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istence, they must have the tenderest leaves, and, and brings me all kinds of dainties. This kindness at all times, the greatest attention must be paid does not end with me. I have seven children of to cleanliness. Be careful never to touch a cater different ages, and the same care is equally expillar with warm hands, and never give it its food tended to them. Their names are “Wilful," when wet. I generally rear about a couple of Sprightly," "Fawny," · Snowdrop,” “Pinkhundred Potatoria, and never otherwise than on Eyes, “ Brown-Paw," and "Crocus." I have Bromus Sterilis and Arvenis. May 1, in con- also a numerous progeny in this neighborhood, and clusion, ask you, Sir, to tell me how you bring up at Wyckham Market, Suffolk. Myself, my brother, Potatoria—by feeding them with water? I have and my sister, inhabit a beautiful palace; and my never heard of this plan, and should be extremely seven children another, and a more capacious one, curious to know it before next season, in order close by me. We occupy a nice corner in “B.'s " that I might compare it with my own.-BOMBYX little study, and a snug corner it is too! There ATLAS, Tottenham,

sits my old master, writing to the Editor of OUR

JOURNAL, on one side of the cosy table ; and his A Happy Mouse.-Knowing how ably and how favorite Fino on the other-a large black cat kindly you advocate the cause of all domestic stretched before the fire, and a dear little red pole pets, I venture to give you a brief history of my opposite to my palace. Nay, Mr. Editor, I once happy life; hoping it may be the means of some saw your own smiling countenance in the said other of my dear little relations being equally little room, when you drank Fino's health in a fortunate and happy.. I must premise that 1 glass of ale. (Hush!] Now some people object belong to a very amiable mistress, whose name is to us poor little mice, because we “ Anne" (all ladies named " Anne " are amiable), things." This is libellous. Only let them follow and she is one of the younger daughters of “ Bom- the kind example of my master and his daughter byx Atlas," whom for shortness I will call “ B." Anne, and clean our palaces regularly every dayNow, it happened rather more than two years giving us sweet wholesome food, and I am certain ago, that "B." was fluttering about Great St. you will not find that we deserve such abuse. No; Andrew Street, Holborn (a strange locality at such and we will enliven your apartment very much a strange season of the year, for such a large indeed, by our merry, active, cheerful movements. exotic as “B." to choose), when he suddenly stopped Ought I not to bless the day when first my master opposite a window, in front of which my miserable caught sight of my tiny body in St. Andrew St.; cage was placed. "I did not escape his eye. Ever and am I not a happy mouse? In conclusion, let accustomed to watch all Nature's creatures, my the Field Mouse," by Susannah Strickland, to

me recommend the "History of Little Downy; or, by the twinkle of his optics, that my fate was every kind-hearted young lady , and may it induce sealed; so, fearing to excite more of his curiosity them to keep a pair of pet mice! May they afford (being perfectly ignorant as to what my fate might as much amusement to their mistress as I do to be), I ran in-doors and hid myself. But it was

mine ; and may they be as happy as your affectoo late. "Show me that little fawn-colored tionate—LITTLE Downy, Tottenham, March 15. mouse, if you please," said “B.,” and my cruel mistress brought me ont, as well as my little What is "the cause" of the various Fogs that brother and sister. The business was soon settled. arise ?— Will you, Sir, be so kind as to explain to I was purchased, packed up, and taken home. me the origin of fog ? Does it ascend or descend ? When my cage was opened, I saw a large black Please tell me, as I have heard conflicting opinions. dog called “Fino," and he opened such a dreadful -A YOUTHFUL INQUIRER. mouth! I thought it was all over with us---cage [The very common, but mistaken idea that the and all. Judge of my surprise, then, at finding fog which we see of an evening hanging over low myself placed in a nice new cage ; so clean and meadows, and by the sides of streams, is ascending, so neat I with some delicious bread and milk. I arises very naturally from our first observing it was coaxed too, and played with, by "B." and my in low places; and, as the cool of the evening dear new mistress. Well, though I trembled 80 advances, remarking that ascends to higher much when first I saw him, yet did I soon get land. The fact is, however-not that the damp is accustomed to the old gentleman, who himself ascending, but that, from the coldness of those cleaned out my cage regularly every morning before situations, they are the first places which conhe had his own breakfast. After a time, 1 had a dense the before invisible vapor. As the cold of little family; and "B." was so pleased with my the evening advances, the condensation takes place children, that he bought a new house for us, and at a higher level. A large portion of the vapor made us quite happy, Bless his old heart, Mr. ascends to the upper regions of the atmosphere, Editor! After I had been six months in the where it cools, and becomes visible to us in the family, I was named "Little Downy," my sister form of clouds; and increasing in density by “ Velvet," and my brother “Silkes." These cooling, they gradually descend nearer to the names were taken from a very interesting little earth- until at last, becoming too condensed by volumne, entitled " The History of Little Downy; the loss of heat, they fall in rain, to be again or, the Life of a Field Mouse," by Susannah Strick- returned in endless succession.] land, which "B." gave my little mistress some six years ago, at Lausanne, in Switzerland. I am Gold Fish.—The beautiful little fish, called in now two years old, as are also my sister and this country.“gold and silver fish,” were originally brother; and I am dignified by the name of Queen natives of China and Japan. In these countries Downy. My dear old master never eats his break- they are held in great estimation, and are called fast until he has made my cage clean, sweet, and Kingu. From China, the English carried some of comfortable; and my fond little mistress feeds me, I them to St. Helena ; and from thence the captain



of one of our East India ships brought some of a couple of fish-ponds to be formed with the water them to England in the year 1728.-Eliza G. of the adjoining brook, and stored one of them

with trout and the other with tench. It was evi. The Gapes in Fools.—How can I remove from dently his wish to render himself comfortable in the throat of my suffering birds, the worm that the retreat where he had a reasonable prospect of prevents them from eating their food? They pine passing many years."-DODMAN. sadly, and hide away in corners.-Dorothy T.

[Take a soft feather. Strip it to within an Sagacity of the Sheep Dog, or Collie.-On the inch of the bottom, and carefully put it down the 18th February says the Banffshire Mail, the shepinvalid's throat. After twirling it rapidly round herds on the extensive grazing grounds belonging between your hands, and quickly withdrawing it, to Captain Grant, Achorachan, Glenlivat, were the enemy will be found adhering to the feather. compelled, in consequence of the heavy falls of To facilitate this operation, place the chicken snow, to drive the sheep from the high grounds. between your knees.)

It turned out that sixty head were missing. For

these, instant search was made by the shepherds. Arrivals of Strange Birds in Cornwall, and For a long time, no clue was got to the missing Devonshire generally. During the month of animals, and the shepherds were nearly exhausted February, many birds not generally seen here with fatigue; when one of their dogs was about, Hocked to this neighborhood in large digging a hole in the snow with its fore feet. The numbers. I am no ornithologist

, but all who shepherds went to the spot; and down the hole enjoy the power of observation who were hereabout made by the animal, one of the men thrust a stick, during the early part of February, could not help and instantly discovered by the motion that he seeing some of the many strange birds driven touched a living animal. The men now all set south by stress of weather. Amongst these

were to work ; and after removing snow to the depth of the lapwings, or pee-weets of many localities. some six or eight feet, found the whole of the misOn one occasion, I saw fully two hundred of them sing sheep all huddled together. Had it not been on about an acre of meadow grass. The natives for the timely discovery, it is more than probable have shot many of them for stuffing. Golden that not one of the sheep would have been left unplovers are another species that came to see us

smothered.-E. S. a very shy bird likewise, yet some of them fell a prey to the amateur sportsman. The water wag. Death in the Pot.-Alas, Mr. Editor, what a tails, as they are called in the north, likewise came world we live in! We can neither eat, nor drink, in goodly numbers. In some instances these without danger. Read what is now going the birds will soon become as familiar as the gar-round of the press ; and tremble, if you be " deners' well known acquaintance, the little pug- man given to appetite." We are warned to mark nacious robin-redbreast. Many goldfinches were yonder portly individual. He has scarcely passed seen ; some of them were found to have died the period of maturity we are told, and yet he from the effects of the cold. Starlings were re- incessantly complains of ailments which the art of sorting to the more sheltered portions of the no physician has yet been enabled to reach. His higher grounds, and every now and again passing health is evidently breaking; his system and repassing in considerable flocks, keeping up has struggled long against the ravages of an amongst themselves an incessant chatter." Since insidious foe. Probably the water with which about the 20th ult., the above-named migratory his domicile is supplied, besides being tainted inhabitants have apparently nearly all taken with all the foulness that a “ London Company themselves off from this neighborhood. The lap- can impart, is received into leaden cisterns, which wing is so seldom seen here, that many persons are fast corroding from the action of carbonic had never observed any of them before. * Moor- acid; and are thus hourly tending to bring their hens, likewise, came in immense numbers, and victim to the grave, by means slow but sure, many water fowl; all testifying to the severity and terrible as sure. At breakfast, his tea, of the weather throughout Great Britain. colored (as it commonly is) with Prussian blue, G. Dawson, Cornwall, March 5.

chromate of lead, or carbonate of copper, adds

to the already poisonous nature of the water Introduction of the India Pink into Europe.- with which it is combined. His bread, if he The following extract from the delightful book of resides in London, is certainly adulterated with Mr. Stirling, the "Cloister Life of Charles V.," alum, not improbably plaster of Paris or sand. may be interesting to your readers :-“ From Tu- His beer is "doctored with coculus Indicus, nis he is said to have brought not only the best of grains of Paradise, quassia, &c. Those ghirkins, his laurels, but the pretty flower called Indian of emerald hue, that appear so innocent, and, Pink, sending it from the African shore to his consequently so tempting in their prismatic jar, garden in Spain, whence in time it won its way owe their seductive beauty to one of the dead. into every cottage garden in Europe. Yuste was liest poisons in all the range of chemistry! a very Paradise for these simple tastes and harm- The verdant apricots in that tart, are attractive less pleasures. The Emperor spent part of the from the same baneful cause ! The anchovy summer in embellishing the ground immediately paste, produced contemporaneously with the below his windows; he raised a terrace on which cheese, if analysed, would be found to consist of he placed a fountain, and laid out a parterre, and an amalgam of decayed sprats, Venetian red, beneath it he formed a second parterre ; planted and red lead. Nay, that double-Gloucester itlike the first with flowers and Orange trees. self is not free from contamination. Its color is Amongst his poultry were some Indian fowls, sent due to annatto ; and that annatto has been comhim by the Bishop of Placencia. He also caused pounded of red lead, chrome, and ochre. The oil in that salad has possibly come from Paris, there is a necessity for supplying their places where incredible quantities are manufactured at with some of our hardy ornamental shrubs, which the knacker's yard! Whole carcasses of horses can be kept in reserve for that purpose. Planting being there boiled down, the fat is resolved in- up the empty beds would rather be a matter of to its component stearine and elaine ; the for- consideration of time and labor, than any difficulty mer being converted into candles, and the latter in the operation; and very little extra trouble into olive oil.—But I will stop here—hoping that would be involved in keeping plants for the express some good may come out of the knowledge of 80 purpose. An arrangement of this sort seems much evil ! JANE R., Chiswick. L. E. L.

highly necessary—at least where the flower gar

den is contiguous to the mansion; and by introMr. Stephens' Cabinets of British Insects. ducing choice varieties of shrubs, patches of earlyBritish Entomologists will be pleased to learn that flowering heath, and margining the beds with the Trustees of the British Museum have pur- different-colored crocus, and other early-flowering chased the whole of the late Mr. J. F. Stephens' bulbs, the whole effect would be lively and Cabinets of British Insects. As the Collection pleasing.–G. F. contains the whole of the typical specimens described by Marsham in the " Entomologia Chance, or Design ?-In what confusion, says Britannica," a considerable number of those de the good Derham, must the world for ever have scribed by Haworth in his “Lepidoptera Britan- ' been, but for the variety which we find to exist in nica," and the whole of those described in Mr. the faces, the voices, and handwritings of men ! Stephens' " Illustrations of British Entomology' No security of person, no certainty of possession, -the acquisition of this collection is of course no justice between inan and man, no distinction a matter of national interest.-W.

between good and bad, friends and foes, father

and child, husband and wife, male and femaleThe Ladies' Petition.”—As OUR Journal all would have been exposed to malice, fraud, treats of “Things in General,"—may I ask what forgery, and oppression. But now man's face can you think, Mr. Editor, of the monster petition of distinguish him in the light, his voice in the dark; the Ladies of England, on the subject of American and his handwriting can speak for him though Slavery? Though a woman myself, I really blush absent, and be his witness to all generations. Did for my sex. Tell me-am I right?-Susanna. this happen by chance, or is it not a manifest, as

[Yes, Lady Susanna ; you are right. The well as an admirable indication of a Divine twenty-six volumes, folio, of Signatures,” got superintendence ?-Infidelity, Mr. Editor, must up by our masculine women of England, will surely “blush" sometimes ! What a horrible stand as an indelible“ mark of impertinence” so wretch an atheist must be !-AMELIA C. long as time shall last. They have had one decent [Yes, dear Minnie. Such characters lie down trimming already—they richly deserve another. like monsters, and rise up mere cumberers of the How brightly Woman shines in her own sphere! ground. Hating their Creator, they try to poison But let her once pass the bounds of decorum- all the streams through which 'His many inercies and where will she not run to! “Clever Women,” flow. Do such people, Minnie, read our JOURand “Political Women," are our mortal aversion.) XAL? Oh, no!)

Evergreen Shrubs introduced into Flower Gar. Insects.Cossus, Cerura ; &c.-Thanks, many, dens.-It would justly be considered, at the pre- to Bombyx Atlas, for his kind information. sent day, a retrograde movement in gardening As regards Cossus, I have tried no particular practice to train or trim trees and shrubs in re- method for rearing it, beyond supplying it with presentation of animal life; and such figures, fresh wood; but it could neither be induced to eat, however skilfully formed, cannot be ornamental, nor to change its state. I have another now, but rather indicate a whimsical and childish taste.

a small one, procured a few weeks since. How There can be nothing more pleasing to the eye shall I manage him? Do they exist as larvæ for than symmetry of form, as represented in the gi- one year, or for three years? This is variously gantic formation of our forest trees that occupy stated in different books. Should I be able to secure individual stations in the park or lawn, or the any more of the eggs I was unsuccessful with, I finely-balanced proportions of our less imposing will certainly avail myself of Bombyx's kind offer shrubs forming single specimens or massed in immediately. I cannot now for one moment doubt groups, towards the limits or boundary of the the fact with regard to Cerura, after the confirfower gardens. That shrubs and flowers, as mation it has received. However, I should be separate objects, possess beauty independent of very sorry, in this instance, to have ocular demonone another, is willingly admitted; yet a visit to stration. I think myself very fortunate in having the flower gardens at the present time, forces the escaped their discharge. While rearing them last evident truth before us that, with a great amount year, they were certainly very compassionate to a of labor, time, and expense, we are only remine young and unskilful entomologist. "I have experirated by a fine display of color for a very short enced great pleasure in reading the communications period of time; and until that time again comes sent by Bombyx to OUR JOURNAL; and should feel round, we have nothing to look upon but the much obliged to him, if he could give any inforempty and desolate appearance of the flower beds. mation as to the best method of obtaining caterThat this order of things is absolutely necessary, pillars.-CERURA, Pimlico. cannot be—at least in its widest sense ; for if there is a shadow of reason why oranges, and other tender shrubs in boxes, should occupy pro- PLATONIC AFFECTION, Love full-fledged, minent situations in the flower-garden in summer, 1 eagerly watching for the first fine day to fly.

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own, and dispenses around it a perfectly pure

atmosphere. It ridicules trifles, and makes Oh, never had the Poet's lute a hope,

the best of everything that happens. There An aim so glorious as it now may have In this our social state ; where petty cares

is poetry in the smallest action of life-poetry And mercenary interests only look

in rendering a little service, poetry in reUpon the present's lit:leness, and shrink

turning thanks for it; poetry in receiving, From the bold future, and the stately past. 'Tis the Poet's gift to melt these frozen waters.

feeling, and acknowledging those thanks.

This refined feeling rendere life a garden of HEREVER

flowers,and creates a sympathy in genial hearts CHANCE TO BE, we never which is perfectly indescribable. Most of fail to make good use both our readers enter readily into the nature and of our eyes and of our ears.

truth of our remarks. Nor have we ever found any

Feeling thus, when we go abroad for a walk valid reason for deviating

we see everything in our path with a loving from this our general rule; eye. We are not disposed to look on the every day adding something to what we knew dark side of nature. We want everybody to before.

love what we love; to see with our eyes ; Seated, a few days since, in a snug corner to feel with our heart. Nor is it unusual, in of a well-frequented hotel, a name not alto- the genial months now opening upon us, to gether unknown to us was frequently and find many a frank disposition harmonising earnestly repeated by two individuals from with our own. The only thing to be lamented whose gaze we were fortunately concealed. is, the evanescent feeling. It changes too often That name was our own—and the subject of with time and circumstance. The impression conversation was


is neither deep nor lasting. It might be so, Naturally interested, we listened-and as

but for circumstances. It is a too close naturally expected to "hear no good” of contact with sordid and mean spirits, that ourself. In this expectation we were, how- has such a powerful influence over the inever, agreeably disappointed.

genuous mind! “ Like priest like people," It appeared that the two disputants were

is an adage true of the domestic hearth, as it canvassing the merits of our JOURNAL; both is of the conventicle. warmly applauding its matter and its manner, Many a stroll have we had in a lovely lane; and considering it calculated to be of great and many a strolling companion have we public service. One of the parties, however, fraternised with in our rambles. Somehow marvelled that poetry should find such a place —we cannot give a reason-heart seems to in it. His companion asked, what could be respond to heart, and sympathy finds itself a his motive for so odd a remark; seeing that resting-place. We meet, we walk, we gossip, Poetry was the presiding genius of the we innocently touch some tender chord. periodical ? The reply was, that the dissent- Distance melts away: The chance companion ient never read poetry-did not like of a morning's ramble carries home with her poetry; it was so dry.For his part,“ he half our heart; and, if we never meet again, could not understand it, and always skipped the reinembrance of such an interview is it as he did the speeches of members of Par-“sweet." Brother, sister, friend; all and liament, reported in the newspapers. All the each have we met by turns. rest was EXCELLENT."-OUR JOURNAL com- These rambles are now pared with parliamentary speeches !! who at this season is ALL poetry, instinctively

Well; as we feel quite sure that this article calls us forth; and as naturally finds us a will come under the immediate eye of the companion. We are not long in reading the two speakers referred to, let us quietly argue heart. One glance keeps us dumb, or unlocks the point with the gentleman who sees no our sympathies; and when we do find our beauty in poetry. Perhaps if his friend counterpart, who more happy than we? If kindly secondsus, we may yet make a such feelings, such companions, such an interconvert of him; and give a fresh zest to his change of thoughts, be not poetical, then are future pleasures in life. He cannot, we we a stranger to the true meaning of the surmise, have numbered more than four-and-word poetry. There would be more of this twenty summers ; and his experience, we enjoyment felt, if we were a less artificial imagine, must have been very limited. Yet people; but when the winter comes, the did his presence greatly interest us, as the poetry, alas ! of spring and summer vanish, remarks we are about to offer will show. We and we descend to the regions of cold, icy write the more forcibly, in consequence of prose! Nature, in England, is only used as the conversation that reached our ear. à convenience She is not idolised- not

Poetry, although hardly to be defined in worshipped. We talk of her, but are ever at words, is that which sets aside all that war with her. morbid feeling which is observable in the We have been speaking of poetry, and world at large. It moves in an orbit of its eulogising it in its application to matters of


The sun,

VOL. III.-13.

every-day life.

It may not be amiss, before turn with faces which ruefully express their closing this article, to give Addison's beau- unanimous opinion that they have had enough tiful detinition of a poet. It embodies in its of water, for the present. fulness all we can conceive of excellence in And then, to look at the windows and nothe human heart. Of all feelings, poetry is tice the phrenological and physiognomical the most sublime. It creates and sustains developments, and the many expedients eminnocence, and imparts a perfect purity of ployed by the storm-staid to express, or hide mind.

their disappointment! It is enough to draw The poet, says Addison, is not obliged to pity from the bosom of a Timon ; or to make attend Nature in the slow advances she makes à Jacques laugh. from one season to another, or to observe In a town like Keswick, situated in the her conduct in the successive production of very midst of the country where rain seems plants and flowers. He may draw into his to be fostered, if not born, it is necessary to description all the beauties of spring and have some other, and more intellectual, autumn, and make the whole year contribute amusement than sitting at the windows of the something to render it the more agreeable. His inn, admiring the different expressions of rose-trees, woodbines, and jessamines may countenance exhibited in the windows oppoflower together; and his beds be covered at site; or watching the floods of water wanthe same time with lilies, violets, and ama- dering down the two narrow streets, (I could ranths. His soil is not restrained to any par- never find their names) which, after skirting ticular set of plants ; but is proper either for the Town-hall, meet and pour their waters oaks or myrtles, and adopts itself to the products into the milky way of the main street, the of every climate. Oranges may grow wild in union forcibly reminding us of a capsized it; myrrh may be met with in every hedge; capital Y. Perhaps no little town would be and if he thinks it proper to have a grove of more fortunate in wet days. We do not spices, he can quickly command sun enough refer to the comforts of the inns; or the books to raise it. Nay, he can make several new contained in them, and in the circulating species of flowers; with rich scents and higher libraries. These we care little about, as we can colors than any that grow in the gardens of hav them at home. What we want here is, Nature. His concerts of birds may be as full something interesting in connection with the and harmonious, and his woods as thick and country which we are in ; and about which, gloomy as he pleases. He is at no more even the softest drawing-room tourist would expense in a long vista than in a short one ; like to know a little. Well, there are two and can as easily throw his cascades from a exhibitions especially fitted for wet-day-visits, precipice of half a mile high as from one of though profitably visited on dry days as well twenty yards. He has his choice of the winds, and these are, the Museum and the and can turn the course of his rivers, in all Model. the variety of meanders that are most de.

The day being wet, we had rushed down lightful to the reader's imagination. With such instinctive powers as these, no waiting at the window for our letters, we

the street so far as the post-office; and while wonder that a true poet, or a lover of Nature were astonished by the sight of the jaws of a (for they are both “one ") should be a bappy whale acting as portals over a door to our man. Neither can we wonder if he labor hard left hand. to make others as happy as himself.

We glanced at the sign above,

Our and the mystery was at once cleared up, time here is very short. Why should we not, There we saw, in gold letters—we like gold whilst we live," enjoy” that which is so letters, they always read so emooth—" Crosscompletely within our reach?

thwaite's Museum." This was too much to

be resisted ; so in we went-not, of course, NOTES BY A NATURALIST.

looking for anything like a British Museum,

but expecting to find a little food for reflecA WET DAY IN KESWICK.

tion, and amusement for part of a wet day.

Passing some interesting Roman relics of IMAGINE A WET DAY in a place of summer ponderous size, we ascended the stair ; and resort ; and you have one of the most misera- were received in the first room by the fair ble pictures which can be presented to the expositor. The museum, like every other, mind of a pleasure-seeking traveller. The consists of Antiquities, and Natural History streets are fowing with a solution of clay and specimens. Among the former are some good other solubles, and the rain is running in dirty vases, fibulæ, and other articles of vèrtu ; also streams down the whitewashed faces of the inns, a sword, evidently of Roman make, with or perchance, down the equally dirty face of the scabbard in good preservation, found at stable-boy, who undoes the reeking horses Embleton, nine miles from Keswick; and an from some shandy-dan, whose occupants, eagle, which seems to have formed a portion tempted by a momentary gleam of sun of the decoratives of some warrior's helmet. shine, darted off to the waterfall, and now re. These were among the most beautiful. One

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