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26 Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways be established. 27 Turn not to the right hand nor to the left: remove thy foot from evil. "Among the legal profession the dominant factors in the practice, and in the enforcement of the law are procedure, precedent and the technical construction of legal enactments.”—J. J. Johnson.

“The land of a Teutonic community is primarily the property of the community itself. It is folkland, ager publicus, the land of the people. But here, as every where else, private property in land gradually arose; that is, the community granted out parts of the common possession to its individual members. The pictures of Caesar and Tacitus show that, in the time between them, the institution of private property in land had already made some advances. When it has once begun, it is sure to advance. It would specially advance with every conquest; each man would claim to have his personal share of the soil which he had helped to win. Thus, alongside of the folkland; the land of community, grew up the private estate, the evel, odal or allod. This is land which is a man's very own, the gift of the community held according to the laws of the community. It is not the gift of this or that man, owing any service to this or that man. As the king's power grew, as he came to be looked on more and more as the repesentative of the community, the land of the community came step by step to be looked on as his land. In the six hundred years between the English conquest of Britain and the Norman conquest of England, the folkland, the ager publicus passed into terra regis, the land of the king.

"As the community could at all times grant away its own land, the doctrine gradually grew that the king, the head of the community, could grant it away also. In the first stage he granted it only with the assent of the community; in a later stage he came to dispense with that assent.

“Land thus booked, granted by a written document, to whom. ever the king would, but of course mainly to his personal followers, became bookland.

“The lord was the giver of bread to his man, and the land of the community was the noblest form of bread that he could give him. And, as things went on, he might sometimes grant him more than the land itself.

“The primitive community, great or small, from the township to the nation, had the rights of a community; it had judicial and administrative powers. From those powers it might be deemed a privilege for the royal grantee to be exempted. He might be clothed with exceptional judicial powers within his own lands; the next stage would be for those powers to spread themselves over the lands of his neighbors. The privileged landowner within a community might grow to be the lord of the community. The township might grow into the lordship; its free assembly might grow into the court of the lord; the land itself, so much of it as escaped the lord's clutches, might be declared to be held under the lord. In the fictions of lawyers things are commonly turned about. The exception is declared to be the rule, and the rule to be the exception.

"If the community contrives to save any fragments of its ancient rights from the grasp of the lord, those fragments are at last judicially declared to be held only by the lord's grant. If no grant can be found in real history, legal ingenuity will be ready to assume one." Ency. Brit. 9th Ed., Vol. 8, page 275. When the Tribes are known, we shall be better prepared to select Judges.


REV. VII:1-12—A. D. 96

8 Of the tribe of Zebulun were

sealed twelve thousand. Of the * 1 And after these things I saw tribe of Joseph were sealed twelve four angels standing on the four thousand. Of the tribe of Benjacorners of the earth, holding the min were sealed twelve thousand. four winds of the earth, that the

9 After this I beheld, and, lo, a wind should not blow on the earth,

great multitude, which no man nor on the sea, nor on any tree.

could number, of all nations, and 2 And I saw another angel as- kindreds, and people, and tongues, cending from the east, having the stood before the throne, and beseal of the living God: and he fore the Lamb, clothed with white cried with a loud voice to the four robes, and palms in their hands; angels, to whom it was given to

10 And cried with a loud voice, hurt the earth and the sea,

saying, Salvation to God 3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, which sitteth upon the throne, and neither the sea, nor the trees, till unto the Lamb. we have sealed the servants of our

11 And all the angels stood God in their foreheads.

round about the throne, and about 4 And I heard the number of the elders and the four beasts, and them which were sealed: and there fell before the throne on their were sealed an hundred and forty faces, and worshipped God. and four thousand of all the tribes of the Children of Israel.

12 Saying, Amen: Blessing, and 5 Of the tribe of Judah were

glory, and wisdom, and thankssealed twelve thousand. Of the giving, and honour, and power,

and might, be unto our God for tribe of Reuben were sealed twelve

ever and ever. Amen. thousand. Of the tribe of Gad were sealed twelve thousand.

6 Of the tribe of Aser were REV. XIV:1-5—A. D. 96 sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Nephthalim were sealed

1 And I looked, and, lo, twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Lamb stood on the mount Sion. Manasses were sealed twelve thou- and with him an hundred forty sand.

and four thousand, having his 7 Of the tribe of Simeon

Father's name written in their sealed twelve thousand.

Of the foreheads. tribe of Levi were sealed twelve 2 And I heard a voice from thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar heaven, as the voice of many watwere sealed twelve thousand. ers, and as the voice of a great *Rev. 7:1-8—Dan's name does not appear in the one hundred and forty-four thousand that are sealed in their foreheads.


thunder: and I heard the voice 5 And in cutting of stones to of harpers harping with their set them, and in carving of timber, harps:

to work in all manner of work3 And they sung as it were a


* 6 And I, behold, I have given new song before the throne, and

with him Aholiab the son of Ahisbefore the four beasts and the elders: and no man could learn amach, o fthe tribe of Dan; and in

the hearts of all that are wisethat song but the hundred and hearted I have put wisdom; that forty and four thousand which they may make all that I have were redeemed from the earth.

commanded thee; 4 These are they which were not

7 The tabernacle of the congredefiled with women; for they are gation, and the ark of the testivirgins. These are they which fol- mony, and the mercy-seat that is low the Lamb withersoever he thereupon, and all the furniture of goeth. These were redemeed from the tabernacle,

8 And the table and his furniamong men, being the firstfruits

ture, and the pure candlestick with unto God and to the Lamb.

all his furniture, and the altar of 5 And in their mouth was found incense, no guile: for they are without 9 And the altar of burnt-offerfault before the throne of God. ing with all his furniture, and the

laver and his foot, EXOD. XXXI:1-11-B. C. 1491 10 And the cloths of service 1 And the LORD spake unto the priest, and the garments of

and the holy garments for Aaron Moses, saying,

his sons, to minister in the priest's 2 See, I have called by name office, Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son

11 And the anointing oil, and of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:

sweet incense for the holy place : 3 And I have filled him with the manded thee shall they do.

according to all that I have comspirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, EXOD. XXXV:30-35_B. C. 1491 and in all manner of workman

30 | And Moses said unto the ship,

children of Israel, See, the LORD 4 To devise cunning works, to hath called by name Bezaleel, the work in gold, and in silver, and in son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the brass,

tribe of Judah; *When the Tribes are known we shall be better prepared to select Judges.

31 And he hath filled him with the land: who when they came to the spirit of God, in wisdom, in mount Ephraim, to the house of understanding, and in knowledge, Micah, they lodged there. and in all manner of workinan

3 When they were by the house ship;

of Micah, they knew the voice of 32 And to devise curious works, the young man the Levite: and to work in gold, and in silver, and they turned in thither, and said in brass,

unto him, Who brought thee hith33 And in the cutting of stones, er? and what makest thou in this to set them, and in carving of place? and what hast thou here? wood, to make any manner of

4 And he said unto them, Thus cunning work.

and thus dealeth Micah with me, 34 And he hath put in his heart and hath hired me, and I am his that he may teach, both he, and

priest. Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach,

5 And they said unto him, Ask of the tribe of Dan.

counsel, we pray thee, of God, that 35 Them hath he filled with we may know whether our way wisdom of heart, to work all man- which we go shall be prosperous. ner of work, of the engraver, and

6 And the priest said unto them, of the cunning workman, and of Go in peace: before the LORD is the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine your way wherein ye go. ,

7 Then the five men departed, linen, and of the weaver, even of and came to Laish, and saw the them that do any work, and of people that were therein, how they those that devise cunning work. dwelt careless, after the manner

of the Zidonians, quiet and secure; JUDGES XVIII:1-31

and there was no magistrate in the B. C. 1406

land, that might put them to 1 In those days there was no shame in any thing; and they were king in Israel: and in those days far from the Zidonians, and had the tribe of the Danites sought nc business with any man. them an inheritance to dwell in; 8 And they came unto their for unto that day all their inher- brethren to Zorah and Eshtaol; itance had not fallen unto them and their brethren said unto them. among the tribes of Israel.

What say ye? 2 And the children of Dan sent 9 And they said, Arise, that we of their family five men from may go up against them: for we their coasts, men of valour, from have seen the land, and, behold, Zorah, and from Eshtaol, to spy it is very good; and are ye still? out the land, and to search it; and be not slothful to go, and to enter they said unto them, Go, search to possess the land.

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