increased the risk which ships running towards the land, the one a short must be run. distance ahead of the other, which was firing “Lads, we will try and do it,” he said at length; at her from her bow chasers, the leading and maybe she has struck on the lowest part of the smaller vessel returning the fire with her after guns, bank, and we shall be able to cross it at the top of and apparently determined either to gain a sheltering high water. Come along, we will talk no harbour or to run on shore rather than be taken. about it, but try and do what we have got to do.". The moment that revealed her to the spectators Just at that instant the words, uttered in a shrill, showed those on board how near she was to the loud tone, were heard:shore, though evidently they were not aware of the *Foolish men, have you a mind to drown yourstill nearer danger of the treacherous sandbank. An selves in the deep salt sea! Stay, I charge you, or

, exclamation of dismay and pity escaped those who take the consequence.” were looking at her.

The voice seemed to come out of the darkness, for “If she had been half a mile to the nor'ard she no one was seen. The men looked round over their might have stood through Norton Gut and been shoulders. Directly afterwards a tall thin figure, safe," observed Halliburt; “but if she is a stranger habited in grey from head to foot, emerged from the there is little chance of her hauling off in time to gloom. Those who beheld it might have been exescape the sands."

cused if they supposed it rather a phantom than a While he was speaking, the sternmost ship was being of the earth, so shadowy did it appear in the seen to come to the wind; her yards were braced up,

thick mist. and now, apparently aware of her danger, she en- “ The spirit of the air forbids your going, and I, deavoured to stand off the land before the rising his messenger, warn you that you seek destruction gale should render the undertaking impossible. The if you disobey him." hard-pressed chase directly afterwards attempted to The men gathered closer to each other as the follow her example. She was already on a wind figure approached. It was now seen to be that of a when again the mist closed over the ocean, and she tall, gaunt woman. Her loose cloak and the long was hidden from sight.

grey hair which hung over her shoulders blew out "We will keep the Nancy where she is,” said in the wind, giving her face a wild and weird look, Halliburt ; "we don't know what may happen. If for she wore no covering to restrain her locks, with yonder ship drives on the sands—and she has but a the exception of a mass of dry dark seaweed, formed poor chance of keeping off them, I fear-we cannot in the shape of a crown, twisted round the top of let her people perish without trying to save them; her head. and though it may be a hard job to get alongside the “I have seen the ship you are about to visit. I wreck, yet some of the poor fellows may be drifted knew what her fate would be even yesternight when away from her on rafts or spars, and we may be she was floating proudly on the ocean; she was able to pick them up. Whatever happens, we must doomed to destruction, and so will be all those who do our best."

venture on board her. If you go out to her, I tell "Aye, aye, Adam," answered several of his hardy you that none of you will return. I warn you, crew, who stood around him ; “ where you think fit Adam Halliburt, and I warn you all! Go not out to to go we are ready to go too."

her, she is doomed! she is doomed! she is doomed!" Tha party had not long to wait before their worst As the woman uttered these words she disappeared apprehensions were realised. The dull report of a in the darkness. The men stood irresolute. gun, which their practised ears told them came from What, lads, are you to be frightened at what Norton Sands, was heard ; in another minute the Sal of the Salt Sea' says, or Silly Sally,' as some sound of a second gun boomed over the waters ; a of you call her ?” exclaimed Adam. third followed even before the same interval had our trust in God, he will take care of us, if it's his elapsed. That the ship had struck and was in dire good pleasure. It's our duty to try and help our distress there could be no doubt, but when they fellow-creatures. Do you think an old mad woman gazed at the dark, heaving waves which rolled in knows more than He who rules the waves, or that crested with foam, and just discernible in the fast anything she can say in her folly will prevent him Waning twilight, and felt the fierce blast against from watching over us and bringing us back in which even they could scarcely stand upright on the safety ?” slippery pier, hardy and bold as they were, they Adam's appeal had its due effect. Even the most

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CHAPTER II. – AT THE WRECK.

superstitious were ashamed of refusing to accompany While the old woman was uttering these words in him. When he sprang on board the boat his crew the same harsh, loud tones as before, Adam and his willingly followed. He would have sent back his crew were making their way to the landing-place. second boy Sam, but the lad earnestly entreated to Before they reached it, however, the strange being be taken.

had disappeared in the darkness, though her voice If you go, father, why should I stop behind ? could be heard as she took her way apparently toJacob will look after mother, and I would rather wards the cliffs. share whatever may happen to you,” he said.

"Again, lads, I say, don't let what you have heard Adam and his men were soon on board the boat: from the poor mad woman trouble you,” exclaimed they most of them had shares in her, and thus they Adam. “Come to my cottage, and we will have a risked their property as well as their lives. The bite of supper, and wait till we have the chance of oars were got out, and the men, fixing themselves getting off again." firmly in their seats, prepared for the task before Dame Halliburt, expecting them, had prepared them.

supper. The sanded floors and rough chairs and Shoving off from the shore, Adam took the helm. stools which formed the furniture of her room, were The men pulled away right lustily, and emerging not to be injured by their dripping garments. Durfrom the harbour, in another minute they were ing the meal Adam, or one of the men, wont out breasting the heaving foam-crested billows in the more than once to judge if there was likely to be a teeth of the gale. Sometimes, when a stronger blast change. Still the gale blew as fiercely as ever. than usual swept over the water, they appeared, Some threw themselves down on the floor to rest, instead of making headway, to be drifting back while Adam, filling his pipe, sat in his arm-chair by towards the dimly-seen shore astern. Now, again the fire, still resolved as at first to persevere. exerting all their strength, they once more made progress in the direction of the wreck.

All this time the minute guns had been heard, showing that the ship still held together, and that Thus the greater part of the night passed by. Tohelp, if it came, would not be useless. The sound wards dawn Adam started up. The howling of the encouraged Adam and his crew to persevere. The wind in the chimney and the rattling sound of the reports, however, now came at longer intervals than windows which looked towards the sea decreased. at first from each other. Several minutes at length “Lads !” he shouted, “the gale is breaking, we elapsed, and no report was heard. Adam listened, may yet be in time to save life, and maybe to get not another came. The crew of the Nancy, how- salvage too from the wreck. We will be off at once. ever, persevered, but even Adam, as he observed The crew required no second summons. Telling the slow progress they had made, became convinced his dame to keep up her spirits, and that he should that their efforts would prove of no avail.

soon be back, he led the way to the pier. The gale continued to increase, the foaming seas Some of the men, hardy' fellows as they were, leaped and roared around them more wildly than looked round nervously, expecting the appearance of before. Even to return would now be an operation Sal of the Salt Sea. She did not return, however, of danger, but Adam with sorrow saw that it must and they were soon on board. The poor creature, be attempted. For an hour or more no headway probably not supposing that they would again venhad been made. He waited for a lull, then giving ture out, had not thought of being on the watch for the word, the boat was rapidly pulled round, and them. surrounded by hissing masses of foam, she rapidly Once more the Nancy, propelled by the strong shot back within the shelter of the harbour. The arms of her hardy crew, was making her way tosinews of her crew were too well strung to feel wards Norton Sands. It was still dark as before, much fatigue under ordinary circumstances, but the but the wind had gone down considerably, and the strongest had to acknowledge that they could not task, though such as none but beachmen would have have pulled much longer.

attempted, seemed less hopeless. After rowing We must not give it up, ough, lads," said for some time amidst the foaming seas, Adam Adam. “I am sure no beachmen will be able to stood firmly up and endeavoured to make out the launch their boats to-night along the coast. If the ship. At length he discovered a dark object rising wind goes down ever so little, we must try it again ; above the white seething waters : it was the wreck. you will not think of deserting the poor people if Two of her masts were still standing. She was so there is a chance of saving them, I know that.” placed near the tail of the bank, where the water

His crew responded to his appeal, and agreed to was deepest, that he hoped to be able to approach to wait for the chance of being able to get off later in leeward, and thus more easily to board her if necesthe night

sary. Looking towards the landing place, the tall figure * We shall be able to save the people if we can get of Sal of the Salt Sea was seen standing on the edge up to her soon, lads,” he exclaimed. of the pier gazing down upon them.

my brave boys, it will be a proud thing if we can “Foolish men! you have had your toil for nought, carry them all off in safety.” yet it is well for you that you could not reach the The wind continued to decrease. As they neared doomed ship. I warned you, and you disregarded the bank, the force of the sea, broken by it, offered me. I commanded the winds and waves to stop your less opposition. progress; they listened to my orders and obeyed me. Just then amidst the gloom he caught sight of You will not another time venture to disregard my another object at a little distance from tho wreck: it warnings. Now go to your homes, and be thankful was a lugger under close-reefed sails standing away that I did not think fit to punish you for your folly. on a wind towards the south. "Can she have been Again I warn you that yonder ship is doomed ! is visiting the wreck ?” thought Adam ; "it looks like doomed! is doomed!”

it. If so, she must have taken off the people. Then

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tly dues she not run for Hurlston, where she could would be dangerous to spend much time in the most quickly land them ?”

search. No one was to be found. As these thoughts passed through his mind, the “Let us have the skylight off, Tom, to see our lugger, which a keen eye like his alone could have way,” said Ben. discerned, disappeared in the darkness.

Tom sprang on deck and soon forced it off, and “I wonder if that can be Miles Gaffin's craft,” he the pale morning light streamed down below. thought; “no one, unless well acquainted with the Everything in the main cabin was in confusion. coast, would venture in among these sandbanks in "I'his shows that the people must have got away this thick weather; she is more likely to be knock- in the boats, and have carried off whatever they ing about here than any other vessel that I know of. could lay hands on, unless some one else has visited She has been after her usual tricks, I doubt not." the wreck since then,” remarked Adam; and he then

Adam, however, did not utter his thoughts aloud. told Ben of his having observed the lugger in the Indeed, unless he had spoken at the top of his voice neighbourhood of the wreck. he could not have been heard even by the man **She looks to me like a foreign-built ship, alnearest him, while all his attention was required in though her fittings below are in the English fashion, steering the boat.

he observed, examining the cabins as far as the dim The crew had still some distance to pull, and their twilight which made its way through the open

hatch progress against the heavy seas was but slow. At would allow. length darn began to break, and the wreck rose " As we came under her stern I saw no name on clearly before them. She was a large ship. The it; I cannot make out what she can be.” foremast had gone by the board, but the main and The lockers in the captain's state cabin were open, mizzen-masts, though the topmasts had been carried and none of his instruments were to be seen. Two array, were still standing.

or three of the other side cabins had apparently With cool daring they pulled under her stern. To been searched in a hurry for valuables. The doors of their surprise, no one hailed them--not a living soul the aftermost ones wero, however, still closed. Tho did they see on the deck.

violent heaving and the crashing sounds which As a sea which swept round her lifted the boat, reached their ears, showing how much the ship was Adam, followed by his son Ben and another man, suffering from the rude blows of the seas, made Adam sprang on board. A sad spectacle met their sight. unwilling to prolong the search. He and his comThe sea had made a clean streep over the fore part panions secured such articles as appeared most worth of the ship, carrying away the topgallant, forecastle, saving. and bulwarks, and, indeed, everything which had Let us look into the cabin before we go,” exoffered it resistance, but the foremast still hung by claimed Ben, opening the door of one which seemed the rigging, in which were entangled the bodies of the largest. As he did so a cry vas heard, and a three or four men who had either been crushed as it child's voice asked, " Who's there?" He and Adam fell or drowned by the waves washing over them. sprang in. The long-boat on the booms had also been washed away-indeed, not a boat remained. The guns, too, of which, though evidently a merchantman, she had apparently carried several, had broken adrift and CURIOSITIES OF TIE CENSUS.* been carried overboard, with the exception of the

BY CHARLES MACKESOX, F.S.S. aftermost one, which lay overturned, and now held fast a human being, and, as her dress proved her to be, a woman. The complexion of the poor creaturo FORE

FOREMOST in importance and public interest in was dark, and the costume she wore showed Adam

the long list of Blue-books issued by the that she was from the far-off East. Ben lifted her various Government departments during the past hand; it fell on the deck as he let it go; it was

year are the first and second volumes of the Report evident that no help could be of use to her. Her of the Census which, as our readers will remember, distorted countenance exhibited the agonies she was taken on the 3rd of April, 1871. Even these must have suffered.

large and comprehensive works are, however, only "She must have been holding on to the gun,"

an instalment of the full report, the tables showing observed Adam, "when it capsized; and if I read the professions, occupations, and trades of the people, the tale aright, she was standing there calling to and giving the general summary of results, being those in the boats to come back for her as they were

still to come. shoving off. If the boats had not been lowered, we Many people have a strong dislike to "statistics,' should have seen some of the wreck of them hanging especially in the shape of tigures; but in the case of to the davits. See, the falls are gone on both the census reports, some of the curiosities of which sidee."

it is our purpose to point out in these papers, the Having made a rapid survey of the deck, Adam record comes to us full of facts as well as figures. looked seaward.

Every pago has its tale to tell-here, of the conver"We have no time to lose,” he said, "for the sky sion of land hitherto unproductive into the centro of looks dirty to windward, and we shall have the gale a thriving industry, either by the cultivation of some down on us again before long, I suspect. We must

new product, or by the erection of mills for the defirst, though, make a search below, for maybe some yelopment of some new or reviving trade; there, of of the people have taken shelter there. I fear, how- death and disease thinning the population of a ever, the greater number must have been washed parish, until it becomes almost as much forsaken as away, or attempted to get off in the boats.”

a village through which the invading army has but Adam, leading the party, hurried below.

just passed. Thus to those who read between tho The water was already up to the cabin deck, and the violent rocking of the ship told them that it ! and 11. Suld in the Queen's I'rinters.

• Census of England and Wales, 1871, Population Tables. Vols. I.

I.

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lines the dead integers become a living record-o some tact and energy. No less than 35,430 persons history of the age in which we live-an index of were employed on this delicate mission, a mission in progress or of retrogression—a guide to the causes of some respects of a character to which the Englishprosperity, while in not a few cases they furnish a clue man who stands firm to the tradition that his home to what at first sight seems an inexplicable calamity is his castle has a natural objection, while it required Nor does the tale end here, for we find scattered throughout considerable ingenuity to avoid mistakes through the folios many a strange incident, many a and imposition. At length, however, the number passing note of men and their ways well worthy of was complete, and in the appointed time the consus attention, and the gathering up of which will at any

was taken. rate serve to pass pleasantly a leisure hour, if it But it must not be supposed that it was taken tends to no higher end.

everywhere without difficulty. Judging from the And first it may not be without interest to say a recorded cases in which a definite opposition was word on the manner in which the census was taken. made to the due performance of the enumerator's To the ordinary householder who received a few task, his life in some instances must have been the days before the census night his schedule or paper reverse of pleasant for the week of his engagement, of questions, the correct answering of which tested although occasionally the episodes were all his powers of dealing with feminine diplomatists, amusing than irritating. In one country place, a the matter perhaps seemed as simple as the collec- spinster, “ of rather an advanced age,

and

very tion of taxes or any other duty which is performed wealthy, fastened up her doors and windoirs, forbade by our public servants. But in reality the case was the official to enter the house, and said that a fine of very different. The “ enumerator," as the person £20 would not induce her to give him the required who issues and collects the forms is termed, Las no particulars. Ultimately, however, in response to a light duty to perform. He is indeed required by letter from the Registrar-General, which must have the authorities to be a man of many good points. been couched surely in very different language to He must be intelligent, trustworthy, and active; he the stilted official dialect of the Government Office, must write well, and have some knowledge of this strange specimen of womankind was soothed arithmetic; he must not be infirm, nor of such weak into a better humour, and sent in her schedule prihealth as to render him unable undergo the re- vately. Whether she was anticipating an offer of quisite exertion; he should not be younger than marriage from some local magnate, and feared that eighteen, nor older than sixty-five ; he must be through the collusion of the enumerator he might temperate, orderly, and respectable, and be such a discover her age and retract, we are not told. But person as is likely to conduct himself with strict pro- simple obstinacy was not the only obstacle with priety and civility in the discharge of his duties; he which the enumerators had to contend. In some must make himself well acquainted with the district cases they met with persons of the Topsy class, who, and the local boundaries within which he will be although they did not reply in so many words “I required to act, and it will be a further recom- spects I growed,” knew so little about themselves or mendation if his occupation has been such as to add their belongings that they were really unable to give to his fitness for the oiice. In such words as these, the required information. One case of this sort was requiring on the part of a candidate no mean opinion brought before the Devon county magistrates, by of his own character and ability—were described whom a middle-aged man was fined £1 for refusing the qualifications of the gentlemen whose services to make out a census-paper for himself and his were sought for the census-taking, while as a hint child. He declared that he neither knew his own as to the class of men most fit for the work it was name nor his place of birth, and he would not peradded that any clergyman or other minister of re- jure himself by inaking a false entry. At St. Austell, ligion, or any professional man taking a special also, a gentleman was summoned for refusing to interest in the people of the place, might be invited allow the census-paper to be taken into his house. to act as an enumerator. This postscript would seem Then, again, in this as in everything else, the relito have been very needful, for it is difficult to imagine gious scruple, the result of a conscientious objection any man not actuated by some other motives than a to the proceeding, cropped up in certain places. In mere wish for employment undertaking a duty which one district a gentleman of lunded property declared occupied several days, and involved serious respon- he would pay a fine of any amount, indeed would sibility, but which carried with it no higher re- rather forfeit his life than commit the offence for muneration than a retainer of a guinea-in 1861 it which David suffered, as recorded in the Old Testawas a sovereign -- and a fee of half-a-crown for ment. Here the Registrar-General's clemency was every 200 persons enumerated over the first 400; appealed to, and the particulars were obtained withand it speaks well for the public spirit of the people out interfering with the old man's scruples. Only that men of reputation and ability were found to one caso is mentioned in which an enumerator undertake the task on these terms. The necessary actually suffered bodily violence in the discharge of authority with which each enumerator was for the his duty, and then he appealed to the law by taking time being invested was derived from a special Act out a summons for assault, on which the magistrate of Parliament, giving the Secretary of State for the inflicted a fine. There were other instances, feir and Home Department the superintendence of the work, far between, horrerer, in which the enumerators and imposing penalties on persons neglecting or re- prosecuted persons for non-compliance with the fusing to give information or making false returns. Act of Parliament, but no prosecution was instituted Practically, however, the work was left in the hands directly by the Registrar-General, a fact whiclı of the officials of the Registrar-General of Births, is in itself a proof that the days have gone by Deaths, and Marriages, by whom it had been per- when either ignorance or superstition impose any formed at the three previous periods, 1841, 1851, serious obstacle to the fulfilment of this very neces1861, and they in turn enrolled an army of volun- sary duty. Taken as a whole, then, the people beteers whose “ drill” was in itself a matter requiring | haved rell under what were to some, and especially

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to the aforesaid spinster, decidedly trying circum- | almost impossible to arrive at what is really meant stances, and the enumerators-among whom, in one by the term “ London.” The metropolis includes of the London districts, a lady was employed-were parts of the counties of Middlesex, Surrey, and Kent, fairly treated. But while they had thus no cause to in the centre of which, occupying 668 acres, the City complain of their reception on the part of the public, proper, the London of the olden time, stands. The there was not a little dissatisfaction after the work next division, occupying a still larger area, is that of was done at the low standard of remuneration. the Registrar-General, and this in its turn differs When it is remembered that the enumerator had not slightly from the London of the Metropolitan Board merely to give out and collect the forms, but also to of Works. Then, again, the metropolitan police make up returns from his own observation, including have a London of their own, also differing in extent the names of the various roads and streets; the num- from those previously mentioned, while even their bers of the houses or buildings and their nature, supremacy is interfered with, for the City has its whether private dwelling-house, shop, public-house, own police, with its own special area. But our catachurch, chapel, school, college, or other building; logue is still incomplete, as we have another London and further than this, to make returns of the house- over which the Central Criminal Court has jurisdicless and homeless, and to give general notes, it is tion; while the politician has a London all to himobvious that his scale of pay was altogether insuffi- self, consisting of the metropolitan boroughs; and, cient. Added to this, it must not be forgotten that as if the divisions already made were insufficient, the persons so employed were exposed to the danger of Post Office steps in and makes its special London; infection, and thus that an additional reason is fur- | the bishop has his diocese of London; and in each nished for their more adequate remuneration. At and every case we have officials at work over almost any rate, it would, we think, be a wise provision in the same field without the slightest reference to each future years not to adopt any stereotyped scale ap- other. Even in the provinces the same anomalies plicable to all places, but to leave some discretionary exist, the parliamentary, municipal, and poor-law power with the local superintendents, inasmuch as divisions seldom agreeing, and thus, as the populathe amount of labour and the time occupied must tion of each of these numerous divisions has to be naturally vary according to the locality, whether it classified and arrived at with certainty, the difficulbe town or country, and whether its population be ties in the way of the central authorities will be closely assembled or scattered over a large area. obvious.

But the enumerators were not the only persons But while it is well to realise as far as possible the whose cordial co-operation is acknowledged in the amount of labour involved in the preparation of the census-taking. The clergy of the various parishes, census tables, it is time that we turned to the and the ministers of religion generally, were called work itself, and first we will take a note of the upon to assist in this, as they are in so many strictly- growth of the population of England and Wales. speaking civil duties, and as a general rule they lent Going back to the date of the first census, taken in their aid most willingly, not only at the time, but 1801, we find that in the past seventy years the subsequently, in supplying defects and in giving local population of England and Wales has more than information. The mayors, too, and the chairmen of doubled itself. Then it stood at 8,892,536, 110w it the local boards throughout the kingdom, were asked is, or rather it was in 1871, 22,712,266. Thoroughly, to co-operate, and in country districts tho police however, to appreciate the enormous increase of the were of great assistance. Thus, by the people as people, we must compare these results with still well as by the paid officials, the great task was earlier periods, and although we have no census to accomplished and the process of numbering was fall back upon, we still have tables prepared on completed.

trustworthy data by the late Mr. Rickman, who may As the first results, we have at present before us, in almost be called the Father of the Census, in which addition to the preliminary report which was pub- he shows that the population of England and Wales lished within a few months after the actual work had in the year 1570 probably stood at 4,038,879; in bien completed, two large volumes, each of nearly 1670, at 5,773,646; in 1770, at 7,428,000, since tuo pages, containing the details arranged and re- which date—that is in the course of a century-it arranged in various ways, to render them available has actually trebled itself. This result is remarkablo for ecclesiastical, poor-law, and general purposes. as it stands, but when it is remembered that we are And here arises one of the great difficulties with still increasing and multiplying at a greater rate which the authorities at the Census Office have to than during the ten years of the previous census, contend-the complexity of the divisions of the we may well ask how it is possible for the country country. England, in fact, seems to be very much to accommodate such an alarming influx of visitors, like the Church in the days when the preface to the who come not only in the shape of the newlyBook of Common Prayer was written, -its “uses registered infant, a bona fide arrival to which we in this respect being so numerous and conflicting as always extend a welcome, but in the far less pleasant io render it emphatically desirable that henceforth form of the natives of other countries who seek the whole realm should have but “one use.” Under England as a place of last resort. As a matter of present conditions it is literally true that "it is a fact, however, we have still room enough and to peculiarity of the administration of this country that spare, for we find by a comparison of the present nearly every public authority divides it differently, population with the area of the country that there is and with little or no reference to other divisions. still more than one statute acre and a half as a Each authority appears to be unacquainted with the resting-place for each individual, including women taistence, or at least with the work, of the others." and children. At the same time, such an enormou: As a striking illustration of the dishculties arising rate of increase is anything but an unmixed good, from this utter absence of order, the metropolis is and the instructions issued by special command of noticed by the Registrar-General, as here the evil the Privy Council to Sir Robert Ducie, the Lord seems to reach its height, until, indeed, it becomes Mayor of London, in 1651, for the preparation

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