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Ha, you gods! why this? Why this, you gods? Tim. None, but to
Why, this

[sides ; Maintain my opinion.
Will lug your priests and servants from your Alcib. What is it, Timon?
Pluck stout men's pillows from below their Tim. Promise me friendship, but perform none:
This vellow slave

[heads! : 5 Thou wilt not promise, the gods plague thee, for Will knit and break religions; bless the accurs’d; Thou art a man! if thou dost perform, confound Make the hoar leprosy ador’d; place thieves,

thee, And give them tiile, knee, and approbation, For thou art a man! With senators on the bench; this is it,

Alcib. I have heard in some sort of thy miseries. That makes the wappen'd? widow wed again; 10 Tim. Thou saw'st them, when I had prosperity. She, whom the spital-house and ulcerous sores Alcib. I see them now; then wasablessed time. Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices Tim. As thine is now, held with a brace of To the April-day again!. Come, damined earth,


world Thou common whore of mankind, that put'st odds Tyman. Is this the Athenian minion, whom the Among the rout of nations, I will make thee 15 Voic'd so regardfully? Do thy right nature-[March afar 01:]-Ha! Tim. Art thou Tymandra ? à drum :-Thou’rt quick',

Tyman. Yes. But yet I'll bury thee: Thou’lt go, strong thief, Tän. Be a whore still! they love thee not, that When gouty keepers of thee cannot stand :

use thee; Nay,stay thou out for earnest. [Keeping some gold. 20 Give them diseases, leaving with thee their lust.

Make use of thy salt hours: season the slaves Enter Alcibiades, with drum and tife, in tarlike

For tubs, and baths; bring down rose-checked munner, and Phrynia and Tymandra.

youth, Alcib. What art thou there? speak. [heart, To the tub-fast", and the diet.

Tim. A beast, as thou art. The cankergnaw thy|25| Tyman. Hang thee, monster! For shewing me again the eyes of man!

Alc. Pardon hinn, sweet Tymandra; for his wits Alcib. What is thy name? Is man so hateful to Are drown'd and lost in his calamities.thee,

I have but little gold of late, brave Timon, That art thyself a man?

The want whereof doth daily make revolt Tim. I am misanthropos, and hate mankind. 30In my penurious band: I have heard, and grievid, For thy part, I do wish thou wert a dog,

Ilow cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth, That I might love thee something.

Forgettingthy great deeds,when neighbourstates, Alcib. I know thee well;

But for thy sword and fortune, trod upon them,But in thy fortunes am unlearn'd and strange. Tim. I pr’ythee, beat thy drum, and get thee Tim. I know thee too; and more, than that 1 35) gone. know thee,

Alc. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. I not desire to know. Follow thy drum :

Tim. Ilow cost thou pity him, whom thou dost With man's blood paint the ground, gules, gules:

trouble? Religious canons, civil laws are cruel;

I had rather be alone. Then what should war be? This fell whore of 40 Alcib. Why, fare thee well: thine,

Here is some gold for thee. Ilath in her more destruction than thy sword, Ti'n. Keep it, I cannot eat it. For all her cherubin look.

Alc. When I have laid proud Athens on a heap,Phry. Thy lips rot ott'!

Tim. Warrist thou 'gainst Athens ? Tim. I will not kiss thee; then the rot returns 45 Alcib. Av, Timon, and have cause. To thine own lips again.

Tim. The gods confound then all in thy conAlc. How came the noble Timon to this change: Tim. As the moon does, by wanting light to Thee after, when thou hast conquer'd! give;

Alcib. Why me, Timon? But then renew I could not, like the moon; 501 Tim. That, by killing of villains, thou wast born There were no suns to borrow of.

To conquer my country. Alcib. Noble Timon,

Put tip ihy gold; Go on,--here's gold,-go on; What friendship may I do thee?

Be as a planetary plague, when Jove "j. e. men who have strength yet remaining to struggle with their disteniper. This alludes to an old custom of drawing away the pillow from under the heads of men in their last agonies, to make their departure the easier. W'aped or wappen'd, according to Warburton, signifies both sorrowful and territied, either for the loss of a good husband, or by the treatment of a bad. But gold, he says, can overcoine both her affection and her fears. * That is, to the wedding day, called by the poet, satirically, April day, or fool's day.The April day, however, does not relate to the widow, but to the other diseased female, who is represented as the outcast of an hospital. She it is whom gold em. balms and spices to the April day again: i. e. gold restores her to all the freshness and sweetness of vouth. + Lie in the earth where nature laid thee, Thou hast life and motion in thee. * This álludes to the inethod of cure for venereal complaints (explained in note*, p. 90), the unction for which was sometimes continued for thirty-seven days, and during this time there was necessarily an extraordinary abstinence required. Hence the tern of the tub-fast The diet was likewise a custommary term for the regimen prescribed in these cases,

quest; and

Will o'er some high-vic'd city hang his poison Phr. and Tym. Well, more gold;-What then?
In the sick air: Lit not thy sword skip one: Believe't, that we'll do any thing for gold.
Pity not honour'd age for his white beard,

Tim. Consumptions sow
Heisan usurer: Strike m:the counterfeit matron, In hollow bones of man; strike their sharz shins,
It is her habit only that is honest,

5 And marr men's spurring. Crack the lawyer's Herself's a bawd: Let not the virgin's cheek

voice, Make soft thy trenchant sword; for those milk- That he may never more false title plead, paps,

Nor sound his quillets shrilly: hoar the flamen®, That through the window-bars bore at men’seyes, That scolds against the quality of tlesh, Are not within the leaf of pity writ,

10 And not believes himself: down with the nose, Set them down horrible traitors: Spare not thebabe, Down with it tlat; take the bridge quite away Whose dimpled smiles from fools exhaust their Of him, that his particular to foresee', mercy;

Smells from the general weal: make curl'd-pate Think it a bastard, whom the oracle

ruflians ball; Hath doubtfully pronounc'd thy throat shall cut?, 15 And let the unscarr'd braggarts of the war And mince it sans remorse: Swear against objects '; Derive some pain from you: Plague all; Put armour on thine cars, and on thine eyes; That your activity may defeat and quell Whose proof, nor yells of mothers, maids, lor Thesource of all erection.-- There's inore gold:-babes,

Do you damn others and let this damn you, Nor sight of priests in holy vestments bleeding, 20 And ditches grave you all! Shall pierce ajot. There's gold topaythy soldiers : Phr. and Tym. More counsel, with more money, Make large confusion; and, thy fury spent,

bounteous Timon. Confounded be thyself! Speak not, be gone. Timon. More whore, more mischief first; I Alcib. llast thou gold yet? I'll take the gold

have given you earnest. thou giv'st me,

25 Alcib. Strike up the drum towards Athens. Not all thy counsel.

Farewell, Timon; Tim. Dost thou, or dost thou not, heaven's If I thrive well, I'll visit thee again. curse upon thee!

Tim. If I hope well, I'll never see thee more. Phr. and Ty... Giveussome gold, goodTimon : Alcib. I never did thec hari. Hast thou more?

(trade, 30' Tim. Yes, thou spok'st well of me. Tim. Enough to make a whore forswear her Alcib. Call'st thou that harın ? And to make whores,a bawd*. Hold up, you sluts, Tim. Men daily find it. Your aprons mountant: You are not oathable, Get thee away, and take thy beagles with thee. Although, I know, you'll swear, terribly swear, Alcib. We but oftend him.-Strike. Into strong shudders, and to heavenly agues, 13

[Drum beats. Exeunt Alcibiades, The immortal gods that hear you,--spare your

Phrynia, and Tymandra. oaths,

Tim. [Digging.] That nature, being sick of I'll trust to your conditions ?: Be whores still ;

man's unkindness, And he whose pious breath seeksto convert you, Should yet be hungry!-Conmon mother, thou Be strong in whore, allure him, burn him up; 40 Whose womb unmeasurable, and intinite breast", Let your close tire predominate his smoke, Teems, and feeds all; whose self-same mettle, And be no turn-coais: Yet may your pains“, six Whereof thy proud child, arrogant man, is pust; months,

[roofs Engenders the black toad, and adder blue, Be quite contrary: make false hair, and thatch The gilded newt, and eyeless venom'd worm'?, Your poor thin roofs with burtbens of the dead,— 45With all the abhorred births below crisps heaven Some that were hang’, no matter:

Whereon Hyperion's quickening fire doth shine; Wearthem, betray with them, and whore on still: Yield him, who all thy human sons doth hate, Paint 'till a horse may inire upon your face; From forth thy plenteous bosom, one poor root! A pox of wrinkles !

Enscar thy fertile and conceptious womb, Tj. e. drarv forth. ? An allusion to the tale of Edipus. 3 Perhaps objects is here used provincially for objects. *That is, enough to make a whore leave whoring,and a bawd leare making thores.

i. I will trust to your inclinations. • Dr. Warburton comments on this passage thus : “ This is obscure, partly from the ambiguity of the word pains, and partly from the generality of the expression. The meaning is this : He had said before, Follow constantly your trade of debauchery; that is, (says he) for six months in the year. Let the other six be employed in quite contrary pains and labour, namely, in the severe discipline necessary for the repair of those disorders that your debaucheries occasion, in order to fit you anew to the trade; and thus let the whole year be spent in these different 'occupations. On this account he goes on, and says, make false hair, &c.—Mr. Steevens however conceives the meaning to be only this: “ Yet for half the year at least, may you suffer such punishment as is inflicted on hurlots in houses of correction.Quillets are subtilties. • i. e. give the flamen the hoary leprosy. To foresee his particular, is to provide for his private a:liantage, for which he leaves the right scent of public good. In hunting, when hares have cross'd one another, it is common for some of the hounds to smellfrom the general weal, and foresee their oren particular. Shakspeare, who seems to have been a skilful sportsman, and has alluded often to falconry, perhaps alludes here to hunting, 20 To grave is to entoinb. " Whose infinite breast means those boundless surguce.

12 The serpent, which we, from the smallness of his eyes, call the blind worm. "' i. e. curled, bent, hollow. 3 G3





Let it no more bring out ingrateful man!

Tim. What! a knave too? Go great with tygers, dragons, wolves, and bears; 4pem. If thou didst put this sour cold habit on Teem with new monsters, whom thy upward face To castigate thy pride, 'twere well: but thou Hath to the marbled mansion all above

Dost it enforcedly; thou’dst courtier be again, Never presented !—0, a root,-Dear thanks! 5 Wert thou not beggar. Willing misery Dry up thy marrows, vines, and plough-torn leas; Out-lives incertain pomp, is crown'd before : Whereof ingrateful man, with liqucrice draughts, The one is filling still, never complete ; And morsels unctuous, greases his pure mind, The other, at high wish: Best state, contentless, That from it all consideration slips!

Hath a distracted and most wretched being, Enter Apemantus.

10 Worse than the worst, content ? More man? Plague! plague!

Thou should'st desire to die, being miserable. Apem. I was directed hither: Men report, Tim. Not by his breath', that is more miserable, Thou dost affect my manners, and clost use them. Thou art a slave, whom fortune's tender arm

Tim. 'Tisthen, because thou dost not keep a dog With favour never clasp'd ; but bred a dog * Whom I would imitate: Consumption catch thee! 15 Hadst thou, like us, from our first swaih propem. This is in thee a nature but affected;

ceeded A poor unmanly melancholy, sprung

The sweet degrees that this brief world affords Fromchange of fortune. Why thisspade? thisplace? To such as may the passive drugs of it This slave-like habit? and these looks of care? freelycommand, thouwouldsthaveplung'd thyself Thy flatterers yet wear silk, drink wine, lie soft; 20 In general riot; melted down thy youth Hug their diseas's perfumes, and have forgot in diferent beds of lust; and never learn'd That ever 'Tinign was. Shame not these woods, The icy precepts of respect", but follow'd By putting on the cunning of a carper': The sugar'd game before thee. But myself, Bethou a flatterer now, and seek to thrive Who hrad the world as my confectionary ; [men By that which has undone thee : hinge thy knee, 25 The mouthis, the tongues, the eyes, and hearts of And let his very breath, whom thou'lt observe, At duty, more than I could frame employment, Blow off thy cap; praise his most vicious strain, |(That numberless upon me stuck, as leaves And call it excellent: Thou wast told thus; Do on the oak, have with one winter's brush Tlougav'stthineears,liketapsters,thatbidwelcome Fell from their boughs, and left me open, bare To knaves, and all approachers: "Tis most just, 30 For every storm that blows) i to bear this, That thou turn rascal; hadst thou wealth again, That never knew but better, is some burthen : Rascals should hav't. Do not assume mylikeness. Thy nature did commence in suiterance, time

Tim. Were like thee, I'd throw away myself. Hath made thee hard in 't. Why should'st thou Apem. Thou hast cast away thyself, being like

hate men ? thyself:

35 They never flatter'd thee: What hast thou given? A madman so long, now a fool ; What, think'st If thou wilt curse,-thy father, that poor rag, That the bleak air, thy boisterous chamberlain, Must be thy subject; who, in spight, put

stutt Will put thy shirt on warm? Willthese moist trees, To some she beggar, and compounded thee That have out-liv'd the cagle, page thy heels, Poor rogue hereditary. Hence! be gone! Andskip when thou point'stout? will thccoldbrook, 40 if thou hadst not been born the worst of men, Candied with ice, caudle thy morning taste Thou hadst been a knave, and flatterer. Tocure thy o'er-night's surfeit: Callthecreatures, Apem. Art tlou proud yet? Whose naked natures live in all the spight

Tim. Ay, that I am not thee. Ofwreakful heaven; whose bare unhoused trunks, Apem. I, that I was no prodigal. To the conflicting elements expos'd,

45 Tim. I, that I am one now : Answer meer nature,- -bid them tlatter thee; Were all the wealth I have, shut


in thee, O! thou shalt find

I'd give thee leave to hang it. Get thee gone.Tim. A fool of thee: Depart.

That the whole life of Athens were in this ! Apem. I love thee better now than e'er I did. Thus would I eat it.

[Eating a root, Tim. I hate thee worse.

50 Apem, Here; I will mend thy feast. Apem. Why?

[Offering him something. Tim. Thou flatter'st misery.

Tim. First mendmycompany,take awaythyselt. Apem. I flatter not; buț say, thou art a caitiff. Apem. So I shall mend my own, by the lack Tỉn. Why dost thou seek me out ?

of thine. Apem. Tovex thee.

Tim. 'Tis not well mended so, it is but botch'd; Tim. Always a villain's office, or a fool's. If not, I would it were. Dost please thyself in 't?

Apem. What wouldst thou have to Athens ? Apem. Ay. .

Tim. Thee thither in a whirlwind. If thou wilt,


The cunning of a carper means the insidious arts of a critic. ? That is, Best states contentless have a wretched being, a being worse than that of the worst states that are content. 3 By his brcath is probably meant his sentence. * Alluding to the word Cynic, of which sect Apemantus was.

From intancy:-Swath is the dress of a new-born child. Respect, according to Mr. Steevens, means the qu'en dira't-on ? the regard of Athens, that strongest restraint on licentiousness: the icy precepts, i e. that cool hot blood.


Tell them there I have gold; look, so I have. to me, thou might'st have hit upon it here: The Apem. Here is no use for gold.

commonwealth of Athens is become a forest of Tim. The best, and trucst :

beasts. For here it sleeps, and does no hired harin.

Tim. How has the ass broke the wall, that thou Apem. Where ly'st o' nights, Timon?

5 fart out of the city ? Tim. Under that's above me.

Apem. Yonder comes a poet, and a painter : Where feed'st thou o' days, Apemantus ? The plague of company light upon thee! I will Apem. Where

stomach finds meat; or, ra-

fear to catch it, and give way: When I know ther, where I eat it.

not what else to do, I'll see thee again. Tim. 'Would poison were obedient, and knew 10 Tim. When there is nothing living but thee, my mind!

thou shalt be welcome. I had rather be a beggar's Apen. Where would'st thou send it ? dog, than Apemantus. Tim. To sauce thy dishes.

Apem. Thou art the cap' of all the fools alive. Apem. The middle of humanity thou never Tim.'Would thou wert cleanenoughto spit upon. knewest, but the extremity of both ends : When 15 A plague on thee! thou wast in thy gilt, and thy perfume,they mock'd Apem. Thou art too bad to curse. thee for too much curiosity'; in thy rags, thou

Tim. All villains, that do stand by thee,are pure. knowest none, but art despis'd for the contrary. Apem. There is noleprosy, butwhatthouspeak’st. There's a medlar for thee, eat it.

Tim. If I name thee. Tim. On what I hate, I feed not.

20 I 'll beat thee,—but I should infect my hands. Apem. Dost hate a medlar?

Apem. I would my tongue could rot them off! Tim. Ay, though it look like thee.

Tim. Away, thou issue

of a mangy dog! Apem. An thou hadst hated medlars sooner,

Choler does kill me, that thou art alive; thou shouldst have lov'd thyselfbetter now. What

I swoon to see thee. man didst thou ever know unthrift, that was be- 25 Apem. 'Would thou wouldst burst! lov'd after his means?

Tim. Away, Tim. Who, without those means thou talk'st Thou tedious rogue ! I am sorry, I shall lose of, didst thou ever know belov’d?

A stone by thee. Apem. Myself.

Apem. Beast! Tim. I understand thee; thou had'st some means

30 Tim. Slave! to keep a dog.

Apem. Toad! Apem. What things in the world canst thou Tim. Rogue, rogue, rogue! nearest compare to thy flatterers ?

[ Apemantus retreats backward, as going. Tim. Women nearest; but nien, men are the

I am sick of this false world; and will love noughtthings themselves. What wouldst thou do with 35 But even the meer necessities upon it. the world, Apemantus, if it lay in thy power?

Then, Timon, presently prepare thy grave; Apem. Give it the beasts, to be rid of the men. Lie where the light foam of the sea may beat

Tìm. Wouldst thou have thyself fall in the con- Thy grave-stone daily: make thine epitaph, fusion of men, and remain a beast with the beasts That death in me at others' lives may laugh. Apem. Ay, Timon.

400 thou sweet king-killer, and dear divorce Tim. A beastly ambition, which the gods grant

[Looking on the gold. thee to attain too! If thou wert the lion, the fox 'Twixt natural son and sire! thou bright detiler would beguile thee; if thou wert the lamb, the Of Hymen's purest bed! thou valiant Mars! fox would eat thee: if thou wert the fox, the Thou ever young,fresh, lov’d,and delicate wooer, lion would suspect thee, when,peradventure, thou 45 Whose blush doth thaw the consecrated snow wert accus'd by the ass : if thou wert the ass, thy That lies on Dian's lap! thou visible god, dulness would torment thee; and still thou liv’dst That solder'st close inmpossibilities, but as a breakfast to the wolf: if thou wert the And inak’st them kiss! that speak'st with every wolf,thy greediness would afflict thee, and oft thou

tongue, shouldst hazard thy life for thy dinner: wert thou 50 To every purpose! O thou touch * of hearts ! the unicorn, pride and wrath would confound thee, Think, thy slave man rebels; and by that virtue and make thine own selfthe conquest of thy fury: Set them into confounding odds, that beasts wert thou a bear, thou wouldst be kill'd by the May have the world in empire ! horse: wert thou a horse, thou wouldst be seiz'd Åpem. 'Would 'twere so ;by the leopard; wert thou a leopard, thou wert 55 But not 'till I am dead!—I'll say, thou hast gold: german to the lion, and the spots of thy kindred Thou wilt be throngʻd to shortly. were jurors on thy life : all thy safety were re- Tim. Throng'd to ? motion ?; and thy defenče, absence. What beast Apem. Ay: couldst thou be, that were not subject to a beast ? Tim, Thy back, I prythec. And what a beast art thou already, and seest not 60 Apem. Live, and love thy misery! thy loss in transformation ?

Tim. Longlive so, and so die !-I am quit. Apem. If thou couldst please me with speaking

[Exit Apemantus. . e. for too much finical delicacy. ?i. e. removal from place to place. * i, e. the top, the principal. * Touch for touchstone, 3 G 4


More things like men? Eat, Timon, and abhor That you are thieves profest; that you work not, them.

In holier shapes: for there is boundless theft Enter Thieres.

In limited professions. Rascal thieves, i Thief. Where should he have this gold ? It is Here's gold:Go suckthe subtle bloodo' the grape, some poor fragment, some slender ort of his re-5 Till the high fever seeth your blood to froth, mainder: the meer want of gold, and the falling- And so 'scape hanging: trust not the physician; from of his friends, drove him into this melan- His antidotes are poison, and he slays choly.

More than you rob: take wealth and lives together; 2 Thicf. It is nois’d, he hath a mass of treasure. Do villainy, do, since you profess to do't,

3 Thief. Lei us make the assay upon him; if he 10 Like workmen: I'll example you with thievery. care not for't, he will supply us easily; If he co- The sun 's a thief, and with his great attraction vetous y reserve it, how shall's get it?

Robs the vast sea: the moon's an arrant thief, 2. Thief. True; for he bears it not about him, And her pale fire she snatches from the sun; 'tis hid.

The sea's a thief, whose liquid surge resolves i Thief. Is not this he?

15 The moon into salt tears '; the earth's a thief, All, Where?

That feeds and breeds by a composture stolen 2 Thief. 'Tis his description.

From general excrement: each thing's a thief, 3 Thirf. He ; I know him.

The laws,your curb and whip, in their rough power All. Save thee, Timon.

Have uncheck'd theft. Love not yourselves; away; Tim. Now, thieves.

20 Rob one another. There's more gold: Cutthroats; All. Soldiers, not thieves.

All that you meet are thieves : To Athens, go, Tim. Both too; and women's sons.

Break open shops; nothing can you steal, All. We arenot thieves, but men that much do But thieves do lose it : Steal not less, for this want.

[meat. I give you; and gold confound you howsoever! Tim. Your greatest want is, you want much of|25 Amen.

[Erit. Why shouldyou want? Behold, the earth hath roots; 3 Thief. He has almost charm’d me from my Within this mile break forth an hundred springs : profession, by persuading me to it. The oaks bear mast, the briars scarlet hips;

i Tiief. "I'is in the malice of mankind, that he The bounteous huswife, nature, on each bush thus advises us; not to have us thrive in our Lays her full mess before you. Want? why want30mystery.

i Thief. We cannot live on grass, on berries, wa- 2 Thief. I'll believe him as an eneny, and give As beasts, and birds, and fishes.


over my trade. Tim. Nor on the beasts themselves, the birds, i Thief. Let us first see peace in Athens = and fishes;

There is no time so miserable, but a man may be You must eat men. Yet thanks I must you con?,]35 true.


[blocks in formation]


Desperate want made !
The Woods, and Timon's Care.

Wat viler thing upon the earth, than friends,
Enter Flavius.

45 Who can bring noblest minds to basest ends ! Flar.

YOU gods !

How rarely does it meet with this time's guise,
Is yon despis’d and ruinous man my When man was wish'd' to love his enemies:
Tord ?

Grant, I may ever love, and rather woo Full of decay and failing ? O monument

1 hose that would mischief mic,than those that doʻ! And wonder of good deeds evilly bestow'd ! 50 lie has caught me in his eye: I will present What an alteration of honour has

My honest grief unto him; and, as my lord, * To con thanks is a very common expression among our old dramatic writers. ? Limited, for legal. 3 Mr. Tollett comments on this passage thus: “The moon is the governess of the floods, 'but cannot be resolved by the surges of the sea. This seems incontestible, and therefore an alteration of the text appears to be necessary. I propose to read :—whose liquid surge resolves the main into salt tears ;-i.e. resolves the mainland, or the continent, into sea. In Bacon, and also in Shahspeare's King Lear, act III. sc. 1. wain occurs in this signification. Earth melting to sea is not an uncommon idea in our poets. “ Melt carth to sea, sea flow to air.” I might add, that in Chaucer, mone, which is very near to the traces of the old reading, seems to mean the globe of the earth, or a map of it, from the French, monde, the world; but I think main is the true reading here, and might easily be mistaken for moon by a hasty transcriber, or a careless printer, who might have in their thoughts the moon, which is mentioned in a preceding line.” * Rarely, for fitly; not for seldom. 5 We should read will'd. 6 The sense is, “Let me rather woo or caress those that would mischief, that profess to mean me mischief, than those that really do me mischief under false professions of kindness."



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