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Paris, June 6, 1884. On April 2, 1884, Great Britain and Ireland acceded to the Convention (Paris, March 20, 1883).]

269. The subjects or citizens of each of the contracting States shall in all the other States of the Union, as regards patents, industrial designs or models, trade marks, and trade names, enjoy the advantages that their respective laws now grant or shall hereafter grant to their own subjects or citizens.

270. Consequently they shall have the same protection as the latter, and the same remedy against any infringement of their rights, provided they observe the formalities and conditions imposed on subjects or citizens by the internal legislation of each State.

271. Subjects or citizens of States, not forming part of the Union, who are domiciled or have industrial or commercial establishments in the territory of any of the States of the Union, shall be assimilated to the subjects or citizens of the contracting States.

272. Any person who has duly applied for a patent, industrial design or model, or trade

mark in one of the contracting States shall enjoy, as regards registration in the other States, and reserving the rights of third parties, a right of priority during the periods hereinafter stated.

273. Consequently, subsequent registration in any of the other States of the Union before expiry of those periods shall not be invalidated through any acts accomplished in the interval, either, for instance, by another registration, by publication of the invention, or by the working of it by a third party, by the sale of copies of the design or model, or by use of the trade mark.

274. The above-mentioned terms of priority shall be six months for patents, and three months for industrial designs, and models, and trade marks. A month longer is allowed for countries beyond sea.

275. The introduction by the patentee into the country where the patent has been granted of objects manufactured in any of the States of the Union shall not entail forfeiture. Nevertheless, the patentee shall remain bound to work his patent in conformity with the laws of the country into which he introduces his patented objects.


276. Every trade mark duly registered in the country of origin shall be admitted for registration and protected in the form originally registered in all the other countries of the Union.

277. That country shall be deemed the country of origin where the applicant has his chief seat of business.

278. If the chief seat of business is not situated in one of the countries of the Union, the country to which the applicant belongs shall be deemed the country of origin. Registration may be refused if the object for which it is solicited is considered contrary to morality or public order.

279. The nature of the goods on which the trade mark is to be used can in no case be an obstacle to the registration of the trade mark.

280. A trade name shall be protected in all the countries of the Union without necessity of registration, whether it forms part or not of a trade mark,

281. All goods illegally bearing a trade mark or trade name may be seized on importation into

those States of the Union where that mark or name has a right to legal protection.

282. The seizure shall be effected at the request of either the proper public department, or of the interested party pursuant to the internal legislation of such country.

283. The provisions of the preceding article shall apply to all goods falsely bearing the name of any locality as indication of the place of origin where such indication is associated with a trade name of a fictitious character, or assumed with a fraudulent intention.

284. Any manufacturer of or trader in such goods, established in the locality falsely designated as the place of origin, shall be deemed an interested party

285. The contracting parties agree to grant temporary protection to patentable inventions, to industrial designs or models, or trade marks, for articles exhibited at official or officially recognized International Exhibitions.

286. Each of the contracting parties agree to establish a special Government department for

industrial property, and a central office for communication to the public of patents, industrial designs or models, and trade marks.

287. An international office shall be organized under the name of “Bureau International de l'Union pour la Protection de la Propriété Industrielle” (International Office of the Union for the Protection of Industrial Property).

288. This office, the expense of which shall be defrayed by the Governments of all the contracting States, shall be placed under the high authority of the central administration of the Swiss Confederation, and shall work under its supervision. Its functions shall be determined by agreement between the States of the Union.

289. The present Convention shall be submitted to periodical revisions, with a view to introducing improvements calculated to perfect the system of the Union.

290. To this end conferences shall be successively held in one of the contracting States by delegates.

291. It is agreed that the contracting parties

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