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Tit. The like to you, kind Varro.
Var. By your leave, sir,Hor. Lucius?
Flav. What do you ask of me, my friend ? What, do we mcet together?
Tit. We wait for certain money here, sir. Luc. Ay, and, I think,
Flav. Ay, if money were as certain as your One business does coinmand us all; for mine 5
Twere sure enough. Tit. So is theirs, and ours.
Why then preferr'd you not your sums and bills, En er Philotus.
When your false masters eat of my lord's meat. Luc. And sir Philotus too!
Then they would smile and fawn upon his debts, Phi. Good day at once.
10 And take down the interest in their gluttonous Luc. Welcome, good brother. What do you
niaws; think the hour ?
You do yourselves but wrong, to stir me up; Phi. Labouring for nine.
Let me pass quietly : Luc. So much?
Believe't, my lord and I have made an end; Phi. Is not my lord seen yet?
15! have no more to reckon, he to spend. Luc. Not yet.
seven. Luc. Ay, but this answer will not serve. Phi. I wonder on't; he was wont to shine at Flav. If 't will not serve, 'tis not so base as you: Luc. Ay, but the days are waxed shorter with For you serve knaves.
Var. How! what does his cashier'd worship You must consider, that a prodigal's course 20
mutter? Is like the sun's'; but not, like his, recoverable. Tit. No matter what; he's poor. [broader I fear,
And that's revenge enough. Who can speak 'Tis deepest winter in lord Timon's purse ; Than he that has no house to put his head in That is, one may reach deep enough, and yet Such may rail'gainst great buildings. Find little.
Enter Seroilius. Phi. I am of your fear for that. [event, Tit. O, here's Servilius; now we shall know Tit. I'll shew you how to observe a strange
Some answer. Your lord sends now for money.
Serv. If I might beseech you, gentlemen, Hor. Most true, he does.
To repair some other hour, I should Tit. And he wears jewels now of Timon's gift, 30 Derive much from it: for take it on my soul, For which I wait for money.
My lord leans wond'rously to discontent: Hor. It is against my heart.
His comfortable temper has forsook him ; Luc. Mark, how strange it shows,
He is much out of health, and keeps his chamber. Timon in this should pay more than he owes : Luc. Many do keep their chambers, are not sick: And e’en as if your lord should wear rich jewels, 35 And, if he be so far beyond his health, And send for money for 'em.
(witness : Methinks, he should the sooner pay his debts, Hor. I am weary of this charge’, the godscan And make a clear way to the gods. I know, my lord hath spent of T'imon's wealth, Sero. Good gods ! And now ingratitude makes it worse than stealth. Tit. We cannot take this for answer, sir. Var. Yes, mine's three thousand crowns:What’s 40 Flam. [Within.] Servilius, help!-my lord !
yours? Luc. Five thousand mine. [the sum,
Enter Timon, in a raze. Var. 'Tis inuch deep: and it should seem by Tim. What, are my doors oppos'd against my Your master's confidence was above mine;
passage? Else, surely, his had equall'd'.
45 Have I been ever free, and must my house Enter Flaminius.
Be my retentive enemy, my jail ? Tit. One of lord Timon's men.
The place, which I have feasted, does it now, Luc. Flaminius' sir, a word : Pray, is my lord Like all mankind, shew me an iron heart? Ready to come forth
Luc. Put in now, Titus.
Luc. Here's mine.
[Erit Flaminius. Caph. And ours, my lord. Enter Flarius in a cloak, muffied,
Phi. All our bills. Luc. Ha! is not that bis steward muffled so? 55 Tim. Knock me down with 'em ', cleave to the He goes away in a cloud: call him, call him. Igirdle. Tit. Do you hear, sir?
Luc. Alas, my lord, ' i. e. like him in blaze and splendour. a i. e. of this commission. · His may refer to mine ; as if he had said : Your master's confidence was above my master's; else surely his, i. e. the sum demanded from my master (for that is the last antecedent) had been equal to the sum demanded
Timon quibbles. They present their written bills; he catches at the word, and alludes to the bills, or battle-axes, which the ancient soldiery carried, and were still used by the watch in Shakspeare's tiine.
Tim. Cut my heart in suins.
And with such sober and unnoted' passion Tit. Mine, fifty talents.
He did behave ' his anger ere 'twas spent, Tim. Tell out my blood.
As if he had but prov'd an argument. Luc. Five thousand crowns, my lord.
1 Sen. You undergo too strict á paradox“, Tim. Five thousand drops pays that.- 5 Striving to make an ugly deed look fair : What yours ?—and yours?
Your words havetook suchpains, as if theylabour'd 1 Var. My lord,
To bring man-slaughter into forin, and set quare 2 Var. My lord,
relling Tim. Tear me, take me, and the gods fall upon Upon the head of valour ; which, indeed,
[Erit. 10 Is valour misbegot, and came into the world Hor. 'Faith, I perceive, our masters maythrow When sects and factions were newly born: their caps at their inoney; these debts may be well He's truly valiant, that can wisely suffer call'd desperate ones, for a madman owes 'ein. The worst that man can breathe : and make his
(lessly; Re-enter Timon, and Flarius.
15 His outsides; to wear theni like his raiment, careTim. They have e'en put my breath from me, And ne'er prefer his injuries to his heart, the slaves :
To bring it into danger. Creditors! -devils.
If wrongs be evils, and enforce us kill, Flav. My dear lord,
What folly 'tis to hazard life for ill? Tim. What if it should be so ?
20 Alcib. My lord, Flad. My lord,
1 Sen. You cannot make gross sins look clear; Tim. I'll have it so :-My steward!
To revenge is no valour, but to bear. Flao. Here, my lord.
Alcib. Mylords, then, under favour, pardon me, Tim. So fitly? Go, bid all my friends again, If I speak like a captain.Lucius, Lucullus, and Sempronius, all; 25 Why do fond men expose themselves to battle, I'll once more feast the rascals.
And not endure all threats? sleep upon it,
And let the foes quietly cut their throats,
|30 Abroad"? why then, women are more valiant, Tim. Be it not in thy care: go,
That stay at home, if bearing carry it; I charge thee, invite them all : let in the tide The ass,more captain than the lion; and the fellow, Of knaves once more; my cook and I'll provide. Loaden with irons, wiser than the judge,
(Exeunt. If wisdom be in suffering. O my lords, SCENE V.
35 As you are great; be pitifully good :
Who cannot condemn rashness in cold blood: The Senate-house.
To kill, I grant, is sin's extremest gusto; * Senators, and Alcibiades.
But, in desence, by mercy', 'tis most just 1 Sen. My lord, you have my voice to 't; To be in anger, is impiety; : the fault's bloody;
40 But who is man, that is not angry? Tis necessary, he should die:
Weigh but the crime with this. Nothing emboldens sin so much as mercy,
2 Sen. You breathe in vain. 2 Sen. Most true; the law shall bruise'em. Alcib. In vain? his service done Alcib. Honour, health, and compassion to the At Lacedæmon, and Byzantium, | Sen. Now, captain?
(senate !45 Were a sufficient briber for his life. Aleib. I am an humble suitor to your virtues; | Sen. What's that?
(service, For pity is the virtue of the law,
Alcib. Why, I say, my lords, he has done fair And none but tyrants use it cruelly.
And slain in fight many of your enemies : It plcases time and fortune, to lie heavy
How full of valour did he bear himself Upon a friend of mine, who, in hot blood, 50 In the last conflict, and made plenteous wounds? Hath stept into the law, which is past depth 2 Sen. He has made toomuchplentywith’em; he To those that, without heed, do plunge into it. Is sworn a rioter: he has a sin
(soner: He is a man, setting his fate' aside,
That often drowns him, and takes his valour priOf comely virtues :
If there were no foes, that were enough
And cherish factions : 'T'is inferrd to us,
His days are foul, and his drink dangerous. He did oppose his foe :
I Sen. He dies.
3 i. e, manage
?i, e. putting this action of his, which was pre-determined by fate, out of the question. *UR noted passion means, perhaps, an uncommon command of his passion, such a one as has not hitherto been observed.
anger, * You undertake a paradox too hard. si, e. What have we to do in the field?
Gust, for aggravation, according to Warburton, Mr. Steevens thinks that gust here means rashness, and that the allusion may be to a sudden gust of wind. The meaning is, I call mercy herself to witness, that defensive violence is just.
Alcib. Hard fate! he might have died in war. 2 Sen. It should not be, by the persuasion of My lords, if not for any parts in him, [time, his new feasting: (Though his right arm might purchase his own
I Sen. I should think so: He hath sent me an And be in debt to none) yet, more to move you,
earnest inviting, which many my near occasions Take my deserts to his, and join 'em both : 5 did urge me to put off; but he hath conjur'd me And, for I know, your reverend ages love beyond them, and I must needs appear. Security, I'll pawn my victories, all
2 Sen. In like manner was I in debt to my imMy honours to you, upon his good returns. portunate business, but he would not hear myexIf by this crime he owes the law his life,
I am sorry, when he sent to borrow of Why, let the war receive't in valiant gøre ;
my provision was out. For law is strict, and war is nothing more.
1 Sen. I am sick of that grief too, as I under1 Sen. We are for law, he dics; urgeit no more,
stand how all things go. On height of our displeasure: Friend, or brother, 2 Sen. Every man here's so. What would he He forfeits his own blood, that spills another.
have borrow'd of you? Alcib. Must it be so? it must not be. My lords, 15 1 Sen. A thousand pieces. I do beseech you, know me.
2 Sen. A thousand pieces ! 2 Sen. How?
1 Sen. What of you? Alcib. Call me to your remembrances.
3 Sen. He sent to me, sir,-Here he comes. 3 Sen. What?
Enter Timon, and Attendants. Alcib. I cannot think,but yourage has forgot me, 20 Tim. With all my heart, gentlemen both:It could not else be, I should prove so base',
And how fare you? To sue, and be deny'd such common grace:
1 Sen. Ever at the best, hearing well of your My wounds ake at you.
lordship. i Sen. Do you dare our anger?
2 Sen. The swallow follows not summer more 'Tis in few words, but spacious in effect; 125 willingly, than we your lordship. We banish thee for ever.
Tim. ( Aside.] Nor more willingly leaves winAlcib. Banish me?
ter; such summer-birds are men.-Gentlemen, Banish your dotage; banish usury,
our dinner will not recompense this leag stay : That makes the senate ugly:
[thee, feast your ears with the musick awhile; if they 1 Sen. If, after two days' shine, Athens contain 30 will tare so harshly as on the trumpet's sound: Attend our weightier judgement.
we shall to't presently: And, not to swell our spirit”,
1 Sen. I hope, it remains not unkindly with your He shall be executed presently. [E.reunt Senate. lordship, that I returu'd you an empty messenger. Alcib. Now the gods keep you old enough
Tim. 0, sir, let it not trouble you. that you may live
2 Sen. My noble lord,Only in bone, that none may look on you ! Tim. Ah, my good friend! what cheer? I am worse than mad: I have kept backtheir foes,
[The bunquet brought in. While they have told their money, and let out 2 Sen. My most honourable lord, I am e'en Their coin upon large interest; I myself, sick of shame, that, when your lordship this other Rich only in large hurts.-All those, for this ? 40 day sent to me, I was so unfortunate a beggar. Is this the balsam, that the usuring senate
Tim. Think not on't, sir. Pours into captains' wounds? Ha! banishment? 2 Sen. If you had sent but two hours before, It comes not ill; I hate not to be banish’d: Tim. Let it not cumber your better rememIt is a cause worthy my spleen and fury,
-Come, bring in all together. [brance. That I may strike at Athens. I'll cheer up 451 2 Sen, All cover'd dishes! My discontented troops, and lay for hearts '. 1 Sen. Royal cheer, I warrant you. 'Tis honour, with most lands to be at odds; 3 Sen. Doubt not that, if money, and the season Soldiers as little should brook wrongs, as gods. can yield it.
[Exit. 1 Sen. How do you? What's the news?
50 SCENE VI.
3 Sen. Alcibíades is banish’d: Hear you of it?
Both. Alcibiades banish'd !
3 Sen, 'Tis so, be sure of it. Enter divers Senators, at several doors.
1 Sen. How? how? 1 Sen. The good time of day to you, sir. 2 Sen. I pray you, upon what?
2 Sen. I also wish it to you. I think, this ho-55 Tim. My worthy friends, will you draw near? nourable lord did but try us this other day: 3 Sen. I'll tell you more anon. Here's a noble
1 Sen. Upon that were my thoughts tiring “, feast toward, when we cncountered: I hope, it is not so low 2 Sen. This is the old man still. with him, as he made it seem in the trial of his 3 Sen. Will 't hold? will’t hold? several friends.
1601 2 Sen. It does : but time will--and so
1 Base, for dishonoured. ? Not to swell our spirit, may mean, not to put ourselves into any tumour of ruge, take our definitive resolution. 3 i.e. the atfections of the people.
4 A hawk is said to tire, when she amuses herself with pecking a pheasant's wing, or any thing that puts her in wind of prey.--To tire upon a thing, is therefore to be idly employed upon it.
3 Sen. I do conceive.
Your reeking villainy. Live loath’d, and long, Tim. Each man to his stool, with that spur as he Most smiling, smooth, detested parasites, would to the lipo his mistress: your diet shall be Courteous destroyers,atsable wolves, meek bears, in all places alike. Make not a city feast of it, to You fools of fortune, trencher-friends, time's flies'
, let the meat cool ere we can agree upon the first 5 Cap and knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks! place: Sit, sit. The gods require our thanks. Of man and beast, the infinite malady You great benefactors, sprinkle our society with
Crust you quite o'er!—What, dost thou go? thankfulness. For your ozon gifts, make yourselves Soft, take thy physic first,—thou too,—and thou: prais'd: but reserve still to give, lest your deities be
[Throws the dishes at them. despis’d. Lendtoeach man enough, thut one need not 10 Stay, I will lend thee money, borrow none.lend to another; for, were your godheadsto borrow What, all in motion? Henceforth be no feast, of men, men would forsake the gods. Make the meat Whereat a villain 's not a welcome guest. be beloved, more than the man that gives it. Let no Burn house; sink Athens; henceforth hated be issembly of twenty be without a score of villains : Of Timon, man, and all humanity! [Erit. If there sit truelte women ai the table, let a dozen of 15
Re-enter the Senators. them be as they are. The rest of your fees', O gods, 1 Sen. How now, my lords?
[fury? --the senators of Athens, together with the common 2 Sen. Know you the quality of lord Timon's lag of people , --what is amiss in them, you gods, 3 Sen. Pish! did you see my cap? muke suitable for destruction. For these my pre
4 Sen. I have lost my gown. sent friends, --as they are to me nothing, so in no-20 1 Sen. He's but a mad lord, and nought but thing bless them, and to nothing are they welcome. humour sways him. He gave me a jewel the Uncover, dogs, and lap.
other day, and now he has beat it out of my hat: [The dishes uncovered, are full of warm water. - Did you see my jewel? Some speak. What does his lordship mean? 2 Sen. Did you see my cap? Some other. I know not.
25 3 Sen. Here 'tis. Tiin. May you a better feast never behold, 4 Sen. Here lies my gown. You knot of mouth-friends! smoke and luke- 1 Sen. Let's make no stay. warm water
2 Sen. Lord Timon's mad. Is your perfection? This is Timon's last;
3.Sen. I feel't upon my bones. Who stuck and spangled you with tlatteries, 30 4 Sen. One day he gives us diamonds, next day Washes it oil, and sprinkles in your faces
stones. [Throwing water in their faces.
A C T IV.
With it beat out his brains ! piety, and fear,
Religion to the gods, peace, justice, truth, Without the Walls of Athens.
Domestic awe, night-rest, and neighbourhood, Enter Timon.
Instruction, manners, mysteries, and trades, LET me look back upon thee, thou wall 45 Degrees, observances, customs, and laws,
! in the earth,
And yet confusion live! Plagues, incident to men, And fence not Athens! Matrons,turn incontinent; Your potent and infectious fevers heap Obedience fail in children! slaves, and fools, On Athens, ripe for stroke! thou cold sciatica, Pluck the grave wrinkled senate from the bench, 50 Cripple our senators, that their limbs inay And minister in their steads! to general filthis As lamely as their manners! lust and liberty Convert o'the instant, green virginity!
Creep in the minds and marrows of our youth; Do’t in your parents' eyes! bankrupts, hold fast: That'gainst the stream of virtue they may strive, Rather than render back, out with your knives, And drown themselves in riot! itches, blains, And cut your trusters' throats ! bound servants,55 Sow all the Athenian bosoms; and their crop steal;
Be general leprosy! breath infect breath; Large-handed robbers your grave masters are, That their society, as their friendship, may And pill by law! maid, to thy master's bed; Be merely poison! Nothing I'll bear from thee, Thy inistress is o' the brothel! son of sixteen, But nakedness, thou detestable town! Pluck the lin'd crutch from thy old limping sire,J60 Take thou that too, with multiplying banns !
Dr. Warburton thinks we should read foes. ? i.e. the highest of your excellence. 3 i.e. fies of a season. * A minute-jack is what was called formerly a Jack of the clock-house ; an image whose office was the same as one of those at St. Dunstan's church in Flect-street.-See note , p. 658. ! i. e. every kind of disease incident to man and beast.
Act 4. Scene 3.]
[Erit. For bounty, that makes gods, does still mar men.
My dearest lord,---blest to be most accurs’d,
Rich, only to be wretched ;—thy great fortunes
10 Are made thy chief afilictions. Alas! kind lord! Timon's House.
He's flung in rage from this ungrateful seat
Of monstrous friends: nor has he with hiin to Enter Flavius, with two or three Serrants.
Supply his lite, or that which can command it. 1 Serv. Hear you, master steward, where is
I'll follow, and enquire him out: our master?
15 I'll ever serve his mind with my best will; Are we undone? cast off? nothing remaining ?
Whilst I have gold, I'll be his steward still Flav. Alack, my fellows, what should I say
[Erit. to you? Let me be recorded by the righteous gods,
SCENE III. I am as poor as you.
20 1 Sert. Such a house broke!
Tim. O blessed breeding sun, draw from the
earth 2 Sert. As we do turn our backs From our companion, thrown into his grave;
|25 Rotten humidity; below thy sister's orb'
Infect the air! Twinn'd brothers of one womb, So bis familiars from his buried fortunes
Whose procreation, residence, and birth,
Scarce is dividant, -touch them with several for-
tunes: A dedicated beggar to the air, With his disease of all-shunn'd poverty,
30 The greater scorns the lesser: Not nature, (tune,
To whom all sores lay siege, can bear great forWalks, like contempt, alone. —More of our fellows.
But by contempt of nature
Raise me this beggar, and denude that lord;
The senator shall bear contempt hereditary,
who dares, And we, poor mates, stand on the dying deck, In purity of manhood stand upright, Hearing the surges threat: we must all part 40 And say, 'This man 's a tlatterer?' if one be, Into this sea of air.
So are they all; for every grize of fortune Flav. Good fellows all,
Is smooth'd by that below: the learned pate The latest of my wealth I'll share amongst you. Ducks to the golden fool: All is oblique; Wherever we shall meet, for Timon's sake, There's nothing level in our cursed natures, Let's yet be fellows; let's shake our heads, and 45 But direct villainy. Therefore, be abhorr'd say,
All feasts, societies, and throngs of men! As 'twere a knell unto our master's fortunes, His semb'able, yea, himself
, I imon disdains : • We have seen better days.' Leteach take some; Destruction sang' mankind !-Earth, yield me [Giving them mmey.
[Digging the earth. Nay, put out all your hands. Notone word more: 50 Who sechs for better of thee, sauce his palate Thus part we rich in sorrow, parting poor. With thy most operant poison! What is here?
[Exeunt Serrants. Gold? yellow, glittering, pricious, gold? No, 0, the fierce' wretchedness that glory brings us !
gods, Who would not wish to be from wealth exempt, I am no idle votarist : Roots, you clear heavens?! Since riches point to misery and contempt? 75 Thus much of this, will make black, white; foul, Who'd be so mock'd with glory? or to live
[valiant But in a dream of friendship?
Wrong, right; base, noble; old, young; coward, ' Fiorce is here used for hasty, precipitate. Strunge, unusual bland may mean, strange unusual disposition. ? That is, the moon's, this sublunary world. * Dr. Johnson explains this passage thus : “ Brother, zehen his fortune is enlarged, will scorn brother; for this is the general d«pravity of human nature, which, besieged as it is by misery, admonished as it is of want and iir perfection, when elerated by fortune, teill despise beings of nature like ils orin.”, "'l hat is, It is the pastour that greases or Hatters the rich brother, and will grease him on till tant muhe him bure.
• Grize for step or degree.
seize, gripe: i. e. no insincere or inconstant supplicant. Gold will not serve me instead of roots, This may mean either ye cloudless shies, or ye dei ies exempt from guilt.