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of a census of the City, quaintly suggest one of "I think I was so taken up with looking at the the evils inseparable from an overgrown people. cheese that I lost sight of the way I came in,” said Sir Robert then was called upon, “in appre- another. hension of an approaching scarcity," to state, I can't account for it at all," said a third. in addition to other particulars," the number of • What's the use of wasting time in trying to mouths in the City of London." This may be to account for it?” said an old grey-beard; “here wo some of our readers a novel way of regarding the are, and the question to be considered now is, 100 census tables, but it is, nevertheless, only too true how we got in, but how we are to get out.” that they furnish, in reality, a return of the "number
NOT WORTH THE COST. of mouths” which have to be fed in this little island of ours. And from this point of view the problems “By your leave, sir,” said the water-rat to the kingsuggested are more serious than they would at first fisher, “this is my house," and he sat still in the sight appear. With coals at what å recent writer doorway to prevent his entrance. justly described as “shivering prices,” with meat
“Nay, but I want to come in,” said the kingfisher; and many other articles which with the progress "I have paid you visits before, and why not now of civilisation have come to be regarded as necessaries, Think how handsome I am, and how much my family even by the poorer section of the people, at famine is sought after.” pricos, a constantly increasing population has its
" You have been in before, sir ; but, to tell you dangers; and if it were not that emigration some
the truth, that's the very reason I prefer keeping what counterbalanced the effect of the tide of immi- you out now, notwithstanding your high family and gration, and that free-trade opened to us the markets fine clothes. You have an awkward habit of eating of other countries, we should have good cause to fear fish and leaving your bones at my door. Now I the consequences. Happily, however, up to the pre- don't want anything laid to me that I don't deserve, sent, our prosperity as a nation has increased with and as I don't catclı and eat fish, I won't have the our growth as a people, and we may, therefore, take credit of it; I consider no company worth having courage for the future, and if the existing educa- that takes away my character, however high in rank tional movement is wisely directed, and extended to
or fine in appearance." the masses, we may look forward to the day when a
EXPERIENCE BETTER TIIAN ADVICE. moral and educational census may be taken with results as satisfactory, at least as far as progress is cried Young Snap to Old Barker, as they passed a
“Just let me put that creature out of the war;" concerned, as those which are here supplied of our
. capacity for increasing and multiplying,'' and hedgehog lying, by the roadside.
“" "subduing the land."
"All right!” said Barker, trotting on till le heard Snap behind him.
“Well, finished him ?” he asked, trying to catch Snap's eye, which was turned away.
"Why, no," said Snap; "the brute rasn't worth ORIGINAL FABLES.
? said Barker; “I think by the colour of it, if you had made at him much
longer, he would have finished' you. I had a taste ADDY, daddy! the fox is asleep; just look at of a cousin of his onco, and since then I have kept
screamed the geese to the old gander, clear of the race. I dare say for the future you will as they were crossing the common.
do the same." “Ah! he may be, though probably he has at least one eye open. Keep your distance, I advise
" What a poor dull thing!” said some newlyyou; remember always that a fox asleep is more sharpened blades to each other, as they glanced at a than a match for a goose wide awake!”
scythe somewhat the worse for wear.
"Dull!” cried the scythe, contemptuously, "you've “I can give you but a crumb or two," said the only just come from the grindstone, or you wouldu't beggar to the hungry dogs; "what good will a fer be so sharp. Do the work that I have done since I crumbs do
was there, or send me there again, and then see you “Good ? why you know by experience what it is which of us will make the best appearance, and cut
the keenest." to be famishing, so you are no stranger to the value of a crumb," answered the dogs.
KEEP TO YOUR VOCATION. “ Take it; but it grieves me to see you so thin
"Pickle," said Dick, the bull terrier, to the pretty and to give you no more,” said the beggar, sorrow- little Skye, " as long as you keep to your tricks and fully.
winning playful ways you are charming; but when “Grieves you! what, that out of your little you you come to the gate after me, putting in your can give but little ? Dear kind heart, don't be shrill
, sharp pipe, and spoiling my deep hoarse bark, troubled; the crumbs thus lovingly given are so you look positively silly; excuso ine, but true friends sweet that they will do us far more good than the must be faithful.” finest bone thrown at us grudgingly."
“Dick, dear," said Pickle, " that reminds me of something I have often thought of telling you; as
long as you keep to guarding the house and frighten“How in the world did we get here?" cried the ing the beggars, you are highly respectable; but mice, one to another, as they ran hopelessly round when you try to come sprawling on my lady's lap, the wire walls of a large trap.
in imitation of me, you have no idea how foolish you “I think something fell down and shut me in," look. Excuse me, but one good turn deserves avother, said one.
anit true friends must be faithful.'»
BY MRS. PROSSER.
NEVER TRUST THE FOX.
EASY TO BRAG.
CRUMBS OF CHARITY.
THE POINT AT ISSUE. .
patience, but seemed much reliered when lie coing to “And is this all my mother coull do for me?"
“Gentlemen of the jury," he said, "you have grumbled the woolly-bear caterpillar, as he crossed heard the claim of the bat to be a bird, and
have the gravel path where the little golden beetles shrank heard the evidence of many inferior beasts to prove from him in something like disgust... Frightful, of him so ; you have also heard the counsel and witcourse frightful; very humiliating!” he exclaimed, nesses on the other side. Now, gentlemen, so far as as he began to makė his dinner of the dead nettle I can see (and every one knows I can see a great to which he had crawled. "Patience!” said the dead nettle; "you won't thuse of a beast, his voice is hat any bird would be
way), the bat is indubitably a beast. His habits are always be a woolly-bear."
ashamed of, and his form, with the exception of A little time and the roolly-bear became a pupa, wings, is a beast's without controversy. Those wings, that is, an insect mummy, or a baby in sıraddling on which his counsel lay such stress, are not like clothes.
those of any bird we are acquainted witli, and such as “ Is this change for the better? am I any nearer they are, he uses them only at night; by day he either beauty now ?” he asked despairingly of the nettle. crawls or clings. As to your verdict, gentlemen, I “Surely I was better off when I could at least show rely on your wisdom and keenness; but my opinion life and move about, than I am in this living is, 1st. That the wholo affair has been an affront to tomb?"
this honourable court ; 2nd. That it matters not at "Patience; when things come to the worst they all to any of us whether he is a beast or a birl; mend,” said the nettle ; " you won't always be a 3rd. That it is a scandalous thing our time ani mummy."
trouble should have been spent on such an unworthy One morning the sun shone on the glorious wings inquiry. Ono thing more-I trust when you have of a tiger moth, as it balanced itself on the hedge, given your verdict that one of you will eat him; that trembling with delight.
will settle the question for ever, and prevent him " Ah," cried the nettle, “ I told you so, the train- from giving the public any more trouble.” ing wasn't pleasant, but see what has come of it!"
THE LAKE AND THE FOUNTAIN.
"Always giving out!” murmured the lake ; There was a commotion such as has never been “ that river-that streamlet! am I nerer to be left known among the beasts and birds. The bat, for free to keep my own?” reasons of its own, claimed to be a bird, but the "Oh, lake!" cried the fountain-head, " remember birds unanimously voted him a beast, so it was you have nothing of 'your own. I could supply brought to trial. The eagle was judge, the jury were the river and those streamlets without first flowing half of them owls, and half of them falcons.
through you; but I honour you with fulness that There was very sharp pleading on both sides, and you may have the greater lionour of dispensing my witnesses without end came forward till the owls riches; beware, lest losing sight of this, you make blinked and the falcons looked bored to death. The me leave you to dry up, and choose another channel eagle, with his grave magnanimity, sat it out in grim for my bounty.'
THE BAT WOULD BE A BIRD.
THE *HE island of Atiu, called Wateeoo" by Cook, I by the Resolution and Discovery. During a recent
lies 120 miles north of Mangaia. These are visit to Atiu I inquired of some aged men what their the twin islands of the Herrey group, being nearly fathers, who had seen Captain Cook, had told them alike in height, shape, extent, geological formation, of the first visit of white men to their rugged coral and products. It is remarkable that the great navi- shores. Their verbal account agreed well with the gator, in sailing from New Zealand, should discover printed narrative, with a few additional particulars. in succession Mangaia, Atin, Takutea (spelt “ Ota- Atiu was sighted March 31st, 1777. On the folkootaia" in tho" Voyages”), Manuae, or Hervey's lowing day Lieutenant Gore, of the Discovery, landed Island, and, lastly, Palmerston's Island, and yet miss on the southern shore at an indenture in the reef the only two rich and fertile islands of the group called “Orovaru,” which the natives pointed out to (Rarotonga and Aitutaki) possessed of harbours and Thence the visitors were conducted to the intecapable of furnishing all the supplies urgently needed | rior by a passable road, and all honour shown to
them. That the people would have forcibly de- | Kirikovi, the warrior chief of Mangaia, a few days tained their wondrously fair-skinned friends but for before. The crowning present of all was Mai's dog, the extravagant statements given by Maî (Omai, the the first ever seen in the Hervey group. interpreter) of the prowess of Europeans, and the Captain Cook expresses his astonishment at their effect of fire-arms, is certain.
"incredible ignorance" in making the “strange misThe natives of Atiu pretended to be greatly sur- take” of calling the sheep and goats on board the prised at the question whether they ever ate human Resolution “birds.” The word actually used by Aesh. Many now living have confessed to me that them was “manu,” which means any living thing they had often gorgod themselves therewith. A moving on the earth or through the air. The term native of the neighbouring island of Mauke told me is frequently applied to human beings, so that the that in 1819 most of his countrymen were slain and Atiuans were strictly correct. deroured by the victorious Atiuans. The people of
It is much to be regretted that the great Mitiaro were similarly treated by the “meek-faced navigator and his officers never gave them a Atiuans," as they amusingly nickname themselves.
hint as to the existence of the One liviny Originally there was but one chief on Atiu. At and true God. It was not until forty-six the period of Cook's visit there were two possessed of years after that the gospel was introduced equal anthority, viz., Tizputa and Tangapatolo.
to Atiu by the martyr of Eromanga. The idols Captain Cook did not go ashore himself.
so long cherished and worshipped as visible Lieutenant Gore's landing, the chiefs asked him, representations of the invisible and glorious amongst other things, “Are you one of the glorious sons of the unworshipped Tetumu, wero sons of Tetumu? Are you a son of the Great Root or speedily given up. Some were burnt; others Cause, whose children are half divine, half human?” are now, and long have been, in the museum According to their mythology, Tetumu was the father of the London Missionary Society. Amongst of gods and men, and the maker of all things. The the latter is the famous Terongo, to whose white complexion of the visitors, their wonderful marae the guests were taken. clothing and weapons, all indicated, in their opinion,
On approaching Atiu at the present day, a divine origin. To these inquiries no reply was the most conspicuous object is the new and given; in alì probability they were unintelligible to beautiful church, which, being built on the Maî as well as to Lieutenant Gore.
top of the central hill, is visible a great On that memorable day the strangers were the distance at sea.
There are two native guests of Tiaputa, who ordered the dances and other pastors labouring on the island, and, despite some amusements in honour of the occasion. The “kava”- evils existing there, not fewer than 250 persons aro drinking, the nectar of the Polynesian gods, and the in church fellowship. feasting were extravagant. Forty pigs, mostly small, Atiu is said to be the name of the first man on the were cooked and presented to their visitors, who were island. A singular myth is related in reference to led to the marae, where a sort of worship was paid to this Adam of Atiu. A pigeon, the pet biri of Tanthem as the favoured children of Tetumu.
garoa, sped hither from spirit-land, anil rested The Atiuans maintain that the ships were four awhile in a grotto still known as the Pigeon's days off their island, whereas the “Voyages" seem- Fountain." Big drops of water kopt falling fro: ingly give an account of the transactions of a single the stony roof, producing little eddies in the transpaday. But if we recollect that the uninhabited islet of rent water beneath. As the pigeon was refreshing Takutea (where Cook took in a supply of cocoa-nuts, itself by sipping the cool liquid, it noticed a femalo etc.) is regarded by the Atiuans as an integral por- shadow of great beauty in the fountain. Now tho tion of their own territory, only separated from the pigeon of Tangaroa was in reality one of the gods, main island by a narrow channel of fourteen miles, and therefore readily embraced ihe lovely shadow, the discrepancy vanishes. Atiu was sighted March and then returned to its home in nether-land. Tho 31st, and sail was finally made from Takutea April child thus originated was named “Atiu”—“First3rd, proving the correctness of the native tradition. fruit,” or “Eldest-born”-and from him the island
A curious heathen prophecy* was known to these derives its name. It was on this account “that they islanders previous to the discovery of Atiu by Captain dignified their island with the appellation of 'A Cook. A god named “Tane-mei-tai”—“Tane-out-of- Land of Gods,' esteeming themselves a sort of divithe-ocean"--would some day visit their shores. This nities, and possessed with the spirit of the gods.” new divinity would speak a strange language, would The double canoes of Atiu are usually fifty feet in introduce strange articles and customs, and would ill-length, provided with a mast and mat sails. The treat the natives. This oracle was at once applied to cordage is made of the bark of the lemon hibiscus. their illustrious visitors, so that no little distrust and As many as 150 men, women, and children are often fear mingled with the pleasure of seeing “ Tute.” | accommodated on board one of these primitive vessels. “ Tane" was regarded as one of the "glorious sons In launching them, one may still hear the following of Tetumu.” Hence the appropriateness of the ques- song referring to Captain Cook's visit to Atiu. It tion proposed to Lieutenant Gore upon his arrival.
was, composed somewhere about the year 1780. For the first time they now became acquainted with
ATIUAN CANOE SONG. the existence of a race entirely different from their
Solo. own. Many were the gifts bestowed upon these
Tuku ake au e Tahiti Nui, islanders in return for their hospitality, such as
O ariua, O Tu-papa, O Tangaroa, beads, iron nails, knives, strips of cloth, and several
Mea 7, kua oti. iron axes, exactly corresponding with that given to
Dogs were many years afterwards introduced to Aitutaki from Afin.
The natives of Aitutaki speedily discovered in the hair a number of fleas, • The old men of Rarotonga invariably apply to Christianity the fol- vernin never before seen in these islands. They found it to be a very lowing ancient oracle: "Youder are the children of God, floating over difficult task to catch them, as they had a trick of dodging about and the ocean like birds on drift cocoa-nut branches - some are in advance, hiding in a marvellous manner. The Aitutakians at once sagely proand others are following !"
nounced these fleas to be spirits crer eluding the grasp of mortals 1
I sail to Great* Tahiti;
for a single island or reef, owing to the unskilfulness O ye divine Tu and Tangaroa,
of observers. But it is no slight praise to our great Be propitious, and I am off.
navigator, Cook, that the positions of islands laid
dorn by him remain unaltered to this day.
W. WYATT GILL, B.A.,
HAVE before me copies of some fourscore
alphabets, classified into eastern and western.
As I compare these different sets of phonetic symbols,
the questions arise,– Why does the letter A stand first
in almost every one of them ? Why is it followed
immediately by B? Whence the shape or form of Solo.
both these characters ? In answer to the first quesTangi mai te pupui, te pupui,
tion, Jacob Grimm, in his “Deutsches Wörterbuch," Te pupui iea ?
says :-"A is the noblest and earliest of all sounds, Te pupui i teimaa ē !
issuing full from the chest and throat, which the I teimaa iea ?
child learns first and most easily to express, and I te teimaa i nga tamariki.
which the alphabets of most languages rightly place Tuoro mai i te pai o Tute ra o !
first." Let me also quote Noah Webster :--- A is Ritana.
naturally tho first letter, because it represents tho Hark! the guns are firing, firing.
first vocal sound naturally formed by the human What are these “puffers”?
organs, being the sound uttered with a mere opening Terrible weapons.
of the mouth without constraint, and without any Whom do they terrify?
effort to alter the natural position or configuration of The whole of the people, calling
Other writers go so far as to ascribe, not only thie
sounds, but the visible forms of letters, to the same
origin. Each side of a child's mouth, when uttering Chorus.
this sound, gives likewise a copy of A. The lips aro Ae, ritana, ritana!
apart, forning an acute angle with sides of equal Aye; tug, tug away.
length. The perpendicular position in present use
is not the oldest mode of writing this symbol. Tho Solo.
oldest eastern forms are nearly horizontal. I do not Tuoro, tuoro atu iea ?
liere take into account the little a, which is evidently Tuoro atura i te kiato mua ia Otu,
a modification of o. The first sound puts the lips Tangi mai i te tangotango,
apart-in antithesis ; the second, B, shuts them --Taku rakau mei apitia ;
causes a synthesis. Now, look upon the side of a Mei ia tauae te vaka ē!
child's face, and you see a B formed by the closed Tavai te ruē !
lips; not, however, the well-roundod letter of To whom do these guns spiak?
modern typography—this belongs to a high degroo
of art,—but a slender form, such as may be seen on
old gravestones, or in copies of old Greek and Italian
inscriptions. The Phænician and old Hebrew shapes
are still nearer the scrawl which children make in The canoe is upsetting!
their first attempts at writing. Let us see now what Right her.
tlar chuld can say with these two vocables, keeping in Chorus.
mind that m and p are merely modifications of B, Tavai te ruē!
both in speaking and writing. Long ago, in the
East, it learnt to namo its father ab and its mother
These are probably the oldest words in human
speech. They are monosyllables, the natural result
of a child's capacity of articulation, an historical Ko vaka, o taurekareka, o pai taia.
necessity. Names of the objects nearest and dearest
to it are the child's first words. But these oneSteady her-all of you,
syllable names are soon doubled--they become abba, Our noble ship is afloat.
or papa, and amma, or mama. As a sacred name Chorus.
applied to the Supreme Being, abba has its historical Aea, e pai ē !
rise in Assyria. It travels westwards, and becomes Bravo, ship!
an epithet of ecclesiastical superiors. As baba it
passes to the Bishop of Alexandria; it comes to In examining the best charts of the Pacific, it is Rome in the form of papa, holy father. It is used puzzling to the novice to find that in very many by Jew and Gentile as a secular name for father. In instances two, three, or even four positions are given the Russian language, without an alphabet till late
in the ninth century of our era, it appears as baba, To the native mind there are two Tahitis, the Grenter and the Lesser, but means an old woman. In Spanish it is likewise united by a narrow isthmus. The latter is now cominonly koown as
baba, and signifies saliva, or slaver, such as issues