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prisoner-of-war and comrade-in-arms of the United

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States, and for its failure to exercise sovereign con

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trol over teams of North Korean agents operating

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freely within its borders.

IV

109TH CONGRESS

1ST SESSION

H. CON. RES. 175

Acknowledging African descendants of the transatlantic slave trade in all

of the Americas with an emphasis on descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean, recognizing the injustices suffered by these African descendants, and recommending that the United States and the international community work to improve the situation of Afro-descendant communities in Latin America and the Caribbean.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

JUNE 8, 2005 Mr. RANGEL (for himself, Mr. PAYNE, Ms. LEE, Mr. MEEKS of New York,

and Mr. JEFFERSON) submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations

CONCURRENT RESOLUTION

Acknowledging African descendants of the transatlantic slave

trade in all of the Americas with an emphasis on descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean, recognizing the injustices suffered by these African descendants, and recommending that the United States and the international community work to improve the situation of Afro-descendant communities in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Whereas during Black History Month it is important that we

not forget that African-Americans are not the only survivors of the transatlantic slave trade;

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Whereas like the United States, many European nations ben

efited greatly from the colonization of Latin America and the Caribbean and their participation in the slave trade;

Whereas the story of African descendants in all of the Amer

icas remains untold, leading them to be forgotten, made invisible, and allowed to suffer unjustly;

Whereas it is important to acknowledge that as a result of the slave

trade and immigration, approximately 80,000,000 to 150,000,000 persons of African descent live in Latin America and the Caribbean, making them the largest population of persons of African descent out

side of Africa; Whereas Afro-descendants are present in most all Latin

American countries, including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile,
Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pan-

ama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela; Whereas the size of Afro-descendant populations vary in

range from less than 1 percent in some countries to as much as 30 percent in Colombia and 46 percent in Brazil and make up the majority in some Spanish speaking Caribbean nations, such as Cuba and the Dominican Republic;

Whereas Afro-descendant populations have made significant

economic, social, and cultural contributions to their countries and the Western Hemisphere from their unfortunate involvement in the transatlantic slave trade to their recent contributions to trade, tourism, and other industries;

Whereas although persons of African descent have made sig

nificant achievements in education, employment, economic, political, and social spheres in some countries, the vast majority are marginalized—living in impoverished

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communities where they are excluded from centers of education, government, and basic human rights based upon the color of their skin and ancestry;

Whereas Afro-descendants have shorter life expectancies,

higher rates of infant mortality, higher incidences of HIV/AIDS, higher rates of illiteracy, and lower incomes than do other populations;

Whereas Afro-descendants encounter problems of access to

healthcare, basic education, potable water, housing, land titles, credit, equal justice and representation under the law, political representation, and other economic, political, health, and basic human rights; and

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Whereas skin color and ancestry have led African-Americans

in the United States and African descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean to share similar injustices, leading to economic, social, health, and political inequalities: Now, therefore, be it

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nomic, social, and cultural fabric of the countries in

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the Americas, particularly in Latin American and

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Caribbean societies;

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(2) recognizes that as a result of their skin

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(4) encourages the United States and the inter

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where applicable, is provided, and equal access to justice and representation under the law is granted in Afro-descendant communities in Latin America

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and the Caribbean; and

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(5) encourages the United States and the inter

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(B) promoting, funding, and creating development programs that focus on Afro-de

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scendant communities;

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(C) providing technical support and train

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ing to Afro-descendant advocacy groups that

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