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the National Mediation Board. But the Mediation Board will have no knowledge whatever of the facts of such disputes. Yet the bill requires the Mediation Board to report about them to the Maritime Commission.

Moreover, the provisions of section 10 of the Railway Labor Act with respect to emergency boards represent the culmination of a series of orderly steps for the adjustment of railway labor disputes, and emergency boards cannot function properly unless the steps have been properly taken in their order. This bill, however, breaks up the ordered steps of the Railway Labor Act and distributes them under different acts to different boards. Under such circumstances there cannot but be confusion with respect to the emergency action that is to be taken by the United States Maritime Commission, and the chances are that the Commission will be handling, through so-called emergency boards, as many labor disputes as the Mediation Board.

If the intention of this bill is to have the Maritime Commission handle labor relations in the maritime industry, it would seem wiser to declare the policy and assign this to be administered as a unit by the Commission. In any case the experience in the railroad industry makes it clear that the maintenance of peace and order in labor relations cannot be achieved by three different labor policies administered by three separate government agencies. Unity of policy and unity of a dministration are both essential. Respectfully submitted by order of the National Mediation Board.

GEORGE A. Cook, Secretary.

X

MARINE ACT OF 1936

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE

AND THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

UNITED STATES SENATE

SEVENTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 3078

A BILL TO AMEND THE MERCHANT MARINE ACT OF 1936

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

PART 5

EXECUTIVE SESSIONS OF DECEMBER 16, 1937

JANUARY 4, 5, AND 10, 1938

Printed for the use of the Committee on
Commerce and the Committee on Education and Labor

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COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE

ROYAL S. COPELAND, New York, Chairman MORRIS SHEPPARD, Texas

CHARLES L. McNARY, Oregon JOSIAH WILLIAM BÁILEY, North Carolina HIRAM W. JOHNSON, California HATTIE W. CARAWAY, Arkansas

GERALD P. NYE, North Dakota BENNETT CHAMP CLARK, Missouri

ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG, Michigan JOHN H. OVERTON, Louisiana

WALLACE H. WHITE, JR., Maine
THEODORE G. BILBO, Mississippi

ERNEST W. GIBSON, Vermont
VIC DONAHEY, Ohio
JOSEPH F. GUFFEY, Pennsylvania
FRANCIS T. MALONEY, Connecticut
GEORGE L. RADCLIFFE, Maryland
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
JOSH LEE, Oklahoma
GEORGE L. BERRY, Tennessee

GRACE MCELDOWNEY, Clerk
ROGER WILLIAMSON, Assistant Clerk

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah, Chairman ROYAL S. COPELAND, New York

WILLIAM E. BORAH, Idaho DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts

ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana

JAMES J. DAVIS, Pennsylvania
VIC DONAHEY, Ohio
RUSH D. HOLT, West Virginia
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana
JOSH LEE, Oklahoma
DIXIE BIBB GRAVES, Alabama

EARL WIXCEY, Clerk

KENNETH C. ROBERTSON, Assistant Clerk
II

LIBRARY CE CONGRESS

JAN 19 1938
NIVISION O DOCUMENTS

19386

CONTENTS

Statement of

Page Field, Commander R. S., Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation, Department of Commerce.

181 Daly, John J., United States Shipping Commissioner, New York, N. Y.--

188 Saugstad, Jesse E., special assistant, Trade Agreement Division, Department of State.

239 Captain

289 Vickery, Commander H. L., United States Navy, assistant to Commissioner Land, Maritime Commission

307 Miscellaneous: Appendix...

324 Commerce, Department of, documents

210, 216, and 324 Maritime Commission, United States, documents.

154 Memorandums on quarters of crews.

309, 315 Preface. State, Department of, documents.

239 Official documents.

264

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