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vertically. Their distance from each other varies man in this department requires a jet at his side.
From the sheet and bands, innumerable use- Only by the assurance that it is imitated, can we ful things are formed. Industrial and domestic be convinced of the fact. The flexibility of the economy tax them both. In a room removed plant and its lightness are perfect. In no other a little from the din and hissing of the steam- substance could an effort of art like it be made. engine, is to be seen a machine for cutting the Prognostications are naturally enough risked of bands into squares, and another for fashioning the day when our winter garden shall blossom with these squares into soles.' Both are done by the rose, and blandish every floral charm. Easily pressure. In the first case, a sharp-edged in- softened without becoming adhesive, gutta percha strument, and, in the second, a sharp-edged receives the impression of the most attenuated mould, similar to what is used for cutting out tracery, which it retains when cold; the extreme of envelopes, only of the shape required for a shoe, delicacy in a substance, the extreme of indestrucdescends with irresistible pressure, and cuts through tibility, Specimens of the loveliest mouldings half a dozen pieces at once. A'die imprints the abound, a chef d'ouvre being the Hunted Stag. sign-manual (if such it may be yclept) upon each Chessmen, elaborately-finished workboxes, picturesole, and they are ready for sale. Space will frames, inkstands made to imitate woods, marnot permit a dissertation upon the merits of this bles, or papier-maché; in some instances so pronovel improvement of our “understanding.' fusely and exquisitely decorated, that a Chinese Thirty words will suffice to refer to one or two
carver would be balfled to imitate it; in other of its advantages. It is absolutely repellant of cases, with colored delineations upon them of surwater, and a bad conductor of heat. "If gutta passing beauty. percha soles were worn, colds from wet feet would Imitations of metal have been produced in a be scarcer, and chilblains unknown. We may felicitous manner. It takes bronze and gilding to put in a word for the shoemaker also, who would perfection. There is no doubt that its plastic be saved all the ills from contracted chest, if folks property will make it the substitute for expensive could be persuaded that nothing like leather' is embellishments, and furnish the poor man with invalid. Accumulated attestations--from the tasteful objects to adorn his humble home. Costly clergy, the army, and the police force-relative popier-mache will find an irresistible rival in a to the durability and other excellences of these material that has the same excellences, is greatly soles, are possessed by the company and published cheaper, and is free from the defects of fragility, in their prospectuses.
however slender and thin it may be made. With At a corner of an adjacent bench, a young man one or two glances more at household utilities, we may be seen moulding, to all appearance, a brown will enter another department. Every vessel not earthenware pitcher. His only tools are, fingers, intended for hot liquids, may be made of gutta boiling water, and the mould. His hands glide percha; all the appurtenances of the bedchamber, over the plastic material, detecting a 'wale' in a as well as kitchen utensils. On the one hand we moment, and filling up every interstice. Even may observe a bread trencher, with emblematical while we look, he turns out of hand a neatly ears of corn round the rim; on the other, ewers, finished kitchen utensil. Close to his elbow is a and basons, and bowls, and articles of that kind. shopmate manufacturing a bucket, which has no Public institutions, prisons, workhouses, schools, staves, and wants no hoops. Observing him, we will all derive a benefit from wares that are almost learn the method of fastening the various parts of indestructible, and whose peculiar elastic nature an article. He puts on a rim, by first rubbing precludes them ever being used as weapons of over the surface a solution of coal naphtha; then offence. evaporating the naphtha, and warming the surface Most of these articles are made by simple pres. by means of a gas jet. The naphtha cleanses sure. The moulding of a bowl will give the idea. the surface, as well as disposes it to take 'the The mould is a massive bowl of lead, in the inpiece to be joined on. His fingers dexterously terior of which is cut, in the manner of die-sinkmanage the rest. A softened piece is rolled out ing, the design intended for the outside of the
an appropriate length, and gently pressed vessel. Fitting into this is another mass of lead, round into its position. If disposed to obstinacy, whose convex surface is to form the interior of the an application of the jet makes it instantly tract- article required. While one man is preparing the able. The gas-pipe is of gutta percha; and each mould, his mate is engaged in rolling out on a
warm marble slab a quantity of gutta percha, and leaving just so much space between it, and the then cutting it into strips. By a skilful combi- interior surface of the aperture, as is desirable for nation of light-colored and dark colored materials, the thickness. Soft gutta percha is forced through a substance is produced which, from its likeness this aperture, and comes out from the other end to Selecampane,' or * lemon-rock, would be in the form of tubing. It would of itself collapse tempting to any youthful palate. These varie immediately, but this is provided against by skil. gated strips are placed at intervals, like the ribs fully contriving that cold water should fill it it of a ship, within the first-named bowl. There is produced.. It traverses a trough 30 or 40 feet entering part of the mould is then inserted, and long, by which time it is sufficiently cold and the whole is slung, by means of hook and pulley solid to be wound off. Evidently, the only limit and the men's guidance, beneath an hydraulic to the production of pipe is the limit put to the press. The exertions of a child's force with this feeding.' From 400 to 500 feet in one length, powerful apparatus inflicts upon the strips a pres- as perfectly distended in every part as when it sure of a hundred tons, causing them to spread first leaves the mould, have been made in this out, and, by their edges joining, to form a perfect way; longer by far than has ever been produced bowl. Great beauty is the result of this process. in any other material. Expanding from various central lines, it has the Acoustics as well as hydraulics claim the aid exact semblance of the veins and markings of of this tubing. Large and small apparatus are most beautiful veneer.
made; from the little cornets, almost invisible A visitor to the works of the Gutta Percha when fixed to the ears, to the large trumpet or Company will be struck as much by the noiseless- receiver that needs a table for its support. ness of some of the departments, as by the din Curious indeed some of these invention are, and in the vicinity of the steamengines. In one well calculated to astonish anybody who tries one part may be detected, if the eye be bright, a for the first time. Bells are quite done away heavy cog wheel working into another. The ear with at the company's works. Sound is conwould not detect it, for it works in silence. The veyed to any distance, and with great distinctness, pioneer will explain that it is gutta percha working by the ..
message-tubes.' We shall not be able to into metal; that it has been working more than accomplish our tour of inspection without hearing two years without any deterioration; proof satis- occasionally a low whistle close to our ears. It is an factory of strength and durability.
intimation to the individual in charge of the room A very pleasing feature will also be discerned in which we may happen to be, that some one in with respect to the operatives. The relation be- a remote department, a fellow-officer maybe, who tween employer and employed seems as modern
canna be fashed' to come, wishes to communias the material of manufacture. Every face cate with him. He has, therefore, blown at his gleams with intelligence; and, as our conductor end of the tube, a distance of fifty, sixty, or a exchanges a kindly remark with the men or the hundred yards ; and produced the musical phenoyouths, a sympathy shows itself, as if every one
menon we chance to hear. He to whom the infelt that the credit of the establishment depended timation is given, removes a little whistle from upon individual effort. We believe that nowhere his end, and replies with a like gentle puff ; then will a body of men be found more cleanly, more
listens. The effect is amusing; not unlike the smiling, more proud of their employment, more sounds produced by a good ventriloquist, when emulative of giving the best finish to their work. imitating a distant speaker-perfectly audible and The development of this new branch of industry clear, yet seeming as though they had travelled is their great aim. Most of its applications have
far. emanated from them. They have contributed, in Now let our readers imagine, that such a mes an eminent degree, to show the extent to which sage-tube had a mouthpiece where the knob of the new substance may be made available for the the ‘Night-bell' usually is on the door-post of a benefit of man, and also how to make it so. surgeon's house, and that it communicated with
Perhaps the most notable service that gutta the bedside of the surgeon. If, perchance, a reapercha is destined to render, arises from its suita- der be such functionary, he will, or ought, to hail bility for tubing. In a sanitary point of view, its a contrivance that substitutes a passing of sympvalue is above estimation. The vicious practice toms' and 'directions' between the door and of using lead tubing cannot too soon be super. the bed, for rising on a frosty night and exposure seded. All of us remember the consternation at to the bleak air. Claremont in the family circle of Louis Philippe, Speaking-tubes are also suggested as a comwhen a dozen members of the household were munication between the man on the look-out' attacked with the symptoms of poison, clearly and the helmsman, or the captain in his cabin. traceable to the lead which the water held in so- Gutta Percha is as antagonistic to salt water as to lution. Water acts upon lead in a very short fresh. It will, without doubt, become a sine quâ non time. The Duke of Bedford's surveyor attests with every shipmaster for buckets, &c., and by that, where lead has been eaten through in two every seaman for ‘sou’-westers.' Already it is years, the gutta percha pipe has remained quite made into life-buoys, more buoyant than cork, unaffected. At Woburu Abbey it is now em-speaking-trumpets, sheathing, cord which does ployed very extensively. A little unpleasantness not sink in the water, and other things--a host. was imparted to the water at first, but a day re- Ornamental sound-receivers have been fixed to moved that; and since, it has flowed perfectly the pulpits of some churches, with tubes passing to pure.
the pews of the deaf members of the congregation. Tube making is very ingeniously managed. By this means, many a one to whom the sound of a The apparatus has a cylindrical aperture, through sermon had long been strange, has had cause of the whole length of which runs a rod of metal, thankfulness for the introduction of gutta percha.
Another application of the same principle has would prevent complete insulation. In this way given us a conversation-tube for a railway car- the sub-marine telegraph was manufactured. The riage. With it two individuals may hold an ani- single wires receive two or three coats of the soft mated debate, without editying their neighbors substance, and in the end are wound off upon a with one word. This little instrument, about a wheel at a distance. In part, the process resemyard long, is one of the greatest curiosities in the bles wire-drawing, looked at through strong specshow-rooms. By placing one end to the ear, and tacles; except, indeed, that the wire is not whispering in the lowest tone possible at the lengthened nor lessened in bulk (very modest exother, the voice may actually be heard louder than ceptions truly). Before winding on the wheel, it issued from the lips. Most useful would it be it glides through the hands of a youth, who bý to one whose voice failed, as voices do sometimes; practice becomes expert enough to detect the or to one in the habit of conversing with himself, minutest flaw. Several tests are applied to prove as people sometimes are. If the end be placed the perfect insulation of the wire. The last of against the watch-pocket, the ticking becomes so all
, is that of sending an electric charge through a preternatural that we are ready to believe, if the large coil. If they stand the trial, they are prowatch had stopped, yet so excellent a sound-tube nounced fit for use. would convey at least a faint tiek.
Space will not permit us to indicate half the Gutta percha tubing, truly, is invaluable. In useful and ornamental things placed before us at chemistry it is used for conveying oils, and acids, the gutta percha works. We must introduce and alkalies. Only strong nitric or sulphuric irregularly a few more exemplifications of its acids seem to touch it. This inertness with the wondrous utility, and conclude. 'Embossing' is acids, makes it useful in manifold ways beside a work that promises to extend itself. Raised tubing. With dilute nitric it is used by the re- maps and globes, for general purposes of teach
a coating to their various vessels. ing; and raised reading lessons for the blind, Glass .carboys' to contain muriatic acid have al- are made with comparative facility. Already most become things that were. Pipes of this acid, it is greatly used in surgery. A solution in secure in gutta percha, are now constantly travel naphtha, which latter evaporates, and leaves the ling in every direction upon the railways; the di- gutta percha uninjured, is used to procure sheets rectors of which, a few years ago, would not suffer of exceeding tenuity. As a balsam for wounds, it to be conveyed on any consideration what this solution will quite supersede the objection
able gold-beater's skin,' or patch of court We must not leave the premises without a look plaister. Splints moulded to the shape of the at the most recent application of gutta percha. fractured limb, have been used with great sucOf course, that is as a covering for the telegraph cess. In one case recorded, that of 'broken jaw' wire. It is hardly possible that this wonderful from the kick of a horse, the patient was enabled triumph of human intellect, by which a thought to eat after three days, a fact unparalleled. The breathed in Britain is imprinted on a foreign yastly greater comfort of these splints can only strand, even while in its birth-throes, would yet be avouched by an unfortunate patient. Stereohave awaited man, without the aid of gutta type plates have been made. The clearness and percha. Amongst the multifarious operations, sharpness of edge, and purity of form, when there is not one that requires so much care as moulded, make it well suited for this purpose. in the covering of this wire. It is made by As many as 20,000 impressions have been thousands of miles ! In the room appropriated taken from an experimental plate at the works, to this work, we may see coils of wire represent and the woodcuts and text seem as fresh as at ing distances that would have startled our grand first. sires. We have heard of such lengths of wire being It was brought into notice in the form of sunk in the neighboring canal—a most convenient a horsewhip. We may not spare a sentence to store-room--that we would not dare mention, for speak of the number of whips now manufactured. fear our authenticity should be questioned in that Nor can we refer in detail to the gutta percha and other matters.
boats which were found of such eminent use in The machinery employed in the preparation of the search after Sir John Franklin. Nor of the covered telegraph wire, is thus described :- the thanks due to gutta percha, from the beau“Two pairs of heated, polished, iron flatting rol- tiful science of photography, for “pans,' and lers, one vertically above the other, are fed with other aids which it affords better than any other soft gutta percha cylinders, which they deliver on material. Nor, going from great things to small
, the other side as flattened sheets. These are made of cricket-balls, and clothes'-lines,
policemen's to travel onward, and in the interval between them staves, and utilities for the diggings.' there also travels a row of copper wires. Thesei. e., the parallel sheets of gutta percha, and the We will offer no apology for having gone intervening wires--all meet between a pair of so fully into this subject. It possesses an grooved cutting rollers, not quite close together. interest of no common kind; and the deThe grooves are, of course, the size of the re- tails will be perused with considerable pleaquired casing, and each wire precisely hits the sure by all who, residing at a distance, cancentre of a groove. The whole, therefore, appears not avail themselves of a personal visit. on the other side as a band of covered wires. The public now-a-days, are on the qui-vive which may either be left together, as in the telegraph for railway tunnels, or pulled apart into sin- to know everything; and it is delightful to gle pieces. The wires thus encased are soaked be able to assist in the dissemination of sound, for a considerable time in water, which is sure to useful knowledge. find out any flaw, though invisible to the eye, which These particulars will be read with more
WRITTEN BY HIMSELF.
than usual interest ; for, since the article was of our well-known hotel, the "Trois Couronnes a in type, the Manufactory of the Gutta Morges." Bring up some chateux neuf," says Percha Company has been seriously damaged Bombyx. "Have you any of the old sort ?" by fire. We are happy to hear that the
"Oh que oui, j'en ai toujours pour Monsieur." Works will be in full operation again ere fruit; after which, the postilions and Bombyx,
The red wine was accompanied by some dried long.
the German servant, and the young masters,
being supplied with some capital “ Bahias," and AUTO-BIOGRAPHY OF A DOG–No. XIV. myself with a basin of good warm soup, in a
quarter of an hour we were off again.
“ We shall dine at Rolle,' Bébi,” says Bom(Continued from Page 300.)
byx," at our old friend's—the Tête Noire.''
Oui, Monsieur ; you'll get some capital Gibier PUNCTUAL DO MY PROMISE, here I am, my best there. I was there at the beginning of the week, of Editors, ready to chat to you about sledging and it was beautiful.” I will also tell you of our trip to Versoix and Crack again went the whip, and off we flew. home again. The details will amuse you, I know, Our hearts were warmed by the good old wine, and cause a laugh at our expense. At the same
and gaily we tripped by St. Près; and after s time it will convey to you an idea of the very rapid while reached Rolle, driving straight up to the changes of temperature to which my country is “Tête Noire.". This is a very curious-looking often subject, and the consequences of which oc- place outside, Mr. E litor; and what would Mrs. casioned so much discomfort to my old master, as Harriet Beecher Stowe say, if ever she should pass it also continually does to many others. I must through this quaint old town, and see a large confess, however, that I was the least annoyed of nigger's head swinging over the sole front entrance the party forming the expedition.
of the “ Tête Noire ?" Whatever you may think It was in the month of January; and towards of the exterior, you will find yourselves “quite at the latter end of the month a vast deal of snow home" in the interior; and a more luxurious fell. The cold, too, had for some time been dinner no epicure need covet. As for cleanliness, intense (the thermometer ranging generally from it is a perfect pattern. You may imagine how we 18 to 20 degrees below zero during the night and all closed around the blazing fire. Presently a early morning).
voice that was quite familiar to me said, “Eh At this time Bombyx made up his mind to bien, Fino, que fais tu ici?” It was the son of visit some of his relatives residing at Versoix and the proprietor of the “Faucon," at Berne, whom Geneva-having first ascertained that they would I knew very well. not be out upon a similar excursion. One fine
“Well, old friend," said he, “I'll prepare you morning, about nine o'clock, two pretty sledges a splendid soup.” He soon twigged Bombyx; and arrived at our old residence on the road to Chailly. in a quarter of an hour a dinner, fit for Prince A first-rate breakfast having been disposed of
, Albert or the Emperor of all the Russias, garand a glass or two of Kirschenwasser, just to nished the table. Some excellent pale ale, of keep out the cold (my own breakfast, I may tell rather a bitter flavor, made its appearance; and you, was unusually warm and savory, and the after dinner some old“ Hermitage Rouge," which postilions pronounced the Equ de Cerise veri- was perfectly unique. My Friend François (such table)—the two sledges were soon occupied, and was the name of my Bernese acquaintance) had I squeezed myself in a snug corner, close to my requested Bombyx to allow me to dine with him ; master's feet. Assuredly no cold could reach me and I soon found out that he was on a visit to his there. All being now right, and the German uncle, the proprietor of the “ Tête Noire." He servant, who was in the last sledge, having treated me like a prince. In short, I had everyquickly disposed of a parting bumper of Kirschen. thing that could make a dog's heart happy. wasser (I saw him, although Bombyx did not), Again our sledges were ready; and more off we started.
“Bahias" being provided, off we went, and after It was a glorious morning. The scene was a long run reached “Prangins," and soon after brilliant as in June ; but the cutting, cold wind, "Nyon." Here we just moistened the horses' caused to lodge on our noses and chins the minute mouths, and our own--spun along to “Coppet;' particles of frozen snow which it blew off the and leaving the celebrated " Chateau of Madame hedges and trees, and soon undeceived us on this de Staël," on our right, passed on to “Versoix," point. So I thought it most prudent to curl my- which we reached very jolly but very cold. There self up as well as I could do, and keep my tender sat Bombyx's fat relation (nearly as fat as himnose from coming in contact with cold, rude self, Mr. Editor), waiting under the sheltering " Boreas." Would not you have done the same, portico of the “Croix d'Or," and puffing his cigar; dear Mr. Editor? [Indeed we should, Fino.] whilst ever and anon he protruded his rubicund Well
, on we went through Lausanne-whips visage from behind the pillar, to see if he could cracking, bells tinkling, postilions hallooing; catch a glimpse of our sledges; a few minutes down Montbenon like mad, passed St. Sulpice, more, and we were under his hospitable roof. where I heard my old master call out, “Stop a Here a famous supper was duly announced at minute at Morges ; we'll have a glass of old red the homely hour of nine; and even now, Mr. wine and light a cigar.” “Bel et bien, Monsieur," Editor, my old master never has his supper later cries Bébi (such was the name of our postilion). than that hour. Still, you know, there are ex
Monsieur a bien raison,” rejoined Louis, who ceptions to every rule; and we did not think of conducted the other sledge.
betaking our weary persons to our beds till near In a few minutes more, we were before the door midnight.
At last, a move was resolved upon,
After a little talking, this plan was agreed upon ; worthy host accompanied Bombyx and myself to and Bébi went to Geneva to secure our conveyance, our dormitory. The two eldest boys ensconced whilst Louis attached the sledges to the next flythemselves in a large bed, in one corner of this wagon for Lausanne. The next morning, our four goodly chamber. As for myself, whenever my horses, with their tinkling little bells, were attached master is travelling, I always sleep at the foot of to our large carriage; and we started off on our rehis bed! thinking it wise so to do, for in case of turn. We did not, however, move at so rapid a pace accidents two heads are better than one. Entre as when we had our sledges. Having at length nous, I make a point of sleeping with one eye reached Nyon, we of course secured a supply fixed on my old master and the other on the door, of “ecrelet,” and arrived at the “ Tête Noire,” so that if any intruder should appear I know how at Morges, in time for dinner, which our Bernese to deal with him. I see instantly, by the cut of friend had got all ready for us—being aware of the bis face, whether he is welcome or not. If not, I | day and the hour of our probable return. He joked just open my jaw, and warn him he had better me famously about our sledging; but as he had make a bolt of it. Well, my worthy host at last provided me a beautiful soup, I took it all in good said, “good night;" after warning us not to ap- part. proach too near the " fourneau," as it was red-hot After nearly three hours' rest, we started again. and would keep so till morning. “Enfin, bon In the meanwhile, the wind had again changed to soir, my good fellows; gardez vous du Fourneau." a desperate cold Bise, enough to cut one in two;
Bombyx was soon in bed, and I had as quickly and when we reached Morges the snow had again molled myself up in the carpet by his bedside ; for frozen. So slippery was it
, that the poor horses I confess I found the room uncommonly cold had some trouble to keep their ground, and it was notwithstanding the red-hot "fourneau.
a considerable time before we reached the Pont de Presently the little night-lamp (which was la Maladiere. This spot is just at the foot of the placed upon the "fourneau") went out; and as hill, on the Geneva road, leading up to Lausanne ; Bombyx was not asleep, he struck a light to see and from this point the road to Lausanne is a steep what was the matter, and intended to light it rise for about a quarter of an hour's walk. again, not being much inclined to slumber. The cold and the exciting fare of our trip, I must tell for the horses of Renfort, was formerly a chapel,
The little building which now serves as a stable you, had produced anything but a sleepy mood.
where certain religious ceremonies were observed Well
, only fancy ; upon only reaching the red towards malefactors, who, by their crimes, had hot “fourneau," he found the oil in the glass in forfeited their lives to the offended laws of their which the “lumignon" was placed, quite frozen ; country. Close to this very spot, too, they were so intense was the cold! There being, therefore, decapitated. This is not the only one instance of no means of using the “lumignon,” he arranged a chapel being converted into a stable. Close something else ; and seeing his two boys were adjoining is a small public-house, where postilions, snoring, he after a while did the same thing. I carmen, &c., regale themselves whilst waiting the quickly followed their example. The next morn- arrival of any party to whom they are to give a ing he had a famous laugh with his relative about help up to Montbenon. Most fortunately, just as the red-hot fourneau." After breakfast we we arrived there, a man signalled us, and presently walked to “Genthod," and from thence we went Bébi dismounted. His master had sent a strong per omnibus to Geneva-returning to “ Versoix horse de Renfort, to help us up this rising road; for dinner. In my country, we generally dine at and a very seasonable help it was too-for notwithone or two o'clock, a plan which my old master standing our rest at Rolle, it had been a very adopts at the present time; and I must say I fatiguing day. Once, however, on Montbenon, think he is right.
it was all even ground (that is to say, all even Suddenly, after dinner, there arose a strong call so).
ground for my country, not what you would southerly wind, accompanied by a very warm rain; so warm indeed, that it was quite unplea.
We arrived much later than we expected, and sant. “What a singular change !" said Bombyx; fortunately all safe and sound; although we did "what can this mean? I 'must be home to knock down an old gate-post at the entrance of morrow, as I expect some friends from Vevay on our home. Our carriage and horses occupied too the following day: How are we to go ? The much space in this narrow lane; and the slippery drops of rain are just like hot water, and will soon
state of the road, just at the turning, prevented us mest the surface of the snow, and make most taking a sufficient sweep. miserable roails."
I was rather alarmed, but there was no great Just then, looking out of window, we saw the harm done ; and I was not sorry to wag my tail Geneva diligence pass by, on wheels ; and shortly again in our own kitchen. Here a blazing fire after, Bébi made his appearance, and said there and a good hot soup awaited us. Both were unwas no possibility of returning by sledges, as the commonly welcome. Supper was soon ready for warm rain had been so extraordinary that the Bombyx; and, of course, I poked my nose in for an snow had melted, and the roads were in a thorough extra allowance. A good sleep followed ; this squash, nearly as far as Morges; but he thought soon made us forget all our jolting and shaking; his master had a large roomy return-carriage at and the next morning we were all fresh as larks. Geneva, --and it would be better for him to go and I only wish you had been one of us.
I am sure secure that before any one else got it, and while you would have enjoyed it famously. Adieu, my he was away, Louis would fix the sledges to the dear friend. Au revoir. fly-wagon; and thus we should get home all right
Fixo. by to-morrow, as we intended.
Tottenham, June 15.