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Eastern District of Pennsyloania, to wit:
the fiftieth year of the Independence of the United States of *L. S. # America, A. D. 1826, Kimber & Sharpless, of the said district, ******* have deposited in this office the title of a book, the righi whereof they claiın as proprietors, in the words following, to wit:
“English Grammar, made easy to the Teacher and Pupil. Originally compiled for the use of West-Town Boarding School, Pennsylvania. By John Comly. Fifteenth Edition, corrected and much improved."
In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entituled, " An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts, and Pooks, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the times therein mentioned''--And also to the Act, entitled, "An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of Learving, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copics, during the times therein mers. Imoned," and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other Prints."
D. CALDWEIL, Clerk of the Eas.ern District of Pennsylvania.
IT may be proper to observe, that the author of this compilation has studied so to abridge and arrange the definitions and rules necessary
to be committed to memory, as not to burden It the pupil; and yet, by the frequent repetition Mand application of them in parsing, to render
them clear and explicit. As it is found that no advantage arises from burdening the memories of children with a multitude of precepts which they do not comprehend, the compiler has interspersed a number of examples for parsing, wherein, after a few of the definitions are committed to niemory, they may be repeated and explained till they are well understood, as well as more deeply imprinted on the mind.
Such parts as appear most necessary to be committed to memory are exhibited in a larger
type. The notes and observations should, never b theless, be carefully perused by the learner.
As rightly understanding a sentence depends ñ very much on a knowledge of its grammatical | construction, it is of importance that the student should be able to resolve it into its component
parts, and to ascertain whether these are properly arranged. A clear and comprehensive method of parsing, and of correcting false syntax, is essential to this attainment. These two objects have been principally aimed at in the succeeding work, and it is hoped a proper attention to them will be found very beneficial to the learner in acquiring a knowledge of the language.
In the eleventh edition, several alterations have been made in the definitions of the parts of speech and their subdivisions, in order to render them more explicit. Some superfluous notes, &c. have been omitted, and the number of examples for parsing, and of false syntax, has been increased. In the conjugation of verbs in the subjunctive mood, and in the corresponding rules of syntax, it is believed, such changes have been made, as will greatly diminish, if not entirely remove the difficulties which these parts of the subject have hitherto presented. .
ENGLISH GRAMMAR is the art of speakmg and writing the English language with propriety.
It is divided into four parts, Orthography, Etymology, Syntax, and Prosody; which treat of letters, syllables, words, and sentences.
Orthography teaches the nature and powers of letters, and the just method of spelling words.
A letter is the first principle or least part of a word.
There are twenty-six letters in the English language, called the English Alphabet, namely, a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z; and these are divided into vowels and consonants.
A vowel is a letter which makes a full and distinct sound of itself. The vowels are a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes w, and
Wand Y are consonants when they begin a word, or syllable; in every other situation they are vowels.
A consonant is a letter which cannot make a distinct sound of itself, or without the help