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baskets, filled with the same, were mixed with and smallness and delicacy of hands. The plates which contained a vast variety of delicious carefully-cultivated and well-braided cues-, sweetmeats, as well as cakes, of which the forms

so long in some instances as almost to trail were as ingenious as they were varied. ., Napkins upon the ground, and affording admirable steeped in warm water, and flavored with otto of

handles roses, are frequently handed to each guest by the form a curious subject of observation. The

to an antagonist in a passionservants in attendance

. This display of the pro history of this singular appendage affords a able to the eyes and the tastes of the guests. By remarkable illustration of those revolutions the side of the yellow plaintain was seen the litchi, which sometimes occur in national taste and of which the strong, rough, and bright crimson skin manners. Previously to the conquest of their defends a stone enveloped in a whitish pulp, which, country by the Tartars, the Chinese perfor its fine aromatic taste, is superior to most of mitted the hair to grow over the whole head. the tropical fruits ; when dried, it forms an excel Shunche, the first of the Tartar emperors, lent provision for the winter. With these fruits issued an imperial edict, requiring the conof the warm climates were mingled those of the quered people to conform in this particular temperate zone, brought at some expense from the

to the custom of their victors. So stoutly northern provinces; as walnuts, chesnuts, apples, grapes, and Pekin pears

, which last, though their was this decree at first resisted, that many lively color and pleasant smell attracted the atten. of the nobles preferred death to obedience, tion, proved to be tasteless, and even retained all and actually perished by command of the the harshness of wild-fruits.

conqueror. At the present day, however, At length we adjourned to the next room to the loss of this very badge of servitude is take tea, -the indispensable commencement and considered one of the greatest calamities, close of all visits and ceremonies among the scarcely less dreaded than death itself. To Chinese. According to custom, the servants pre- be deprived of it is one of the most opprosented it in porcelain cups, each of which was brious brands put upon convicts and crimicovered with a saucer-like top, which confines and nals. Those to whom nature has been sparing prevents the aroma from evaporating. The boiling in respect to the natural covering of the head, water had been poured over a few of the leaves, collected at the bottom of the cup; and the in- supply her deficiencies by the artificial introfusion, to which no sugar or cream is ever added duction and intermingling of other hair with in China, exhaled a delicious fragrant odor, of their own, thus seeking to “increase it to a which the best teas carried to Europe can scarcely reputably fashioned size.". give an idea.

The Chinese put faith in the external deOther visits of ceremony are conducted velopments of the skull, and are therefore, with much pomp and formality. When a

to a certain extent, phrenologists. They look gentleman proceeds in his sedan to pay a

for the principal characteristics of a man in visit, his attendants present his ticket at the his forehead, and of a woman on the back of

the cranium. gate, consisting of his name and titles written down the middle of a folded sheet of vermil

*** Two curious billets-doux connected with the lion-colored paper, ornamented with gold habits of the Chinese, will be found in another leaf; and sometimes there is enough paper page. They are assigned a separate place, being in one of these to extend across a room. from a different pen. -Ed. K. J. According to the rank of the parties, the visitor and his host begin bowing at stated

PROGRESS OF EMIGRATION. distances; though among equals the ordinary mode of salutation is to join closed hands. WE HAVE MORE THAN ONCE OFFERED A Only mandarins or official persons can be few observations on this subject; and pointed carried by four bearers, or be accompanied out wherein we thought emigration benefiby a train of attendants. Soon after visitors cial, and wherein we thought it the reverse, are seated, an attendant brings in porcelain We have shown who were really wanted cups with covers, with a small quantity of abroad, and who amongst us had better remain fine tea-leaves in each, on which boiling water at home. We hardly need say that our rehas been poured, and the infusion is thus marks were good-naturedly penned; although drank without the addition of sugar or milk; we fear little heed has been paid to them. fruits are also brought in on beautifully Since then, a Mr. C. Hursthouse has japanned trays. In some Chinese apartments launched a little tome on the subject; and there are broad couches, called " kangs," as from this we make one or two extracts well large as a bed. In the centre of these, small worth perusal:tables are placed, about a foot in height, intended to rest the arm upon, or place tea- tion from this country was about 15,000 souls.

A quarter of a century ago, the annual emigracups. On the conclusion of a visit the host Increasing year by year as its benefits have become conducts his guest to his sedan.

more felt, it has now reached nearly 360,000. Corpulency, and small, delicate, taper fin. Thus, at the rate of hundreds a day, the adven. gers, are much esteemed, as indications of turous and the sanguine, the unfortunate and the gentility. Also a goodly rotundity of person, discontented, the desperate, the poor, and the


In such case,

needy, are stepping forth from our serried ranks,

TO THE SKYLARK. to seek the free space and plenty of newer and less crowded lands.

Here, perhaps, the thought may cross some mind that emigration, though inherently a good thing,

WHITHER away! companion of the sun, may, like other good things, be carried to excess;

So high, this laughing morn? Are those soft

clouds just as a glass of old ale may strengthen a teetoteller, a gallon prostrate him. Undoubtedly they

Of floating silver, which appear to shun would be right. Emigration might be carried

Day's golden eye, thy home? or why, 'mid

clouds much too far for the interests of the mother country. For instance, if some dazzling diggings' were dis

Of loosened light, dost thou pour forth thy song? covered at the Land's End, and three-fourths of Descend, sun-loving bird, nor try thy strength Hastings emigrated there, the chief items in the

thus long. next census might be the mayor and corporation,

Æthereal songster! soaring merrily, a few score elderly ladies and gentlemen, and some

Thy wings keep time to thy rich music's flow; hundred blooming young women,

Rolling along the sky celestially, Hastings would become as a city of the past.

And echoing o'er the hill's wood-waving brow Rents in High Street would fall to cyphers, and

Along the flood, which back reflects the sky, strayed cattle graze unheeded in the market And thee, thou warbling speck, deep-mirrored from place. If the French landed, the unprotected female' would fall the easy prize of war; and,

on high. without strong-minded women essayed the plough And thou hast vanished, singing, from my sight! and spade, the fair fields and gardens of the So must this earth be lost to eyes of thine ; suburbs might relapse into pristine wilderness. Around thee is illimitable light : And similar over-emigration from the kingdom Thou lookest down, and all appears to shine would produce similar sad effects. In emigration Bright as above! Thine is a glorious way, as in everything else, there is a judicious turning Pavilioned all around with golden-spreading day. point-a wholesome mean.' A country, wanting people, is in a worse plight than a country wanting

The broad unbounded sky is all thine own; врасе. .

The silvery sheeted Heaven is thy domain ; But this turning point we are far, very far from

No land-mark there, no hand to bring thee down, having reached. True, hundreds a day may leave Glad monarch of the blue, star studded plain! us, but a thousand a day are born to us. True, To thee is airy space far-stretching given ; emigrant-crowded ships may dot the channel ; The vast unmeasured floor of cherubim-trod Heaven. but we go through the land and see no signs thereof. And, whilst we count our paupers and

And thou hast gone, perchance to catch the

sound beggars by hundreds of thousands, our criminals by tens—whilst our capital displays the astound

Of angels' voices, heard far up the sky, ing spectacle of a twentieth part of its population

And wilt return, harmonious, to the ground; rising every morning without the means of getting Then with new music, taught by those on high, the morning's meal—whilst the 'Song of the

Ascend again, and carol o'er the bowers Shirt' remains a true song—whilst thousands of Of woodbines waving sweet, and wild bee-beuded

flowers. strapping young men ( doing their sisters' work) are exhibited in shops selling tape and bobbinwhilst an advertisement in the Times for an ac

Lovest thou to sing alone above the dews, complished governess (where, as the family is

Leaving the nightingale to cheer the night serious, no salary will be given") is answered by

When rides the moon, chasing the shadowy hues 20 charming young ladies, anxious for the

From dark-robed trees, and scattering far her wretched post*—whilst such telling facts as these


O'er town and tower ? but thou art with the sun, are patent to the world, we have good assurance that emigration is not overpassing those whole- Soaring o'er wood and vale, where low-voiced

rivers run. some limits, within which it is the certain source of national prosperity and individual well-doing, just

I hear thy strain; now thou art nearing earth, as the sun is the certain source of light and heat.

Like quivering aspens moves each fluttering By the way, whilst hinting at emigration,


Rising in glee, thou comest down in mirth ;we may just remark tbat murders at "the

Hast heard the seraphs to their Maker sing diggings are now become so common that

The morning hymn, and comest to teach thy they almost cease to be recorded ! If people mate will have gold, they must expect to pay The anthem thou hast brought from Heaven's "dearly” for it.

gold-lighted gate ? * Our author is evidently a man of observation. Lute of the sky! farewell, till I again We almost invariably find, as he says, that when Climb these cloud-gazing hills.

Thou must governesses are wanted “in serious families,"

salary.” is promised. The adver- To where I dwell, nor pour thy Heaven-caught tisements are, we think, foolishly explicit in this strain matter. “Long faces" ought to be well paid for: Above the curling of my smoky home. so few can produce them, at a moment's notice, Others may bear thee, see thee, yet not steal of the required length. The effort surely deserves That joy from thy glad song which it is mine to good pay.-Ed. K. J.

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not come


little if any

The meanest shell-fish and the noblest brute


repress his eager passion for scientific inves

tigation. He heard a common dinner-plate Vor et præterea nihil - and the name

ring, and immediately wrote a treatise upon Of chance are but the arguments of fools,

sound. While Galileo was studying mediSwoll'n with th' expansion of their own conceit. Can that which is not, shape the things that are? ine in the University of Pisa, the regular Is chance omnipotent?- Resolve me wHY

oscillation of a lamp, suspended from the Transmit their likeness to the years that come!

roof of the cathedral, attracted his observa

tion, and led him to consider the vibrations Some -how many !-say that everything of pendulums. Kepler, having married a is the result of " chance." Fie! Every cir: second time, and resembling, perhaps, the cumstance, however slight, is planned and or great Florentine astronomer in his partiality dained. At least, so say WE.

to wine, determined to lay in a store from Sir Walter Scott, walking one day along the Austrian vineyards. Some difference, the banks of Yarrow, where Mungo Park was however, arose between himself and the born, saw the traveller throwing stones into seller with respect to the measurement, and the water, and anxiously watching the bub- Kepler produced a Treatise, which has been bles that succeeded. Scott inquired the ob- placed among the “ earliest specimens of what ject of his occupation : " I was thinking,” is now called the modern analysis.” The slight answered Park, “how often I had thus tried circumstance of Newton's observing the difto sound the rivers in Africa, by calculating ferent refrangibility of the rays of light, seen how long a time had elapsed before the bub- through a prism upon a wall, suggested the bles rose to the surface." It was a slight cir- achromatic telescope ; and led to the prodi.

The motion cumstance, but the traveller's safety fre- gious discoveries in astronomy. quently depended upon it.

of a speck of dust, it has been said, may

illusIn a watch, the mainspring forms a small trate causes adequate to generate worlds. portion of the works, but it impels and In our common hours of reading, we are governs the whole. So it is in the machinery affected by Slight Circumstances. A page, of human life; a slight circumstance is per- a line, a wo often touches us in a large mitted by the Divine Ruler to derange or to volume. Frederic Schlegel was preparing alter it ; a giant falls by a pebble; a girl, at at Dresden, in the winter of 1829, a Lecture the door of an inn, changes the fortune of an which he was to deliver on the foilowing empire. If the nose of Cleopatra had been Wednesday; the subject was, The Extent of shorter, said Pascal, in his epigrammatic and Knowledge to which the Mind of Man seems brilliant manner, the condition of the world capable of attaining. It was between ten and would have been different. The Mahomedans eleven o'clock at night when he sat down to have a tradition, that when their Prophet con- finish his manuscript. One sentence he had cealed himself in Mount Shur, his pursuers begun :-“But the consummate and the perwere deceived by a spider's web, which co- fect knowledge”- -There the pen dropped vered the mouth of the cave.

from his fingers, and when the clock struck Luther might have been a lawyer, had his one, the philosopher, the orator, and the friend and companion, Alexis, escaped the scholar, was no more. There is something thunder-storm at Erfurt. Scotland had wanted solemn and even tremendous in that abrupt her stern reformer, if the appeal of the and mysterious termination—that dropping preacher had not startled him in the chapel of the curtain upon the intellectual scenery of St. Andrew's Castle. If Mr. Grenville which he was about to display to the eyes of had not carried, in 1764, his memorable reso- his audience. “ The consummate and the lution, as to the expediency of charging “ cer- perfect knowledge"—and lo! even while he tain stamp duties" on the plantations of Ame- is gazing through the glass darkly, the rica, the western world might still have mirror of the intellect is clouded by a shadow bowed to the British sceptre. Cowley might still blacker, and the Angel of Death connever have been a poet, if he had not found ducts him into a world where the consumthe Fairy Queen in his mother's parlor. Opie mate and the perfect knowledge can alone be might have perished in mute obscurity, if he found. had not looked over the shoulder of his The light and shade of life are produced young companion, Mark Otes, while he was by Slight Circumstances. A little gleam of drawing a butterfly. Giotto, one of the sunshine, a little cloud of gloom, usually give early Florentine painters, might have con. the tone and color to its scenery. Let us tinued a rude shepherd boy, if a sheep, drawn begin with the light. How abundantly are by him upon a stone, had not attracted the objects of consolation scattered about our notice of Ciambue, as he went that way. feet! Mungo Park, in his travels through

We trace the same happy influence of the interior of Africa, was plundered by robSlight Circumstances in the history of Science. bers at a village called Kooma. Stripped Pascal was born with a genius for mathema- even of his clothes, he sat down in despair in tical discovery. No discouragement could | the midst of a desert. The nearest European



life are

settlement lay at a distance of five hundred We are atoms in the scale of society; and miles. His spirits drooped under the vivid form links in a chain which can never be brosense of his desolation and distress. Still, ken till time shall be no more. If this be his confidence in the providence of God had not " a happy way" of settling the question, not entirely forsaken him ; and he recollected we know not what is. that, even in the wilderness, there was the stranger's friend. At this moment, the ex

VULGAR FESTIVITIES. traordinary beauty of a small moss, in flower, irresistibly caught the traveller's eye. The How WE DO

THAT whole plant, he says, was not larger than the could work a reformation in the tastes of top of one of his fingers. He gazed with the people of England! With few excepadmiration upon the beautiful formation of tions, they see more delight in the pestithe leaves. “ Can that Being,” thought lential fumes of tobacco, qualified" by Park, “who planted, watered, and brought beer and spirits, than in all the glories of to perfection, in this obscure part of the nature unfolding from day to day in the world, a thing which appears of so small im- fields and hedge-rows. We speak not excluportance, look with unconcern upon the situa- sively of the lower orders; but of those tion and sufferings of creatures formed after who, from their position in the world, ought his own image ?The thought kindled his to know better and set a better example. dying energies, and revived his fainting The lovely air of heaven is everywhere spirit. He started up, pursued his journey, poisoned at this season. Gardens are conand in a short time arrived at a small village. verted into pot-houses-the public highways What slight circumstance could be more are polluted-our youth are little better than beautiful than this?

skunks. You may nose them half a mile off. Let us now take an illustration of the Of course, the lower orders must “ imitate" shade. It has been remarked by philosophi- their superiors; and therefore is it that cal writers, that the slightest annoyances in during the holiday season so much de

often the most painful. Ridicule bauchery prevails. Mirth is good, and we stings more than injury. The Narrative of love dearly to witness country festivities. Humboldt may supply an illustration. “How But, as our contemporary, the Times, justly comfortable must people be in the moon !" remarks, “it is indeed a sorry business said a Saliva Indian to Father Gumilla ; she when the British people has it in mind to be looks so beautiful and so clear, that she must festive! As though bewildered at the very be free from moschettoes.” We frequently thought of twenty-four hours' absolution hear exclamations of the same character in from toil, the artisan betakes himself to the walks of life. “ Man never is, but always strongest beer to nerve bis frame for the to be blest.” Some slight change of situation contrast, and inspires fumes of blackest toor of employment would make us happy; and bacco to dim his perception as to the diffi. from the want of it we are miserable, and culties of his position; and to this beclouded burn in perpetual

and frenzied condition of their supporters do

the caterers of holiday amusement address Wishing, that constant hectic of a fool. themselves. In no country in the world is Slight Circumstances are our moschettoes.

so little art employed, so little invention exChristianity remedies this fretfulness of the erted, such obstinate attachment to worn-out mind. It cools that tingling irritability of routine, as among our show people. All is feeling, which urges us into scenes of frivol- coarse, supremely silly, or simply disgusting. ity for the mere purpose of change. It There is no genuine mirth, no healthy expanteaches us not only to endure the difficulties sion of the spirits. Riot and low debauchery and annoyances that surround us, but

are its substitutes."—We hold to our belief endure them with placid resignation. In that all this arises from the influence of bad whatsoever situation we may be placed, we

example. If “gentlemen ” will make chimare to be content. That one word carries a throats, and spirit-vats of their stomachs, it

nies of their noses, volcanoes of their sermon within it. Let us, one and all, settle the matter by is really no matter for wonder if the lower

When will the fashion acknowledging the truth of the Poet's dic- classes do the same. tum

for smoking, drinking, and (it is no Whatever is, is right.

mincing the word) spitting, go out ? These

have surely ranked long enough amongst our The Creator never" made" the world with modern accomplishments !" a view to its usurping Ilis power. In wisdom were we created; by wisdom are we sus

THE FORCE OF EXAMPLE. tained ; in wisdom is it ordained that our lives shall be extended just so long as shall be Example is a living law, whose sway needful to accomplish some grand purpose. Men more than all the written laws obey.



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every hour,

the way,

THE MOTHER AND HER BOY, But why that start—that frenzied look? why are

her cheeks so pale ? A PICTURE OF LIFE.

It is indeed a letter from her son in Newport

Oh God protect the widow, some consolation

send; Many long years had pass'd away--and still the In the sad hour of sorrow, oh be to her a mourner came,

friend! And knelt beside the cold grave-stone that bore her husband's name;

In a close cell unbless’d by light, scarcely adThe flow’rs he loved she planted there, whilst mitting air, bitter tears she shed,

Sentenced to transportation, on bread and water And gladly would have shared with him his cold

fare, and narrow bed,

Pale, fetter'd, and in prison garb,-behold the But for the child she lived to bless, and now her

widow's son; only joy,

But who is she who meekly cries—"God's holy The hope of future happiness, her own, her dar- will be done!" ling boy.

It is his mother,--but how changed ! exhausted, The days of infancy had pass'd, the years of child

pale with care, hood fled;

Without a penny in the world, oh, judge her deep And oft his merry voice recall’d the memory of despair! the dead.

Yes she had travell’d, and on foot, without a friend He wore his father's happy smile; his flowing or guide, auburn hair

More than five hundred dreary miles,-forgetting Fell richly on his bonny brow, yet innocent and fair; all beside And in the fulness of her heart the widow gazed The noble deed she had in view, braving all toil with pride,

and pain; And pictured scenes of pleasure with the darling Alike regardless of fatigue, wind, tempest, hail, or at her side.

rain ; Yes, truly did she love him; she bless'd him Existing on the humblest fare,-spring-water by She press’d him to her bosom, and call’d him Two or three boil'd potatoes, with a bit of salt a Scotland's flower."


Was all she had, -and to procure herself a decent But now the hapless time arrived when he must

rest, quit his home,

She sold her clothes (poor creature !) it was all To seek employment'; and perchance, o'er distant

that she possess'dlands to roam.

With the exception of a dearly valued relic. And oh what heartfelt sorrow the widow'd mother

Yes ; felt!

Driven by penury and pain, despair and wretchAnd tears of bitter anguish fell o'er him as he

cdness, knelt.

Bow'd down with hardships she endur'd on the But children little know the grief that rends a

rough road she trod, parent's heart, The sorrow, agony, and care, when fortune bids This, this she resolutely kept; it was “ the Word

of God,”

For her poor erring child! And though her eyes The anxious thoughts that fill their breast, the

with tears were dim hopes, the doubts, the fears;

She read the Sacred Word of Truth, to cheer and The dreary days, the sleepless nights, the bitter,

comfort him,bitter tears.

Then kneeling down, devoutly pray'd it might be Ye who have parents ! honor them; guard them

understood; with tender care,

And thus had sho performed her mission, great as Or God will surely visit you with sorrow and des

it was good. pair!

A mother's love clings to her child in sorrow, sin, The widow's home was now bereft of every earthly and in afliction's trying hour glows with a

and shame, joy, Weeks, months, years pass'd; and still there came with tears of intercession she pleads her cause

brighter flame; no tidings of her boy.

above,Sometimes a sad presentiment of fear would fill


A MOTHER'S LOVE! Then Hope again would smile and lull those

anxious doubts to rest. At length worn out with watching, with grief and PECULIARITY OF THE HUMAN MIND.

hope deferr'd, And pondering on his silence—the postman’s step The endless varieties of form in which nature is heard.

shows herself, scarcely differ more widely than the She seized the letter with delight; she kissed it impression they produce on different minds; and o'er and o'er;

the noblest prospect each can boast of, is lost and She press'd it to her bosom, and hop'd to weep no thrown away if the beholder's mind is not in

them part:

accordance with it.


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