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HUMAN RIGHTS IN AFRICA

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HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEES ON AFRICA

AND ON

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-SIXTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

OCTOBER 31, 1979

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1980

59–709 O

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin, Chairman L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana

LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas LESTER L. WOLFF, New York

BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York TENNYSON GUYER, Ohio GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois

WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania STEPHEN J. SOLARZ, New York

JOEL PRITCHARD, Washington DON BONKER, Washington

MILLICENT FENWICK, New Jersey GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts

DAN QUAYLE, Indiana
ANDY IRELAND, Florida
DONALD J. PEASE, Ohio
DAN MICA, Florida
MICHAEL D. BARNES, Maryland
WILLIAM H. GRAY III, Pennsylvania
TONY P. HALL, Ohio
HOWARD WOLPE, Michigan
DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi
FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana

JOHN J. BRADY, Jr., Chief of Staff
SANDRA P. REINHARDT, Stall Assistant

SARAH LISENBY, Staff Assistant

SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA

STEPHEN J. SOLARZ, New York, Chairman CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois

JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama
WILLIAM H. GRAY III, Pennsylvania MILLICENT FENWICK, New Jersey
HOWARD WOLPE, Michigan
FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana

JOHNNIE CARSON, Subcommittee Staff Director
STEPHEN D. NELSON, Minority Staff Consultant
STEVE WEISSMAN, Subcommittee Staff A88ociate

DAVID FRANK, Subcommittee Staff A88ociate

SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

DON BONKER Washington, Chairman TONY P. HALL, Ohio

EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana

DAN QUAYLE, Indiana DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi

ALAN E. VAN EGMOND, Subcommittee Staff Director

LAWRENCE B. Sulc, Minority Staff Consultant
CAROLE A. GRUNBERG, Subcommittee Staff Associate
FARIBORZ S. FATEMI, Subcommittee Staf Associate

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CONTENTS

MATERIAL SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

Response of Department of State to Mr. Solarz' request for a list of African

countries where human rights violations have worsened..

Department of State response to Mr. Bonker's request for a list of U.S.

Embassies in African countries that have a full-time human rights

officer, whose sole duty is human rights concerns.

Response of Department of State to Mr. Bonker's request for an explana-

tion of the resignation of Robert Remole, the human rights officer

assigned to the Embassy in Zaire---

Department of State response to Mrs. Fenwick's request for a list of

African countries with the most free press.

Response of Amnesty International regarding political prisoners in South

Africa.

Amnesty International responses to questions raised by Mrs. Fenwick

regarding Mozambique..

APPENDIXES

1. Text of March 17, 1980 letter to the Assistant Secretary of State for

Congressional Relations from Subcommittee Chairman Bonker.

2. Text of March 27, 1980 letter to Subcommittee Chairman Bonker from

Hon. J. Brian Atwood, Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional

Relations..

3. A report on the United Nations Seminar on the Establishment of

Regional Commissions on Human Right with Special Reference to

Africa, submitted by Ronald E. Pump, representative of the Inter-

national League for Human Rights ---

4. The African Bar Association, Freetown Declaration on Human Rights,

1978.

5. Organization of African Unity resolution regarding human rights,

July 1979.-

6. Letter dated October 23, 1979, to Subcommittee Chairman Bonker,

from Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations regard-

ing United Nations-sponsored seminar in Monrovia with attached

U.N. press release dated September 1979..

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