Imagini ale paginilor
PDF
ePub

2

stitution and it was developed with strong United States leadership, and in particular the personal involvement of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, who served as Chair of the United Nations Human Rights Commission;

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets forth fundamental human rights including the right to life, liberty, and security of person; freedom of religion; freedom of opinion and expression; freedom of assembly; self-government through free elections; freedom from slavery and torture; the right to a fair trial and to equality before the law; presumption of innocence until proved guilty; the right not to be subjected to retroactive laws; freedom of movement within one's state and freedom to leave or return to it; the right of asylum; the right to a nationality; the right to found a family; the right to privacy; the right to own property; to social security and to work; the right to form and join trade unions; the right to an adequate standard of living, to education, and to rest and leisure; and the right to participation in the cultural life of the community;

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has become the most widely accepted statement identifying human rights and is referred to in resolutions and covenants adopted by numerous international organizations, in multilateral and bilateral treaties, in national constitutions, and in local laws and decrees; and

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, though it is not a treaty or a binding international agreement, it is "a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations": Now, therefore, be it

1

3

Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate

2 concurring), That the Congress

[blocks in formation]

(1) reaffirms the commitment of the United States to the fundamental human rights enunciated

half a century ago in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which are a reflection of the fundamental civil and human rights that are enshrined in the Declaration of Independence and in the United States Constitution, and in particular in the Bill

of Rights;

(2) expresses the determination to work for the implementation of and observance of international human rights and international human rights agreements; and

(3) urges the government leaders of all nations, representatives of private international human rights

organizations, business and labor leaders, local government officials, and all Americans to use the Uni

versal Declaration of Human Rights as an instrument to promote tolerance, understanding, and

greater respect for human rights.

AMENDMENT IN THE NATURE OF A SUBSTITUTE

SHOWING H. CON. RES. 185, AS REPORTED

BY THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL

OPERATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Strike the preamble and insert the following:

Whereas on December 10, 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, after it was adopted by the General Assembly without a dissenting vote;

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was modeled on the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution and it was developed with strong United States leadership, and in particular the personal involvement of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, who served as Chair of the United Nations Human Rights Commission;

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets forth fundamental human rights including the right to life, liberty, and security of person; freedom of religion; freedom of opinion and expression; freedom of assembly; self-government through free elections; freedom from slavery and torture; the right to a fair trial and to equality before the law; presumption of innocence until proved guilty; the right not to be subjected to retroactive laws; freedom of movement within one's state and freedom to leave or return to it; the right of asylum; the right to a nationality; the right to found a family; the right against arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence; the right to own property; to social security and to work; the right to form and join trade unions; the right to an adequate standard of living, to education, and

2

to rest and leisure; and the right to participation in the cultural life of the community;

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has become the most widely accepted statement identifying human rights and is referred to in resolutions and covenants adopted by numerous international organizations, in multilateral and bilateral treaties, in national constitutions, and in local laws and decrees; and

Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, though it is not a treaty or a binding international agreement, it is "a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations": Now, therefore, be it

1

Strike all after the resolving clause and insert the following:

Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate

2 concurring), That the Congress

[blocks in formation]

(1) reaffirms the commitment of the United States to the fundamental human rights enunciated half a century ago in the Universal Declaration of

Human Rights, which are a reflection of the fun

damental civil and human rights that are enshrined
in the Declaration of Independence and in the

United States Constitution, and in particular in the
Bill of Rights;

(2) expresses the determination to work for the

implementation of and observance of international

3

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

human rights and international human rights agree

ments; and

(3) urges the government leaders of all nations,

representatives of private international human rights

organizations, business and labor leaders, local gov

ernment officials, and all Americans to use the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as an instrument to promote tolerance, understanding, and

greater respect for human rights.

« ÎnapoiContinuă »