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pleased with the plan of co-instruction. In an address to the Regents of the University, which was full of weighty thought and felicities of expression, he acknowledged himself to be recently converted to the system, but most fully converted. We wish the whole State of Wisconsin could have listened to his words.

President TWOMBLY and the Faculty are to be congratulated upon the bright present and the brighter future of the University.

THE UNIVERRITY OF WISCONSIN AND GRADED SCHOOLS. Our teachers will see by the notice in the last JOURNAL, and by the circular sent broadcast over the State by President TwOMELY, the studies and regulations prescribed by the Faculty for the admission into the University of graduates of graded schools. We think no teacher or pupil can find fault with them. A high standard of requirement is demanded, and yet not so high as to prevent many schools, within the year, from sending up their proper quota of students.

The only fear expressed as to the practical working of the system, was that students imperfectly prepared would crowd the halls of the University. This difficulty is fully guarded against by the kind of examination required, and the inspection of the examination papers by the Faculty of the University. Several students will enter, the coming fall, from the more advanced schools of the State.

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THE PRESS AND THE UNIVERSITY. A noticeable event, in its bearings upon education, was the recent annual meeting of the Editorial Association of the state, at the capitol. A special and successful effort was made to bring about a better acquaintance between the editorial fraternity and the University. In times past, as mentioned by Prof. Sterling, in his speech to the editors at Devil's Lake, there has been a little coldness perhaps, or misunderstanding. We think this is all explained by the fact that a University cannot be created by act of Legislature, but must grow. The gentlemen of the Press are evidently well satisfied that it is growing, and that it has got to be something more than the “ Madison High School.”

From a multitude of kindly notices, we extract the following from the Beloit Free Press:

“The programme of the Convention was so arranged as to enable the members of the Association to be present at the commencement exercises of the State University. On Monday evening, Dr. J. L. Dudley, of Milwaukee, delivered, before the Literary Societies, an address upon the subject of “ Mental Hospitality," which was characterized by much originality of thought, and by very comprehensive views. Indeed, in the conception of a certain class of very excellent people, no doubt Dr. Dudley's liberality of sentiment extended even to the confines of heresy; which, for the sake of that worthy set of folks, is much to be regretted.

Tuesday afternoon was devoted to the exercises of the ladies' graduating class. The essays of this class, five in number, were all indicative of the closest thought, and the most thorough culture on the part of the graduates ; and although the Assembly Chamber was crowded with citizens and strangers, the young ladies appeared upon the platform and read their productions with the utmost self-possession and modesty of demeanor.

The exercises of the young gentlemen graduates took place on Wednesday, The orations embraced a great variety of subjects, and were distinghished by uncommon originality and vigor of thought. A striking feature of these exercises was their brevity--the entire programme being carried out with the greatest promptitude and precision. Including prayer, the delivery of twenty-four orations, the conferring of seventy-two degrees, and the performance of seven pieces of music, the entire exercises occupied only two hours and three-quarters. The graduates were limited to four minutes, and their orations were models of conciseness and force. In short, from the manner in which, without exception, the grad. uates acquitted themselves, it is evident that the State University has this year reached a higher standing, and a much greater degree of efficiency, than it has ever before attained. President Twombly is a gentleman of very genial manners and great liberality of sentiment, united with uncommon executive ability, and the entire Faculty is composed of men who are eminently qualified for their work, and who are deeply interested in the progress and usefulness of the institution with which they are connected. With respect to the position and claims of the State University we design to say more hereafter.”


BOSTON. As our readers already know, the next annual meeting of the National Educational Association will be held in the city of Boston, on the 6th, 7th and 8th days of August. We gave the programme of exercises last month.

Appropos to this gathering, Hon. J. L. PICKARD, City Superintendent of Schools, of Chicago, writes us that he has made a special arrangement for his teachers to go east at reduced fare, and that Wisconsin teachers and school officers, and their families, can avail themselves of the privilege. The route is by the Grand Trunk Railway, from either Chicago or Milwaukee. Parties may go all the way by rail from Chicago, or they can go by boat to Sarnia. From Milwaukee they may take the Grand Haven route to Sarnia, or go all the way by boat to the same place. Excursionists may buy tickets for Boston or Portland, as they prefer. Fare for round trip $32.00.

Upon personal application, or by letter, (return stamp enclosed.) Mr. PICKARD will furnish the applicant with a card, which will entitle the holder to purchase the tickets, which will be good from July 1 to September 15.

The return pass must be secured by the party in whose name the ticket is furnished. The tickets and return passes can be procured in Milwaukee.

We trust a goodly number of those who represent the educational interests of the Badger State may be able to avail themselves of this opportunity to see something of Her Majesty's “ Dominion,” as well as of New England and the “Hub." The route is attractive, and embraces a great variety of fine scenery. The long time allowed admits of side excursions, as for instance, from Toronto to Niagara Falls; or from Montreal (if the Portlaná route is chosen) to Quebec and to the Saguenay river; or again from the appropriate point in New Hampshire to the White Mountains.

BOOK TRADE OF CHICAGO. Chicago has long been noted for its book-stores. The oldest, largest and best known of these is the establishment so long managed by S. C. GRIGGS & Co. The style of the firm has been changed to JANSEN, MCCLURG & Co. Messrs. JANSEN and MCCLURG have long been connected with the house, and been chief contributors to its energy and success. The other member, Mr. F. B. SMITH, has been with them since 1862. The intimate connection of ihe bock trade with educational interests, prompts us to quote some account of this house from the Chicago Tribune:

For nearly twenty-four years the name of S. C. Griggs & Co., booksellers and stationers, has been prominently connected with the educational interests and the intellectual advancement of the Northwest. On the first day of April that firm was dissolved; but the business of the house will go on with a wider influence, and it is believed with greater success, for the men who for years past have contributed most to its prosperity, have now the entire control of its affairs.

“For the present they will remain at 607 Wabash avenue, formerly the beaatiful home of Mr. Jansen, where the October fire drove them; but in due time their friends will find them in more commodious quarters. Of course,

their extensive stock is entirely new. In a stroll through their establishment, one will see liter al

1 ly cords of school books, comprising the lists of all the publishers in this country. The most elegant gift books published in this country and in Europe, selected with the most exquisite taste, are in large variety; while all standard historical, literary, scientific and other works will be found in abundance. Blank-books and papers of all varieties, and general stationery, receive special attention. Pearl spring cap, letter and note, are a brand owned by this house, and are specially commended to the public. All orders for books or stationery from country customers and dealers will be filled as carefully and at as cheap rates as if purchasers were present.

“ It may be safely said the book-stores of, a great commercial centre are a correct index of the taste and the intellectual culture of the people of the country that surrounds it, and for this reason Chicago has always pointed with honest pride to her book-stores. For years past they have been at least equal to the largest and best in the country. The public may rest assured that this, really our oldest house, will always realize the bighest anticipations of the cultivated intellectual people of our city and of the entire Northwest.”



NOTES OF INSTITUTES. Prof. ALLEN has sent us his last batch of Notes, for the season, but not the “ trout” from Barron county, as promised. We think it behooves him to “rise to explain.”

NEILLSVILLE, Clark County, June 11 to 15.- Arrived at Neillsville after a hard ride for twelve or fifteen miles, on Monday forenoon. Organized the Institute on Tuesday morning with a smalı attendance, even for Clark County. The hard rains have rendered the roads nearly impassable, and instead of being held at a time when those coming from a distance could reach Neillsville comfortably, it was quite the reverse. Supt. SMITH (who, by the way, proves to be an old acquaintance from Washington County,) was on hand, but affirmed that the ladies from his locality could not take the six miles of mud necessary to reach the stage with him. The teachers in attendance worked well, and the evening lectures were well attended, and nothing but general good feeling prevailed, although the schoolhouse was somewhat heated. Enrollment, 15.

May I add a word of the geography of Clark county ? Much to my surprise it is one of the finest counties for farming purposes in the State. From what I saw, and learned from others, I am satisfied that at no very distant day it will be filled with thrifty and prosperous farmers. A large portion of the county is covered with heavy, hard timber, with a heavy clay loam, and soil so deep as to be well-nigh inexhaustible; and being abundantly watered, it is remarkably well adapted to grazing purposes. I was told that the taine hay crop last year, notwithstanding the drought, averaged 11 tons to the acre.

A few years will make a vast difference in the school interests in the county, which are already looking up. Let Neillsville set them a pattern in a good, commodious school-house and a properly graded school.

RICE LAKE MILLS, Barron County, June 18 to 22.-Leaving Menomonie, Monday morning, we started northward for a trip which was variously estimated at from fifty to eighty miles. At eight o'clock in the evening we found ourselves at the foot of lake Chetek, a distance of about fifty miles. Here we laid up for the night and slept under the “ blue canopy." An early start Tuesday morning brought us to Rice Lake Mills, at 9:15, notwithstanding a heavy rain storm from which we found no escape. Here we found Superintendent Finley, with eight teachers. They had reached the lake the same morning, but at the unseasonable hour of 2 A. M. At 10 o'clock we fell to work. The teachers were all young, but seemed to be earnest, and anxious for information. A few more came in, and on Wednesday we reached the “ Baker's dozen” promised; which I think is quite creditable to Barron County, with its twelve schools-Webster's fanciful derivation of the term (which see) to the contrary notwithstanding.

Through the liberality of Messrs. KNAPP, STOUT & Co., and administered by the kindness of Mr. W. HELLER (to whom personally and officially, many thanks), the teachers were all entertained free of charge; taking their meals in the eatinghouse and rooming in a large, commodious and well-furnished hotel, which the company have just erected, but which is not yet furnished with cooking apparatus. An Institute in the wilderness of Barron was a novelty, and the natives” looked on, at a distance. By the term natives, I mean the Aborigenes, of whom many specimens was here seen, in almost all stages of civilization, except drunkenness,

and of that we saw none. In addition to entertaininent, we were furnished with a seated assembly room in the new hotel. Enrollment, 13.

You seem, Mr. Ediior, to have misapprehended an expression in my previous “notes.” If you will read critically, you will discover that it was " notes of trout” that were promised, and not trout. If any one supposes much trouting can be done, riding full seventy miles through the woods, much of the way with an ungrubbed road, holding a four days' Institute, and returning, all in one week, and not trespassing on the Sabbath, let him try it.

Nevertheless we did persuade some of the finny beauties from their lurking places. The bites were more numerous and more severe than the catches, for mosquitoes and deer flies do abound in Dunn and Barron counties. Had a few hours —from 3.30 to 7 A. M.-at Menomonie, catching pickerel, also a little of the same at more seasonable hours, in Rice lake. Returned to the World, browned and scarred. Of the geography, of the magnificent lumbering operations of K. S. & Co., of the enjoyment and philosophy of the log drive, and of many other things of interest, want of time and space forbid me to speak.

MILWAUKEE HIGH SCHOOL. We had the pleasure of paying a somewhat brief visit to this school the other day, and of finding it in most excellent condition.

Prof. PICKARD, with the aid of his able assistants, is making the school attain a place among the foremost High Schools of the State and country. Eighty students are pursuing the Latin language, and several the Greek. Thorough attention is paid to the English branches, special stress being laid upon the so-called primary studies. Milwaukee may well feel proud of her justly popular High School.

THE APPORTIONMENT.-The sum of $163, 268.43, has been apportioned upon 418,637 school children, between four and twenty years of age, that being the number (after all corrections were made) returned from the districts that maintained school not less than five months during the school year ending August 31, 1871. The ratio is 39 cents per scholar, being the same as in the apportionment made a year ago.

BACK NUMBERS WANTED.-We wish to obtain a few copies of the January, February, March, and especially of the April number, of this year, to supply parties who wish for one or more of them. Any of our friends having one or more of these numbers to spare, will confer a favor by sending them to us-particularly that for April.

Educational Intelligence.

GENERAL. NEW HAVEN.--Last month we visited one of the New Haven Public Schools to witness the method of instruction pursued by Prof. B. JEPSON, instructor of vocal music in the schools of that city, and author of a Progressive Series of Lessons prepared especially for common schools. We were highly delighted with the method practiced and the results secured by it. The youngest child in the primary department was taught to sing by note, and become a leader for the rest of the primary scholars. The intensest interest was awakened among the little folks during the exercises. As we went through the higher departments more difficult pieces were sung, and in the highest, the most difficult with great ease and harmony. We believe the system taught by Prof. JEPSON to be among the best that have come to our knowledge, and to be admirably adpted to the needs of all our public schools. It is in extensive use in the east and should be in the west. Porf. Jepson's Lesson-Books are for sale by Jansen, McClurg & Co., Chicago.

NEW YORK.-In company with Prof. H. Jones of the Lawrence University we made a tour through the different departments of the Normal School for girls in the city of New York. Our notes being mislaid we cannot give the full account we intended of the workings of this school. There were nearly a thousand pupils in attendance, instructed by a corps of about fifty teachers. The recitations in some of the classes were very good, in others not more than ordinary. One of the finest buildings in New York city is being erected for this school.

ILLITERACY---The report of the National Eureau of Education for 1871 shows that throughout the Union there are 5,660,074 persons over 10 years of age who cannot write, neurly six persons (5.7) in every hundred in the Northern States, and thirty out of the hundred in the Southern. It is impossible to conceive the full effect of this inexcusable mass of ignorance—the errors, the vice, the wrongs that must flow from it. The State suffers in its laws from the want of intelligence in choosing legislators; it suffers by reason of the inability of the ignorant to provide for their own personal wants; it suffers vastly by the crime which accompanies ignorance, and which intelligence would in a large measure prevent. The state is therefore justified in providing for the education of the masses, and in giving efficacy to the provision by a measure of compulsory education. It is a protection the state needs, to save from dire evils, which otherwise would increase in alarming ratio. The education of the entire people is the safety of the State.-Charlotte Republican.

INCAPABLE OF ORDINARY INSTRUCTION.- .- From the census returns as to the number and whereabouts of the blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic and insane in the United States, it appears that there are 20,320 blind persons in this country, of whom 11,343 are males, and 16,966 are whites. The aggregate number of blind in this state, as returned, is 187. In the United States there are 141 blind persons who have lived more than a century. Of those who are deaf and dumb the census reports 16,205; of these 8,916 are males, and 14,907 are whites. Wisconsin furnishes 297 of this number. From the returns it appears that the deaf and dumb do not attain to the great age that many of the blind seem to have reached. The whole number of insane persons is reported at 37,382; of these 18,174 are males, and all but 1,822 are whites; 672 of these afflicted persons are found in our own state. Only 7 centenarians are found among the insane inthis country. The census puts the number of idiots at 24,527, of whom 14,485 are males.

The negroes have a much larger representation in this class of unfortunates, than in any other; of the above aggregate 3,188 are blacks and mulattoes. The number of idiots in this state is 318; 32 are over forty years old, and 5 only in the United States have seen a hundred unhappy years. Of the blind, deaf and dumb, insane and idiotic, the net number is 98,454. There are a few who are afflicted in more ways than one: 96 are blind and deaf and dumb; 75 of the blind are insane; 105 of the idiots are blind; 17 poor wretches are blind, deaf, dumb and insane, and 11 of the idiots are also blind, deaf and dumb.

TEXAS.—This state regulates the salaries of its teachers in its public schools by law, as follows: Holders of third-class certificates are to receive seventy-five dollars; of second-class certificates, ninety dollars; and of first-class certificates, one hundred and ten dollars. Principals of schools are to receive from one hundred and twenty-five to one hundred and fifty dollars per month. The law also compels all minors between the ages of six and eighteen to attend school at least four months in the year, and imposes a fine for truancy.” This, we take it, is a sensible thing to do, and a just thing. No difference in salaries on account of sex, the matter being placed entirely on a qualification basis, as is shown by the certifficates. The remuneration is also liberal, compared with that paid in the more

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