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I thought it prudent to dispose of at this place.

Felt very unwell during the evening, and so we resolved to turn our boat's head up the stream, and as it is slow work getting back, to make a little headway in the early morning. We reached Sathbatti, a village which attracted our attention as we came down, and here we made fast for the day and night. The women and children were very zealously performing a silly pooja.

This is rather a large village, in the pegunna of Kerrimool, but like most of the villages in this neighbourhood, is built without any order. There seems to be no meeting place or point of attraction in them. In the evening I collected a pretty good company and had a tolerable opportunity, but came away with sad and sorrowful feelings at the blindness of the people's mind, and their apparent inaccessibility to the gospel. I left some books with them and gave away a few more at the boat. On the whole I felt depressed at the state of things, and that Almighty power and grace alone could meet their case.

Monday, 25.-Reached the opposite side of the river from Cuttack, and went ashore to a village called Khari, in Puddumpore pegunna. Had a long walk through the jungle, with a hot sun over head, to very little purpose. The village, like the former, was scattered all abroad. I could collect no congregation, and of those I met, not one either could or would read. The wind and tide were both against us, so that it was night before we reached home. Our trip has been too short and of too little importance to need much to be said about it, but it is recorded on account of its object. It left the impression on my mind, that unless it were at Joberá ghat, the chief ferry over the Mahanuddee, towards Calcutta, that there was no place between Cuttack and the Pika, on the banks of the Mahanuddee, that were worth being thought of as a sub-station.

Wednesday, 27.-Started on a tour up the river towards Banki. In this case I left Mrs. S. and Mary at home, and took with me the two students, Erabhan and Sarthi. I hoped to be able to teach them a little by the way, while the journey might do us all good, and do good to others.

After the usual quantum of trouble with the boatmen, we made a start about four o'clock, and reached Dhobuleswar, about two or three miles. It came on a very wet and gloomy night, with thunder and lightning.

28th.-Got an early breakfast off Kokhari or Kukker, and then went ashore with Erabhan. The other was too lame for the walk we expected. We called first

at Bhaggote, or some such name; collected twelve or fourteen men and some women. Our talk was about the remedy for man's sinful soul: the subject was suggested by a miserably diseased leper sitting by. A leading man of the village told us very unceremoniously to be off, but I replied, we should stay and deliver our message, when the responsibility of rejecting it would rest with him and his fellow-villagers,-we were a sort of Chokedars, (watchmen) whose office it was to warn the people, and we wished to discharge our duty in that village. He then heard somewhat better, so that we finished our addresses in peace,

We continued our walk till stopped by the Kur Kura creek. At length we were ferried over by a woman in a canoe, who was quite pleased with the only two pice I had, for her job. There is a small village on the bank of this creek, called Kotikiya Sahi, but we went on a little further to Serpeswera (the lord of snakes), which is the name both of a god and a village. Under the refreshing shade of a mangoe grove we sat and cooled ourselves, while we talked to a group of Brahmins. We also read and commented on a part of the "True Refuge," till our boat came in sight. I was followed to the boat by a lusty beggar, who insisted on getting into the boat. He would not accept a few pice, and walked off grumbling. This fellow was rather a rich specimen of impudence. Got on board between eleven and twelve, and soon after enjoyed a bathe in the Mahanuddee, while the boatmen got their dinner. A Hindoo works from early morning till twelve o'clock, without bit or sup; then he regularly bathes, cleans his teeth, and eats his first meal, after which a sound nap is acceptable.

All this accomplished, we started again, the scenery before me quite enchanting. To my right is Dásá Koti and Buggypoor villages, both of which I visited on my first trip up this river in 1826 or 7. How strong is the influence of early impression! My dear wife was then with me, and also Gunga, who like ourselves was making the first real missionary tour, and many a pleasant thought and feeling is associated with our journey. Thanks to a kind providence which has spared us all for a quarter of a century.

We reluctantly passed several other villages, but had made up our minds to spend the evening, if possible, at Dáspoor. Our boatmen, however, were lazy and managed to reach the place just as darkness came over us, and consequently too late to go ashore in this jungly district. Here, therefore, we rest for the night.

29th.-Rose early, and got the boat under weigh, then started Sarthi and Erab

bhan to Daspoor, while I was obliged to remain and assist in stemming the rapids higher up. Went ashore at Routrapore where I found but one man, cleaning out his cowhouse; the villagers, he said, were all in the fields. This was in part true, the rest had concealed themselves till it could be ascertained what I wanted. We

could not, however, with their help, face the cataract, and were obliged to cross over to the other side, here quite a mile across the river.

My companions give a good report of their visit to Daspoor. They found the whole of the villagers assembled on some business matter, which they willingly suspended in order to listen to their message, They considered they had had a very favourable opportunity, and were pleased with it. They next went to Páthpoor, but could assemble no audience; they tried another village but with the like ill success, so we urged our way onward.

Passed Muraripoor in Dompara, and on the opposite shore, Phoolbaria, Ostiga, Suburnapoor and Athagara. All these villages are in Banki. We anchored for the night at the mouth of the Runn nadi. The scenery all day most enchanting, and I often wished my beloved over at home were with me.

30th.-A very wet morning, the rain comes down in torrents and much retards our progress. We are now wending our way along the Banki shore, on the left side of the river, which is the proper site of the Banki rajuary. The villages named above are on the right side, and extend several koss till the last (Phoolbaria,) borders on the Athgar dominions. The rain cleared off after breakfast, and permitted us to go ashore. We made our stand at Hurryrajpoor, a very populous village, chiefly inhabited by Brahmuns. We soon had a large congregation, who listened very well to our message, and gladly received our books. We each of us gave an address in succession, and then were warned by the gathering clouds to pass on. I continued my walk alone, enjoying the beauties of the natural scenery open around me, while my companions retired to the boat. There are several other villages in their immediate neighbourhood, but it was drawing towards noon; and so I made my way back to Banki churchika, where there is a small bungalow, and for which I was bound. The boat arrived at half-past twelve.

(To be continued.)

ORISSA AND ITS EVANGELIZATION.

We noticed this work at page 233 of our last volume. We have much pleasure in calling further attention to this volume, and in doing so we present

to our readers a few extracts from Reviews of it

which have been printed in India. These notices who are resident in the country. They shew that are the more valuable as they come from those

our recommendation was not undeserved, and claim for the work the especial patronage of the supporters of the Orissa Mission.-ED.]

"The work is a very neatly printed duodecimo, of about four hundred pages, and comprises in a narrow compass the best account we have seen of what Orissa is, and what has been done for its evangelizater on its geography, soil, scenery, produc tion. It begins with an interesting chaptions, climate and population. The chap

ter on the social and moral condition of especially to the residents of Bengal, by Orissa is exceedingly interesting, more enabling them to compare the peculiar characteristics of the inhabitants of the two provinces. The Author has devoted a whole chapter to Hindooism as seen in Orissa, in which he describes the idols most popular in Orissa, at the head of shipped with equal ardour and confidence which stands the great Jugannath, wor by the pilgrim from Cape Comorin, and from the Himalaya. *

*

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wonders and merits of the great idol whom From this description of the religious all India worships, Mr. Sutton's work very nection of the Gov. of India with this naturally reverts to the unhallowed conshrine, to which nearly twenty pages are devoted. That connection is about to cease for ever.

powerful instruments of the Orissa misThe press has been one of the most sionaries, and few missionary bodies in India have availed themselves of it with chapters of the work will be read with more assiduity or success. The last ten much pleasure by all those who feel an interest in the successful prosecution of missionary labours. The field of missionbeing occupied by members of one denomiary labour in Orissa has the advantage of nation; and the mission has not therefore to contend with the disturbing influence of rival establishments. Hitherto, the missionaries have happily been unmolested in their evangelical labours. They are also distinguished for devoting their energies itinerating and preaching. At the same more particularly to the department of time, they have not neglected the duties employed, to the full extent of their means, of education, but have been diligently in the establishment of schools, more especially for the tuition of the christian youths in their connection. All these labours are fully detailed in the latter portion of the work, and will be found to afford much instruction, and to embody much experience, in regard to the missionary enterprize. To these chapters we must

therefore refer the reader, for a narrative of the gradual progress and success of their labours, and a full description of the various plans which they have gradually devised and matured for planting the gospel, and causing it to take root, in this paradise of heathen merit. All their labours, both in preaching, in the preparation of books, and in education, have, moreover, had a very distinct and specific vernacular direction.

The means of social, political, and evangelical elevation must be given to the people through their own tongue; and the missionaries have acted wisely in devoting their attention to the cultivation and improvement of it. What is now wanted, is simply that the number of missionary labourers should be increased four, five, and if possible ten-fold, that the admirable plans which have been matured may be carried out on a more extensive scale, and that the whole country may be thickly dotted with missionary stations. In conclusion we would add, that Mr. Sutton has performed a most acceptable service to the Christian world, by the publication of a work, in which the peculiar plan of operations adopted by the mission he is connected with, and its successive and successful developement, have been so clearly traced."

From the Calcutta Christian Observer. "Mr. Sutton has contributed a valuable and in many respects an interesting addition to our missionary literature. The present work too is interspersed, as the title page leads us to expect, with Mr. Sutton's own "suggestions respecting the more efficient conducting of Indian Missions." These suggestions, coming as they do from an intelligent and experienced labourer in the field of Indian Missions, are worthy of due consideration by all who labour in the same field. But as might have been expected they are much more applicable to the state of things existing in Orissa, than to the state of things prevailing in many other parts of the Indian field, especially to such a state of things as arises from the prosecution of missionary labours in a great metropolis like Calcutta.

But we desire not to dwell at length upon this topic, and we do not make these remarks because we think it necessary to controvert the principles or opinions of our respected brother in Orissa. On the contrary, with almost all his suggestions as to the best mode of conducting missionary operations and raising up a native ministry, we entirely agree. We much admire the mode in which he and his brethren in Orissa have carried on their mission. We regard it as the very best they could have adopted, in the circum

stances. We cordially rejoice in the success which has attended their labours, and earnestly pray that they may behold yet greater things, more triumphant victories over the superstitions and prejudices of a people wholly given to idolatry, and the upbuilding of a glorious temple to the most high God, upon the ruins of the most debasing form of the idolatries of this idolatrous land.

In what our author says regarding the education of native young men for the ministry, we think there is much important matter, well worth the consideration of all missionaries who are endeavouring to form theological schools for educating and training native ministers. We reecho what our author enforces regarding the great necessity of training up native labourers in hardy, economical habits. This cannot be too much attended to, if it be attended to in the proper spirit.

We could give many interesting extracts from this little work; but our space, on the present occasion, does not permit us to indulge in this. Neither do we think that it is very necessary to do so. The book is of moderate size, and the price is not high. We therefore recommend to all our readers to furnish themselves with copies. work ought to be in the library of every christian, who is interested in the progress and ultimate success of the great work of evangelization now going on in British India.

MISSIONARY ANNIVERSARY.

The

MACCLESFIELD. - On Lord's-day, Nov. 16th, 1851, the Rev. J. Alcorn of Gillbent, preached a sermon in behalf of the mission. A public meeting was held on the following evening; Mr. J. Woodward in the chair. Addresses were delivered by the minister of the place, Revds. S. Bower, (Indep.), Mr. Jones, (Wesleyan,) and the Secretary of the mission, whose venerable appearance and pathetic appeal made an impression we hope will not soon be forgotten.

ASHBY AND PACKINGTON.-The annual sermons for the G. B. Missionary Society were delivered at these places on Lord'sday, Dec. 14, by the Secretary. Public meetings were held on the two following evenings, when Revds. Preston, Goadby, Rymer, (Wesleyan) Derry and Pike, pleaded the cause,

RECENT BAPTISM IN ORISSA.

BERHAMPORE.-Sep. 5th, three persons were baptized at this place, two of them from the Female Asylum. Much good feeling appears in the minds of several others.

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MEMOIR OF REV. W. J. GARRATT, LATE OF SALFORD,

LANCASHIRE.*

parted-a place where they might go, and a Saviour who loved them all, and none the less because she was called away to be with him. From these simple and touching conversations William often retired to abandon himself to a flood of tears-and a child's emotion (evanescent as it isand in mercy is so), is on such occasions fearful for the extreme bitterness and whole-heartedness which distinguish it.

WILLIAM J. GARRATT, born Feb. 7, | whither, and to whom she had de1807, at Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Notts., enjoyed the great privilege of pious parentage; and it was an interesting recollection of his, that when he was three years old his mother took him on her knee, and placing her hand upon his head, implored the Lord to bless him, and if it were His will make him a faithful minister of the Lord Jesus Christ. How seemly and wise a yearning was this in a christian mother! Do not some who bear that name cherish and display a less sanctified ambition? But such recollections were, alas! to be but few: another year, and that mother heard

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The continuance of this exhausting practice was happily prevented by his father's second marriage, which improved the comfort of the family. When able to work W. J. G. was apprenticed to a Mr. Saunders for seven years. He did not remit his attendance at the Sabbath school, but living two miles distant, was in the habit of bringing his dinner, and was so far religiously impressed that he employed the leisure thus allowed him between the morning schooling and afternoon preaching in reading the sacred Scriptures. This and his class instructions made him anxious and enquiring. Having asked his teacher if religion was a good thing, he was pertinently advised to try it; but he lingered on with a burdened conscience till after he had become himself a teacher, showing punctuality and

zeal in his office (which are every- | arrest by observing that if he failed

thing when a desire to save souls is superadded), but not yet being a personal convert to the truth in Jesus. Having removed from this locality he heard, in Feb. 1827, when he was twenty years of age, a sermon from Rev. W. Fogg, founded on Luke xvi. 13, which smote his heart, not as the forked lightning strikes the tree, leaving it reft and charred, but as the rod of Moses which opened a fountain in the hard rock's breast. He exercised godly repentance, and earnest faith, and in return obtained the peace of forgivenness and the good hope of glory. Baptism quickly followed, and union with the church at Kirkby Woodhouse. He now essayed to be a public warner of others, and their guide to the Saviour by whom he had been found; and in this path the church, after an appointed trial, encouraged him to proceed. In August, 1828, he married a pious young person, Mary Barker by name, who now had the unusual pleasure of seeing among the communicants of the same church with herself, a grandfather, a grandmother, father and mother, sister and brother, and husband. Domestic engagements and cares did not render him unmindful of those religious duties which he had undertaken. The good news of the kingdom continued to be announced from his lips in Kirkby Woodhouse and the villages lying round, but it is a praiseworthy fact that his zeal did not make him forward and self-conceited. Ardour clothed with amiability and humility is like beauty in bridal attire, or a seraph in a garment of snowy whiteness; and an extreme diffidence, approaching to timidity and trembling, appears to have occasionally laid its relaxing hand on our active preacher. At one time he was on the point of retiring from the doors of the chapel where he was expected; a retreat which a friend promptly endeavoured to

he would still be able to come down from the pulpit. His labours, which did not perhaps suffer greatly from this unaffected self-mistrust, were so acceptable that when the pastor resigned his charge on account of age and illness, Mr. Garratt, with three others, was appointed to the regency of the vacant office, and gleams of success became more frequent than they had been for some time before. Eighteen months were thus spent, with occasional supplying at Ashfield, Notts., and Crich, Derbyshire-and from both these places he received invitations to settle. After deliberation and prayer he accepted the one from Crich, whither he removed in March 1834, not without feeling it a sharp trial (as it would be to every man with a sensitive heart), to say "farewell!" to the scenes among which he was born and had lived for twenty-seven years, and to break those ties of continuous association which affection had lengthened and multiplied every successive year. Now being for the first time in a position of ministerial independence and difficulty he gave himself heartily to meet the requirements imposed by both; and his church, though small, being attached to him and united in itself, the cause of religion did not fail to prosper, and in 1838 a chapel was erected, an Ebenezer, the sight of which elicited the joy of thanksgiving and hope from the breasts of many. But this joy was rapidly succeeded by deep sorrow and depression, occasioned by the decease of two deacons, judicious men, and beloved by the church and pastor.

In July 1844 a bereavement yet more personally acute befel him in the death of his wife, who had lingered for a considerable time: like a decaying flower she faded to the eye of sense, but the eye of faith beheld her transported to the upper paradise, assuming a lovelier bloom - every

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