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existence, but the language of the Almighty previously to the creation of Adam, was, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness," then we are informed that he created man in his own image, even in the image of God.

Gen. i, 24. And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was șo. 26. And God said, Let us make man in our image after our likeness. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him.

12th Q.-What is to be understood by the image of God in man?

A. A breath of life which was breathed into him from God, by which he was made a partaker of the divine nature, and had union and communion with God.

Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

2 Cor. iii. 18. But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.

Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Col. iii. 10. And [ye] have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.

2 Pet. i. 4. Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises; that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature.

1 John i. 3. Truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.

13th Q.-Did Adam remain alone?

A. No, the Lord saw that it was not good that he should be alone, and therefore formed a woman to be an help meet for him, whom Adam called Eve, and God gave them dominion over all the creatures.

Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God said, It is not good that man should be alone; I will make an help meet for him. 21. And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof. 22. And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. 23. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man. See also 1 Cor. xi. 8. Gen. iii. 20. And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.

Gen. i. 28. God said unto them, Have dominion over the fish of the sca, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

14th Q.-Where did Adam and Eve dwell?

A. In a garden eastward in Eden; in which grew every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food, and in the midst of the garden grew the tree of life, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

Gen. ii. 8.

And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9. And out of the ground made the Lord

God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

§. IV.

15th Q. Did Adam evince his love and gratitude to his Creator for all these blessings?

A.-No, for though the Almighty allowed him freely to eat of every tree of the garden in which he was placed, except the tree of knowledge of good and evil, of which God forbad him to eat, saying, that on the day he ate of it he should surely die, yet notwithstanding this injunction he did eat of it.

Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayst freely eat; 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

See also the Proofs to the two next Answers.

16th Q-What induced Adam to eat the forbidden fruit?

A. The serpent or devil tempted Eve, and she took of the fruit and did eat, and she gave to Adam, and he also ate thereof.

Gen. iii. 4. And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: 5. For God doth know, that, in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be

opened; and ye shall be as Gods, knowing good and evil. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise; she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

John viii. 44. He [the devil] was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of


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1 John iii. 8. He that commiteth sin, is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning.

Rev. xii. 9. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world.

17th Q.-Did Adam and Eve die in the day they ate of the forbidden fruit?

A. They did not cease to exist as creatures, but they died to that spiritual life or divine image in which they had communion with God.

Rom. vi. 23.

Rom. v. 12.

The wages of sin is death.

By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin.

Rom. viii. 6.

To be carnally minded, is death; but to be spiritually minded is life, and peace: 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God.

James i. 15. When lust hath conceived; it bringeth. forth sin and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth



John v. 24. He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me,-is passed from death unto life. 25. The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that

hear shall live.

Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins. Eph. v. 14.

from the dead,

1 Tim. v. 6. while she liveth.

Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise and Christ will give thee light.

But she that liveth in pleasure is dead

He that

1 John iii. 14. We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. loveth not his brother, abideth in death.

Rev. iii. 1. I know thy works, that thou hast a name, that thou livest, and art dead.*

18th Q.-What were the consequences of this spiritual death to our first parents?

A. They lost the righteousness and purity, the love, joy, and peace in the Holy Spirit, which were the fruits of the divine image in which they were created, and were brought under the dominion of the evil inclinations which have ever since abounded in the world, and, having yielded themselves to the power of sin, they became liable to temporal death and eternal misery.

See the Proofs to the 20th Answer..

19th Q.-Has the earth suffered any change in consequence of the fall of man ?

A.-The ground was cursed in consequence of it, so that it produces thorns and thistles,

Though most of these texts may not appear to apply personally to Adam, they prove that the death that is the consequence of sin, which Adam's was, is a death of a deeper import than merely that of the body.


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