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Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love, They love you all? Haply, when I shall wed, Longinourcourt have made their amorous sojourn, Thai lord, whose hand must take my plight, shall And here are to be answerd.--Tell me,mydaugh

carry (Since now we will divest us, both of rule, [ters, Half my love with him, half my care, and duty: Interest of territory, cares of state,)

5 Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters,
Which of you, shall we say, doth love us most ? To love my father all.
That we our largest bounty may extend

Lear. But goes thy heart with this?
Where nature doth with merit challenge.-Go- Cor. Ay, my good lord.
Our eldest born, speak tirst.

(neril, Lear. So young, and so untender? Gon. Sir, I

[ter, 10 Cor. So young, iny lord, and true. [dower: Do love you more than words can wield the mat- Lear. Let it be so-Thy truth then be thy Dearer than eye-sight, space and liberty ; For, by the sacred radiance of the sun, Beyond what can be valued rich or rare; [nour: The mysteries of Hecate, and the night; No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, ho- By all the operations of the orbs, As much as child e'er lov’d, or father found 15 From whom we do exist, and cease to be; A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable; Here I disclaim all my paternal care, Beyond all manner of so much' I love you. Propinquity and property of blood, Cor. What shall Cordelia do ? Love, and be And as a stranger to iny heart and me silent.

[Aside. Hold thee, from this', for ever. The barbarous Lear. Of all these bounds, even from this line 20 Scythian, to this,

Or he that makes his generation messes
With shadowy forests and with champains rich’d, To gorge his appetite, shall to my bosom
With plentcous rivers, and white-skirted meads, Be as well neighbour'd, pitied, and reliev'd,
We make thee lady: To thine and Albany's issue As thou my sometime daughter.
Bethis perpetual.--Whatsays our second daughter, 25 Kent. Good my liege,
Our dearest Regan, wife to Cornwall? Speak. Lur. Peace, Kent ?

Reg. I am made of that self metal as my sister, Come not between the dragon and his wrath:
And prize me at her worth. In my true heart I lov'd her most, and thought to set my rest
I tind, she names my very deed of love; On her kind nursery.-Ilence, and avoid my
Only she comes too short: that? I profess 301


[To Cordelia. Myself an enemy to all otber joys,

So be my grave my peace, as here I give Which the most precious square of sense pos- Her father's heart from her !--Call France ; And find, I am alone felicitate


Who stirs ? In your dear highness' love.

Call Burgundy.- Cornwall, and Albany, Cor. Then poor Cordelia !

[Aside. 35 With my two daughters' dowers digest this third : And yet not so; since I am sure, my love's Let priđe, which she calls plainness, marry her. More pond'rous than my tongue.

I do invest you jointly with my power, Leur. To thee, and thine, hereditary ever, Pre-eminence, and all the large etfects (course, Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom ; That troop with majesty. Ourself, by monthly No less in space, validity , and pleasure, 40 With reservation of an hundred knights, Than that confirm’d on Goneril.-Now, our joy, By you to be sustain'd, shall our abode stain Although the last, not least; to whose young love, Make with you by due turns. Only, we shall reThe vines of France, and milk of Burgundy, The name, and all the addition to a king; Strive to be interess'd; what can you say, to draw The sway, revenue, execution of the rest", A third, more opulent than your sisters? Speak. 45 Beloved sons, be yours: which to confirm, Cor. Nothing, my lord.

This coronet part between you. [Giving the crown. Lear. Nothing :

Kent. Royal Lear, Cor. Nothing

{again. Whom I have ever honour'd as my king, Leur. Nothing can come of nothing: speak Lov'd as my father, as my master follow'd, Cor. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave 50 As my great patron thought on in my prayers, My heart into iny mouth : I love your majesty Leur. The bow is bent and drawn, make from According to iny bond; nor more, nor less.

the shaft. Lear. Ilow, how, Cordelia ! mend your speech Kent. Let it fall rather, though the fork invade a ittle,

The region of my heart: be Kent unmannerly, Lest it may mar your fortunes.

55 When Lear is mad. What would'st thou do, old Cor. Good my lord,

man? You have begot me, bred me, lov'd me: I Think’st thou that duty shall have dread to speak, Return those duties back as are right fit, When power to flattery bows? To plainness hoObey you, love you, and most honour you.

nour's bound, Why have my sisters husbands, if they say, |6u/When majesty stoops to'folly. Reverse thy doom;

1 That is, beyond all assignable quantity, * That scems to stand without relation, but is referred to find; the first conjunction being inaccurately suppressed.--I find that she cames my deed, I find that I profess, &c. Square here means compass, comprehension. Validity, for worth, value. i. e. from this time. 1.6i the execution of all the other busincss.


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And, in thy best consideration, check (ment,


crave no more than hath your highness offer'd, This hideous rashness: answer my life, my judge- Nor will you tender less. Thy youngest daughter does not love the least; Lear. Right noble Burgundy, Nor are those empty-hearted, whose low sound When she was dear to us, we did hold her so ; Reverbs' no hollowness.

5 But now her price is fall’n: Sir, there she stands; Lear. Kent, on thy life, no more.

If aught within that little seeming o substance, Kent. My life I never held but as a pawn Or all of it, with our displeasure piec'd, To wage against thine enemies; nor fear to lose it, And nothing more, may fitly like your grace, Thy safety being the motive.

She's there, and she is yours. Lear. Out of my sight!

10 Bur. I know no answer.

[owes', Kent. See better, Lear; and let me still remain Lear. Sir, will you, with those infirmities she The true blank ? of thine eye.

Unfriended, new-adopted to our hate, [oath, Leur. Now, by Apollo,

Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with our Kent. Now, by Apollo, king,

Take her, or leave her? Thou swear'st thy gods in vain.

15 Bur. Pardon me, royal sir; Lear.' 0 vassal! miscreant !

Election makes not up on such conditions. [Laying his hand on his sword. Lear. Then leave her, sir ; for by the power Alb. Corn. Dear sir, forbear.

that made me, Kent.Do; killthy physician, and the fee bestow I tell you all her wealth._For you, great king, Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift; 20

[To France. Or, whilst I can vent clamour from my throat, I would not from your love make such a stray, I'll tell thee, thou dost evil.

To match you where I hate; therefore beseech you Lear. Hear me, recreant ;

To avert your liking a more worthier way On thine allegiance hear me!

Than on a wretch whom nature is asham'd Since thou hast sought to make us break our vow, 25 Almost to acknowledge hers. (Which we durst never yet,) and, with strain’d France. This is most strange! pride,

Thatshe, who even but now was your best object, To come betwixt our sentence and our power“, The argument of your praise, balm of your age, (Which nor our nature nor our place can bcar,) The best, the dearest, should in this trice of time Our potency made good, take thy reward. 130 Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle Five days we do allot thee for provision

So many folds of favour! Sure, her offence To shield thee from disasters of the world ; Must be of such unnatural degree, And, on the sixth, to turn thy hated back That monsters it, or your fore-vouch'd affection Upon our kingdom: if on the tenth day following, Fall into taint': which to believe of her, Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions, 35 Must be of faith, that reason without miracle The moment is thy death: Away! By Jupiter, Should never plant in me. This shall not be revok'd.

Cor. I yet beseech your majesty, Kent. Why, fare thee well, king: since thus (If for I want that glib and oily art, (tend, thou wilt appear,

To speak and purpose not; since what I well inFreedom lives hence, and banishment is here.- 40 I'll do't before I speak) that you make known The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,

[To Cordelia. No unchaste action, or dishonour'd step, That justly think'st, and hast most rightly said.— That hath depriv'd me of your grace and favour: And your large speeches may your deeds approve, But even for want of that, for which I am richer :

[To Regan and Goneril

. 45 A still-soliciting eye, and such a tongue That good effects may spring from words of love. That I am glad I have not, though not to have it Thus kent, O princes, bids you all adieu ;

Hath lost me in your liking. He'll shape his old course in a country new. [Exit.

Lear. Better thou


Hadst not been born, than not to have pleas'd me Re-enter Gloster, with France, Burgundy, and

50 France. Is it no more but this? a tardiness in Attendants.

nature, Glo. Here's France and Burgundy, my noble Which often leaves the history unspoke, lord.

That it intends to do?- My lord of Burgundy, Lear. My lord of Burgundy,

What say you to the lady? Love is not love, We tirst address towards you, who with this king 55 When it is miugled with regards, that stand Have rivalld for our daughter; What, in the least, Aloof from the entire point. Will you have her? Will you require in present dower with her, She is herself a dowry. Or cease your quest of love'?

Bur. Royal Lcar, Bur. Most royal majesty,

Give but that portion which yourself propos'd, · Means the same as reverberates. The blank is the white or exact mark at which the arrow is shot.— See better, says Kent, and keep me always in your

tiew. i.e. pride exorbitant; pride passing due bounds. i.c. our porter to execute that sentence. Quest of love is amorous expe. dition. The term originated from romance.--A quest was the expedition in which a knight was engaged. • Seeming is specious. ' i.e. is possessed of: & i.e. makes not adounces. o Taint is here used for corruption and for disgrace. 10 Entire for single. 3 0 2


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for we

vind here I take Cordelia by the hand,

Gon. Yon see how full of changes his age is! Dutchess of Burgundy.

the observation we have made of it hath not been Lear. Nothing; I have sworn : I am firm. little! he always lov'd our sister most; and with Bur. I am sorry then you have so lost a father, what poor judgement he hath now cast her off, That you must lose a husband.

5 appears too grossly. Cor. Peace be with Burgundy!

Reg. 'Tis the infirmity of his age: yet he hath Since that respects of fortune are his love, ever but slenderly known himself. I shall not be his wife.

Gon. The best and soundest of his time hath France. Fairest Cordelia, thou art most rich, been but rash; then must we look to receive being poor;

10 from his age, not alone the imperfections of longMost choice, forsaken; and most lov’d, despis’dengrafted condition, but thesewithal the unruly, Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon :

waywardness that infirm and choleric years Be it lawful, I take up what's cast away: bring with them. Gods, gods ! 'tis strange, that from their cold'st Reg. Such unconstant starts are we like to neglect

15 have from him, as this of Kent's banishment. My love should kindle to inflam'd respect. Gon. There is further compliment of leavcThy dowerless daughter, king, thrown to my taking between France and him. Pray you, let chance,

Jus hit together“: If our father carry authority Is queen of us, and ours, and our fair France: with such dispositions as he bears, this last surNot all the dukes of wat'rish Burgundy 20 render of his will but offend us. Shall buy this unpriz'd precious maid of me. Reg. We shall further think of it. Bid thein farewell, Cordelia, though unkind: Gon. We must do something, and i' the heat Thou losest here, a better where' to find.

[Exeunt. Lear. Thou hast her, France: let her be thine;


SOENE II. Have no such daughter, nor shall ever see

A Castle belonging to the Earl of Gloster. That face of her's again:-Therefore be gone,

Enter Edmund, with a letter. Withont our grace, our love, our benizon. Edm. Thou, nature, art my goddess; to thy lais Come, noble Burgundy.

My services are bound: Wherefore should I [Flourish. Exeunt Lear, Burgundy, &c.30 Stand in the plague of custom; and permit France, Bid farewell to vour sisters.

The curiosity' of nations to * deprive me, Cor. The jewels of our father, with wash'd eyes For that I am some twelve or fourteen moonCordelia leaves you: I know you what you are:


[base? And, like a sister, am most loth to call

[ther : Lag of a brother? Why bastard ? wherefore Your faults, as they are nam’d. Use well our fa-|35 when my dimensions are as well coinpact, To your professing bosoms I commit him: My mind as generous, and my shape as true, But yet, alas! stood I within his


As honest madam’s issue? Why brand they us I would prefer him to a better place.

With base? with baseness? bastardy? base, base? So farewell to vou both.

Who, in the lusty stealth of nature, take Reg. Prescribe not us our duties.

140 More composition, and fierce quality Con. Let your study

Than doth, within a dull, stale, tired bed, Be, to content your lord; who hath receiv'd vou Go to the creating of a whole tribe of fops, At fortune's alins: You have obedience scanted, Got 'tween asleep and wake?-Well then, And well are worth the want that you have - Legitimate Edgar, I must have your land: vanted?.


Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund, Cor. Time shall unfold what plaited' cunning As to the legitimate: Fine word,---legitimate! bides;

Well, my legiti:nate, if this letter speed, Who cover faults, at last shame them derides.

And my invention thrive, Edmund the base Well inay you prosper!

Shall top the legitimate. I grow; I prosper :France. Come, my fair Cordelia.

Now, gods, stand up for bastards! [Exeunt France and Cordelia.

Enter Gloster. Gon. Sister, it is not a little I have to say, of Glo. Kent banislı'd thus! And France in cho what most nearly appertains to us both. I think,

Jer parted! our father will hence to-night.

And the king gone to-night! subscrib'd' his Reg. That's most certain, and with you; next 35 power! month with us.

Confin'd io exhibition !! All this done


* i.e. agree.


? Here and there have the power of nouns.---Thou losest this residence to find a better residence in another place. ? The meaning is, “You well-deserve to meet with that want of love from your Bousband, which you have professed to trant for our father.” 'l. e. complicated, involved cunning.

5i.e. We must strike wlnle the iron's hot. co That is, Wherefore should I acquiesce, submit tamely to the plagues and injustice of custoin? Curiosity, in the time of Shakspeare, was a word that signified un orer-nice scrupulousness in manners, dress, &c.—The curiosity of nulims means, the icle, nice distinctions of the world. : To deprive was, in our author's time, ..onyincus to disinherit.

O Subscrib'd for transferred, alienated. 1. Exhibition is allowance. 1

U pos

Upon the gad?! Edmund! Ilow now? what Ithe letter ! -Abhorred villain! Unnatural, denews?

tested, brutish villain! worse than brutish !-Go, Edm. So please your lordship, none.

sirrah, seek him; I'll apprehend hiin :-Abo[Putting up the letter. minable yillain-Where is he: Glo. Why so earnestly seek you to put up that 5

Edm. I do not well know, my lord.

If it letter?

shall please you to suspendyour indignation against Edm. I know no news, my lord.

my brother, 'till you can derive from himn better Glo. What paper were you reading?

testimony of his intent, you should run a certain Edm. Nothing, my lord.

course; where, if you violently proceed against Glo. No? What needed then that terrible dis- 10 him, mistaking his purpose, it would make a great patch of it into your pocket? The quality of no- gap in your own bonour, and shake in pieces the thing hath not such need to hide itself. Let's see: heart of his obedience. I dare pawn down my life Come, if it be nothing, I shall not need spectacles. for him, that he hath writ this to feel my affection

Edm. I beseech you, sir, pardon me: it is a let- to your honour, and to no other pretence of ter from my brother, that I have not allo'er-read; 15 danger. and for so much as I have perus’d, I figd it nou

Glo. Think you so ? fit for your overlooking.

Edm. If your honour judge it meet, I will place Glo. Give me the letter, sir.

you where you shall hear us confer of this, and by Edm. I shall offend, either to detain or give it. an auricular assurance have your satisfaction; and The contents, as in part I understand them, are 20 that without any further delay than this very evento blame.

Glo. He cannot be such a monster. [ing. Glo. Let's see, let's see.

Edm. Nor is not, sure. Edm. I hope, for my brother's justification, he Glo. To his father, that so tenderly and entirely wrote this but as an assay or taste of my virtue. loves him.--Heaven and earth !-Edmund, seek

Glo. [reads.). " This policy, and reverence of 25 him out; wind me into him, I pray you : frame

age, makes the world bitter to the best of our the business after your own wisdom: I would times; keeps our fortunes from us, 'till our old- unstate myself, to be in a due resolution *. “ness cannot relish them. I begin to find an idle Edm. I will seek him, sir, presently; convey" “ and fond? bondage in the oppression of aged ty

the business as I shall find means, and acquaint "ranny; who sways, not as it hath power, but 30 you withal. “ as it is suffered. Come to me, that of this I may Glo. These late eclipses in the sun and moon "speak more.

If our father would sleep 'till I portend no good to us: Though the wisdom of “ wak'd him, you should enjoy half bis revenue nature can reason it thus and thus, yet nature finds “ for ever, and live the beloved of your brother, itself scourg'd by the frequenteffects"; love cools, " Edgar."---Hum !---Conspiracy !--- Sleep, 'till 1/35 friendship fålls oil

, brothers divide: in cities, muti“ wak'd him!-you shall enjoy half his reve- nies; in countries, discord; in palaces, treason; "nue!"- Myson Edgar! Had hea hand to write and the bond crack'd'twixt son and father. This this ? a heart and brain to breed it in ?- When villain of mine comes underthe prediction; there's came this to you? Who brought it?

son against father: the king falls from bias of naEdm. It was not brought me, my lord, there's 40 ture; there's father against child. We have seen the cunning of it; I found it thrown in at the case- the best of our time: Machinations, hollowness, ment of my closet.

treachery, and all ruinous disorders, follow us disGlo. You know the character to be your broy quietly to our graves! Find out this villain, Edther's?

mund: it shall lose thee nothing; do it carefully: Edm. If the matter were good, my lord, I durst 45 - And the noble and true-hearted Kent banish'd! swear it were his; but, in respect of that, I would his offence, honesty! Strange ! strange! [Exit. fain think it were not.

Edm. This is the excellent foppery of the world! Glo. It is his.

that, when we are sick in fortune, (often the surEdm. It is his hand, my lord; but I hope, his feit of our own behaviour) we make guilty of our heart is not in the contents. [this business ? 50 disasters, the sun, the moon, and the stars: as if

Glo. Hath he never heretofore sounded you in we were villains, by necessity; fools by heavenly

Edm. Never, my lord: But I have often heard compulsion ; knaves, thieves, and treachers, by him maintain it to be fit, that, sons at perfect age, spherical predominance; drunkards, lyars, and and fathers declining, the father should be as ward adulterers, by an enforc'd obedience of planetary to the son, and the son manage bis revenue. 55 influence; and all that we are evil in, by a divine

Glo. O villain, villain !- Ilis very opinion in thrusting on: An admirable evasion of whore

* To do upon the gad, is, to act by the sudden stimulation of caprice, as cattle run madding when they are stung by the gadily. ? i. e. weak and foolish. ? Pretence is design, purpose.

4 The meaning is, according to Dr. Johnson, Do you frame the business, who can act with less emotion; I would unstate myself; it would in me be a departure from the paternal character, to be in a due resolution, to be settled and composed on such an occasion.-Air. Steevens comments on this passage thus: “ Edgar has been represented as wishing to possess his father's fortune, i. e. to unstate him; and therefore his father says, he would unstate himself to be sufliciently resolved to punish him."--To enstate is to confer a fortune. * To contey, here means to manage artfully. • That is, though natural philosophy can give account of eclipses, yet we feel their consequences. 3 0 3


master man, to lay his goatish disposition to the That he suspects none; on whose foolish honesty charge of a star! My father compounded with My practices ride easy !-I see the businessmy mother under the dragon's tail; and my nati- Let me, if not by birth, have lands by wit: vity was under ursa major; so that it follows, I All with ine's meet, that í can fashion fit. [Esit. am rough and lecherous.- Tut, I should have been 5 that I am, had the madienliest star in the firmament

SCENE III. twinkled on my bastardizing. Edgar

The Duke of Albany's Palace.
Enter Edgar.

Enter Goneril, and Steward. and pat he comes, like the catastrophe of the old Gon. Did my father strike my gentleman for comedy. My cue is villainous melancholy, with a 10 chiding of his fool ? sigh like Tom o'Bedlam.-0,these eclipses do Steri. Ay, inadam.

[hour portend these divisions ! fa, sol, la, mi

Gon. By day and night! he wrongs me; every Edg. How now, brother Edmund : What se- He flashes into one gross crime or other, rious contemplation are you in?

That sets us all at odds: I'll not endure it: Edm. I am thinking, brother, of a prediction 15|His knights grow riotous, and himself upbraids us read this other day, what should follow these On every tritle: When he returns from hunting, eclipses.

I will not speak with him: Say, I am sick: Edg. Do you husy yourself with that ? If you come slack of former services,

Edm. I promise you, the effects he writes of, You shall do well; the fault of it I'll answer. succeed unhappily; as of unnaturalness between 20 Stew. He's coming, madam; I hear him. the child and the parent; death, dearth, dissolutions

[Horns within of ancient amities, divisions in state, menaces and Gon.Put on what weary negligence you please; maledictions against king and nobles; needless You and your fellows; I'd have it come to ques. diffidences, banishment of friends, dissipation of If he dislike it, let him to my sister, [tion: cohorts, nuptial breaches, and I know not what. 25 Whose mind and mine, I know, in that are one,

Edg. How long have you been a sectary astro- Not to be over-rul'd. Idle old man, nomical?

That still would manage those authorities Edm. Come, come; when saw you my father That he hath given away!—Now, by my life, last?

Old fools are babes again; and must be us'd Edg. Why, the night gone by.

30 With checks as flatteries when they are seen abEdm. Spake you with him?

Remember what I have said.

[us'd', Edg. Ay, two hours together.

Stere. Very well, madam. Edm. Párted you in good terms? Found you no Gen. And let his knights have colder looks displeasure in him, by word or countenance?

among you;

(so: Edg. None at all.

|35 What grows of it, no matter; advise your fellows Edm. Bethink yourself, wherein you may have I would breed from hence occasions, and I shall, offended him: and at my entreaty, forbear his pre- That I may speak:I'll write straight to my 8ence, until some little time hath qualified the heat

sister of his displeasure; which at this instant so rageth. To hold my very course:--Prepare for dinner. in him, that with the mischief of your person it 40

[Exeunt, would scarcely allay. Edg. Some villain hath done me wrong.

SCENE IV. Edm. That's my fear. I pray you have a continent forbearance, 'till the speed of his rage goes

An open Place before the Palace. slower; and, as I say, retire with me to my lod-145

Enter Kent, disguised. ging, from whence I will fitly bring you to hear my Kent. If but as well I other accents borrow, lord

speak: Pray you, go; there's my key:--If That can my speech diftiise", my good intent you do stir abroad, go arm’d.

May carry through itself to that full issue Eds. Arm'd, brother!

For which I raz'd my likeness.-Now, banislı'd Edm. Brother, I advise you to the best; go 50 Kent,

[demn'd, arm'd; I am no honest man, if there be any good Jif thou canst serve where thou dost stand conmeaning towards you: I havetold you what I have (So may it come!) thy master, whoin thou lov'st, seen and heard,' but faintly; nothing like theľ Shall find thee full of labours. image and horror of it : Pray you, away. Horns within. Enter Lear, Knights, and AttendEdg. Shall I hear from you anon?


ants. Edm. I do serve you in this business.

Lear. Let me not stay a jot for dinner; go, get [Erit Edgar.

it ready. A credulous father, and a brother noble,

How now, what art thou? Whose nature is so far from doing harms,

Kent. A man, sir. "The sense, according to Dr. Johnson, is this: “Old men must be treated with checks, when as they are seen to be deceived with flatteries: or, when they are weakenough to be seen abused by flatteries, they are then weak enough to be used with checks. There is a play on the words used and abused. To abuse is, in our author, very requently the same as to deceite." 2 Thát is, If I can change my speech as well as I have changed my dress. To diffuse speech, signifies to disorder it, and so to disguise it.


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