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twelfth chapters, were strongly connected with the six following; they, therefore as well as some parts of Daniel's visions which has peculiarly struck me, must be taken as a preface or introduction to them. The five preceding chapters in Revelations (4, 5, 6, 7, and 8,) are constituent parts, and greatly strengthen the whole prophecy, the seven seals, and four of the seven trumpets in the said chapters, as well as the three trumpets in the three after chapters being explained by the seven vials : that is, the seven seals are opened by the sounding of the seven trumpets, announcing the approach of the seven vials.
Let each of them be accurately examined and compared, both as Seals, T'RUMPETS, and VIALS.
The seventh chapter is evidently a restoration of the Jews, the four angels in the first verse, (let the verse be compared with the latter part of the 8th verse of the 8th chapter of Daniel, and remarks upon it) being the same as the four angels in the ninth chapter.
The nature of this work must cause it to be very desultorý, and cannot have that proper arrangement necessary in general publications; therefore every allowance must be made for method, style, order, &c. nor does the elucidator pretend to an elegant diction, or grammatical accuracy, he attempts to give the truth, and to tread in the steps of his Great Master, the Prophet of Nazareth.
An introduction was wrote soon after the manuscript of the six chapters was sent to Mr. Addington, which I had intended adding notes to as circumstances occurred, but upon reflection, I judged it right to throw them into their proper situations, as the work would read better, and be a more regular series; therefore copious explanatory annotations are given only to the six chapters.
A few of the latter remarks elucidating recent events, cannot but be very obvious to the intelligent examiner. The accurate reader will likewise see various words put in italics, or small and large capitals, he of course will make his own comments,
I would recommend the readers of this elucidation to have their Bibles open, and ready for inspection, when they are perusing it, as the explanations are sometimes so long and frequently for a single word, that it causes the text to be often broke into, and renders it more complex.
The connexion, the regular series, and the different visions must be accurately attended to through the whole of the elucidation.
I begin the introduction of the prophecies with the seventh chapter, and introduce them by a quotation from a valuable author.
The present kingdoms of Europe are unquestionably represented by the feet and toes of the great image which Nebuchadnezzar saw in his prophetical dream; and upon the feet of this image will the stone cut out of the mountain without hands, which represents the kingdom to be set up by Christ, and which, after dashing in pieces the whole image, will itself become a great mountain, filling the whole earth. From Daniel's interpretation of this vision it may be clearly inferred, that the forms of government, ecclesiastical and civil, which now subsist in Europe, must be dissolved; but that something very different from them, and greatly superior to them, more favourable to the virtue and happiness of mankind, will take place in their stead. That this is the meaning of the prophecy can hardly be doubted by any person who shall give the least attention to it. 'Dan. ii. 44. “ And in the days of those kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed : and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but shall break in pieces, and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever."
I have to request my readers would examine with care Nebuchadnezzar's dream, and Daniel's interpretation, that they may see " what shall be in the latter days," " what shall come to pass hereafter,” “ the great God shall make known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter.' Compare the 40th, 41st, 420, 43d, 44th, and 45th verses, with the seventh verse of the seventh chapter. All the passages declare it an IRON KINGDOM (or a kingdom strong as iron) “the iron mixed with the
miry clay, «
partly strong," “ partly broken." What an exact representation four of the six verses give us of a " mixed” monarchy. I leave the 45th verse for the Stone to tell, “ the stone cut out of the MOUNTAIN WITHOUT HANDS."
The strong figurative expressions in the fourtk chapter can only mean a very calamitous mental derangement; and the “ seven times passing over him," a particular period for that derangement's continuance, which “ seven times, I judge, means seven half years, or “ three years and a half,” or the malady to “ continue forty and two months.” My readers must make their own serious reflections when they peruse the 5th verse of the 13th chapter of Revelations.
DANIEL, CHAPTER VII.
VERSE 3. And four great beasts came up from the sea, divers one from the other.
In different situations, or differing from each other.
VERSE 4. The first was (or had been) like a lion, (courageous and magnanimous at the commencement of the French Revolution) and had eagles' wings. (Prussian Eagle). I beheld till the wings were plucked, (which means, I waited till an after period, for the wings being plucked ---now completely plucked) and it was lifted up from the earth, and made to stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.
Which expression means that he was roused from his lethargy, his courage and spirit returned, and that he had a heart to res ih croachments which were attempted to be made
Verse 5. And I beheld, another beast, a second like to a bear, (which is greedy and gluttonous Russia) and it raised itself upon one side, (that is, it roused itself, or was stirred up on one side of the globe), and it had three ribs (three sustaining, supporting, or strengthening powers, namely, Great Britain, Prussia, and Sweden, they are the three ribs or supporters; a very strong metaphorical expression) in the mouth of it, between the teeth of it, (held them fast), and they (the three foregoing powers) said thus unto it, Arise, devour inuch fesh.
The passage means that the bear held the three powers fast, or as a figure kept them between his teeth as long as his voracious appetite for gold should have a supply of the “ image with the mark, and the name upon it.”—(See the 13th chapter of Revelation). It is said six millions were sent him in the month of January, 1807, exclusive of “millions upon millions" at former periods. With this therefore “ arise and . devour much flesh. There has been a dread. ful devouring indeed. Who can doubt the accuracy of the elucidation of this verse.
VERSE 6. After this I beheld, and lo, another like a leopard, (which is the Emperor of Germany or Austria, for Germany has upwards of three hundred different sovereignties or spots, he therefore is spotted like a leopard) which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl ; the beast had also four heads; (the four wings and the four heads taken together mean the eight electors, represented by wings and heads as spiritual and temporal electors) and dominion was given to it.
The last clause of this verse, is a literal expression, for the Emperor fled from his capital,