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But not express'd in fancy: rich, not gaudy: As to give words or talk with the lord Hamlet For the apparel oft proclaims the man ;

Look to't, I charge you ; come your ways. And they in France, of the best rank and station, Oph. I shall obey, my lord.

(Exeunt. Are most select and generous, chief in that. Neither a borrower, nor a lender be:

SCENE IV. - The Platform.
For loan oft loses both itself and friend;
And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.

Enter HAMLET, HORATIO, and MARCELLUS. This above all, - To thine ownself be true;

Ham. The air bites shrewdly; it is very cold. And it must follow, as the night the day,

Hor. It is a nipping and Thou canst not then be false to any man.

Ham. What hour now? Farewell ; my blessing season this in thee !


I think, it lacks of twelve. Laer. Most humbly

do I take my leave, my lord. Mar. No, it is struck. Pol. The time invites you ; go, your servants tend. Hor. Indeed ? I heard it not ; it then draws near Laer. Farewell, Ophelia : and remember well

the season, What I have said to you.

Wherein the spirit held his wont to walk. Oph. 'Tis in my memory lock'd,

(A flourish of trumpets, and ordnance shot And you yourself shall keep the key of it.

off, within. Laer. Farewell.

[Erit LAERTES. What does this mean, my lord ? Pol. What is't, Ophelia, he hath said to you? Ham. The king doth wake to-night, and takes Oph. So please you, something touching the lord Hamlet.

Keeps wassel, and the swaggering up-spring reels ; Pol. Marry, well bethought :

And, as he drains his draughts of Rhenish down, 'Tis told me, he hath very oft of late

The kettle-drum and trumpet thus bray out
Given private time to you: and you yourself The triumph of his pledge.
Have of your audience been most free and boun- Hor.

Is it a custoin?

Hum. Ay, marry, is't: If it be so, (as so 'tis put on me,

But to my mind, though I am native here, And that in way of caution,) I must tell you, And to the manner born, -it is a custom You do not understand yourself so clearly,

More honour'd in the breach, than the observance. As it behoves my daughter, and your honour: This heavy-headed revel, east and west, What is between you ? give me up the truth. Makes us traduc'd, and tax'd of other nations : Oph. He hath, my lord, of late, made many They clepe us, drunkards, and with swinish phrase tenders

Soil our addition; and, indeed, it takes Of his affection to me.

From our achievements, though perform'd at height, Pol. Affection ? puh! you speak like a green girl, The pith and marrow of our attribute. Unsifted in such perilous circumstance.

So, oft it chances in particular men, Do you believe his tenders, as you call them? That for some vicious mole of nature in them,

Oph. I do not know, my lord, what I should think. As, in their birth, (wherein they are not guilty, Pol Marry, I'll teach you: think yourself a Since nature cannot choose his origin,)

By the o'ergrowth of some complexion, That you have ta’en these tenders for true pay, Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason ; Which are not sterling. Tender yourself more Or by some habit, that too much o’er-leavens dearly;

The form of plausive manners ; - that these men, Or, (not to crack the wind of the poor phrase, Carrying, I say, the stamp of one defect; Wronging it thus,) you'll tender me a fool. Being nature's livery, or fortune's star,

Oph. My lord, he hath importun'd me with love, Their virtues else (be they as pure as grace, In honourable fashion.

As infinite as man may undergo,) Pol. Ay, fashion you may call it ; go to, go to. Shall in the general censure take corruption Oph. And hath given countenance to his speech, From that particular fault: The dram of base

Doth all the noble substance often dout,
With almost all the holy vows of heaven.

To his own scandal.
Pol. Ay, springes to catch woodcocks. I do know,
When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul

Enter Ghost.
Lends the tongue vows: these blazes, daughter,


Look, my lord, it comes ! Giving more light than heat, - extinct in both, Ham. Angels and ministers of grace defend us ! Even in their promise, as it is a making,

Be thou a spirit of health, or goblin damn'd, You must not take for fire. From this time, Bring with thee airs from heaven, or blasts from hell, Be somewhat scanter of your maiden presence ;

Be thy intents wicked, or charitable, Set your entreatments at a higher rate,

Thou com'st in such a questionable shape, Than a command to parley. For lord Hamlet, That I will speak to thee; I'll call thee, Hamlet, Believe so much in him, That he is young ; King, father, royal Dane : 0, answer me: And with a larger tether may he walk,

Let me not burst in ignorance ! but tell, Than may be given you : In few, Ophelia, Why thy canoniz'd bones, hearsed in death, Do not believe his vows : for they are brokers Have burst their cerements! why the sepulchre, Not of that die which their investments show, Wherein we saw thee quietly in-urn'd, But mere implorators of unholy suits,

Hath op'd his ponderous and marble jaws, Breathing like sanctified and pious bonds,

To cast thee up again! What may this mean, he better to beguile. This is for all,

That thou, dead corse, again, in complete steel, would not, in plain terms, from this time forth, Revisit'st thus the glimpses of the moon, Iave you so alander any moment's leisure, Making night hideous; and we fools of nature,

3 M 3

baby ;

my lord,

So horribly to shake our disposition,

Are burnt and purg'd away. But that I am forbid With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls ? To tell the secrets of my prison-house, Say, why is this? wherefore? what should we do? I could á tale unfold, whose lightest word

Hor. "It beckons you to go away with it, Would harrow up thy soul ; freeze thiy young blood; As if it some impartment did desire

Make thy two eyes, like stars, start from their spheres; To you alone.

Thy knotted and combined locks to part, Mar. Look, with what courteous action And each particular hair to stand on end, It waves you to a more removed ground:

Like quills upon the fretful porcupine:
But do not go with it.

But this eternal blazon must not be
No, by no means.

To ears of flesh and blood :-List, list, O list! -
Ham. It will not speak; then I will follow it. If thou didst 'ever thy dear father love, —
Hor. Do not, my lord.

Ham. O heaven! Ham.

Why, what should be the fear ? Ghost. Revenge his foul and most unnatura I do not set my life at a pin's fee;

murder. And, for my soul, what can it do to that,

Ham. Murder ? Being a thing immortal as itself?

Ghost. Murder most foul, as in the best it is; It waves me forth again ; - I'll follow it.

But this most foul, strange, and unnatural. Hor. What, if it tempt you toward the flood, my Ham. Haste me to know it; that I, with wings lord,

as swift Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff,

As meditation, or the thoughts of love, That beetles o'er his base into the sea ?

May sweep to my revenge. And there assume some other horrible form,


I find thee apt; Which might deprive your sovereignty of reason, And duller should'st thou be than the fat weed And draw you into madness ? think of it:

That rots itself in ease on Lethe wharf, The very place puts toys of desperation,

Would'st thou not stir in this. Now, Hamlet, her: Without more motive, into every brain,

'Tis given out, that sleeping in mine orchard, That looks so many fathoms to the sea,

A serpent stung me; so the whole ear of Denmark And hears it roar beneath.

Is by a forged process of my death
It waves me still :

Rankly abus'd: but know, thou noble youth, Go on, I'll follow thee.

The serpent that did sting thy father's life, Mar. You shall not go, my lord.

Now wears his crown. Ham.

Hold off your hands. Ham. O, my prophetick soul! my uncle! Hor. Be rul'd, you shall not go.

Ghost. Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate bexs, Ham.

My fate cries out, With witchcraft of his wit, with traitorous gifts, And makes each petty artery in this body

(O wicked wit, and gifts, that have the power As hardy as the Némean lion's nerve. —

So to seduce !) won to his shameful lust

[Ghost beckons. The will of my most seeming virtuous queen: Still am I call’d;- unhand me, gentlemen ; O, Hamlet, what a falling-off was there!

[Breaking from them. From me, whose love was of that dignity, By heaven, I'll make a ghost of him that lets me :- That it went band in hand even with the vow I say, away: - Go on, I'n follow thee.

I made to her in marriage ; and to decline [Exeunt Ghost and HAMLET.

Upon a wretch, whose natural gifts were poor

a Hor. He waxes desperate with imagination. To those of mine! Mar. Let's follow ; 'tis not fit thus to obey him. But virtue, as it never will be mor'd, Hor. Have after:- To what issue will this come? Though lewdness court it in a shape of heaven; Mar. Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. So lust, though to a radiant angel link'd, Hor, Heaven will direct it.

Will sate itself in a celestial bed, Mar.

Nay, let's follow him. And prey on garbage.

(Exeunt. But, soft! methinks, I scent the morning sir ;

Brief let me be : - Sleeping within mine orchard, SCENE V. - A more remote Part of the Platform. My custom always of the afternoon,

Upon my secure bour thy uncle stole,
Re-enter Ghost and HAMLET.

With juice of cursed hebenon in a vial, Ham. Whither wilt thou lead me? speak, I'll go And in the porches of mine ears did pour no further.

The leperous distilment; whose effect
Ghost. Mark me.

Holds such an enmity with blood of man,
I will.

That, swift as quicksilver, it courses through Ghost.

My hour is almost come, The natural gates and alleys of the body; When I to sulphurous and tormenting flames And, with a sudden vigour, it doth posset Must render up myself.

And curd, like eager droppings into milk, Ham.

Alas, poor ghost ! The thin and wholesome blood : so did it mine; Ghost. Pity me not, but lend thy serious hearing And a most instant tetter bark'd about, To what I shall unfold.

Most lazar-like, with vile and loathsome crust, Нат.

Speak, I am bound to hear. All my smooth body.
Ghost. So art thou to revenge, when thou shalt hear. Thus was I, sleeping, by a brother's hand,
Ham. What?

Of life, of crown, of queen, at once despatch'd: Ghost. I am thy father's spirit;

Cut off even in the blossoms of my sin, Doom'd for a certain term to walk the night; Unhousel'd, disappointed, unàneld; And, for the day, confin'd to fast in fires,

No reckoning made, but sent to my account Tal the foul crimes, done in my days of nature, With all my imperfections on my bead :



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O, horrible! O, horrible ! most horrible !

Ham. I am sorry they offend you, heartily; yes, If thou hast nature in thee, bear it not ;

'Faith, heartily. Let not the royal bed of Denmark be


There's no offence, my lord. A couch for luxury and damned incesto

Ham. Yes, by St. Patrick, but there is, Horatio, But, howsoever thou pursu'st this act,

And much offence too. Touching this vision here, Taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive It is an honest ghost, that let me tell you ; Against thy mother aught; leave her to heaven, For your desire to know what is between us, And to those thorns that in her bosom lodge, O'er-master it as you may. And now, good friends, To prick and sting her. Fare thee well at once! As you are friends, scholars, and soldiers, The glow worm shows the matin to be near, Give me one poor request. And gins to pale his uneffectual fire :


What is't, my lord ? Adieu, adieu, adieu ! remember me. [Erit. We wilt.

Ham. O all you host of heaven! O earth! What else? Ham. Never 'make known what you have seen And shall I couple hell ? - O fye! — Hold, hold,

to-night. my heart;

Hor. Mar. My lord, we will not. And you, my sinews, grow not instant old,


Nay, but swear't. But bear me stiffly up! - Remember thee?


In faith, Ay, thou poor ghost, while memory holds a seat My lord, not I. In this distracted globe. Remember thee?


Nor I, my lord, in faith. Yea, from the table of my memory

Ham. Upon my sword. I'll wipe away all trivial fond records,


We have sworn, my lord, already. All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past, Ham. Indeed, upon my sword, indeed. That youth and observation copied there ; }

Ghost. [Beneath.] Swear. And thy commandment all alone shall live

Ham. Ha, ha, boy! say'st thou so ? art thou Within the book and volume of my brain,

there, true-penny ? Unmix'd with baser matter : yes, by heaven. Come on, — you hear this fellow in the cellarage, O most pernicious woman !

Consent to swear. O villain, villain, smiling, damned villain!


Propose the oath, my lord. My tables, - meet it is, I set it down,

Ham. Never to speak of this that you have seen, That one may smile, and smile, and be a villain ; Swear by my sword. At least, I am sure, it may be so in Denmark : Ghost. [Beneath.] Swear.

[Writing Ham. Hic et ubique ? then we'll shift our So, uncle, there you are. Now to my word ;

ground: It is, Adieu, adieu ! remember me.

Come hither, gentlemen, I bave sworn't.

And lay your hands again upon my sword : Hor. (Within.) My lord, my lord,

Swear by my sword, Mar. (Within.) Lord Hamlet,

Never to speak of this that you have heard. Hor. (Within.)

Heaven secure him! Ghost. [Beneath.] Swear by his sword. Ham.

So be it ! Ham. Well said, old mole! can't work i'the Mar. (Within.] Illo, ho, ho, my lord !

earth so fast? Ham. Hillo, ho, ho, boy ! come, bird, come. A worthy pioneer! - Once more remove, good

friends. Enter HORATIO and MARCELLUS.

Hor. O day and night, but this is wondrous strange! Mar. How is't, my noble lord ?

Ham. And therefore as a stranger give it welcome. Hor.

What news, my lord? There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Ham. O, wonderful !

Than are dreamt of in your philosophy. Hor.

Good my lord, tell it. But come; Ham.

No; Here, as before, never, so help you mercy! You will reveal it.

How strange or odd soe'er I bear myself, Hor. Not I, my lord, by heaven.

As I, perchance, hereafter shall think weet Mar.

Nor Ì, my lord. To put an antick disposition on Ham. How say you then; would heart of man That you, at such times seeing me, never shall once think it?

With arms encumber'd thus, or this head-shake, But you'll be secret,

Or by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase,
Hor. Mar.
Ay, by heaven, my lord. As, Well

, well, we know : -or, We could, and if we Ham. There's ne'er a villain, dwelling in all would ; - or, if we list to speak ; - or, There be, an Denmark,

if they might'; But he's an arrant knave.

Or such ambiguous giving out, to note Hor. There needs no ghost, my lord, come from That you know aught of me : - This do you swear, the grave,

So grace and mercy at your most need help you ! To tell us this

Ghost. {Beneath.] Swear. Ham.

Why, right; you are in the right; Ham. Řest, rest, perturbed spirit! So, gentlemen, And so, without more circumstance at all,

With all my love I do commend me to you: ( hold it fit, that we shake hands, and part: And what so poor a man as Hamlet is You, as your business, and desire, shall point you ; May do, to express his love and friending to you, Por every man hath business, and desire,

God willing, shall not lack. Let us go in together ; Such as it is, — and for my own poor part, And still your fingers on your lips, I pray. Cook you, I will go pray.

The time is out of joint; — O cursed spite ! Hor. These are but wild and whirling words, my That ever I was born to set it right! lord.

Nay, come, let's go together.


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SCENE I. - A Room in Polonius' House. Rey,

Very good, my lord.

Pol. And then, sir, does he this, - He does Enter POLONIUS and REYNALDO.

What was I about to say ? By the mass, I was about Pol. Give him this money, and these notes, Rey- to say some something :- Where did I leave? naldo.

Rey. At, closes in the consequence. Rey. I will, my lord.

Pol. At, closes in the consequence, - Ay, marry; Pol. You shall do marvellous wisely, good Rey- He closes with you thus: - I know the gentlemaa; naldo,

I saw him yesterday, or t'other day, Before you visit him, to make inquiry

Or then, or then ; with such, or such ; and, as you say, Of his behaviour.

There was he gaming; there o'ertoak in his rouse : Rey. My lord, I did intend it.

There falling out at tennis; or, perchance, Pol. Marry, well said: very well said. Look I saw him enter such a house of sale,

(Videlicet, a brothel) or so forth. Inquire me first what Danskers are in Paris ; See you now; And how, and who, what means, and where they Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth : keep,

And thus do we of wisdom and of reach,
What company, at what expence; and finding, With windlaces, and with assays of bias,
By this encompassment and drift of question, By indirections find directions out ;
That they do know my son, come you more nearer So, by my former lecture and advice,
Than your particular demands will touch it:

Shall you my son : You have me, have you not? Take you, as 'twere, some distant knowledge of Rey. My lord, I have.


God be wi' you ; fare you well. As thus, - I know his father, and his friends,

Rey. Good my lord,
And, in part, him ; Do you mark this, Reynaldo ? Pol. Observe his inclination in yourself.
Rey. Ay, very well, my lord.

Rey. I shall, my lord.
Pol. And, in part, him ; -- but, you may say, not Pol

. And let him ply his musick. well :


Well, my

lord But, if 't be he I mean, he's very wild ;

(E. Addicted so and so ; — and there put on him What forgeries you please ; marry, none so rank

Enter OPHELIA. As may dishonour him ; take heed of that ;

Pol. Farewell! - How now, Ophelia ? what's But, sir, such wanton, wild, and usual slips,

the matter? As are companions noted and most known

Opk. O, my lord, my lord, I have been so To youth and liberty.

affrighted ! Rey. As gaming, my lord.

Pol. With what, in the name of heaven? Pol. Ay, or drinking, fencing, swearing, quar. Oph. My lord, as I was sewing in my closet, relling,

Lord Hamlet, — with his doublet all unbrac'd ; Drabbing: - You may go so far.

No hat upon his head ; his stockings fould, Rey. My lord, that would dishonour him.

Ungarter'd, and down-gyved to his ancle ; Pol. 'Faith, no; as you may season it in the Pale as his shirt ; his knees knocking each other ; charge.

And with a look so piteous in purport, You must not put another scandal on him,

As if he had been loosed out of hell, That he is open to incontinency;

To speak of horrors, he comes before me. That's not my meaning. but breathe his faults so Pol. Mad for thy love ? quaintly,


My lord, I do not know; That they may seem the taints of liberty.:

But, truly, I do fear it. The flash and out-break of a fiery mind;


What said he ? A savageness in unreclaimed blood,

Oph. He took me by the wrist, and held me bard; Of general assault.

Then goes he to the length of all his arm;
But, my good lord,

And, with his other hand thus o'er his brow,
Pol. Wherefore should you do this?

He falls to such perusal of my face, Rey.

Ay, my lord, As he would draw it. Long stay'd be so; I would know that.

At last, - a little shaking of mine arm, Pol.

Marry, sir, here's my drift; And thrice his head thus waving up and down, — And, I believe, it is a fetch of warrant :

He rais'd a sigh so piteous and profound, You laying these slight sullies on my son,

As it did seem to shatter all his bulk, As 'twere a thing a little soil'd i'the working, And end his being : That done, he lets me go: Mark you,

And, with his head over his shoulder turn'de Your party in converse, him you would sound, He seem'd to find his way without his eyes; Having ever seen, in the prenominate crimes, For out o'doors he went without their helps, The youth you breath of, guilty, be assur'd, And, to the last, bended their light on me. He closes with you in this consequence ;


. Come, go with me; I will go seek the Ling Good sir, or so; or friend, or gentleman,

This is the very ecstasy of love ; According to the phrase, or the addition,

Whose violent property foredoes itself, Of man, and county.

And leads the will to desperate undertaking


As oft as any passion under heaven,

Guil. Heavens make our presence, and our pracThat does afflict our natures. I am sorry,

tices, What, have you given him any hard words of late ? Pleasant and helpful to him ! Oph. No, my good lord; but, as you did com- Queen.

Ay, amen! mand,

(Exeunt RosENCRANTZ, GULLDENSTERN, and I did repel his letters, and denied

some Attendants. His access to me.

Enter POLONIUS. Pol.

That hath made him mad. I am sorry, that with better heed, and judgment, Pol. The embassadors from Norway, my good I had not quoted him : I fear'd, he did but trifle,

lord, And meant to wreck thee; but, beshrew my jealousy! Are joyfully return'd. It seems, it is as proper to our age

King. Thou still hast been the father of good To cast beyond ourselves in our opinions, As it is common for the younger sort

Pol. Have I, my lord? Assure you, my good liege, To lack discretion. Come, go we to the king :

I hold my duty, as I hold my soul, This must be known; which, being kept close, Both to my God, and to my gracious king : might move

And I do think, (or else this brain of mine More grief to hide, than hate to utter love.

Hunts not the trail of policy so sure Come.

[Ereunt. As it bath us'd to do,) that I have found

The very cause of Hamlet's lunacy.
SCENE II. - A Room in the Castle.

King. O, speak of that ; that do I long to hear.

Pol. Give first admittance to the embassadors; Enter King, Queen, RosencraNTZ, GUILDENSTERN, My news shall be the fruit to that great feast. and Attendants.

King. Thyself do grace to them, and bring them King. Welcome, dear Rosencrantz, and Guil


[Exit POLONIUS. denstern!

He tells me, my dear Gertrude, he hath found Moreover that we much did long to see you,

The head and source of all your son's distemper. The need, we have to use you, did provoke

Queen. I doubt, it is no other but the main ; Our hasty sending. Something have you heard

His father's death, and our o'erbasty marriage. Of Hamlet's transformation ; so I call it, Since not the exterior nor the inward man

Re-enter Polonius, with VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS. Resembles that it was : What it should be,

King. Well, we shall sift him. - Welcome, my More than his father's death, that thus hath put

good friends! him ;

Say, Voltimand, what from our brother Norway ? So much from the understanding of himself,

Volt. Most fair return of greetings, and desires. I cannot dream of: I entreat you both,

Upon our first, he sent out to suppress
Thah - being of so young days brought up with His nephew's levies; which to him appear'd

To be a preparation 'gainst the Polack; And, since, so neighbour'd to his youth and hu- But, better look'd into, he truly found mour,

It was against your highness : Whereat griev'd, That you vouchsafe your rest here in our court That so his sickness, age, and impotence, Some little time : so by your companies

Was falsely borne in hand, - sends out arrests To draw him on to pleasures ; and to gather, On Fortinbras ; which he, in brief, obeys; So much as from occasion you may glean,

Receives rebuke from Norway; and, in fine, Whether aught, to us unknown, afflicts him thus, Makes vow before his uncle, never more That, open'd, lies within our remedy.

To give the assay of arms against your majesty. Queen. Good gentlemen, he hath much talk'd of Whereon old Norway, overcome with joy, you ;

Gives him three thousand crowns in annual fee; And, sure I am, two men there are not living, And his commission, to employ those soldiers, To whom be more adheres. If it will please you So levied as before, against the Polack : To show us so much gentry, and good will, With an entreaty, herein further shown, As to expend your time with us a while,

[Gives a paper. For the supply and profit of our hope,

That it might please you to give quiet pass Your visitation shall receive such thanks

Through your dominions for this enterprize ; As fits a king's remembrance.

On such regards of safety, and allowance, Ros.

Both your majesties As therein are set down. Might, by the sovereign power you have of us,


It likes us well;
Put your dread pleasures more into command And, at our more consider'd time, we'll read,
Than to entreaty.

Answer, and think upon this business.
But we both obey ;

Mean time, we thank you for your well-took labour:
And here give up ourselves, in the full bent, Go to your rest; at night we'll feast together :
To lay our service freely at your feet,

Most welcome home! to be commanded.

(Exeunt VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS. King. Thanks, Rosencrantz, and gentle Guil- Pol.

This business is well ended. denstern.

My liege, and madam, to expostulate Queen. Thanks, Guildenstern, and gentle Ro What majesty should be, what duty is,

Why day is day, night, night, and time is time, And I beseech you instantly to visit

Were nothing but to waste night, day, and time. Iy too much changed son. - Go, some of you, Therefore, — since brevity is the soul of wit, and bring these gentlemen where Hamlet is. And tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes,

him ;

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