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XI 22. This engraving represents the larynx, or 24. Here is a front view o'the Vocal Organs. vocal box, at 1, near the top of the wind-pipe, 2;e is the top of the wind-pipe, and within and a the bronchial

little above d is the larynx, or vocal box, where tubes,

all voice sounds are branches of 1

made: the two the trachea

horns at the top, rep 3, 4, going to

resent the upper exezeh lungi the left lung.s

tremities of the thy2 whole;

roid cartilage: the

d the suisance of 7

tubes up and down, the right one

and transverse, are is removed, 10

Blood vessels: beshop' the ra

of having rrifications of

anything tigh the bronchial

around the neck, twigs, termi

also of bending the nating in the

neck much, impeding the free circulation of the air-cells, 7, 7,

blood, and determining it to the head. 8, like leaves on the trees.


Positions OF FEET AND HANDS. al tubes are the three branches of

8 the windpipe, and enter the lungs about one third of the distance from the upper end: hence, how foolish for persons having a sore throat, or larynx, to suppose they have the bronchitis; which consists in a diseased state of the bronchia; generally brought on by an improper mode of breathing, or speaking, &c., with exposure. The remedy may be found in the practice here recommended, with a free use of cold soft water over the whole body, and bandages wet with the same, placed about the chest and neck, to be removed every few uours, as they become dry.

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23. Here is a horizontal view of the Glottis : N, F, are the arytenoid cartilages, connected with the chordæ vocales, (vocal cords, or ligaments,) T, V, stretching across from the top of the arytenoid to the point of the thyroid cartilage : tnese cords com be elongated, and enlarged to produce lower sour is, and contracted and diminished 90% rugher ones : and, at the same time, separated from each other, and allowing more conden. sed air 10 pass for the former purposes; or brought nearer together, to favor the latter : there are a great many muscles attached to the larynx, to give varicty to the modifications o voice in speech and song.

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3. Ein

1. THIS SYSTEM unfolds the true Philoso-, in, where-on, where-with, &c. : also, in the con. pay of Mind and Voice, in accordance with traction of ever and never,-as where-e'er I gc, the nature of Man, and the structure of Lan- wherc-e'er I am, I ne'er shall see thee more. guage. The Elements are first presented; "How blest is he, who ne'er consents, By ill adthen, the common combinations, followed by i vice to walk." the more difficult ones; all of which are to be Anecdote. Plaiu – defines man—“

-“An practiced in concert, and individually, after animal, having two legs, and po feathers." the Teacher. These exercises essentially aid This very imperfect description attracted the in cultivating the Voice and Ear, for all the ridicule of Di-og-e-nes; who, wittily, and in objects of Speech and Sung : while the Prin- derision, introduced to his school-a fowl, ciples and Practice tend to develop and per- stripped of its feathers, and contemptuously fect both mind and body, agreeably to the asked, " Is this Plato's man?

Notes. Don't aricature this sound of a and e before Laws, that should govern them. The Vowels

by giving it undue stress and quantity, in such words asir must first be mastered, then the Consonants ; (as-ur,) pa-rent, (pac-rent,) dare, (day-ur,) chair, there, where

, &c. and the exercises interspersed with reading, nor give it a flat sound, as some do to e in beat, pronouncing * and rigid criticism on the Articulation and blaat. To give this sound properly, separate the teeth an inch,

project the vips, and bring forward the corners of the mouth, like Pronunciation.

a funnel. 2. It would be just as proper in prose, to say, where N. R. The words printed in italics and CAPITALS, are more or cover I, where-eever I arr, I never shall see thee more; as to .ess emphatic; though other words may be made so, according to

say in poetry, wbere-car I am, I near shall see thee more. the des:red effect: the dash (--) indicates a pause for inhalation: weight, whry, (i, y, gh are silent,) and a in age, whale, &c., are connecting words are sometimes excepted.

just alike in sound; and as this sound of e does not occur a.nong 2. A has four regular sounds : First, its natural, or regular sounds, as classed by our orthoepists, it is

called "irregular ;" i. e. it borrows this name sound of a; or is Name sound, or long: ALE;

sounded like it. 4. Some try to make a distinction between a iu ate, a-zure: rare a-pri-cots;

fate, and a in fair, calling it a medral sound: which error is ow. scarce pu-tri-ots; fair brace

ing to being an alnupt element, and r, a prolonged one: but do lets for la-tent mus-ta-ches;

one can make a good sound of it, either in speech or song, whea

thus situated, by giving it a sound unlike the name sound of a; be. hai-ry ma-gi and sa-pi-ent lit

ware of on just prejudices and prepossessions. I say na-shen , er-a-ti for pa-trons; na-tion-al

ra-shuna, &c., for the sune reason that I say notional and dovo ra-ter-er for ru-di-a-ted stu

(AIALE.) tional; because of analogy and effect. mens, and sa-li-ent pas-try with the ha-lo

Proverbs. 1. Accusing—is proving, wher gra-tis; the ra-tion-al plain-tiff tears the cam

malice and power sit as judges. 2. Adversitybric, and dares the stairs for the sa-vor of

may make one wise, but not rich. . 3. Idle folks rai-sins; they drain the cane-brakes and take of his own fortune. 5. Fine feathers make fine

--take the most pains. 4. Every one is architect The bears by the nape of the neck; the may-or's birds. 6. Go into the country to hear the news orayer to Mayn-ton Sayre is—to be-ware of of the town. 7. He is a good orator-who conhe snares pre-par'd for the matron's shares: vinces himself. 8. If you cannot bite, never show i-men has both syllables accented; but it your teeth. 9. Lawyers' houses-are built on the should never be pronounced ah-men (2d a,) heads of fools. 10. Little, and often, fill the purse. AOT aumen.

11. Much, would have more, and lost all. 12. 3. Position. Sit, or stand crect, with the Practice-makes perfect. shoulders thrown back, so as to expand the The Bible-requires, in its proper deinchest. prevent the body from bending, and ery, the most extensive practical knowledge facilitate full and deep breathing. Open the of the principles of elocution, and of all the mouth wide enough to admit two fingers, compositions in the world; a better impresside.wise, between the teeth, and keep the sion may be made, from its correct reading, lips free and limber, that the sounds may than from the most luminous commentary. flow with clearness and precision ; nor let

Varieties. 1. Love what you ought to do, there be too much, nor too little moisture in and you can easily do it;-oiled wheels run the mouth. A piece of hard wood, or ivory, freely. 2. Cicero says, that Roscius, a Roan inch, or an inch and a half long, of the man orator, could express a sentence in as size of a pipe stem, with a notch in each end, many different ways. by his gestures, as le if placed between the teeth. perpendicularly, himself could by his words. 3. Why is the while practicing, will be found very useful in follows it. 4. Never speak unless you have

letter A, like a honey-suckle? Because a B acgniring the babit of opening wide the mouth. something to say, and always stop when you

4. E has this sound in certain words; among have done. 5. The most essential rule in dewhich are the following ere, ere-long ; feint heira ; the hei-nous Bey pur-reys a bo-quet ; education should be adapted to the full de

livery is-Be natural and in earnest 6. Our (bo-ka ;j they rein their prey in its ey-ry, and pay their freight by weight; hey-dey: o-bey the velopment of body and mind. 7. Truth can eyre, and do o-bei-sanc: to the Dey; they sit

never contradict itself; but is eternal and im. lete-a-tate (ta-tah-tate,l at trey: also, there mutablethe same in all ages : the states of and where, in all their compounds,-there-at, men's reception of it-are as various as the there-by, there-fore, there-in, there-on, there- principles and subjects of natural creation. sith, where-at, where-by, wherefore, where- As good have no time, ag make bad use of it


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5 Elocuitim-is an Art, that teaches me how within-out; not from without-in. The to inanifest my feelings and thoughts to beautiful rose-does not grow by accretion, others, in such a way as to give them a true like the rocks ; its life flows into it through idea, and expression of how, and what, I feel the nutriment, imbibed from the earth, the and think; and, in so doing, to make them air, and the water, which are incorporated feel and think, as I do. Its object is, to enable with the very life-blood of the plant as a meme to communicate to the hearers, the whole dium: it is a manifestation of the Life that truth, just as it is; in other words, to give me fills all things, and flows into all things. so the ability, to do perfect justice to the subject, cording to their various forms. The analogy to them, and to myself : thus, involving the holds good as it respects the human mind; philosophy of end, cause, and effect,-the cor- tho'vegetables are matter, and mind is respondence of affection, thoughts and words. spirit; the former is of course much more

6. The second sound of A is grave, confined than the latter. The powers of the or Italian. An; alms, far; pa

mind-must be developed by a power from pa calms ma-ma, and com

within, and above itself; and that is the best mands Charles to craunch the

education, which will accomplish this most al-monds in the haun-ted paths;

rapidly, and effectually, in accordance with his ma-ster de-man-ded a

the laws of God, which always have refer haunch of par-tridge of fa

ence to the greatest good and the most truth. ther; aunt taun-ted the laun- [A in FAR.) Anecdote. A clergyman, whose turn it dress for salve from the ba

was to preach in a certain church, happening na-na tree; Jar-vis farms sar-sa-pa-ril-la in to get wet, was standing before the session. A-mer-i-ca; ma-nil-la balm is a charm to room fire, to dry his clothes, and when his halve the qualms in Ra-ven-na; he a-bides in colleague came in, he asked him to preach for Chi-na, and vaunts to have saun-tered on him; as he was very wet. No Sir, I thank the a-re-na, to guard the vil-la hearths from you;" was the prompt reply: "preach your. harm-ful ef-fu-vi-a; they flaun-ted on the 80- self; you will be dry enough in the pulpit.fa, ar-gu-ing for Quarles' psalms, and for-mu

Proverbs. 1. A burden that one chooses, to la for jaun-dice in Mec-ca or Me-di-na; a not felt. 2. A guilty conscience needs no accucalf got the chol-e-ra in Cu-ba, and a-rose to ser. 3. After-wit is every body's wit. 4. Enough run the gaunt-let for the ayes and noes in A- —is as good as a feast. 5. All is but lip wisdon, cel-da-ma.

that wants experience. 6. Better bend, than break 7. In making the vowel sounds, by expel- 7. Children and fools often speak the truth. 8 ling them, great care must be taken, to con- Out of debt, out of danger. 9. Wade not in invert all the breath that is emitted, into pure known waters. 10. Do what you ought, and lei sound, so as not to chafe the internal surface come what will. 11. Empty vessels make the of the throat, and produce a tickling, or greatest sound. 12. Pause, before you fudlow ak hoarseness. The happier and freer from re-example. straint, the better : in laughing, the lower Natural and Spintual Sirce we are muscles are used involuntarily; hence the possessed of both body and soul, it is of the adage, laugh, and be fat.' In breathing, first importance that we make use of natural reading, speaking, and singing, there should and spiritual means for obtaining good; i.e. be ne rising of the shoulders, or heaving of natural and spiritual truths. Our present the vosom; both tend to error and ill health. and eternal ever be kept in Beware of using the lungs, as it is said; let mind; and that, which is of the greatest mothem act, as they are acted upon by the lower ment, receive the principal attention: and, inuscles.

since death-is only a continuation of life, our Notes. 1. This, strictly speaking, is the only natural edurauon should be continuous: both states youpil in all languages, and is the easiest made: it merely requires on veing will be best attended to, when seen the under jaw to be dropped, and a vocal sound to be produced: and attended to in connection. all other vowels are derived from it; or, rather, are modification of it. 2 When a is an article, i. e. when used by itsell, it always

Varletios. 1. Horses will often do more has this sound, but must not be accented ; as, “a pun mawo lane for a whistle, than a whip: as some youth are ard a sheep in a meadow:" except as contrasted with the best governed by a rod of love. 2. Why is a and the man, not a man.” 8. When a forma an unaccented og l. bankrupt like a clock? Because he must table, it has this nund: 24, a-wake, a-bide, a-like, & ware, a-tone, swood, a-way, &c. 4. It has a similar wound ihe end of worden

, either stop, or go on tick. 3. True reading either with, or without an h: as, Noah, Han-nah, So-rah, Af-ri- is true exposition. 4. Conceive the intenon A-meri-ca, i-o-ta, dog-ma, &c. Beware of mying, Noer, Sa. "%, &c. 6. It generally has this sound, when followed by a single tions of the author, and enter into the charac

in the same syllable: as, ar-eon, ar-tist, &c.; aloo in star-ry, (full ter. 5. The sciences and mechanical arts are clears,) and tar-ry, (besmeared with tar.)

the ministers of wisilom, not the end. 6. Do Education. The derivation of this word we love our friends more when present, or -will assist us in understanding its mean- absent? 7. All natural trutles, which respect ing; it being composed of the Latin word the works of God in creation, are not only real A-du-s, to lead or draw out. All develop- natural truths, but the glasses and rootoining nents, vott of matter and spirit, are from principles of spiritual ones.

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8. The means to be used, thus to make to describe them to others with as muen ac known my feelings and thoughts, are tones, curacy as we do any external objects, which u'ords, looks, actions, expression, and silence: we have seen with our material eyes. whence it appears, that the body is the grand Anecdoto. Wild Oats. After the first medium of communication between myself speech, made by the younger Pitt, in the House and others; for by and through the body, are of Commons, an old member sarcastically retones, words, looks, and gestures produced. marked,-“I apprehend that the young gentleThus I perceive, that the mind, is the active man has not yet sown all his wild oats." To agent, and the body, the passive agent; that which Mr. Pitt politely replied, in the course this is the instrument, and that the perfor- of an elaborate and eloquent rejoinder, “Aga mer: here I see the elements of mental and -has its privilege; and the gentleman him. vocal philosophy.

self-affords an ample illustration, that I re

tain food enough for GEESE to pick.9. The third sound of A is broad: ALL, wall, auc-tion, aus-pice;

Proverbs. 1. A calumny, tho' knoron to be his vaul-ting daugh-ter hauld

such, generally leaves a stain on the reputation. the dau-phin in the sauce-pan;

2. A blow from a frying pan, tho' it does not the pal-iry sauce-box waltz'd

hurt, sullies. 3. Fair and softly, go sure and far. in the ten-sau-cer; al-be-it, the

4. Keep your business and conscience well, and miwk-ish au-thor, dined on

they will be sure to keep you well. 5. A man nau-se-ous sau-sa-ges; the au- {A in ALĄ.)

knoros no more, to any purpose, than he practices. burn pal-frey draws lau-rel plau-dits ; his 6. Bells call others to church, but enter not themnaugh-ty dwart got the groat through the selves. 7. Revenge a wrong by forgiving it. 8. fau-cit; he thwar-ted the fal-chion and sal. Venture not all you have at once. 9. Examine ted the shawl in false wa-ter; the law-less your accounts and your conduct every night. 10. gaw-ky got in-stalld in the au-tumn, and Call me cousin, but don't cozen me. 11. Eaglesde-frau-ded the green sward of its bal-dric fly alone, but sheep flock together. 12. It is good qun-ing.

to begin well, but better to ond well. 10. Cunnan, a celebrated Irish orator, pre- Theology-includes all religions, both sents us with a signal instance, of what can heathen and christian; and comprehende be accomplished by assiduity and persever- the study of the Divine Being, his laws ance: his enunciation was so precipitate and and revelations, and our duty towards Him confused, that he was called "stuttering Juck and our neighbor. It may be divided into Curran.To overcome his nuinerous de- tour grand divisions; viz. Paganism, Mahomfects, he devoted a portion of every day to edanism, Judaism, and Christianity. The reading and reciting aloud, slowly, and dis study of Theology is the highest and noblest tinctly, some of the most eloquent extracts in in which we can be engaged: but a mere our language: and his success was so com- theoretical knowledge, like the sunbeam on plete, that among his excellencies as a speak- the mountain glacier, may only dazzle-to er, was the clearness of his articulation, and blind; for, unless the heart is warmed with an appropriate intonation, that melodized love to God, and love to man, the coldness every sentence.

and barrenness of eternal death will reign in Notes. I. To make this wound, drop and project the jaw, the soul: hence, the all of Religion relates to and shape the mouth as in the engraving: and when you wish to life; and the life of Religion is—to do good produce a very grave sound, in speech or song, in addition to the abore, swell the windpipe, (which will elongate and enlarge the -for the sake of good. Focal chords,) and form the voice as low as poesible in the larga; Varieties. He, who studies books alone, for the longer and large these chords are, the graver will be the will know how things ought to be; and he Foice: also, practice making sounds, while exbaling aud inhaling, to deepen the tones. This sound is broader than the German a who studies men, will know how things are. 2 O sowet insea has this sound: I thought he caught the cough, 2. If you would relish your food, labor for it; when ne bought the cloth: he wrought

, fought, and sought, but if you would enjoy your raiment, pay for it tasked naught. S. Beware of adding an 5 after , ao lawr, jawr, before you wear it; if you wonld sleep soundfawr, &c. 4. The italic a in the following, is broad. All were ap-pelled at the thral-dom of Wal-ter Raleigh, who was al-moet ly, take a clear conscience to bed with your sald-ed in the cal-dron of boiling wa-ter.

3. The more we follow nature, and obey her Habits of thought. Thinking is to the laws, the longer shall we lire; and the farmind what digestion is to the body. We ther we deviate from them, the sooner we may heur, read, and talk, till we are gray; shall die. 4. Always carry a few proverbs but if we do not think, and analyze our sub- with you for constant use. 5. Let compul jects, and look at them in every aspect, and sion be used when necessary; but deception see the ends, causes, and effects, they will be -never. 6. In China, physicians are always of little use to us. In thinking, however, we under pay, except when their patrons are must think clearly and without confusion, as sick ; then, their salaries are stopped till health we would examine objects of sight, in order is restored. 7. All things speak; note wel to get a perfect idea of them. Thinking is the language, and gather wisdom from it. spiritually seeing; and we should always Nature-is but a name for an effect, dink of things so particularly as to be able Whose cause-ig God.

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