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the second table, which teach us what is our duty towards our neighbour. Genuine piety is the surest spring of kind, dutiful, and benevolent feelings and actions towards our fellow creatures; and the performance of relative duties is the best trial of true godliness.
That he who loveth God, love his brother also. 1 John iv. 21. How many Commandments belong to the second table? The last six.
What in general is your duty towards your neighbour ? "To love him as myself, and to do to would
they should do unto me."
Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Lev. xix. 18. Matt.
All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them. Matt. vii. 12.
What is the fifth Commandment?
Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Surely we owe the utmost affection and attention to our parents, whom God has, by natural relationship, placed so immediately over us.
What does this commandment imply?
It includes the duty which we owe not only to our parents, but to all our superiors.
1. "To love, honour, and succour my father and mother."
He that smiteth or curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely
Ye shall fear every man his mother and his father. Lev. xix. 3.
put to death. Lev. xx. 9.
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father or his mother, all the men of his city shall stone him with stones that he die. Deut. xxi. 18-21.
Cursed be he that setteth light by father or mother. Deut. xxvii. 16.
My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother. Prov. i. 8, 9; vi. 20.
A fool despiseth his father's instruction. Prov. xv. 5.
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put
out in obscure darkness. Prov. xx. 20.
Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy
mother when she is old, &c. Prov. xxiii. 22-25.
The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it. Prov. xxx. 17.
God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother. Matt. xv. 4-6. Mark vii. 10. 12.
Honour thy father and thy mother. Matt. xix. 19. Luke xviii. 20. Honour thy father and mother, which is the first commandment
with promise. Eph. vi. 1, 2.
Children, obey your parents in all things; for this is well pleasing unto the Lord. Col. iii, 20.
We have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits and live? Heb. xii. 9.
How are you to discharge your duty in this respect ? 1. By obeying their commands.
2. By bearing with their infirmities.
3. By attending to their instructions. 4. By submitting to their correction. 5. By endeavouring to promote their comfort and welfare,
Scripture furnishes us with some striking proofs of filial affection, as well as with several base instances of unkindness and disobedience to parents, and the signal punishment by which God showed his hatred of such conduct. A curse was pronounced on Ham for exposing his father's weakness, and a blessing on Shem and Japheth, because Gen. ix. they refused to join in the contempt he showed. 22-25.
King Solomon's respectful conduct to his mother. 1 Kings ii. 19. A promise to the Rechabites for their obedience to their father, Jer. xxxv. 17-19.
Jesus came to Nazareth, and was subject to his parents. Luke ii. 51.
The affectionate attention of Jesus to his mother, while nailed upon the cross. John xix. 26, 27.
Disobedience to parents is mentioned by St. Paul as one of the worst instances of depravity.
In the last days perilous times shall come. disobedient to parents, &c. 2 Tim. iii. 1, 2.
For men shall be
2. We are to honour and obey the civil authority, by living quietly in obedience to the laws, and paying proper respect to rulers, magistrates, and other persons by whom this authority is exercised.
Thou shalt not curse the ruler of thy people. Exod. xxii. 28. According to the sentence of the law, thou shalt do. Deut.
By me kings reign, and princes decree justice. Prov. viii. 15. Jesus said, Render unto Cesar, the things which
Matt. xxii. 21. Mark xii. 17.
Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.
Whosoever, therefore, resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. Rom. xiii. 1, 2.
For, for this cause pay ye tribute also; for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. Rom, xiii, 6. Render, therefore, tribute to whom tribute is due; honour to
whom honour. Rom. xiii. 7.
I exhort that prayers be made for kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. 1 Tim. ií. 1, 2.
Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates. Tit. iii. 1.
Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake; whether it be to the king as supreme; or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him, &c. the will of God. 1 Pet, ii, 13-15.
For so is
Fear God. Honour the king. 1 Pet. ii. 17.
They are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. 2 Pet. ii. 10. These filthy dreamers despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. Jude 8.
3. "To submit myself to all my governors, teachers, spiritual pastors," i. e. ministers of God's word and ordi
Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. 1 Cor. iv. 1.
Receive him (Epaphroditus) therefore in the Lord with all
gladness; and hold such in reputation. Phil. ii. 29.
Know them which labour among you and are over you in the Lord and admonish you; and esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake. 1 Thess. v. 12, 13.
Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. 1 Tim. v. 17.
Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves; for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy. Heb. xiii. 7. 17.
Reverence them, as Joash, king of Israel, did the prophet Elisha, (2 Kings xiii. 14,) and as Elisha himself did his master Elijah, and especially if they can say of you as St. Paul could of the Corinthians, (1 Cor. iv. 15,) In Christ Jesus have I begotten you through the Gospel. When the Jews mocked the messengers of God, and despised his word, and misused his prophets, the wrath of the Lord arose against his people till there was no remedy. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 16.
He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God. 1 Thess. iv. 8. And our Lord says,
He that heareth you, heareth me; and he that despiseth you, despiseth me; and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me. Luke x. 16.
4. We are to submit ourselves to our "masters."
Servants owe very important duties to their masters; and every one who has an opportunity of choosing whom he will serve, should prefer such a one as fears God, and will be willing to promote the salvation of the souls of those who obey him. is hard work to keep religion alive, even with the greatest helps; and it is more especially hard, to swim against the stream of example and authority. But, however wicked and however harsh a master may be, it is a servant's duty to obey him in all things lawful, endeavouring to overcome his unkindness by meekness, patience, and respectful attention, and to give him a good opinion of religion by the propriety of his own behaviour under the greatest provocation. Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters-in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ. Eph. vi. 5, 6. Not with eye service, as men-pleasers and whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men. Col. iii. 22, 23.
Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour. 1 Tim. xi. 1, 2.
If any teach otherwise-he is proud, knowing nothing. 1 Tim.
vi. 3, 4.
Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again; not purfoining, but showing all good fidelity. Tit. ii. 9, 10. Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 1 Pet. ii. 18. Remember the blessing that Naaman received by means of a religious servant. 2 Kings v.
5. "To order myself lowly and reverently to all my betters."
Young persons ought to respect and honour the elder, and those in lower stations should behave respectfully to their superiors, not envying their apparent advantages, but considering, that in every state of life, there are inconve
niences unknown to others.
Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man. Lev. xix. 32.
Ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. 1 Pet. v. 5.
This commandment also includes the duty of superiors to inferiors, and parents are to discharge the duties they owe to their children, viz.
1. To bring them up carefully and religiously. Train up a child in the way he should go. Prov. xxii. 6. Bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Eph. vi. 4.
2. To encourage them when they do well. Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged. Col. iii. 21.
3. To correct them when they do amiss. Chasten thy son while there is hope. Prov. xix. 18. 4. To treat them with gentleness and love. Like as a father pitieth his children. Ps. ciii, 13.
I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him. Mal. iii. 17.
If your parents do not discharge their duty to you, are you therefore at liberty to neglect your duty to them? Certainly not.
What is the promise made to those who keep this Commandment?
That thy days may be long in the land, which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Honour thy father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise; that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest live long on the earth. Eph. vi. 2, 3.
It applies to the land of Canaan, and of course could be fulfilled literally in the case of the Jews only. Yet it marks the Lord's approbation of the conduct required by this commandment; for length of days was considered by the Israelites as the chief blessing. Let us also be obedient, and this promise shall be fulfilled towards us, if it be for our good. If it be denied us, it will be in mercy, and we shall receive an abundant compensation in being admitted into the heavenly Canaan, that better inheritance, where far greater and more durable joys await us, and where our abode shall no longer be measured by days, and months, and years, but shall extend throughout eternity.
We see, also, that government and subordination is God's ordinance. A proud, seditious conduct leads to contention and every evil work. People should not listen to men who rail against those in authority, and endeavour to set the hearts of subjects against their governors. The powers that be are ordained of God. Rulers are appointed to dispense justice by his authority; and insults levelled at them are offered to God himself, and will assuredly be avenged by him, either in this world, or at the day of judgment. Seditious persons are generally those who are restrained by no fear of God,-atheists and