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COURT ETIQUETTE IN SOUTH CAROLINA.-The rigid observance of an old English rule in South Carolina courts, and a neglect of the same on the part of Mr. Petigru, gave rise to the following passage: · Mr. Petigru," said the judge, “ you have on a light coat. You can't speak.” Petigru replied: “May it please the bench. I conform strictly to the law. Let me illustrate: The law says that the barrister shall wear a black gown and coat, and your honor thinks that means a black coat?” Yes,” said the judge. “Well the law says the sheriff shall wear a cocked hat and sword. Does your honor hold that the sword must be cocked as well as the hat?” He was permitted to go on.

New Publications.

BOOKS. THE TEACHER'S MANUAL. By HIRAM ORCUTT, Principal of Tilden Ladies' Semi

nary. Boston: Thompson, Bigelow & Brown. 270 pages, 16 mo.

Mr. Orcutt is well known in this and probably in all the states, by his little book entitled “ Hints to Teachers, or Gleanings from School-Life Experience," of which we scattered many copies abroad, when before connected with the Journal. The present volume treats upon the discipline of the school, and upon the teacher's qualifications and work. The author's long experience leads him to attach much importance to “discipline,” by which is meant more than government. We commend this little volume most heartily, as containing really multum in parvo. THE AMERICAN ELOCUTIONIST AND DRAMATIC READER. By JOSEPI A. LYONS, A.

M., with an Introduction on Elocution and Vocal Culture, by Rev. M. B. BROWN, A. M., of the University of Notre Dame. Philadelphia: E. H. Butler & Co. 430 pp., 12 mo.

The selections in this book are marked by a wide range and freedom from anything likely to be offensive to political or religious prejudices, and being made with good judgment and yood taste, are well adapted to general use. The introductory treatise on elocution and vocal culture presents an elaborate dissertation upon the nature of the voice and the several organs of speech, while the suggestions as to vocal culture are excellent, and are accompanied with suitable exercises. All this is followed by an “ Æsthetic view of Elocution," and cuta, aptly illustrating the various expressions of the hand, positions of the feet, and attitudes and gestures. Besides the intrinsic merits of the work, it is beautifully printed. CHOICE SPECIMENS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE. Selected by B.N. MARTIN, of the

University of New York. Published by Sheldon & Co., New York: pp. 223, 12 mo. Price $2.00.

The selections here given extend from the early part of the seventeenth century to the present time, and embrace extracts from about two hundred and fifty authors-reaching from Roger Williams, Cottton Mather, John Winthrop and F. Hopkinson, down to such living celebrities as Bryant, Sumner, Greeley, Bayard Taylor, Beecher Stowe and Bret Harte. A mere morsel from each is all that could be given in one small volume, but these generally bring the flavor of the writer, if he had any, and afford some idea of the extent, character and progress of our literature; showing that with each decade it becomes more varied, versatile and distinctively American. PARSER'S MANUAL; For Schools and Private Students. By JOHN WILLIAMS, A.

M. Wilson, Hinkle & Co., Cincinnati and New York.

This book is designed to supply an acknowledged want in the ordinary textbooks in English Grammar. It is to those books what arithmetical examples are to common arithmetic; and the benefit, in either case is, that it furnishes ready means for that thorough and complete drill, without which the labor of both teacher and pupil is abortive. The author has met this want in a judicious manner, and is evidently weil aware at what points pupils in grammar are most apt to be weak. The book is beautifully printed, and contains 264 12 mo. pages.

ÆSTHETICS, OR THE SCIENCE OF BEAUTY. By JOIN BASCOM, Professor in

Williams College. New York and Chicago: Woolworth, Ainsworth & Co. 1872.

This book is in the form of lectures. The tone is sometimes a little dogmatic, and the style not always a model of “beauty”; nevertheless, the subject is well and thoroughly discussed, and the author has given us as good a text-book, on the whole, as we have, and has done good service towards reducing ästhetics to the categories of a science. The work is used, we believe, in our State University. A TREATISE ON PUNCTUATION. By JOHN WILSON. (Twentieth edition.) Wool

worth, Ainsworth & Co., New York and Chicago.

This is the only complete and exhaustive manual on pnnctuation that has been issued in this country; in fact it is without any important rival. It is by a practical printer, now deceased, and may be considered the supreme authority on the subject, which is by no means unimportant. A great deal may depend upon a comma, as well as upon a coupling between cars, A valuable appendix to the book treats upon capitals, abbreviations, signs, preparation of copy and proof reading THE SCHOLAR'S COMPANION; containing Exercises in Orthography, Derivation and

Classification of English Words. By Rufus W. BAILEY. New edition-revised. Philadelphia: E. H. Butler & Co., 1871.

The three parts of this useful book embrace: First, words requiring particular attention as to orthography and orthæpy, equivocal words, and words liable to be mis-spelled or misused. Second, the composition and derivation of words. Third, synonyms. These several subjects are copiously and judiciously treated; and the peculiar information which the book is designed to impart is quite too much neglected in our schools and by our teachers. A WOMAN'S PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOLY LAND; OR PLEASANT DAYS ABROAD—being

notes of a tour through Europe and the East. By Mrs. STEPHEN M. GRISWOLD.

Is a charmingly written book, by a lady who kept her eyes and ears open in her journeyings. Many of her descriptions are quite graphic and lend a new interest to places and events which have been described by other pens. The book is profusely illustrated. It is sold by subscription only, and is published by J. B. Burr, Hyde & Co., Chicago, Ill., and Hartford, Conn. We do not wonder that agents are selling a large number of copies of the work. “HALF-HOURS WITH MODERN SCIENTISTS,” contains the first five numbers of the

University Scientific series, which have been noticed heretofore in our columns.

These lectures or addresses are of permanent scientific value, not ephemeral in their nature. Profs. Huxley, Sterling, Barker, Cope and Tyndall are represented in them. Price $1.50. This is a book that can be most earnestly recommended. Published by C. C. Chatfield & Co., New IIaven, Conn. BARTHOLOMEW'S DRAWING BOOKS--New Series, No. 1. Woolworth, Ainsworth &

Co., New York and Chicago.

We are glad to see this New Series. In nothing is a revolution more needed than in the general neglect of Drawing among schools and teachers. The time is not far distant when for a teacher not to be able to teach drawing, or at least practice it successfully, will be considered a contradiction in terms. So far as we can judge, these Drawing Books are very superior of their kind. We have an impression, however, that the true way to teach the art is to require pupils to draw from actual objects, rather than to imitate drawings or lithographs. But we must get to that by degrees. To obtain these admirable Drawing Books, address the Publishers, at 517, State Street, Chicago.

“ WILSON, HINKLE & Co.'s ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE has been received. To those of our readers who are wont to think New England still stands far ahead of the rest of the country in educational matters, we would commend an examination of this catalogue, which may be had on application to the publishers, at Cincinnati. Printed in the most beautiful manner, containing the names of some of the very best publications now before the public, and covering almost the whole ground of instruction, except the classics and foreign languages; this little book is a fitting exhibit of that peculiar enterprise and tact which have enabled the publishers, with true Western enthusiasm, to enter the lists with, and so soon to rival, our old and long established houses in the East."--Rhode Island Schoolmaster.

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“ SERVING OUR GENERATION, AND God's GUIDANCE IN TRUTII,” contains two ser

mons preached by the venerable and honored Dr. WOOLSEY, late President of Yale College.

They are not dry discourses, but eloquent, practical and suggestive. We wish every college student in the land could read them. Published by C. C. Chatfield & Co., New Haven, Conn. DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL SERIES OF SCHOOL

AND COLLEGIATE TEX'r BOOKS, published by Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co, in New York and Chicago.

This beautiful Catalogue, wh ch we have not before noticed, and which might almost do as a holiday gift, calls attention, in a very pleasing way, to the numerous text-books, etc., published by this enterprising and successful firm. The great popularity, throughout the country, of the “American Educational Series," as the publishers justly claim, is su licient evidence of its value. For a copy of the Catalogue, address the Firm, 273 West Randolph street, Chicago.

PRICES' PATENT ARITHMETICAL SCHOOL CHART.--The primary object of this Chart is to furnish the school-room with ready made Blackboard Exercises, comprising complete and graded series of examples for drill and practice in the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic, embracing Numeration, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, together with special exercises in reading and writing various and difficult combinations of numbers. As a time and labor-saving machine _" and time is money,”-the use of this Chart saves the time and the labor of writing thousands of examples on the slate or blackboard, and therefore enables students to acquire both accuracy and rapidity in all the common applications of the science of numbers in a short period. Each Chart is accompanied with directions for use. All who use it pronounce it complete. Address A. H. ANDREWS & Co., sole manufacturers, 119 West Washington street, Chicago, Ill.

PERIODICALS. ECLECTIC MAGAZINE FOR 1872, of Foreign Literature, Science and Art.--Established in 1814, the Eclectic enters with the January number upon the twentyeighth year of its existence. This fact alone speaks much for the character of the publication, for no magazine could have lived so long amid the fierce rivalry and competition to which it has been subjected without possessing a high degree of merit and meeting a well-defined want; but it is not too much to say, that during all these years the Eclectic has been recognized as the ablest exponent in America of that vast intellectual activity which finds expression in the periodical literature of Europe. This literature, and especially that of England, is of a character and influence which is equalled nowhere else in the world. The pian of the Eclectic is to select from the field thus outlined, all those articles, Essays, Reviews, Tales, Stories, and Biographical Sketches, which are likely to prove entertaining, instructive, and permanently valuable; and it commends itself especially to that great body of intelligent readers who seek profit as well as amusement in solid and healthful literature. Besides the longer articles, which themselves represent every variety of subject, the Eclectic has five Editorial Departments:-Literary Notices, Foreign Literary Notes, Science, Art, and Varieties. These Departments are remarkable for the fullness and ability with which they cover their respective fields, and they are a feature peculiar to the Eclectic. The volumes for 1872 will be not less attractive than those which have preceded them. The same sources will be drawn upon which have filled its pages in the past, and the same eminent names will guarantee the value of its articles; but it is believed that, with increasing facilities and increasing patronage, the coming volumes will be more thoroughly representative than ever before of the best intellectual progress of the time. Terms: Single copies, 45 cents; one copy, one year, $5; two copies one year, $9; five copies, one year, $20. Agents wanted to get up clubs. Address E. R. Pelton, Publisher, 108 Fulton Street, New York.

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN FOR 1872—TWENTY SEVENTH YEAR.—This splendid Weekly, greatly enlarged and improved, is one of the most useful and interesting journals ever published. Every number is beautifully printed on fine paper, and elegantly illustrated with original engravings, representing New Inventions, Novelties in Mechanics, Manufactures, Chemistry, Photography, Architecture, Agriculture, Engineering, Science and Art. Farmers, Mechanics, Inventors, Engineers, Chemists, Manufacturers of all professions or trades, will find the Scientific Amer

sense.

ican of great value and interest. It practical suggestions will save hundreds of dollars to every Household, Workshop and Factory in the land, besides affording a Continual Source of Valuable Instruction. The editors are assisted by many of the ablest American and European writers, and having access to all the leading Scientific and Mechanical Journals of the world, the columns of the Scientific American arc constantly enriched with the choicest information.

An official list of all the patents issued is published weekly. The yearly numbers of the Scientific American make two splendid volumes of nearly one thousand pages, equivalent in size to four thousand ordinary book pages. Specimen copies sent free. Terms, $3 a year; $1.56 half year; clubs of ten copies for one year, $2.50 each, $25.

LIPPINCOTT'S MAGAZINE.—With the number for January, this magazine enters upon a new volume. The number of pages is increased, enabling the conductors to furnish an additional amount of popular reading in the best and most emphatic

In addition to the shorter articles by well known writers, the foilowing attractive serial works will be published during the year: A new story, by George MacDonald, LL.D., author of "Alec Forbes" "Anuals of a Quiet Neighborhood," etc., to be commenced in the number for March; a charming new novel, entiti d "Aytoun,” by a talented American author, which is commenced in the present number, and Mr. Edward Whymper's exquisitely illustrated work, “ Scrambles among the Alps.” Yearly subscription, $ 1.00. Specimen number, mailed, postage paid, to any address. on receipt of 25 cents. J. B. Lippincott & Co., Publishers, Philadelphia.

SCRIBNER’S MONTHLY.—This periodical, which is edited by J. G. HOLLAND, the popular author, and which has risen so rapidly in popular favor, has been enlarged, and will be still further improved during the coming year. Arrangements have been made to secure the most eminent contributors and the best illustrations, both at home and abroad, and the conductors promise that Scribner's Monthly shall be unsurpassed in literary merit and artistic excellence by any periodical of its kind in the world. To our readers we would say send four dollars for one year's subscription; or five dollars for one year's subscription and the twelve back numbers; and you will be well pleased. Address SCRIBNER & CO., 654 Broadway, New York.

THE “OLD AND NEW,” for January, appears in a beautiful Holiday dress, making it attractive and pleasing to the eye, while its pages are crowded with fresh and interesting matter, such as will be read with interest by all who are so fortunate as to obtain it. Subscribers for this valuable magazine will hear from the pens of those whose names alone insure something well worth the reading; and this can be had by all who will forward their names, enclosing four dollars, to Roberts Brothers, Publishers, 143 Washington Street, Boston, Mass.

THE LIVING AGE has just completed a volume. The first number of the new year and new volume contains articles by an array of eminent authors, as follows: A Persian Passion Play. By Matthew Arnold. The Neap Reef. Part II. By the author of “ Dorothy Fox.” Philosophy of Mythology. By Max Muiler. Story of the Plebiscite. Part I. By the distinguished French writers, Erckmann-Chatrain. The last Tournament. By Tennyson. Besides shorter articles, poems, etc. The remarkable story, “ The Maid of Sker,” which has excited unusual attention in England, will be continued. The publishers invite the attention of such of their readers as have not yet renewed their subscriptions for 1872 to the above partial list of contents of this number, as an earnest of their efforts for the coming year. The Living age, which is published weekly, is furnished at $8 a year, post-paid, and contains an immense amount of good reading. Address Littell & Gay, Boston.

APPLETON'S JOURNAL, for 1872, will continue, as the publishers assure its readers, to present a varied literature of a class that will unite entertainment with permanent value, and to justify its reputation as a journal of art. A brilliant array of writers has been secured, including J. Hawthorne, (son of the novelist), John Hay, R. H. Stoddard, Eugene Benson, etc., while Harry Fenn the artist, will furnish American landscape sketches, and a series of portraits and biographical sketches will be given. Appleton's Journal now stands at the head of its class of weeklies. Terms: $100 a year, and new subscribers will receive back numbers from December 2, gratuitously, which begin a charming serial. Address D. Appleton & Co., New York.

THE circulation of Harper's Weekly averages 120,000 per week, and it has sometimes, during periods of great excitement, reached the enormous figures of 250,000. The circulation of the Monthly is over 130,000.

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BY PROF. S. H. CARPENTER, LL.D., OF THE UNIVERSITY.

The educational system of our State is founded upon the Common School, which is placed within the reach of every citizen, and passing through intermediate schools, should be completed by the State University. The full benefits of this system cannot be reached, unless each part be developed in harmony with the others, for if one member suffer, all the body must suffer with it. It will be impossible, except by constant importations from wiser, states, to keep up the grade of the lower schools, if the higher institutions be suffered to retrograde or languish. Indeed, it is the University that determines the tone and efficiency of the Common School.

Hitherto these different grades of our educational institutions have. considered themselves as separate, and sometimes as antagonistic; but it must be evident to every one that there can be no separation, and should be no antagonism between them, being parts of one whole. This fancied antagonism of interest has arisen, as seems to us, because the limits of no department have been accurately defined. If we would make the most of our strength and capital, the course of study pursued in any one class of institutions should not duplicate any material portion of the course pursued in any other; but, instead of duplicating courses and buildings and apparatus and teachers, to provide for pupils who are unable to enter upon the prescribed grade, send the

pupils to those schools in which such studies belong to the prescribed course, and which can assuredly be attended more conveniently and with less expense.

It is evident that no such adjustment of the complete educational curriculum can be made by any one grade of our institutions; all must consult and agree satisfactorily as to the details. Our future success depends upon the elaboration and adoption of some scheme whereby all

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