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York. Which now they hold by force, and not by


For Richard the firft fon's heir being dead,

The Iffue of the next fon fhould have reign'd.

Sal. But William of Hatfield dy'd without an heir.
York. The third fon, duke of Clarence, from whose

claim the Crown, had iffue Philip, a daughter,
Who married Edmond Mortimer, Earl of March.
Edmond had iffue, Roger Earl of March:
Roger had iffue, Edmond, Anne, and Eleanor.

Sal. This Edmond, in the reign of Bolingbroke,
As I have read, laid Claim unto the Crown;
And, but for Owen Glendower, had been King;
Who kept him in captivity, till he dy'd.
But, to the reft-

York. His eldeft fifter, Anne,

My mother, being heir unto the Crown,
Married Richard Earl of Cambridge,
Who was the fon to Edmond Langley,
Edward the Third's fifth fon.

By her I claim the Kingdom; fhe was heir
To Roger Earl of March, who was the fon
Of Edmond Mortimer, who married Philip,
Sole daughter unto Lionel Duke of Clarence:
So, if the iffue of the elder fon

Succeed before the younger, I am King.

War. What plain proceeding is more plain than this? Henry doth claim the Crown from John of Gaunt, The fourth fon; York here claims it from the third. Till Lionel's iffue fail, his fhould not reign; It fails not yet, but flourisheth in thee. And in thy fons, fair flips of fuch a stock. Then, father Salisbury, kneel we together, And in this private Plot be we the first, That fhall faluté our righful Sovereign With honour of his birth-right to the Crown.

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Both. Long live our Sov'reign Richard, England's King!

York. We thank you, Lords: but I am not your King,
'Till I be crown'd; and that my fword be ftain'd
With heart-blood of the House of Lancaster:
And that's not fuddenly to be perform'd,
But with advice and filent fecrecy.

Do you, as I do, in these dang'rous days,
Wink at the Duke of Suffolk's Infolence,
At Beauford's Pride, at Somerfet's Ambition,
At Buckingham, and all the crew of them;
Till they have fnar'd the fhepherd of the flock.
That virtuous Prince, the good Duke Humphry,
'Tis that they feek; and they in feeking that
Shall feek their deaths, if York can prophesy.
Sal. My Lord, here break we off; we know your mind.
War. My heart affures me, that the Earl of Warwick
Shall one day make the Duke of York a King.
York. And, Nevill, this I do affure myself,
Richard fhall live to make the Earl of Warwick
The greatest man in England, but the King. [Exeunt.


Changes to a House near Smithfield.

Sound Trumpets. Enter King Henry and Nobles; the Dutchefs, Mother Jordan, Southwel, Hume, and Bolinbrook, under guard.

K. Henry. STAN Glofter's wife,

TAND forth, Dame Eleanor Cobham,

In fight of God and us your guilt is great;
Receive the fentence of the law for fins,
Such as by God's Book are adjudg'd to death.
-You four from hence to prifon back again;
[To the other prisoners.

From thence unto the place of execution.
The Witch in Smithfield fhall be burn'd to afhes.
And you three shall be strangled on the gallows.


—You, Madam, for you are more nobly born,
Defpoiled of your honour in your life,
Shall after three days open Penance done,
Live in your country here, in Banishment,
With Sir John Stanley in the Isle of Man.

Elean. Welcome is exile, welcome were my death. Glo. The law, thou feeft, hath judg'd thee, Eleanor I cannot justify, whom law condemns.

[Exeunt Eleanor, and the others, guarded.
Mine eyes are full of tears, my heart of grief.
Ah, Humphry! this difhonour in thine age
Will bring thy head with forrow to the ground.
I beseech your Majefty, give me leave to go;
Sorrow would Solace, and my age would Eafe. *
K. Henry. Stay Humphry, Duke of Glofter; ere
thou go,

Give up thy staff; Henry will to himself
Protector be, and God fhall be my hope,
My stay, my guide, and lanthorn to my feet.
And go in peace, Humphry, no less belov'd,
Than when thou wert Protector to thy King.

Q. Mar. I fee no reason, why a King of years
Should be to be protected like a child:
God and King Henry govern England's realm:
Give up your staff, Sir, and the king his realm.
Glo. My ftaff? here, noble Henry, is my staff;
As willingly do I the fame refign,

As e'er thy father Henry made it mine
And even as willing at thy feet I leave it,
As others would ambitiously receive it.

Farewel, good King; when I am dead and gone,
May honourable peace attend thy throne. [Exit Glo'fter.

2 Sorrow would folace, and my age would Eafe.] That is, forrow would have, forrow requires folace, and age requires eafe.

God and King Henry govern England's realm: 1 The word realm at the end of two

lines together is difpleafing; and when it is confidered that much of this fcene s written in rhyme, it will not appear improbable that the author wrote, govern England's helm.

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Q. Mar. Why, now is Henry King, and Marg res

And Humphry, Duke of Glofter, fcarce himself,
That bears fo fhrew'd a maim; two pulls at once;
His lady banifh'd, and a limb loft off.

This ftaff of honour raught, there let it ftand,
Where beft it fits to be, in Henry's hand.

Suf. Thus drops this lofty pine, and hangs his

Thus Eleaner's pride dies in her younger days.
York. Lords, let him go. Please it your Majesty,
This is the day appointed for the combat,
And ready are th' appellant and defendant.
The armourer and his man, to enter the lifts,
So please your Highness to behold the fight.

Q. Mar. Ay, good my Lord; for purpofely therefore Left I the court, to fee this quarrel try'd.

K. Henry, A'God's name, fee the lifts and all things fit;

Here let them end it, and God guard the right!
York. I never faw a fellow worfe beftead, 3
Or more afraid to fight, than is th' appellant,
The fervant of the armourer, my Lords.

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Enter at one door the armourer and bis neighbours, drinke ing to bim fo much, that he is drunk; and he enters with a drum before him, and bis ftaff with a fand

3-worfe beftead,] In a worfe plight.

4 with a Sand-bag faftened to it.] As, according to the old laws of duels, Knights were to fight with the lance and fword; fo thofe of inferior rank fought with an Ebon staff or battoon, tọ the farther end of which was

fix'd a bag cram'd hard with fand. To this cuftom Hudibras has alluded in these humourous lines,

Engag'd with money bags, as


As men with Sand-bags did of old. WARBURTON,


bag fastened to it; and at the other door bis man, with a drum and fand-bag, and prentices drinking to


1 Neigh. Here, neighbour Horner, I drink to you in a cup of fack; and fear not, neighbour, you shall do well enough.

2 Neigh. And here, neighbour, here's a cup of char



3 Neigh. And here's a pot of good double beer, neighbour; drink, and fear not your man.

Arm. Let it come, i'faith, and I'll pledge you all; and a fig for Peter.

1 Pren. Here, Peter, I drink to thee, and be not afraid.

2 Pren. Be merry, Peter, and fear not thy mafter; fight for the credit of the 'prentices.

Peter. I thank you all; drink, and pray for me, I pray you; for, I think, I have taken my laft draught in this world. Here, Robin: if I die, I give thee my apron; and, Will, thou fhalt have my hammer; and here, Tom, take all the mony that I have. O Lord, bless me I pray God; for I am never able to deal with my master, he hath learn'd fo much fence already.

5 a cup of charneco.] On which the Oxford Editor thus criticifes in his Index. This feems to have been a cant word for fome fireng liquor, which was apt to bring drunken fellows to the flocks, fince in Spanish Charniegos is a term used for the flocks. It was no cant word, but a common name for a fort of fweet wine, as appears from a paffage in a pamphlet, intitled, The difcovery of a London Monster, called the black dog of Newgate, printed 1612. Some drinking the neat

vine of Orleance, fome the Gafcony, fome the Bourdeaux. There wanted neither fherry, fack nor charneco, maligo nor amber-colour'd candy, nor liquerif ipocras, brown beloved hattard, fat aligant, or any quick-spirited liquor.- -And as charneca is, in Spanish, the name of a kind of turpentine tree, I imagine the growth of it was in fone diftri&t abounding with that tree; or that it had its name from a certain flavour refembling it.

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