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ABANA and PHARPAR, rivers of Da-
mascus, i. 230. Her only river in
modern times is the Barrady, ib.
Rushes down from the mountain
with great rapidity, not twenty
yards over, ib. On entering the
plain it is divided into three streams,
231. One runs directly to the city,
the others are drawn round, one to
the right hand, the other to the left,
for the use of the gardens, ib. The
small portion which escapes, loses
itself in a morass, ib. The Bar-
rady of the utmost importance to
ABARIM, mountains of, lie beyond
Jordan, i. 184. One part of these
mountains distinguished by the
names of mount Nebo and Pisgah,
ib. Pisgah, probably the highest
peak of Nebo, ib.
ACCAD, city of; situation unknown,
ACCUSED, name of; posted up in
some public place, iii. 294. His
station in an eminent place in the
court, 295. Appeared in a sordid
dress at his trial, 296. Sometimes
appeared before his judges in black,
and his head covered with dust, ib.
His near relations, friends, and ac-
quaintances, deprecating punish-
ACCUSERS and witnesses stood in
the eastern courts, iii. 295. When
the case was capital, and sentence of
condemnation was pronounced, the
witnesses put their hands upon the
head of the criminal, 297.
ADAM, the first husbandman, ii. 444,
ADDER the, known to the Hebrews
under various names, i. 427. Black
adder, 427, 428. Its colour in-
tensely deep, 428.
ADOPTION permitted in the east, iii.
160. Regulations concerning it,
ib. First practised in Asia, ib.
Different effects of adoption on the
condition of men, 161.
ADORATION exacted by the oriental
princes from their subjects, iii. 229,
AFFAIRS of the greatest importance
discussed at public feasts in the east,
AGRICULTURE; the most useful
and necessary of all human sciences,
suggested by Heaven, ii 454, 455.
AKKAR, mount; next to Lebanon,
the highest part of Syria, i. 154.
Appears like an immense flattened
cone, ib. Its top always covered
with snow, 155.
ALABASTER box of ointment, what
is meant by breaking it, iii. 108.
ALARM of war, how given, iii. 349.
ALKAHOL; powder of lead ore, used
by the orientals to tinge the hair
and edges of their eye-lids, iii. 35.
The operation, how performed, ib.
The practice traced to a very re-
mote period, ib. Imparted a jetty
blackness to the eye-lid, 36.
practice still continued, 37.
ALMOND tree; the first tree that re-
vives in the spring, i. 370. The
rods of the princes of Israel, pro-
bably of this tree, 371. Almond
rod of Aaron in Parkhurst's opi-
nion, an emblem of Christ, 372.
The hoary head, beautifully com-
pared to this tree, ib.
ALOES, i. 297. Exquisite smell of
its wood, ib. Aloes of Syria,
Rhodes, and Candia, a thorny
true aloes, a
Its juice ex-
Used in em-
plant or herb, ib.
tremely bitter, ib.
AMALEKITES, nation of; neigh-
bours to the Horites, i. 141. De-
scended from Amalek, a grandson
of Esau, ib.
an Arabian tribe,
doomed by God to utter destruc-
tion; reasons of it, iii. 391.
AMBASSADORS, sent to offer peace
or demand satisfaction by the ori-
entals before they engaged in war,
iii. 389, 390. Usually persons
of great worth and high rank, in
ancient times, 439. Held sacred
among all people, ib. Injuries of-
fered to them, supposed to be re-
venged by the immediate wrath of
AMORITES, mountains of; a ridge
which separates Canaan from Ara-
bia, i. 186. Some of its branches
run up northward to Hebron, ib.
nation of the, dwelt in
the mountainous region of Ca-
naan, in the neighbourhood of the
Hittites and Jebusites, i. 132.
Their primitive settlements, about
Kadesh-Barnea, near the wilder-
ness of Paran, 133. Not the same
with Kadesh in the wilderness of
Zin, ib. The most numerous and
powerful of all the families of Ca-
AMPHISBENÆ; a kind of serpent
with two heads; of which one is at
the tail of the animal, and is only
apparent, i. 456. The tail, so
shaped as to resemble a head, not
easily to be distinguished from it,
ib. Moves at pleasure with either
head or tail foremost, ib. A kind
of serpent often found with two
heads growing from one neck,
ANAMIM, Settlements of, in the
country about the temple of Jupi-
ter Ammon, i. 92.
ANT; a minute insect, i. 386. Its
admirable instincts and conduct,
an example to man, 386, 387. Su-
perior wisdom, 387. Supposed
by the ancients to be endued with
mind, reason, and memory, 388.
Called a people, because gregari-
ous, ib. Feeble insects, 389.
ANTELOPE, the, ii. 180.
that the name Tsibi in the Hebrew
Scriptures does not signify the roe,
but the Antelope, 180, 181. An-
telope remarkable for its beautiful
eyes, 182, 183. Difference be-
tween the Antelopes of the moun-
tain and those of the plain, 183.
The swiftness of the Antelope men-
tioned by writers of every age in
terms of the highest admiration,
183, 184. A timid creature, 185.
Eastern shepherds amused them.
selves by contemplating the beau-
tiful form of the sleeping Antelope,
186. Manner of hunting it, 187,
188. The Antelope often pro-
duces twins, 188, 189. Its flesh
very grateful to the taste of an ori-
ental, 189. Belonged to the class
of clean animals, 190.
APARTMENTS of the women count-
ed sacred and inviolable, all over
the east, iii. 147. Custom of the
Arabs in reference to their women,
ib. Reason of Jael's invitation to
Sisera, 147, 148.
APOLLO received from the Greek
poets the name of the dancer, from
his fondness for that amusement,
APPLE tree of no value in Canaan,
i. 367. The original term ought
to be rendered the citron, 368. Bi-
shop Patrick's opinion refuted, ib.
Proofs that it is the citron, ib.
APPLES, cedar; their smell exactly
resembles turpentine, i. 179. Ex-
ude a juice from small oval grains,
which also resembles turpentine
both in smell and clamminess, 180.
ARAB prince will often dine in the
street before his door, and invite
all that pass, beggars not excepted,
to sit down to meat, iii. 219.
ARABIANS, the descendants of Ish-
mael, ii. 161. Their manners and
customs have suffered no change,
· except in regard to their religion,
for three thousand years, ib. They
have occupied the same country,
and followed the same mode of life