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AUG-6 1974

F191

сь

V. 19
1916

428426

COPYRIGHT

BY THE

COLUMBIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY

1916

PRESS OF
THE NEW ERA PRINTING COMPANY

LANCASTER, PA

In Memoriam-Alexander Burton Hagner. By W. B.

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Twenty-Second Annual Report of the Curator

Report of the Chronicler for 1915

Necrology

210

222

227

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PLATE NO.

1. Thomas Carbery, Sixth Mayor of Washington 2. Residence of Thomas Carbery

3. John W. Maury

4. Michael Ignatius Weller

5. Alexander Burton Hagner

FACING PAGE

62

84

160

198

204

HISTORY AND JURISDICTION OF THE UNITED

STATES COURT OF CLAIMS.

BY STANTON J. PEELLE,

CHIEF JUSTICE, RETIRED, U. S. COURT OF CLAIMS.

(Read before the Society, January 19, 1915.)

The history and jurisdiction of the United States Court of Claims is so little understood by the citizens for whose benefit the Court was mainly established, that I gladly accepted your invitation to say a few words tonight.

The law is universal that the sovereign may not be sued without her consent first had, nor can Congress pass any law abridging the right of the people "to petition to the Government for a redress of grievances"; but the right of Congress to hear and investigate such petitions may be delegated to a Court or to a Commission and so in December, 1854, claims against the government had accumulated to such an extent that their investigation became burdensome and vexatious to the various committees of Congress. With the view of relief from such labor and at the same time to preserve to the citizen the right of petition, a bill was introduced to establish a court for the investigation of such claims, and on February 25, 1855, 10 Statutes at Large, 612, the bill became a law creating the Court of Claims; that is, the sovereign thereby consented to be sued by her creditors on claims arising out of the Constitution, and any law of Congress or Executive Regulation or on contracts, express or implied.

The Act provided for appointment by the President,

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