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latter part of his life was spe.it in case, retirement, gentlemen of the neighbourhood; and here he 19 and the conversation of his friends. He had accu- thought to have written the play of Twelsh Night. pulated considerable property, which Gildon (in He died on his birth-day, Tuesday, April 23, 1616, his Letters and Essays) stated to annount to 3001. when he had exactly completed his fifty-sccond per ann. a sum equal to 10001. in our days. But year; and was buried on the north side of the chan. Mr. Malone doubts whether a!l his property cel, in the great church at Stratford, where a monu. amounted to inuch more than 200l. per ann, which ment is placed in the wall, on which he is repreyet was a considerable fortune in those times; and sented under an arch, in a sitting posture, a cushion it is supposed, that he might have derived 2001. an- spread before him, with a pen in his right hand, nually from the theatre, while he continued to act. and his les rested on a scroll of paper. The fol
lowing Latin distich is engraved under the cushion: He retired some years before his death to a
Juricio Pylium, genio Socratem, arte Maronem, house in Stratford, of which it has been thought
Turra tegit, populus maret, Olyinpus habel. important to give thc history. It was built by Sir Perhaps we should read Sophoclcm, instead of SoHugh Clopton, a younger brother of an ancient cratem. Underneath are the following lines : family in thai neighbourhood. Sir Hugh was
Stay, passenger, wlıy dost thou go so fast? sheriff of London in the reign of Richard III. and
Read, it thou canst, whom envious death has plac'd lord mayor in that of Henry VII. By luis will he Within this monuncnt: Shakspeare, will wlumn bequcathed to his elder brother's son his manor of Quick nature died; whose name doth deck the tomb Clopton, &c. and his housc by the name of the
Far nore than cost : since all that he hath writ
Leaves living art but page to serve his wil. Great House in Stratford. A good part of the estate was in possession of Edward Clopton, Esq.
Obiit ano. Dni. 1616.
Æt. 53, dic 23 Apri. and Sir Hugh Clopton, knt. in 1733. The principal estate had been sold out of the Clopton family. We have not any account of the malady whic.n, for above a century, at the time when Shakspeare
at no very advanced age, closed the life and labecame the purchaser, who, having repaired and
bours of this unrivalled and incomparable genius. modelled it to his own mind, changed the name to
The only notice we have of his person is from New Place, which the mansion-house afterwards Aubrey, who says, “He was a handsome wellerected, in the room of the poet's house, retained
shaped man;" and adds, “verie good company, for many years. The house and lands belonging
and of a verie ready and pleasant and smooth wit.' to it continued in the possession of Shakspeare's His family consisted of two daughters, and a son descendants to the time of the Restoration, when named llamnct, who died in 1596, in the twellh they were re-purchased by the Clopton family. year of his age. Susannah, the eldest daughter, Here, in May, 1742, when Mr. Garrick, Mr. Mach- and her father's favourile, was married to Dr. John lin, and Mr. Delanc, visited Stratford, they were
Iall, a physician, who died Nov. 1635, aged co. hospitably entertained under Shakspeare's mul- Mrs. Ilall died July 11, IG 19, aged 66. They lent berry-trce, by Sir Hugh Clopon, who was a bar- only one child, Elizabeth, born 1607-8, and married rister, was knighted by George I. and dicd in the April 22, 1626, lo Thomas Nashe, esq. who died in 80th year of his age, 1751. His cxccutor, about 1647; and afterwards 10 Sir John Bamard, of the year 1752, sold New Place to the Rev. Mr. Abington in Northamptonshire, but died without Gastrel, a man of large fortune, who resided in is issue by either husband. Judith, Shakspeare's but a few ycars, in consequence of a disagreement youngest daughter, was married to Mr. Thomas with the inhabitants of Stratford. As he resided Quiney, and died Feb. 1661-2, in her 771h year. part of the year at Litchfield, he thought he was By Mr. Quincy she had three sons, Shalspeare, asscssed too highly in the monthly rate towards the Richard, and Thomas, who all dicd unmarricd. maintenance of the poor, and being opposed, he The traditional story of Shakapcare having been peevishly declared, that thai house should never the father of Sir William Davenant, has been gebe assessed again; and soon afterwards pulled it nerally discredited. down, sold the materials, and let the town. Ilc From these in perfect notices, * which are all had some time before cut down Shakspeare's mul- we have been able to collec: from the labours of berry-tree, to save liimself the trouble of showing his biographers and commentators, our readers it to visitors. That Shakspeare planted this free will perceive that loss is known of Shakspeare appears to be sufficiently authenticated. Where than of almost any writer who has been considerNew Place stood is now a garden.
• 'Tho first regular attempt at a lifo of Shakspenre de pro During Shakspeare's abode in this house, he fixed to dr. A. Chalmor's variorum edition, publielsel in 1800 enjoyed the acquaintance and friendship of the lof which we have availod ourselves in the above sketchy
ed as an object of laudable curiosity. Nothing history. The industry of his illustrators for the could be more highly gratifying, than an account last forty years, has been such as probably never of the carly studies of this wonderful man, the was surpassed in the annals of literary investigaprogress of his pen, his moral and social qualities, tion; yet so far are we from information of the his friendships, his failings, and whatever else con- conclusivc or satisfactory kind, that even the order stitutes personal history. But on all these topics in which his play are written rests principally on his contemporaries, and his immedinte successors, conjecture, and of some of the plays usually printed have been equally sileni; and if auglit can hereaf- among his works, it is not yet determined whcther ter be discovered, it must be by exploring sources he wrote the whole, or any part. We are, howwhich have hitherto escaped the anxious researches ever, indebted to the labours of his commentators, of those who have devoted their whole lives, and not only for much light thrown upon his obscuritheir most vigorous talents, to revive his memory, ties, but for a text purified from the gross blunders and illustrate his writings.
lof preceding transcribers and editors; and it is
almost unnecessary to add, that the text of the folIt is equally unfortunate, tha. we know as little lowing volumes is that of the last corrected edition of the progress of his writings, as of his personal or Johnson and Steevens.