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will bring you step by step to break through all restraints, till at length you will not hesitate to take away even the life of a fellow creature. Indeed quarrelsome, envious, revengeful, unkind thoughts, are themselves murder in the sight of God. O how careful ought you to be to cherish a kind, affectionate, and forgiving disposition; and how ought you to dread giving way in the least degree to anger, envy, or an uncharitable spirit. Drunkenness also frequently leads on to murder. Men are usually quarrelsome when they are intoxicated, and commit acts which the whole world could not have persuaded them to do, when in their sober senses. O be sure you shun those wicked practices, which have ruined the souls and bodies of so many, and which may betray you into crimes from which you now shrink with abhorrence.
And if it be so shocking a thing to become the murderer of the body, how much more wicked must he be who deliberately murders the souls of his fellow creatures! Take care what sort of an example you set to those around you. By setting a bad one you may become a murderer. Take care what sort of advice you give your companions. Giving them bad advice may make you the murderer of their souls! Do not dare to deride or laugh at religion in any person, nor attempt in any way to cause him to forsake God. Such conduct is murder, and he who thus endeavours to destroy his brother's soul is a murderer.
As you would wish not to become a murderer, or the victim of a murderer, shun the company of disorderly and dissipated persons; as well as that of angry and furious
Make no friendship with an angry man, and with a furious man thou shalt not go: lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul. Prov. xxii. 24, 25.
Litany. From battle and murder, and from sudden death; -from envy, hatred, and malice, and all uncharitableness, good Lord deliver us.
Quinquagesima Sunday.-O Lord, who hast taught us that all our doings, without charity, are nothing worth; send thy Holy Ghost, and pour into our hearts that most excellent gift of charity, the very bond of peace and of all virtues, without which whosoever liveth is counted dead before thee.
ON THE COMMANDMENTS.
WHAT is the seventh Commandment?
The sixth commandment defends from bloody rage and revenge; the seventh from impure lusts. A depraved appetite can find no sweetness but in what is forbidden. What is forbidden in this Commandment?
1. Not only the outward act of adultery is forbidden, but all impure desires, words, and actions. This sin is called Adultery, when one or both of the parties are married: and Fornication, when both are unmarried.
I made a covenant with mine eyes. Job xxxi. 1.
To deliver thee from the strange woman; for her house inclineth unto death. Prov. ii. 16. 18.
To keep thee from the evil woman; for by means of a whorish woman a man is brought to a piece of bread. Prov. vi. 24. 26. Whoso committeth adultery with a woman lacketh understand
ing; he that doeth it destroyeth his own soul. Prov. vi. 32. Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath commit
ted adultery with her already in his heart. Matt. v. 28. If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy:
for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are. 1 Cor. iii. 17.
Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, &c. shall inherit the kingdom of God. 1 Cor. vi. 9. 18.
The works of the flesh are manifest, which are these, adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, &c. they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. Gal. v. 19. Let no corrupt communications proceed out of your mouth.
Eph. iv. 29.
Fornication and all uncleanness, let it not be once named among you, neither filthiness, nor foolish talking-for this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. Eph. v. 4, 5.
Mortify, therefore, your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, and evil concupiscence for which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobedience. Col. iii. 5-8.
That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour; not in the lust of concupiscence. 1 Thess. iv. 4, 5.
Flee also youthful lusts. 2 Tim. ii. 22.
Whoremongers and adulterers God will judge. Heb. xiii. 4. I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. 1 Pet. ii. 11.
The Lord knoweth how to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: but chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness. 2 Pet. ii. 10.
The lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but of the world. 1 John ií. 16. The abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers-shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone. Rev. xxi. 8.
For without (out of the kingdom of heaven) are whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, &c. Rev. xxii. 15.
2. It forbids all immodest behaviour and dress, and lewd company.
The judgments of the Lord upon the daughters of Zion for their wantonness. Isa. iii. 16-24.
Wo to the women that hunt the souls of my people, &c. Ezek.
Evil communications corrupt good manners. 1 Cor. xv. 33. I will that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness, and sobriety. 1 Tim. ii. 8-10.
Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel; but let it be the hidden man of the heart, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. 1 Pet. iii. 3, 4.
3. It forbids all unchaste books: writing, publishing, selling, circulating, or reading them, and every thing which has a tendency to excite improper desires.
4. It forbids all gluttony and drunkenness.
When I had fed them to the full, then they committed adultery; they were as fed horses; every one neighed after his neighbour's wife. Shall I not visit for these things? Jer. v. 7-9. Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and drunkenness. Luke xxi. 34. The time past of our life may suffice us, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, &c. 1 Pet. iv. 3.
5. It forbids frequenting any place where we are likely to hear profane and loose conversation, because these things are calculated to excite impure thoughts, and to lead to improper conduct.
What is required in this commandment?
"To keep my body in temperance, soberness, and chastity."
Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness; not in chambering and wantonness; but put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lust thereof. Rom. xiii. 13, 14.
I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection. 1 Cor. ix. 27.
Let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit. 2 Cor. vii. 1.
Every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. James i. 14, 15. Remember what our Lord says, (Matt. v. 8,) “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God,"—therefore
Pray to God to cleanse the thoughts of your hearts, by the inspiration of his Holy Spirit,' and "to preserve you from evil thoughts, which assault and hurt the soul." Do not expose yourself to temptation by eating and drinking to excess, by indulging in idleness, or frequenting improper places of amusement, but keep under your body, and fly from the first approaches of sin. Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost? How, then, will you dare to pollute it by such abominations? Be like Joseph, and whenever temptation approaches, ask yourself,
How can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God? Gen. xxxix. 9. 11.
And pray that God may never deal with you as with the Gentiles, of whom the apostle Paul writes,
God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts-being filled with all unrighteousness, forni cation, wickedness, &c. Rom. i. 24--29.
Litany. From all inordinate and sinful desires, and from all the deceits of the world, the flesh, and the devil, good Lord, deliver us.
1st Sunday in Lent.-Give us grace to use such abstinence, that our flesh being subdued to the Spirit, we may ever obey thy godly motions in righteousness and true holiness. Purification.--That so we may be presented unto thee with pure and clean hearts, by the same thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
ON THE COMMANDMENTS.
$9. EIGHTH COMMANDMENT.
WHAT is the eighth Commandment?
What is forbidden in this commandment?
1. House-breaking, highway-robbery, actual theft, and all manner of fraud and injustice.
The following passages contain laws respecting the punishment of men for stealing. Exod. xxi. 16; xxii. 1—5. 7--13. Lev. vi. 1-7. Deut. xxiv. 7.
Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely. Lev. xix. 11. Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him. Lev. xix. 13.
Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment; in mete-yard, in weight, or in measure. Lev. xix. 35.
If thou sell aught unto thy neighbour, or buyest aught of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another. Lev.
It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer; but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth. Prov. xx. 14.
Bread of deceit is sweet to a man, but afterwards his mouth
Neither thieves, nor covetous, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 1 Cor. vi. 10.
We have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty. 2 Cor. iv. 2. That no man go beyond, and defraud his brother in any matter. 1 Thess. iv. 6.
2. Taking advantage of the ignorance of another, in buying and selling.
3. The use of false weights and measures in selling or buying.
Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have. Lev. xix. 26.
Thou shalt not have divers weights, or divers measures, a great and a small. But thou shalt have a perfect and a just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou have. For all that do such things, and all that do unrighteously, are an abomination unto the Lord thy God. Deut. xxv. 13-16. A false balance is abomination to the Lord: but a just weight
is his delight. Prov. xi. 1.
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the Lord. Prov. xx. 10.
4. Detaining from another his just due; or borrowing money without any hopes of repaying it.
The wicked borroweth and payeth not again. Ps. xxxvii. 21. 5. Receiving or concealing stolen goods, is a breach of this commandment.
6. A servant is guilty of theft, when he injures or wastes his master's property; or spends, in idleness, the time for which he is paid.
7. Persons break this commandment, when, by pretended sickness or want, they impose upon the parish for relief, or upon well-disposed persons for charity.
* See note at the end of the section, page 165.