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H.L.C.

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great vitality in preserving its unique identity, lan

guage, culture, and traditions; Whereas in his written legacy, Saint Stephen called for

tolerance and hospitality toward settlers migrating to

the land from other cultures; Whereas through the ensuing centuries other tribes and

ethnic and religious groups moved to Hungary and gained acceptance into the nation, enriching its herit

age; Whereas since the 16th century a vibrant Protestant

community has contributed to the vitality and diver

sity of the Hungarian nation; Whereas, particularly after their emancipation in the sec

ond half of the 19th century, Hungarians of the Jewish faith have made an enormous contribution to the economic, cultural, artistic, and scientific life of the Hungarian nation, contributing more than half of the

nation's Nobel Prize winners; Whereas the United States has benefitted immensely

from the hard work, dedication, scientific knowledge, and cultural gifts of hundreds of thousands of immi

grants from Hungary; and Whereas in this year Hungary also celebrates the 10th

anniversary of its first post-communist free and democratic elections, the first such elections within

the former Warsaw Pact: Now, therefore, be it 1 Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate 2 concurring), That the Congress3

(1) congratulates the Republic of Hungary, and 4 Hungarians everywhere, on the one thousandth anni

June 28, 2000 (11:08 AM)

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II.L.C.

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versary of the founding of the Kingdom of Hungary by Saint Stephen; and

(2) commends the Republic of Hungary for the great determination, skill, and sense of purpose it

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demonstrated in its recent transition to a democratic

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state dedicated to upholding universal rights and liberties, a free market economy, and integration into European and transatlantic institutions.

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June 28, 2000 (11:08 AM)

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CONCURRENT RESOLUTION Expressing the sense of the Congress that the Government

of the People's Republic of China should immediately release Rabiya Kadeer, her secretary, and her son, and permit them to move to the United States if they so desire.

Whereas Rabiya Kadeer, a prominent ethnic Uighur from the

Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of the
People's Republic of China, her secretary, and her son

were arrested on August 11, 1999, in the city of Urumqi; Whereas Rabiya Kadeer's arrest occurred outside the Yindu

Hotel in Urumqi as she was attempting to meet a group of congressional staff staying at the Yindu Hotel as part of an official visit to China organized under the auspices of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Pro

gram of the United States Information Agency; Whereas Rabiya Kadeer's husband Sidik Rouzi, who has lived

in the United States since 1996 and works for Radio

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Free Asia, has been critical of the policies of the People's

Republic of China toward Uighurs in Xinjiang; Whereas Rabiya Kadeer was sentenced on March 10 to 8

years in prison “with deprivation of political rights for two years” for the crime of “illegally giving state information across the border";

Whereas the Urumqi Evening Paper of March 12 reported

Rabiya Kadeer's case as follows: "The court investigated the following: The defendant Rabiya Kadeer, following the request of her husband, Sidik Haji, who has settled in America, indirectly bought a collection of the Kashgar Paper dated from 1995–1998, 27 months, and some copies of the Xinjiang Legal Paper and on 17 June 1999 sent them by post to Sidik Haji. These were found by the customs. During July and August 1999 defendant Rabiya Kadeer gave copies of the Ni Paper and Ili Evening Paper collected by others to Mohammed Hashem to keep. Defendant Rabiya Kadeer sent these to Sidik Haji. Some of these papers contained the speeches of leaders of different levels; speeches about the strength of rectification of public safety, news of political legal organisations striking against national separatists and terrorist activities etc. The papers sent were marked and folded at relevant articles. As well as this, on 11 August that year, defendant Rabiya Kadeer, following her husband's phone commands, took a previously prepared list of people who had been handled by judicial organisations, with her to Kumush Astana Hotel [Yingdu Hotel] where she was to meet a foreigner";

Whereas reports indicate that Ablikim Abdyirim was sent to

a labor camp on November 26 for 2 years without trial for "supporting Uighur separatism,"

separatism," and Rabiya 3 Kadeer's secretary was recently sentenced to 3 years in

a labor camp; Whereas Rabiya Kadeer has 5 children, 3 sisters, and a

brother living in the United States, in addition to her husband, and Kadeer has expressed a desire to move to the United States;

Whereas the People's Republic of China stripped Rabiya

Kadeer of her passport long before her arrest; Whereas reports indicate that Kadeer's health may be at risk; Whereas the People's Republic of China signed the Inter

national Covenant on Civil and Political Rights on Octo

ber 5, 1998; Whereas that Covenant requires signatory countries to guar

antee their citizens the right to legal recourse when their rights bave been violated, the right to liberty and freedom of movement, the right to presumption of innocence until guilt is proven, the right to appeal a conviction, freedom of thought, conscience, and religion, freedom of opinion

and expression, and freedom of assembly and association; Whereas that Covenant forbids torture, inhuman or degrad

ing treatment, and arbitrary arrest and detention; Whereas the first Optional Protocol to the International Cov

enant on Civil and Political Rights enables the Human Rights Committee, set up under that Covenant, to receive and consider communications from individuals claiming to be victims of violations of any of the rights set forth in the Covenant; and

Whereas in signing that Covenant on behalf of the People's

Republic of China, Ambassador Qin Huasun, Permanent
Representative of the People's Republic of China to the
United Nations, said the following: “To realize human

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