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Reserved unto fire against the day of judgment. 2 Pet. iü. 7. The day of the Lord will come as a thiet in the night. 2 Pet.

iii. 10. The angels which kept not their first estate, he hath reserved

unto the judgment of the great day.-Even as Sodom and Gomorrah are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Jude 6, 7.

The New Testament also contains many figurative descriptions of this awful day. Every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down,

and cast into the fire. Matt. jii. 10. Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor,

&c. Matt. iii. 12. The tares and the reapers. Matt. xiii. 30. 39. The net which gathereth both good and bad. Matt. xüi. 47, 48. The evil servant's portion. Matt. xxiv. 47–51. The wise and foolish virgins. Matt. xxv. 10. The talents. Matt. xxv. 19-21. The shepherd dividing the sheep from the goats. Matt. XXV.

31-33. The rich man and Lazarus. Luke xvi. 19—31. As it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be in the days of the

Son of man. Luke xvii. 26. Matt. xxiv. 37. 39.

Who is to be the Judge ?

The Lord Jesus Christ. When God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ.

Rom. ii. 16. We shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ. Rom.

xiv.9, 10. 2 Cor. v. 10. The Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and dead.

2 Tim. iv. 1. Why does he assume this office ?

1. Because he is a partaker of the nature of those who are to stand at his tribunal. And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because

he is the Son of man. John v. 27. 2. Because the Father hath appointed him. The Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment

unto the Son. John v. 22. Ordained of God to be the judge of quick and dead. Acts x. 4%. He hath appointed a day in the whích he will judge the world

in righteousness, by that man whom he hath ordained. Acts xvii. 31. His coming is described in the most impressive manner. The Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father, with bis

angels. Matt. xvi. 27. They shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven,

in his own glory, and in his Father s, and of the holy angels. Matt. xxiv, 30; xxvi. 64. Mark viii. 38. Luke ix. 2ố.

This Jesus shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him

go into heaven. Acts i. 11. The Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with

the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God.

1 Thess. iv. 16. The Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty

angels, in flaming fire. 2 Thess. i. 7—10. Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him.

Rev. i. 7. The heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements

shall melt with fervent heat: the earth also, and the works that are therein, shall be burned up. 2 Pet. iii. 10-13. The angel which í saw stand upon the sea, and upon the earth,

lifted up his hand to heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, that there should be time no longer. Rev. X. 5, 6.

Before this solemn tribunal there will be a general appearance of all the sons of Adam. Before him shall be gathered all nations, &c. Matt. xxv. 32. 46. Then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his

elect, from the four winds, &c. Mark xiii. 27. All that are in the grave shall hear his voice, and shall come

forth. John v. 28, 29. I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God. Rev. IX. 12. The sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them. Rev. xx. 13.

All shall then be judged. The Lord Jesus Christ-shall judge the quick and the dead at

his appearing. 2 Tim. iv. 1. Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick

and the dead. 1 Pet. iv. 5. Concerning what shall we be judged ?

1. Men will have to give an account of all their thoughts. The thought of foolishness is sin. Prov. xxiv. 9. A book of remembrance was written before him, for them that

thought upon his name. Mal. iii. 16. Repent, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart

may be forgiven thee. Acts viii. 22. Inordinate affection, evil concupiscence ;-for which things'

sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobe dience. Col. iii. 5, 6. 2. Of their words. Your words have been stout against me, saith the Lord. Mal.

iii. 13. Every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account

thereof in the day of judgment. For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.

Matt. xii. 36, 37,
To convince all that are ungodly, of all their hard speeches,

which they have spoken against him. Jude 15.
3. And of their actions.

God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret

thing. Eccl. xii. 14. He shall reward every man according to his works. Matt. xvi. 27. I was an hungered, and ye gave me meat, &c. Matt. xxv. 35. Who will render to every man according to his deeds. Rom.

ii. 6. To convince all that are ungodly of all their ungodly deeds

which they have ungodly committed. Jude 15. And the dead were judged,-according to their works. Rev.

xx. 12. They were judged every man according to their works. Rev.

xx. 13. Men will have to answer for sins of omission, as well as those of commission. The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that

forget God. Ps. ix. 17. I was an hungered, and ye gave me no meat, &c. Matt. xxv. 42. The servant that knew his master's will, and did it not, shall be

beaten with many stripes. Luke xii. 47. Be not deceived, &c. He that soweth to the flesh, shall of the

flesh reap corruption, &c. Gal. vi. 7, 8. To him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is

sin. James iv, 17. How will men be judged ?

1. By the law of God. The word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in tho

last day. John xii. 48. As many as have sinned in the law, shall be judged by the law.

Rom. ii, 12. Another book was opened, which is the book of life : and the

dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books. Rev. xx. 12. Mere profession will not do in that day: it will be in vain to urge, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name ? &c. Matt. vii.

21–23. Luke xiii. 25—30. Righteous judgment will be pronounced on all. They shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame

and everlasting contempt, &c. Dan. xii. 2, 3, They shall come forth, they that have done good, unto the re

surrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the

resurrection of damnation. John v. 28, 29. What will be the sentence and condition of the righteous ? Ye which have followed me in the regeneration shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. Matt.

xix. 28. Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared

for you from the foundation of the world. Matt. xxv. 34. We shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. 1 John

They sung a new song, saying,—Thou hast redeemed us, and

made us to our God, kings and priests. Rev. v. 9, 10. These are they which came out of great tribulation, &c. There

fore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his terople, &c. Rev. vii. 14. 17. They sing the song of Moses, and the song of the Lamb. Rev.

xv. 3. I saw the souls of them which had not worshipped the beast,

&c., and they lived and reigned with Christ. Rev. XX. 4. What will be the sentence and condition of the wicked ? Their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. Isa. lxvi.

24. Mark ix. 44. The children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer dark

ness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Matt.

viii. 12. And shall cast them into a furnace of fire; there shall be

wailing and gnashing of teeth. Matt. xiii. 42. 50. The man without a wedding garment was cast into outer dark

ness, &c. Matt. xxii. 13. And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with

the hypocrites, &c. Matt. xxiv. 51. Cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness, &c. Matt.

xxv. 30. Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire. Matt. xxv. 41. Treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath.

Rom. ii. 5. Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the

presence of the Lord. 2 Thess. i. 8, 9. And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us

from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the

wrath of the Lamb. Rev. vi. 16. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone, &c. Rev. xiv.

10, 11. Shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and

brimstone; which is the second death. Rev. xxi. 8. How fearful and how inevitable ! They shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of

the earth, for fear of the Lord. Isa. ii. 19. They shall say to the mountains, Cover us! and to the hills,

Fall on us! Hos. x. 8. Can thine heart endure, or can thy hands be strong in the days

that I shall deal with thee? Ezek. xxii. 14. Who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings? Isa.

xxxiii. 14. There are only two descriptions of persons in the world, the righteous and the wicked ;-you have heard the end of both. Choose you now whom you will serve. would die the death of the righteous, prepare for it, by living his life.

Remember, that he who will be your Judge, is the same Saviour who is now your Mediator. Make him your

If you

friend, and you will have nothing to fear. Let the terrors of that awful day, which will surely come, and may surprise you suddenly, induce you to begin in earnest, to prepare to meet your God. When Paul reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled. Acts xxiv. 25. Do you tremble? If you do, check not the salutary fear; do not, like Felix, put off the consideration of those important matters to a more convenient opportunity, which in your case, as in his, may never arrive. Delay not an hour to listen to the voice of wisdom, lest your angry and insulted Judge address you in that bitter reproach,Because I have called, and ye have refused, &c. Prov. i. 24. 31.

Seek now for pardon and acceptance, that it may be well with you in that day:Pray that you may be made meet to be partakers of the inherit

ance of the saints in light. Col. i. 12. Give diligence to make your calling and election sure. 2 Pet.

i. 10, That so an entrance may be administered unto you abundantly

into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus

Christ. 2 Pet. i. 11. Collect, 1st Sunday in Advent.Grant that when he shall

come in his glorious majesty to judge both the quick and dead, we may rise to the life immortal. 3d Sunday in Advent.-Grant that at thy second coming to judge the world, we may be found an acceptable people in

thy sight. 6th Sunday after Epiphany.Grant that when he shall ap

pear with power and great glory, we may be made like unto him.


$ 6. ON THE HOLY GHOST. What is the next article in the Creed?

" I believe in the Holy Ghost." What is meant by the Holy Ghost ?

Ghost is the same as Spirit. The Holy Ghost, or Holy Spirit, is the Third Person in the Godhead, the Lord and Giver of Life, proceeding from the Father and the Son: He is uncreated, subsisting of himself, which can be said of none but God, and with the Father and the Son togegether is worshipped and glorified.' God is a Spirit. John iv. 24.

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