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This Book is so called from its treating of the GENERATION, that is, of the Creation and the beginning of the world. The Hebrews call it BERESITH, from the Word with which it begins. It contains not only the History of the Creation of the World; but also, an account of its progress during the space of 2369 years-that is, until the death of JOSEPH.
God createth Heaven and Earth, and all things there
in, in six days.
N the beginning God created heaven and earth." 2 And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3 And God said: 'Be light made. And light was made.
18 And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19 And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20 God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
4 And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness. 5 And he called the light Day, and the dark-waters brought forth, according to their kinds, ness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
21 And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the
6 And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22 And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth. 23 And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
7 And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so. 24 And God said: Let the earth bring forth 8 And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the living creature in its kind, cattle and creepthe evening and morning were the second day. ing things, and beasts of the earth, according 9 God also said: Let the waters that are under to their kinds. And it was so done. the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done. 10 And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11 And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit-tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12 And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14 And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons and for days and years:
15 To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done. 16 And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17 And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
25 And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26 And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth. 27 And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.i 28 And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29 And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:1
30 And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done. 31 m And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
M. 1. Ante C. 4004 Acts 14. 14. & 17. 24. Ps. 32. 6. the fourth day he ordered and distributed this light, and 4 135. 5. Eccli. 18. 1. Heb. 11. 3.-d Ps. 135. 5. & 148. 4. Jer. made the sun, moon, and stars. The moon, though much 10 12 & 51 15- Job 33. 4. Ps. 32. 7. & 88. 12. & 135. 7.-less than the stars, is here called a great light, from its P1357- Infra, 5. 1. & 9. 6. 1 Cor. 11. 7. Col. 3. 10.- Wis. 33 17.1 Mat. 19. 4. Infra, 8. 7. & 9. 1.- Infra,
9. 3.- Eccli. 39 21. Mark 7. 37.
Ch. 1. ver. 6. A firmament. By this name is here understood the whole space between the earth, and the highest stars. The lower part of which divideth the waters that are upon the earth, from those that are above
in the clouds.
Ver. 16. Two great lights. God created on the first day, light, which being moved from east to west, by its rising and setting, made morning and evening. But on
giving a far greater light to the earth than any of them. Ver. 26. Let us make man to our image. This image of God in man, is not in the body, but in the soul; which is a spiritual substance, endued with understanding and free-will. God speaketh here in the plural number, to insinuate the plurality of persons in the Deity.
Ver. 28. Increase and multiply. This is not a precept, as some protestant controvertists would have it, but a blessing, rendering them fruitful; for God had said the same words to the fishes, and birds, (v. 22.) who were incapable of receiving a precept.
God resteth on the seventh day and blesseth it. earthly paradise, in which God placeth man. commandeth him not to eat of the tree of knowledge. And formeth a woman of his rib.
man to be alone: let us make him a help like unto himself.
19 And the Lord God having formed out of the ground all the beasts of the earth, and all the fowls of the air, brought them to Adam to
So the heavens and the earth were finished, see what he would call them: "for whatsoever
and all the furniture of them.
2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made: and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had
3 And he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
4 These are the generations of the heaven and the earth, when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the heaven and the earth: 5 And every plant of the field before it sprung up in the earth, and every herb of the ground before it grew for the Lord God had not rained upon the earth; and there was not a man to till the earth.
6 But a spring rose out of the earth, watering all the surface of the earth.
7 And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul." 8 And the Lord God had planted a paradise of pleasure from the beginning: wherein he placed man whom he had formed.
Adam called any living creature the same is its
20 And Adam called all the beasts by their names, and all the fowls of the air, and all the cattle of the field: but for Adam there was not found a helper like himself.
21 Then the Lord God cast a deep sleep upon Adam': and when he was fast asleep, he took one of his ribs, and filled up flesh for it. 22 And the Lord God built the rib which he took from Adam into a woman: and brought her to Adam.
23 And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man.
24 Wherefore a man shall leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they shall be two in one flesh.
25 And they were both naked; to wit, Adam
The serpent's craft. The fall of our first parents.
9 And the Lord God brought forth of the NOW the serpent was more subtle than any
ground all manner of trees, fair to behold, and pleasant to eat of: the tree of life also in the midst of paradise: and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
10 And a river went out of the place of pleasure to water paradise, which from thence is divided into four heads.
11 The name of the one is Phison: that is it which compasseth all the land of Hevilath, where gold groweth.
12 And the gold of that land is very good: there is found bdellium, and the onyx stone. 13 And the name of the second river is Gehon: the same is it that compasseth all the land of Ethiopia.
14 And the name of the third river is Tigris: the same passeth along by the Assyrians. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
15 And the Lord God took man, and put him into the paradise of pleasure, to dress it, and to keep it.
16 And he commanded him, saying; Of every tree of paradise thou shalt eat:
17 But of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat. For in what day soever thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the death. 18 And the Lord God said: It is not good for
of the beasts of the earth which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman: Why hath God commanded you, that you should not eat of every tree of paradise?
2 And the woman answered him, saying: Of the fruit of the trees that are in paradise we do eat:
3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of paradise, God hath commanded us that we should not eat; and that we should not touch it, lest perhaps we die. 4 And the serpent said to the woman: No, you shall not die the death.
5 For God doth know that in what day soever you shall eat thereof, your eyes shall be opened: and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 6 And the woman saw that the tree was good to eat, and fair to the eyes, and delightful to behold: and she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave to her husband who did eat. 7 And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig-leaves, and made themselves aprons.
8 And when they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in paradise at the afternoon air, Adam and his wife hid themselves from the face of the Lord God, amidst the trees of paradise. Exod. 20. 11. & 31. 17. Deut. 5. 14. Heb. 4. 4.- 1 Cor. 15. knowledge. To which the deceitful serpent falsely attri 45.- Eccli. 24. 35. Ps. 147. 4.- 1 Cor. 11. 9. Eph. 5. 31. buted the power of imparting a superior kind of knowMat. 19. 5. Mark 10. 7.- 1 Cor. 6. 16.- 2 Cor. 11. 3.-ledge, beyond that which God was pleased to give.
i Eccli. 25. 33. 1 Tim. 2. 14.
Ch. 2. ver. 2. He rested, &c. That is, he ceased to make or create any new kinds of things. Though, as our Lord tells us, John 5. 17. He still worketh, viz., by conserving and governing all things, and creating Bouls.
Ch. 3. ver. 7. And the eyes, &c. Not that they were blind before, (for the woman saw that the tree was fair to the eyes, v. 6.) nor yet that their eyes were opened to any more perfect knowledge of good; but only to the unhappy experience of having lost the good of original grace and innocence, and incurred the dreadful Ver. 9. The tree of life. So called because it had that eril of sin. From whence followed a shame of their quality, that by eating of the fruit of it, man would have being naked; which they minded not before; because been preserved in a constant state of health, vigour, and being now stript of original grace, they quickly begar strength, and would not have died at all. The tree of to be subject to the shameful rebellions of the flesh.
9 And the Lord God called Adam, and said to him; Where art thou?
The history of Cain and Abel. ND Adam knew Eve his wife: who conceived and brought forth Cain, saying: I have gotten a man through God.
10 And he said: I heard thy voice in paradise; AN and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.
11 And he said to him: And who hath told thee that thou wast naked, but that thou hast eaten of the tree whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?
12 And Adam said: The woman, whom thou gavest me to be my companion, gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
13 And the Lord God said to the woman: Why hast thou done this? And she answered: The serpent deceived me, and I did eat. 14 And the Lord God said to the serpent: Because thou hast done this thing, thou art cursed among all cattle, and beasts of the earth: upon thy breast shalt thou go, "and earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.
2 And again she brought forth his brother Abel. And Abel was a shepherd, and Cain a husbandman.
3 And it came to pass after many days, that Cain offered, of the fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord.
4 'Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and of their fat: and the Lord had respect to Abel, and to his offerings.
5 But to Cain and his offerings he had no respect: and Cain was exceedingly angry, and his countenance fell.
6 And the Lord said to him: Why art thou angry? and why is thy countenance fallen? 7 If thou do well, shalt thou not receive? but if ill, shall not sin forthwith be present at the door? but the lust thereof shall be under thee, and thou shalt have dominion over it.
15 I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel." 16 To the woman also he said: I will multi- 8 And Cain said to Abel his brother: Let us ply thy sorrows, and thy conceptions: in sor- go forth abroad. And when they were in the row shalt thou bring forth children, and thou field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel, and shalt be under thy husband's power, and he slew him.h shall have dominion over thee.
17 And to Adam he said: Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee, that thou shouldest not eat, cursed is the earth in thy work; with labour and toil shalt thou eat thereof all the days of thy life.
18 Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herbs of the earth. 19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to the earth, out of which thou wast taken: for dust thou art, and into dust thou shalt return."
20 And Adam called the name of his wife Eve: because she was the mother of all the living. 21 And the Lord God made for Adam and his wife, garments of skins, and clothed them.
22 And he said: Behold Adam is become as one of us, knowing good and evil: now, therefore, lest perhaps he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever. 23 And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken.
24 And he cast out Adam; and placed before the paradise of pleasure Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Is. 65. 25. Mich. 7. 17. Is. 49. 23. Ps. 72. 9.-b Apoc. 12. Infra. 42. 17. 1 Cor. 14. 34.- Infra, 18. 27. Ps. 102. 14. & 22. 16. Excle. 7. 12- A. M. 2. Ante C. 4002- Heb. 11. 4. A. M. 123. Ante C. 3976.- Wis. 10. 3. Mat. 23. 35. 1 John
3 12 Jude 11.
9 And the Lord said to Cain: Where is thy brother Abel? And he answered, I know not: am I my brother's keeper?
10 And he said to him: What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the earth.
11 Now, therefore, cursed shalt thou be upon the earth, which hath opened her mouth and received the blood of thy brother at thy hand. 12 When thou shalt till it, it shall not yield to thee its fruit: a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be upon the earth.
13 And Cain said to the Lord: My iniquity is greater than that I may deserve pardon. 14 Behold thou dost cast me out this day from the face of the earth, and I shall be hidden from thy face, and I shall be a vagabond and a fugitive on the earth: every one, therefore, that findeth me, shall kill me.
15 And the Lord said to him: No, it shall not be so: but whosoever shall kill Cain, shall be punished seven-fold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, that whosoever found him should not kill him.
16 And Cain went out from the face of the Lord, and dwelt as a fugitive on the earth, at the east side of Eden.
17 And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived,
Ver. 14. Every one that findeth me shall kill me. His guilty conscience made him fear his own brothers and nephews; of whom, by this time, there might be a good number upon the earth; which had now endured near Ver. 15. She shall crush. Ipsa, the woman; so divers 130 years; as may be gathered from Gen. 5. 3. comof the fathers read this place conformably to the Latin:pared with Ch. 4. 25., though in the compendious account others read it ipsum, viz., the seed. The sense is the same: for it is by her seed, Jesus Christ, that the woman crushes the serpent's head,"
Ver. 22. Behold Adam, &c. This was spoken by way of reproaching him with his pride, in affecting a knowledge that might make him like to God.
Ch. 4. v. 4. Had respect. That is, shewed his acceptance of his sacrifice (as coming from a heart full of devotion): and that, as we may suppose, by some visible token, such as sending fire from heaven upon his offerings.
given in the scriptures, only Cain and Abel are mentioned.
Ver. 15. Set a mark, &c. The more common opinion of the interpreters of holy writ, supposes this mark to have been a trembling of the body; or a horror and consterna. tion in his countenance.
Ver. 17. His wife. She was a daughter of Adam, and Cain's own sister; God dispensing with such marriages in the beginning of the world, as mankind could not otherwise be propagated. He built a city, viz., In process of time, when his race was multiplied, so as to be numer
and brought forth Henoch: and he built a city, 11 And all the days of Enos were and called the name thereof by the name of his [dred and five years, and he died. son Henoch. 12 And Cainan lived seventy years Malaleel.
18 And Henoch begot Irad, and Irad begot Maviael, and Maviael begot Mathusael, and Mathusael begot Lamech :
19 Who took two wives: the name of the one was Ada, and the name of the other Sella. 20 And Ada brought forth Jabel: who was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of herdsmen. 21 And his brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of them that play upon the harp and the organs.
22 Sella also brought forth Tubalcain, who was a hammerer and artificer in every work of brass and iron. And the sister of Tubalcain | was Noema.
23 And Lamech said to his wives Ada and Sella: Hear my voice, ye wives of Lamech, hearken to my speech: for I have slain a man to the wounding of myself, and a stripling to my own bruising.
24 Seven-fold vengeance shall be taken for Cain: but for Lamech seventy times sevenfold. 25 Adam also knew his wife again: and she brought forth a son, and called his name Seth, saying: God hath given me another seed, for Abel, whom Cain slew.
26 But to Seth also was born a son, whom he called Enos; this man began to call upon the name of the Lord.
The genealogy, age and death of the Patriarchs, from
2 He created them male and female; and blessed them: and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.
3d And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begot a son to his own image and likeness, and called his name Seth.
4 And the days of Adam, after he begot Seth, were eight hundred years: and he begot sons and daughters.
5 And all the time that Adam lived came to nine hundred and thirty years, and he died. 6 Seth also lived a hundred and five years, and begot Enos.
7 And Seth lived after he begot Enos, eight hundred and seven years, and begot sons and daughters.
8 Ånd all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, and he died.
9 And Enos lived ninety years, and begot
10 After whose birth he lived eight hundred and fifteen years, and begot sons and daughters.
Mat. 18. 22.-b A. M. 130. Ante C. 3874.- Wis. 2. 3. Eccle.
17. 1. Infra, 9. 6. 1 Par. 1. 1.-A. M. 235. Ante C. 3769.
f A. M. 987. Ante C. 3017.- A. M. 1056. Ante C. 2948.
13 And Cainan lived after he bego eight hundred and forty years, and and daughters.
14 And all the days of Cainan hundred and ten years, and he died. 15 And Malaleel lived sixty five begot Jared.
16 And Malaleel lived after he be eight hundred and thirty years, and and daughters.
17 And all the days of Malaleel v hundred and ninety five years, and h 18 And Jared lived a hundred and years, and begot Henoch.
19 And Jared lived after he begot eight hundred years, and begot daughters.
20 And all the days of Jared were dred and sixty two years, and he died 21 And Henoch lived sixty five year got Mathusala.
22 And Henoch walked with God: after he begot Mathusala, three hund and begot sons and daughters. 23 And all the days of Henoch w hundred and sixty five years. 24 And he walked with God, and no more: because God took him." 25 And Mathusala lived a hundred a seven years, and begot Lamech. 26 And Mathusala lived after he b mech, seven hundred and eighty tv and begot sons and daughters.
27 And all the days of Mathusala w hundred and sixty nine years, and he 28 And Lamech lived a hundred an two years, and begot a son.
29 And he called his name Noe, This same shall comfort us from th and labours of our hands on the earth the Lord hath cursed.
30 And Lamech lived after he begot hundred and ninety five years, and be and daughters.
31 And all the days of Lamech came hundred and seventy seven years, and And Noe, when he was five hundred y begot Sem, Cham, and Japheth.
Seth had not called upon God, before the birth Ver. 26. Began to call upon, &c. Not that A but that Enos used more solemnity in the wor invocation of God.
ous enough to people it. For in the many hundred years he lived, his race might be multiplied even to millions. Ch. 6. ver. 2. The sons of God. The des Ver. 23. I have slain a man, &c. It is the tradition of of Seth and Enos are here called sons of G the Hebrews, that Lamech in hunting slew Cain, mis-their religion and piety: whereas the ungodly taking him for a wild beast; and that having discover- Cain, who by their carnal affections lay grovell ed what he had done, he beat so unmercifully the youth, the earth, are called the children of men. The u by whom he was led into that mistake, that he died of consequence of the former marrying with the latte the blows. to be a warning to Christians to be very circum
and thy sons, and thy wife, and the wives of thy sons with thee.
19 And of every living creature of all flesh, thou shalt bring two of a sort into the ark, that they may live with thee: of the male sex, and the female.
20 Of fowls according to their kind, and of beasts in their kind, and of every thing that creepeth on the earth according to its kind; two of every sort shall go in with thee, that they may live.
21 Thou shalt take unto thee of all food that may be eaten, and thou shalt lay it up with thee: and it shall be food for thee and them. 22 And Noe did all things which God com CHAP. VII.
Noe with his family go into the ark. The deluge overflows the earth.
7 He said: I will destroy man, whom I have created, from the face of the earth, from man even to beasts, from the creeping thing even to the fowls of the air, for it repenteth me that I AND the Lord said to him: Go in, thou and all thy house into the ark: for thee I have seen just before me in this generation. 2 Of all clean beasts take seven and seven, the male and the female.
have made them.
8 But Noe found grace before the Lord. 9 These are the generations of Noe: Noe was a just and perfect man in his generations, he walked with God.
10 And he begot three sons, Sem, Cham, and Japheth.
11 And the earth was corrupted before God, and was filled with iniquity.
12 And when God had seen that the earth was corrupted (for all flesh had corrupted its way upon the earth,)
13 He said to Noe: The end of all flesh is come before me, the earth is filled with iniquity through them, and I will destroy them with the earth. 14 Make thee an ark of timber planks: thou shalt make little rooms in the ark, and thou shalt pitch it within and without.
15 And thus shalt thou make it: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits: the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.
16 Thou shalt make a window in the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish the top of it: and the door of the ark thou shalt set in the side: with lower, middle chambers, and third stories shalt thou make it.
17 Behold I will bring the waters of a great flood upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life under heaven. All things that are in the earth shall be consumed. 18 And I will establish my covenant with thee, and thou shalt enter into the ark, thou
A. M. 1536. Ante C. 2468-b Baruch, 3. 26. Amos, 2. 9. Wis. 14. 6. Eccli. 16. 8.- Infra, 8. 21. Mat. 15. 19.
44. 17. Pet. 3. 20. 2 Pet. 2. 5.- Heb. 11. 7. 2 Pet. 2. 5.Mat. 24. 37. Luke 17. 26. 1 Pet. 3. 20.-h A. M. 1656. Ante C. 2348.
their marriages; and not to suffer themselves to be determined in their choice by their carnal passion, to the prejudice of virtue or religion.
Ver. 3. His days shall be, &c. The meaning is, that man's days, which before the flood were usually nine hundred years, should now be reduced to one hundred and twenty years. Or rather, that God would allow men this term of one hundred and twenty years, for their repentance and conversion, before he would send the deluge.
Ver. 4. Giants. It is likely the generality of men before the flood were of a gigantic stature in comparison with what men now are. But these here spoken of are called giants, as being not only tall in stature, but vio
3 But of the beasts that are unclean two and two, the male and the female. Of the fowls also of the air seven and seven, the male and the female: that seed may be saved upon the face of the whole earth.
4 For yet a while, and after seven days, I will rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and I will destroy every substance that I have made, from the face of the earth. 5 And Noe did all things which the Lord had commanded him.
6 And he was six hundred years old, when the waters of the flood overflowed the earth. 7 And Noe went in and his sons, his wife and the wives of his sons with him into the ark, because of the waters of the flood. 8 And of beasts clean and unclean, and of fowls, and of every thing that moveth upon the earth. 9 Two and two went in to Noe into the ark, male and female, as the Lord had commanded Noe. 10 And after the seven days were passed, the waters of the flood overflowed the earth. 11 In the six hundredth year of the life of Noe, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the flood-gates of heaven were opened:
12 And the rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
lent and savage in their dispositions, and mere monsters of cruelty and lust.
Ver. 6. It repented him, &c. God, who is unchangeable, is not capable of repentance, grief, or any other passion. But these expressions are used to declare the enormity of the sins of men, which was so provoking as to determine their Creator to destroy these his creatures, whom before he had so much favoured.
Ver. 15. Three hundred cubits, &c. The ark, according to the dimensions here set down, contained four hundred and fifty thousand square cubits; which was more than enough to contain all the kinds of living creatures, with all necessary provisions: even supposing the cubits here spoken of to have been only a foot and a half each, which was the least kind of cubits.
Ch. 7. v. 2. Of all clean. The distinction of clean and unclean beasts appears to have been made before the law of Moses, which was not promulgated till the year of the world 2514.