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CX. 4.

God. He only could offer an acceptable sacrifice, and
appease his Father's wrath.
Thou art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchizedec. Ps.
Christ hath given himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to

God. Eph. v. 2.
This priest was made with an oath. Heb. vii. 21.
Who needeth not daily—to offer up sacrifice for this he did

once, when he offered up himself. Heb. vii. 27. Every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices, where

fore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. Heb. viii, 3. Kings were anointed. Saul, 1 Sam. xv. 1.

Hazael, 1 Kings xhx. 15. David, 1 Sam. xvi. 12.

Jehu, 1 Kings xix. 16. Christ is described as a King. We are by nature enslaved to our spiritual enemies; but Christ has become our King to deliver us from them, and to reign over our hearts by his grace. He furnishes us with strength to conquer our enemies, and to live a holy life. His is a spiritual and eternal, not a worldly kingdom. Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion. Ps. ii. 6. The Prince of Peace-upon the throne of David, and upon his

kingdom, to order it and to establish it. Isa. ix. 6,7.
Behold, thy King cometh unto thee. Matt. xxi. 5.
This is Jesus, the King of the Jews. Matt. xxvii. 37.
The Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father

David : and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever.

Luke i. 32, 33.
King of kings, and Lord of lords. Rev. xix. 16.

Offend not then his majesty, and slight not his love ; but receive the Christ of God in his various characters, as your Prophet, your Priest, and your King. Come to him, and let him, as a Priest, wash you from your sins by the blood of sprinkling, and apply his atonement to your

soul. Let him, as a Prophet, teach you the things which belong to your peace, and instruct you in all spiritual knowledge. Let him, as your King, reign without a rival in your heart, and bring not only every action and word, but even every thought, into subjection to him. What were the circumstances attending our Saviour's incar.

nation? He " was conceived by the Holy Ghost: born of the Virgin Mary.” He had no earthly father as other chil. dren have ; Joseph was only his supposed parent. Luke

iii. 23.

This wonderful event was foretold many ages before by Isaiah the prophet. A virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son. Isa.

vii. 14. Matt. i. 23. It was announced to Mary herself by an angel. The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, &c. Luke i. 35. When does our Church celebrate the Nativity of Jesus Christ?

At the season called Christmas.

This holy festival should be set apart for devout thankfulness, and the promotion of those religious feelings which would prevent our affronting God by the abuse of his mercies. What does the Creed further teach us to believe concerning

Jesus Christ? That he “suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried."

Jesus suffered without the gate. Heb. xiii. 12.
Who was Pontius Pilate?

The Roman governor of Judea. Luke iii. 1. He is mentioned, to show that at the time of our Saviour's birth, the supreme government was departed from the Jews, as had been foretold in Gen. xlix. 10. If our Saviour was both God and man, in which nature did

he suffer? In his human nature only : his divine nature could not be subject to pain.

Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh. 1 Pet. iv. 1. How did he suffer?

In his body and in his soul--poverty and privation ; hunger, and thirst, and fatigue; pain, and desertion, and shame, and death : all the horrors and sufferings of which human nature is capable; all that malice could invent, or cruelty inflict. He was man of sorrows from the cradle to the grave. He was born in a stable, laid in a manger, banished from his country while a child, spent his youth in the occupation of a carpenter, was without a home in his manhood, was tempted of the devil in the wilderness, and persecuted and derided by men during his ministry. He was betrayed by Judas, one of his own disciples; forsaken by the rest of his followers; denied by Peter with oaths ; taken by the soldiers in the garden of Gethsemane ;

He was

led bound to Annas, and thence to the palace of Caiaphas the high priest; thence taken to Pilate's judgment-hall, when false witnesses testified against him, and he was unjustly condemned. He was scourged, crowned with thorns, buffeted, clothed in purple, and had a reed put into his hand; the knee was bowed to him in derision, and he was hailed as “ King of the Jews,” in bitter mockery. He was stripped of his garments, and there was none to pity; (Ps. lxix. 20 ;) though Pilate presented him before his murderers in the extremity of his humiliation, and said, “Behold the man!” he was led away to Golgotha, bearing his cross, till he fainted under the load. crucified. He endured a punishment considered by the Romans so degrading that it was never inflicted on freemen, but only on the vilest slaves. He was stripped naked, his arms extended, his hands and feet pierced and nailed fast to the cruel tree; and thus was he lifted up between two thieves, a spectacle to men and angels. His whole body was so dislocated, that all the bones were out of joint; (Ps. xxii. 17 ;) and in this deplorable state his life-blood ebbed slowly away, amidst the revilings of the beholders, and even of his fellow sufferers; till he cried with a loud voice, “ It is finished, and gave up the ghost." Though he was

rich, yet

for your sakes he became poor, that ye, And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was

afterwards an hungered. Matt. ív. 2. Jesus saith, I thirst. John xix. 28. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the

well. John iv. 6. All they that see me, laugh me to scorn; they shoot out the lip,

they shake the head. Ps. xxii. 7; see also verses 12–18. He is despised and rejected of men. Isa. liii. 3. And they found Mary and Joseph, and the babe lying in a

manger. Luke ii. 16. Flee into Egypt, for Herod will seek the young child to destroy

him. Matt. ii. 13. Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary? Mark vi. 3. The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but

the Son of man hath not where to lay his head. Matt. viii. 20. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be

tempted of the devil. Matt. iv. 1. The Son of man came ealing and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous and a wine-bibber, a friend of publi

cans and sinners. Mark xi. 19. Matt. xxvii. Mark xv. Luke xxiii. and John xix. contain an

account of his crucifixion, and the circumstances attending it.

Nor were outward and bodily afflictions the whole, or even the chief part of his sufferings. His soul was deeply acquainted with grief, and he agonized under the extremity of spiritual distress. If the anguish of soul endured by one convinced sinner be so great, what bounds can we imagine to his grief when the hand of God was pressing on him for the sin of millions ! My heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.

Ps. xxii. 14. He began to be sorrowful and very heavy. Matt. xxvi. 37. My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death. Matt. xxvi.

38. My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me. Matt. xxvii. 46. He began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy. Mark xiv. 33. His sweat was as it were great drops of blood. Luke xxii. 44.

Well might he address ungrateful sinners in the language which Jeremiah has put into the mouth of Jerusalem. Is it nothing to you all, ye that pass by? Behold and see if

there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow. Lam. i. 12. The sufferings of Christ were perfectly voluntary. He could have had at any moment twelve legions of angels, amounting to 600,000, to his assistance; and one of those mighty beings was sufficient to destroy all the immense army of Sennacherib. But he so loved men, as to place himself for their sakes under the wrath of God; and suffered willingly, because he had pledged himself as our surety; that by his stripes we might be healed.

Do not say, like the Scribes and Pharisees, (Matt. xxiii. 30,) “If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in his blood.” Every time we sin we are sharers in their guilt, for we “crucify the Son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame." Heb. vi. 6. What assurances have we that Christ really was dead ? for

bodily death is part of the punishment of sin. Jesus-gave up the ghost. Mark xv. 37. Having said thus, he gave up the ghost. Luke xxiii. 46. I lay (my life] down of myself. John X. 18. One of the soldiers pierced his side, and forthwith came there

out blood and water. John xix. 34. Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us. 1 Cor. v. 7. Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures:-was bu.

ried and rose again the third day, according to the Scriptures.

1 Cor. xv. 3, 4. Our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us. 1 Thess, v. 9, 10,

What happened at the time?

Various prodigies and signs took place. Mátt. xxvii. 51-54. When does our Church commemorate the Crucifixion ?

On Good Friday.

How solemn a season ought this to be with us! How deeply should we mourn those sins which crucified our Lord ! Why did Christ suffer? [See note on the forgiveness of

sins.] To put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. He hath made him to be sin for us who knew no sin, that we

might be made the righteousness of God in him. 2 Ćor. v. 21. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made.

a curse for us. Gal. iii. 13. The Scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by

faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. Gal. iii. 22. They that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections

and lusts. Gal. v. 24. Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I

unto the world. Gal. vi. 14. Blotting out the hand-writing, &c.-nailing it to his cross. Col. Christ hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that

he might bring us to God. 1 Pet. iii. 18. Mention some of the principal types of this offering up of

our Lord Jesus. The offering up of Isaac, Gen. xxii, compared with Rom.

viii. 32. The Paschal Lamb, Exod. xii, compared with John i. 29, and

1 Cor. v. 7. The Brazen Serpent, Num. xxi. 7.9, compared with Isa. xlv.

22, and John iii. 14, 15. What became of the body of Jesus after he was dead?

It was buried honourably by night, by Joseph of Arima. thea, who begged it of Pilate. Matt. xxvii. 57—60. Nicodemus also assisted at the interment. John xix. 39, 40. He made his grave with the rich. Isa. liii.

9. Those who were crucified by the Romans were generally exposed to the fowls of the air ; and a guard was set to prevent pitying friends from burying their bodies. Matt. xxvii. 65, 66. What next do we believe respecting Jesus Christ ?

That “ he descended into hell."
Hell, les, has various significations in the Scriptures.

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