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Extracts from the catalogues of Mayer & Co., importers.


In Munich stone composition, decorated in white and cream, or delicate tints: No. 21A, 5 feet 2 inches, $85; another model, No. 81F, 3 feet 7 inches, $45. Duty-free prices.

Extracts from the catalogues of Daprato Statuary Co., domestic manufacturers.

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Extracts from the catalogues of the Bernardini Statuary Co., domestic manufacturers.

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6 feet.


Extracts from the catalogues of Daprato Statuary Co., domestic manufacturers.

5 feet 8 inches.

5 feet 4 inches.

5 feet.

4 feet 8 inches.

4 feet..

3 feet 4 inches.

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Extracts from the catalogues of the Bernardini Statuary Co., domestic manufacturers.

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Extracts from the catalogue of Daprato Statuary Co., domestic manufacturers.

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Extracts from the catalogue of The Bernardini Statuary Co., domestic manufacturers.

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Height, 2 feet 8 inches to top of head; per pair, rich, $61; extra rich, $68.
Measurement to top of wings is 3 feet. Duty-free price.


House of Representatives, Washington, D. C.

GENTLEMEN: The undersigned, who are importers and manufacturers of stainedglass windows for the use of churches and other religious institutions, respectfully petition your committee to amend paragraph 716 of the tariff act of 1909 so as to permit of the free entry of stained-glass windows imported for presentation to churches. The provision as it now stands reads as follows:

"Works of art, productions of American artists residing temporarily abroad, or other works of art, including pictorial paintings on glass, imported expressly for presentation to a national institution or to any State or municipal corporation or incorporated religious society, college, or other public institution, except stained or painted window glass or stained or painted glass windows, and except any article in whole or in part molded, cast, or mechanically wrought from metal within 20 years prior to importation; but such exemption shall be subject to such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe."

If the word "including" be substituted for the word "except" preceding the phrase "stained or painted window glass or stained or painted glass windows," it will have the desired effect. This amendment will restore the privilege of free entry to church memorial windows as it stood under the Wilson tariff of 1894 (par. 686) and as it was accorded prior to the tariff act of 1890.

The words "stained or painted window glass" might very well be eliminated, so that the amended phrase will read, "including stained or painted glass windows." This will exclude opalescent or ornamental glass in sheets, as to which the houses who import stained-glass windows do not seek to compete with the American manufacturer.

The effect of the proposed change will be to permit the free entry of memorial and other windows presented to churches and other institutions of a religious or educa


tional nature, at the same time leaving windows, imported directly upon the order of churches, dutiable at such rate as Congress sees fit to impose. In other words, the exemption extends only to windows which are gifts to churches, and is an encouragement to the donors of these artistic devotional works of art.

This matter has already been fully presented to your committee in the brief and argument filed in behalf of Messrs. Mayer & Co. (Tariff Hearings, 1913, first proof, pp. 472-479), to which we refer for a more detailed examination of the subject. We are satisfied that the proposed exemption will make no serious inroads upon the business done by domestic concerns, and that it will be in harmony with the liberal policy of Congress toward religious institutions.

Respectfully, yours,

MAYER & Co.,



WEST DURHAM, N. C., January 22, 1913.

Section 487: Alizarin, natural or artificial, and dyes derived from alizarin or from anthracene.

Section 592: Indigo.


Chairman Committee on Ways and Means, Washington, D. C.

DEAR SIR: We respectfully petition that all of the above "fast colors" be left on the "free list" in view of the following facts:

From the standpoint of the southern colored cotton goods manufacturer this is quite an important matter. Twenty years ago practically no colored goods in "fast colors" were manufactured in the Southern States; development and self-interest have changed all this; for example, at least 85 per cent of the indigo denims (used for workingmen's overalls) made in the United States are now manufactured by southern mills.


Without doubt an important factor in the development of the colored goods mills in the South has been the introduction and adoption of "fast colors"; in other words, the "fast colors" have made possible in the South the production of low-priced cotton fabrics of real worth. It is one thing to give a "fast cloor" fabric to a buyer of a $5 custom-made shirt, but it is a much greater achievement to produce a fabric with the same "fast colors" for a workingman's shirt that retails for 50 cents; this is no exaggeration; it is precisely what the industry is doing to-day.


The economical advantage of these "fast-color" fabrics to the consumer is very great; take, for example, two pieces of cloth made from the same grade of cotton and identical in every respect, except that one is dyed with indigo, alizarin, or any of the anthracene dyes (according to the color required) and the other with less permanent colors. Assume the age of the garment (say a pair of overalls, a man's or boy's shirt, or a woman's or child's dress) under normal household conditions to be six months; the "fast colors" outlast the fabric-that is, the cloth will be worn out from use and repeated washings without destroying the color; this means the full value of 100 per cent of the cloth.

On the other hand, garments made from cloths where less permanent or fugitive colors have been used are discarded after a few washings owing to the unsightly appearance of the garment with the result that the wearer realizes only a small percentage of what would otherwise be the full value of the cloth.


Our feeling, therefore, is that in the use of "fast colors" the southern colored cotton manufacturers have accomplished something worth while for the working people of this country, who are the wearer of our fabrics.

Taken as a whole, the colored cotton industry of the United States is now the largest producer of "fast-color" fabrics of any nation in the world.


A good idea of the scope of fabrics in which these "fast colors" are used and the uses to which the fabrics are put in the making up of garments for working men, women, boys, and girls may be gathered from the exhibit placed before the Senate Finance Committee at the hearing accorded our association in March, 1912 (see attached report).

As will be observed these exhibits cover the whole range of colored cotton cloths used for clothing by the masses.


The question may be asked whether a duty of 10 per cent, as proposed in H. R. 20182, would fall upon the dyestuff manufacturers or upon the cotton manufacturers. The answer is, that we purchase our indigo and the various other fast dyes coming under section 487 under term contracts; prices charged being based upon free entry, we agreeing to pay any duty that may be imposed upon the merchandise during the age of our contract.

e attached:

From this you will see that the duty, whatever it may be, would in the first instance fall upon the cotton industry and finally up the consumer of our goods. To complete the record of our effort we beg (1) Copy of the testimony of our special commi. of the American Cotton Manufacturers Association before the Senate Finance Committee in March, 1912, protesting against the duty as proposed in H. R. 20182.

(2) Senate Bulletin, Report 636, part 2, "Views of a minority":

(a) On page

amend by striking out lines 3 and 4, which constitute paragraph 6, and read as follows:

"Alizarine, natural or artificial, and dyes derived from alizarine or anthracene, 10 per cent ad valorem."

(3) On page 10, line 16, strike out first word, "indigo".

"By these amendments the dyes which are used in coloring the cheaper cotton goods are left upon the free list, where they have been in previous tariff bills, and where, we think, they should remain in the interest of the consumer."

In the report of Committee on Ways and Means submitted with H. R. 20182: "In revising duties of the chemical schedule the committee has given special attention to the textile industries for reasons similar to those which prompted action_in revising the duty on products relating to the paper industry. The cotton and woolen manufacture industries are the largest consumers of chemicals in this country. It is specially desirable to reduce the duties of the chemical products in Schedule A used in the manufacture of textiles."

In Senate Bulletin, Report 636, part 2, "Views of a minority," page 3, paragraph 3: "The manufacturers of woolen and cotton goods are the largest consumers of chemicals in this country, and in view of the fact that bills effecting large reductions in the duties upon woolen goods are now pending before Congress, which are soon to be followed by a bill reducing the duties upon manufactures of cotton, a reduction in duties upon chemicals used in the manufacture of both woolen and cotton goods should be made, as such chemicals are largely imported at a price increased by the duties." We are in accord with the spirit of the contention on this score and respectfully petition for the retention of these "fast dyes" on the free list.

We have tried to make clear the reasons for our recommendation and venture the hope that your honorable committee may come to the view that they outweigh whatever argument prompted the proposal to take these materials off the free list. Very respectfully,


Chairman, Committee on Tariff and Legislation.

[S. Rept. No. 636, pt. 2, 62d Cong., 2d sess.]

The undersigned, members of the Committee on Finance, to which was referred the bill H. R. 20182, entitled "An act to amend an act entitled 'An act to provide revenue, equalize duties, and encourage the industries of the United States, and for other purposes,' approved August 5, 1909, " dissent from the report of the committee, and recommend that the bill do pass with the following amendments:

(1) On page 3 amend by striking out lines 3 and 4 which constitute paragraph 6 and read as follows: "Alizarin, natural or artificial, and dyes derived from alizarin or from anthracene, ten per centum ad valorem."

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