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SNOW & STEAM,—A REMARKABLE SIGHT.

CLIMBING over a layer of congealed snow, hardened, I imagine, by the falling steam of the hot spring, I saw right before me three jets of steaming water the largest one several inches in diameter

shooting from the high, steep bank of the little stream, through the massive unyielding rock, and sending the steam high up into the clear atmosphere. The sight was most beautiful. The steep bank, and the boiling hot water, which shot hissing out, while flakes of snow lodged close around the edge of it, was a strange spectacle in such a region of frost. High over the edge of the bank hung an bed just ready to slip down by its own weight. The immense quantity of snow, like a monstrous feathersteam kept licking the lower parts of the heap; while the sha south-wester, which blew through the dale, hardened the crust, and retained the snow in its precarious position. The steam itself congealed and was transformed into icicles, and thus served to prop the snow like so many columns. Out of this self-formed winter palace rose the steam vapor; and the warm sun, shining upon it, changed it into myriads of glowing pearls, tinged with the most radiant and beautiful colors of the rainbow. -GERSTAECKER's Journey Round the World.

DEFECTS IN MODERN EDUCATION.

OUR ASYLUMS are now affording proofs innumerable, of the error that exists in the early education of children. Their brain is unfitted for the task assigned it, and in later years the result is insanity. This is just what might be anticipated.

There are two classes of individuals to whom the truth, that the mind influences the body, and through the body itself, ought to be a subject of serious consideration-public men and parents. It is the vice of the age to substitute learning for wisdom, to educate the head, and to forget that there is a more important education necessary for the heart. The reason is cultivated at an age when nature does not furnish the vation of it; and the child is solicited elements necessary to a successful cultito reflection when he is only capable of sensation and emotion. In infancy, the attention and the memory are only excited strongly by things which impress the senses and move the heart; and a father shall instil more solid and available instruction in one goodness are exemplified, seen, and felt, hour spent in the fields, where wisdom and than in a month spent in the study, where they are expounded in stereotyped apho

risms.

No physician doubts that precocious children, in fifty cases for one, are much the worse for the discipline they have undergone. The mind seems to have been strained, and the foundations of insanity are laid. When the studies of maturer years are stuffed into the head of a child, people do

not reflect on the anatomical fact, that the brain of an infant is not the brain of a man; that the one is confirmed, and can bear exertion, the other is growing, and requires repose; that to force the attention to abstract facts, to load the memory with chronological and historical or scientific detail; in short, to expect a child's brain to bear with impunity the exertions of a man's-is just as rational as it would be to hazard the same sort of experiment on its muscles.

The first eight or ten years of life should be devoted to the education of the heart, to the formation of principles, rather than to the acquirement of what is usually termed knowledge. Nature herself points out such a course; for the emotions are then the liveliest, and most easily moulded, being as yet unalloyed by passion. It is from this source that the mass of men are hereafter to draw their sum of happiness or misery; the actions of the immense majority are, under all circumstances, determined much more by feeling than by reflection; in truth, life presents an infinity of occasions where it is essential to happiness that we should feel rightly-very few where it is at all necessary that we should think profoundly.

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THE YEW TREE,

THIS BEAUTIFUL TREE is supposed, in former ages, to have prevailed in Ireland, as an aboriginal, by the number discovered in a fossil state; though at present, there are said to be none but planted yews in that country. Those trees, situated in the accessible parts of the mountains, are generally cut down and brought to market for chairs and steps of ladders; for which use their durability renders them valuable, while others unassailable by man, for a number of years, bid defiance to

The raging tempests and the mountains' roar, Which bind them their native hills the more.

Strutt, in his "Sylva Britannica," gives some admirable representations of these inFountain Abbey, Yorkshire, supposed to teresting trees: as the very ancient ones at have existed anterior to the foundation of the monastery, or at least coeval with that date (1128). Of six remaining, one measures 26 feet in girt at 3 feet from the ground; and the Fortingal Yew, in the churchyard, amid the Grampian mountains, though now disjoined by the lapse of many centuries, when entire, according to Pennant, was 56 feet in circumference. At Marthy, Worcestershire, grows one twelve yards round; and an extraordinary tree of the same kind may yet be seen in the palace garden at Richmond, planted three days before the birth of Queen Elizabeth. But still more interesting is the justly celebrated yew, at Ankerwyke, near Staines (fifty feet high, and in girt, three feet above the ground, twenty-seven feet), to which, and the current tradition connected therewith, as standing in the vicinity of Runnymede, Fitzgerald thus alludes:

Here patriot barons might have musing stood, And planned the charter for their country's good.

But for an unrivalled poetical description of extraordinary yew trees, we are indebted to the muse of Wordsworth :

There is a yew tree, pride of Lorton Vale,
Which to this day stands single in the midst
Of its own darkness, as it stood of yore,
Nor loth to furnish weapons in the hands
Of Umphraville or Percy, ere they marched
To Scotland's heaths, or those that cross'd the

sea,

And drew their sounding bows at Azincour;
Perhaps of early Cressy-or Poictiers.
Of vast circumference, and gloom profound,
This solitary tree! a living thing,
Produced too slowly ever to decay;
Of form and aspect too magnificent
To be destroyed-but worthier still of note
Are those fraternal four of Borrow Dale,
Joined in one solemn and capacious grove;
Huge trunks! and each particular trunk a growth
Of intertwisted fibres serpentine,
Upcoiling, and inocterately convolved,
Nor uninformed with phantasy, and looks

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The cause of the general introduction of the yew tree into cemeteries has been differently surmised. The following explanation seems sufficiently probable. The sacred funeral yew, well calculated to give solemnity to the village churchyard, and from its unchanging foliage and enduring nature, fit emblem of immortality, has ever been associated with religious observances. When anciently it was the custom, as it still is in Catholic countries, to carry palms on Palm Sunday, the yew was substituted on such occasion for the palm. Two or three trees, the usual number growing in church-yards, were enough for such purposes. Of these, one, at least, was more especially consecrated, and was then estimated at twenty times the value of less hallowed trees of its own kind, and double that of the finest oak, as appears from ancient record. An extract from Caxton's Directions for keeping Feasts all the Year, printed in 1483, may be considered decisive on this subject. In the lecture for Palm Sunday, the writer, after giving the Scripture account of our Saviour's triumphant entry into Jerusalem, proceeds thus: "Wherefore holy chirche this day makyth solemne processyon in mind of the processyon that Cryst made this day. But for eucheson that we have nou olyve that berith green leaf, algate therefore we take ewe instead of palm and olyve, and berin about in processyon, and so is thys day called Palm Sunday."

In confirmation, we may add, that the yews in the church-yards of East Kent are, at this day, called palms. Small branches were likewise wont to be borne at funeral solemnities, and cast into the grave. It is remarkable that bodies interred beneath the shade of trees, return to their pristine dust in a very few years, perhaps one third less time than when deposited in the open ground. This rapid decay may be in some degree occasioned by the perpetual percolation of concentrated moisture, and the comparative absence of sun and air. That our mortal remains should be laid to rest beneath such natural canopy, seems almost inherent propensity in human nature. Puss.

"DON'T YOU REMEMBER ?" BY ELIZA COOK.

OH! these are the words that eternally utter

The spell that is seldom cast o'er us in vain; With the wings and the wand of a fairy they flutter, And draw a charmed circle about us again. We return to the spot where our Infancy gambolled;

We linger once more in the haunts of our Youth; We re-tread where young Passion first stealthily rambled,

And whispers are heard full of Nature and Truth, Saying," Don't you remember ?" We treasure the picture where Color seems breathing

In lineaments mocking a long-worshipped face; We are proud of some trees in a chain of close wreathing,

Oh! what is the secret that giveth them power
And gold-links of Ophir are poor in its place.

'Tis the tone of Affection-Life's holiest power-
To fling out a star on our darkest of ways?
That murmurs about them, and blissfully says,
The voice of Old Age, while it tells some old story,
"Don't you remember ?"

Exults o'er the tale with fresh warmth in the breast;

As

the haze of the twilight e'er deepens the glory Of beams that are fast going down in the west. When the friends of our boyhood are gathered

around us,

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The spirit retraces its wild-flower track; The heart is still held by the strings that first bound us,

And feeling keeps singing, while wandering back,

"Don't you remember?" When those whom we prized have departed for

ever,

Yet perfume is shed o'er the cypress we twine; Yes, fond Recollection refuses to sever,

And turns to the past, like a saint to the shrine.

Praise carved on the marble is often deceiving, But the strongest of love and the purest of grieving The of the stranger is all it may claim; Are heard when lips dwell on the missing one's "DON'T YOU REMEMBER?"

name,

SAYING,
MOUNT ETNA IN WINTER.

I SAW Mount Etna in its winter character at the beginning of March, 1830. Three-fourths of the mountain, namely, the whole of the naked, and almost the whole of the wooded zones, lay beneath an unbroken covering of snow; while, at the base, all the fields were clothed in the brightest green of spring. Peas, beans, and flax, were already in full blossom; the flowers of the almond had fallen, and given place to the leaves; and the fig-leaves were with hyacinths, narcissus, crocuses, anemones, and beginning to unfold. The meadows were decorated countless other flowers. Etna stood there as an enormous cone of snow, with its base encircled by a gigantic wreath of flowers.-SCHOUW's Earth, Plants, and Man.

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WE HAVE, MORE THAN ONCE, at all events half, wished that we could conscientiously adopt the creed of the " poor Indian," who -"Thinks, admitted to an equal sky, His faithful dog shall bear him company; but, alas! he is of "the brutes that perish;" and the wish is an idle, it may be a murmur ing one. But that a dog has nothing more than mere instinct-that a dog doesn't think, we defy the most learned Theban that ever

wrote or lectured to convince us. We do not mean to say that he is a philosopher, or a moralist, or a poet; but he feels and he reasons, for all that-and he shames or ought to shame, not a few of his very rational lords and masters.

When we threw down our newspaper this morning, after breakfast, and sauntered to the parlor window for the mere purpose, as an ordinary observer would have conjectured, of standing there with our hands in our pockets our children didn't know it-the wife of our bosom didn't know it—we scarcely even knew it ourselves-but Rover, our dog, knew it; and he came frisking and bounding from his prescriptive corner of the hearth rug, and looking up in our face, and bowwow-ing (for which we first thrashed him bodily, and then ourselves mentally, though, in truth, the cuff we gave him would hardly have sufficed to disturb the most superannuated flea of the tribe which made in him their dwelling), and running to the door, and scampering back again, and then jumping bolt upright as high as he could jump, and looking as if he would give his ears to say bow-wow once more-only he durst notand so, as it was there ready at his tongue's end, easing it off gently through his teeth in the shape of a sort of pleasurable growl; and then lying down, and yet peering up ever into our face with a kind of half supplicating, half reproachful expression, which said, as plainly as looks can say, "Well, I'm almost afraid it's of no use, but I won't give it up for all that," and then-" Bless my soul are we to be kept a whole month learning what this dog of yours did know?" Now, thank your stars, good readers, that we are of a placid and gentle dispositionfor, by that intemperate interruption of yours, you have cut short one of the most faithful touches of description that we have penned for this many a day. Had we been sudden and quick in quarrel, it might have cost you more than the loss of the picture you have so unceremoniously marred. But, alas! you feel it not-we say to you as Sir Isaac said to his spaniel, "Ah! Diamond! Diamond! thou little knowest what mischief thou hast done!" Had we been in the knight's place on that most trying occasion, and had our

footman or our housemaid, or any man or maid on the face of the earth, destroyed at one fell swoop the labor of years, we verily believe the readers of next morning's Times would have been horrified by three entire columns of "awful murder and felo-de-se." But had it been thou, oh, Rover, our little

harmless, playful doggie, thou who didst brow, but one wag of thy tail dispelled it in never provoke one frown of anger upon our hadst done the wrong, we should, with all a moment had it been thou, we say, who the meekness of the immortal philosopher,

have

"Zounds, sir! what did your dog know all this while?"

"Why, sir, he knew we were going out for a walk!" DOT.

GULLS AND THEIR VICTIMS.

THE MATRIMONIAL FLAT-CATCHER. (Continued from Page 11.)

WE ENTERED INTO A FULL EXPOSURE, in our January number, of certain ignorant and unprincipled quacks, who deluged the town with their deceptive advertisements; luring thousands into their deep-laid snares, and practising seriously upon the wits as well as the of their numerous dupes. We have reason to believe that our exposure was attended with some beneficial results.

purses

Another of these advertising sharks is in the field; and we are requested by a correspondent, to register her among the other speckled birds. Her avowed name is Madame Maxwell; and her mission, she tells us, is to bring about unions between people of opposite sentiments, rendering the matter "delightfully pleasant to both;" and being in all cases "highly successful." This from the mouth of a woman!

We should have let this pretender pass down the stream of time forgotten, had we not observed how energetically she is advertising, and spreading her nets to catch the unwary. She is a first-rate artiste in humbug; consequently, her victims are numerous. Her presumption is only exceeded by her gross indelicacy, or rather profligacy.

Her mode of procedure is this. All persons who want to "win a lover," as she terms it, are to enclose her thirteen stamps, and she will then furnish them full instructions.* These instructions are received in

We may very appositely introduce here, in a note, the report of a curious "action" recently brought to recover fifteen shillings. Mr. Gay, it appears, wanted a wife, and did not know how to set about" getting one. What an odd idea

the form of a small printed book; consisting of some seven pages. It is entitled "Matrimony made Easy. There is also another abomination, called the "Etiquette of Love." In these books, the strictest secresy is promised to be observed. Of course! Now the iniquity of this, must be self-evident; for so artfully are the advertisements worded, that victims innumerable must fall into this creature's clutches. It appears that

she keeps "a stock on hand" of lads and lasses, men and women-all ready and eager for partnership-only waiting the waving of her wand. We shall not waste time nor space upon this most infamous book; but we notice it, for the sake of seeing whether such a system cannot be put a stop to. It genders an amount of moral evil which it is perfectly terrible to contemplate.

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We hardly need say, that when a woman is bad, she knows no bounds. Whether Madame Maxwell is bad, let our readers judge. Her book ends thus:

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it is, for people to want "assistance in so pleasant an occupation as wooing! We confess WE cannot understand it at all. To oblige Mr. Gay, a friend, Mr. Paine, feigned illness; and by these means, Mr. Gay got a "nice" introduction to a delightful family. He slipped in as a doctor! Oh, fie Mr. Gay! But here is the Report: "Mr. Gay was a surgeon, of Old Brompton, and the defendant, Mr. Paine, is an unmarried gentleman, of Wellington-square, Chelsea. Mr. Gay said he had supplied the defendant with a mixture and a box of pills, and had attended him six times; for which visits he charged half-a-crown each. He had not charged for the mixture. Mr. Delamere, the defendant's solicitor, said that his client resided with a gentleman at Brompton, who had a family of beautiful daughters. Mr. Gay, who was a single man, was anxious to obtain an introduction to the young ladies, with the view to choose a wife. With this object he sought the services of Mr. Paine, who very foolishly pretended to be ill; and, accordingly, the professional services of Mr. Gay were sought to alleviate the sufferings of the patient. Mr. Paine, on being called, stated that Mr. Gay informed him of his wish to pay his attentions to a nice young lady, as he was sick of being single—(laughter)—and he intreated witness to introduce him to one(laughter). He mentioned and recommended the young ladies at their house; but how to get an introduction was, for some time, a poser to them(laughter). It could only be carried out by stratagem; and it was devised by plaintiff and himself that he (defendant) should fall ill-(roars of laughter) and write a letter to Mr. Gay to visit him-(prolonged merriment). He felt unwell(laughter) and wrote the note proposed by Mr. Gay: "Dear Sir, I want to see you immediately. I am alarmingly ill. Yours, &c. Postscript. Only myself and the Misses- at home, my boy (shouts of merriment)." Mr. Gay came immediately. There was nothing whatever the matter with him-(laughter)—and he never took the stuff that was sent, but threw it to the dogs-occurring through my assistance, and I hope that (renewed laughter). As to the six visits the plain- all my readers will have more good sense than to tiff had charged him for, it was a downright "do." allow their prospects of future happiness to be in At any rate, five out of the six visits were paid to any way impeded by the silly forms of etiquette ! the young ladies, and Mr. Gay had the modesty I shall be happy to arrange the whole matter for and impudence to charge him half-a-crown for each any person, on condition of receiving part of any of the wooing visits-(shouts of laughter). Besides amount agreed upon at the commencement of my that, he was invited to dinner each time. He had services, with an understanding that I receive the never had any rash, saving the rashness of intro- remainder when marriage is effected; and if ducing the plaintiff to his friends.-The judge favored by letter or otherwise with full particulars (Adolphus): I think, if it be a joke, it ought to as to age, appearance, circumstances, prospects, be followed out-(laughter). Fifteen shillings is, &c., &c., with the style of partner preferred-all perhaps, too much to pay for it. My judgment this can be settled to the satisfaction of both will be for ten shillings, and that is not too much arties previous to the first interview, which may for a rich joke like this."-[Dirt cheap!] ED. K.J. take place at my residence-it being excellently

Thus it will appear, that although I have recommended advertising, such a course is rarely necessary; that is, where my correspondents will avail themselves of my experience; for(as I before intimated) being in communication with hundreds, both male and female, of the first respectability and standing in society, I can always introduce the exact style of person that is required, and will pledge myself not to introduce any who I am not fully satisfied are in every way eligible. All those who may feel diffident, may rest assured that, with my mediation, an introduction can be arranged with the nicest delicacy and secresywhile all may be married if they will only avail themselves of my recommendations. Marriages promising the happiest results are almost daily

I feel increased confidence in publishing my system of "introduction ;" and shall with much pleasure advise any person, male or female, by letter or otherwise, on any difficult point, draw up and insert their advertisement in the most eligible medium, arrange for a private address; and then forward their letters. Indeed, I will conduct the matter to a successful issue. The strictest secresy will be observed; and, be it remembered, there is such novelty and fascination about the system of courtship, that none can resist its captivating influence. There is also another way by which the above object can be realised. I am daily in communication with hundreds, of the highest respectability, of both sexes, as to ages, classes, and conditions (having at the present moment the names of thirty-five titled persons in my list), who are anxious to form matrimonial alliances. It therefore necessarily follows, that I can generally introduce any person to a partner in every way suited to their fancy, possessing all the qualities essential to happiness; and render the married state, what indeed it ought to be, an earthly paradise of bliss.

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