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which before would not abide looking on. With envy of each other's happiness,
K. Henry. This moral' ties nie over to time, and May cease their hatred; and ibis dear conjunction a hot summer: and so I shall catch the fly, your Plant neighbourhood and christian-like accord cousin, in the latter end, and she must be blind too. In their sweet bosoms, that never war advance
Burg. As love is, my lord, before it loves. 5 His bleeding sword 'twixt England and fair France. K. Henry. It is so: and you may, some of you, All, Amen.
[witness all, thank love for my blindness; who cannot see K. Henry. Now welcome, Kate:- and bear me many a fair French city, for one fair French maid That here I kiss her as my sovereign queen. that stands in my way.
[Flourish. Fr. King. Yes, my lord, you see them per-10 2. Isa. God, the best maker of all marriages, spectively, the cities turn'd into a maid; for they Combine your hearts in one, your realms in one! are all girdled within maiden walls, that war hath As man and wife, being two, are one in love, nel er enter'd.
So be there 'twixt your kingdoms such a spousal, 6. Henry. Shall Kate be my wife?
That never inay ill office, or fell jealousy, Fr. King. So please you.
15 Which troubles oft the bed of blessed marriage, K. lleury. I am conient; so the maiden cities Thrust in between the paction of these kingdoms, you talk of, may wait on her: so the maid, that To make divorce of their incorporate league ; stood in the way for iny wish, shall shew me the Chat English may as French, French Englishmen, way to my will.
Receive each other !-God speak this Amen! Fr. King. We have consented to all terms of 20 All. Ainen!
K'. Henry. Prepare we for our marriage :-on K. Henry. Is't so, my lords of England?
which day, West. The king hath granted every article: My lord of Burgundy, we'll take your oath His daughter, tirst; and then in sequel all, And all the peers', for surety of our leagues.According to their firm proposed natures. 25 Then shall I swear to Kate,-and you to me;
Ere. Only, he hath not yet subscribed this:-- And may our oaths well kept and prosp'rous be! Where your majesty deinands, -That the king of
[Exeunt. France, having any occasion to write for matter of
Enter Chorus. grant, shall name your highness in this form, and Thus far, with rough, and all unable pen, with this addition in French:--Votre tres cher 30 Our bending? author hath pursu'd the story; file Henry roy d'Angleterre, herelier de France : In little room confining mighty men, and thus in Latin,---Præclarissimus filius noster Manglingby starts' the full course of their glory. Henricus, rer Anglia, & hæres francia. Smail time, but, in that small, most greatly liv'd
Fr. King. Yet this I have not, brother,s deny'd, This star of England: fortune made his sword; But your request shall make me let it pass. 135 By which the world's best garden he atchiev'd, K. Henry. I pray you then, in love and dear And of it left his son imperial lord. alliance,
Henry the sixth, in infant bands crown'd king Let that one article rank with the rest :
Of France and England, did this king succeed; And, thereupon, give me your daughter. Whose state so many bad the managing, Fr. King. Take her, fáir son: and from her 40 That they lost tránce, and made his England blood raise up
[sake, Issue to me: that the contending king loms (pale Which oft our stage hath shewn; and, for their Of France and England, whose very shores look! In your fair minds let this acceptance take.
That is, the application of this fable, the moral being the application of a fable. ? i. e. humble. s Meaning, by touching only on select purts.
KI N G
PERSONS REPRESE N T E D.
King Henry the Sirth.
Basset, of the Red Rose, or Lancaster Fuction, Duke of GLOSTER, Uncle to the King, and Protector.
CHARLES, Dauphin, and afterwards King of Duke of BEDFORD, Uncle to the King, and Re- France. gent of France.
REIGNIER, Duke of Anjou, and Titular King Curdinal BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester, and of Naples. Greut Uncle to the King.
Duke of BURGUNDY. Duke of EXETER.
Duke of ALENÇON. Duke of SOMERSET.
Bastard of'ORLEANS. Earl of WARWICK.
Governor of Paris. Earl of SALISBURY.
Master-Gunner of ORLEANS. Boy, his son. Earl of SUFFOLK.
An Old Shepherd, Futher to Joan la Pucelle. Lord TALBOT. Young Talbot, his son.
MARGARET, daughter to Reignier, and afterRICHARD PLANTAGENET, afterwards Duke of wards Queen to King Henry. York.
Countess of AUVERGNE. MORTIMER, Earl of March.
JOAN LA Pucelle, commonly called Joan of Sir John FASTOLPE WOODVILLE, Lieutenant Arc; a Maid pretending to be inspir'd from of the Tower. Lord Mayor of London. Sir Heuven, and setting up for the Championess THOMAS GARGRAVE. Sir WILLIAM GLANS- of France. DALE. Sir WILLIAM Lucy.
Fiends, attending her. Vernon, of the White Rose, or York Faction. Lords, Captains, Soldiers, Messengers, and several Attendants both on the English and Frenck, ,
The SCEVE is partly in England, and partly in France.
A CT 1.
Brandish your crystal tresses in the sky;
And with them scourge the bad revolting stars, Westminster Abbey.
That have consented unto Henry's death! Dead March. Enter the funeral of King Henry the Henry the fifth, too famous to live long!
Fifth, attended on by the Duke of Bedford, Ne- 5 England ne'er lost a king of so much worth. gent of France; the Duke of Gloster, Protector; Glo. England ne'er had a kivg, until his time. the Duke of Exeter, and the Earl of Warwick ;
Virtue he had, deserving to command: the Bishop of Winchester, and the Duke of So- His brandish’dsword did blind men with his beans; mrerset, &c.
His arms spread wider than a dragon's wings ; Bed. HUNG be the heavens with black, 10 His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathful fire, yield day to night!
More dazzled and drove back his enemies, Comets, importing change of times and states, Than mid-day sun, fierce bent against their faces.
Mr. Theobald observes, that, “the historical transactions contained in this play, take in the compass of above thirty years. I must observe, however, that our author, in the three parts of Henry VI. bas not been very precise to the date and disposition of his facts; but shuffled thein, backwards and forwards, out of time. For instance; the lord Talbot is killd at the end of the fourth act of this play, who in reality did not fall till the 13th of July 1453 ; and The Second Part of Henry VI. opens with the marriage of the king, which was solemniz'd eight years before Talbot's death, in the year 1445. Again, in the second part, dame Eleanor Cobham is introduced to insult queen Margaret; though her penance and banishment for sorcery happened three years before that princess caine over to England,
could point out many other transgressions against history, as far as the order of time is concerned. loxeed, though there are several master-strokes in these three plays, which incontestably betray the sorkmanship of Shakspeare; yet I am almost doubtful whether they were entirely of his writing. And anless they were wrote by him very early, I should rather imagine them to have been brought to him 3 a director of the stage; and so have received some finishing beauties at his hand. An accurate obstrer will easily see, the diction of them is more obsolete, and the numbers inore mean and prosaical, thin in the generality of his genuine compositions."
What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech: Among the soldiers this is muttered,
That here you maintain several factions; Exe. We mourn in black; Why mourn we not And, whilst a field should be dispatch'd and fought, in blood?
You are disputing of your generals. Henry is dead, and never shall revive:
5 One would have ling'ring wars with little cost; Upon a wooden coffin we attend;
Another would fly swift, but wanteth wings; And death's dishonourable victory
A third man thinks, without expence at all, We with our stately presence glorify,
By guileful fair words peace may be obtain’d. Like 'aptives bound to a triumphant car.
Awake, awake, English nobility; What? shall we curse the planets of misliap, 10 Let not sloth dim your honours, new-begot: That plotted thus our glory's overthrow? Cropp'd are the flower-de-luces in your arms; Or shall we think tne subtle-witted French
Of England's coat one half is cut away, Conjurers and sorcerers, that, afraid of him, Ere. Were our tears wanting to this funeral, By magic verses have contriv'd his end?
These tidings would call forth their flowing tides. Win. He was a king blest of the King of Kings. 15 Bed. Methey concern; regent I am of France: Unto the l'rench the dreadful judgment-day Give me iny steeled coat, I'll figlit for France.So dreadful will not be, as was his sight.
Away with these disgraceful wailing robes ! The battles of the Lord of Ilosts he fought: Wounds I will lend the French instead of eyes, The church's prayers made him so prosperous.
their intermissive' miseries.
2 Mess. Lords, view these letters, full of bad Jlis thread of lite had not so soon decay'd:
mischance. Nove do you like but an effeminate prince, France is revolted from the English quite; Whoin, like a school-boy, you may over-awe. Escept some petty towns of no iinport: Win. Gloster, whate'er we like, thou art pro-25The Dauphin Charles is crowned king in Rheims; tector;
The bastard of Orleans with him is join'd ; And lookest to command the prince, and realm. Reignier, duke of Anjou, doth take bis part; Thy wife is proud; she holdcih thee in awe, The duke of Alençon flieth to his side. [Erit. More than God, or religious church-men, may. Exe. The Dauphin crowned king! all Ily to
Glo. Namenot religion, for thou lov'st the flesh:300, whither shall we fly from this reproach? [lim ! And ne'er throughout the year tochurch thion go'st, Glo. We will notfly but to ourenemies'throats:Except it be to pray against thy foes.
Bedford, if thou be slack, I'll fight it out. Bed. Cease, cease thesejars, and rest your minds Bed. Gloster, why doubt'st thou of my forin peace!
wardness? Let's to the altar:~Heralds, wait on us:- 135 An army have I muster'd in my thoughts, Instead of gold, we'll offer up our arins ;
Wherewith already France is over-run. Since arms avail not, now that Henry's dead.
Enter a third Messenger: Posterity, await for wretched years,
3 Mess. My gracious lords, to add to your laWhenat their mothers’inoisteyes babes shall suck:
ments, Our isle be made a nourish' of salt tears, 40 Wherewith you now bedew king llenry's hearse,Aud none but women leit to wail the dead.- I must inform you of a dismal right, Henry the hfth! thy ghost I invocate;
Betwixt the stout lord Talbot and the French. Prosper this realm, keep it from civil broils !
Win. What! wherein Talbot overcame? is't so? Combat with adverse planets in the heavens! 3 Mess. 0, no;-wherein lord Talbot was o'erA far more glorious star thy soul will inake,
thrown: Than Julius Cæsar, or bright
The circumstance I'll tell you more at large.
The tenth of August last, this dreadful lord,
Having full' scarce' six thousand in his troop,
No leisure had he to enrauk his men; Bcd. What say'st thou, man, before dead llen- He wanted pikes to set before his archers; ry's corse?
Instead whereof, sharpstakes,pluck'dout of hedges, Speak softly; or the loss of those great towns 55 They pitched in the ground confusedly, Will make him burst his lead, and rise from death. To keep the horseinen off from breaking in. Glo. Is Paris lost? Is Roan yielded up?
More than three hours the fight continued; If Henry were recall'd to life again, [ghost. Where valiant Talbot, alvove human thought, These news vould cause him once more yield the Enacted wonders with his sword and lance. Exe. How were they lost? what treachery was 60 Hundreds he sent to hell, and nove durst stand bin; us'd?
(money: Here, there, and every where, enrag'd he flew : Mess. No treachery; but want of men and The French exclaiin'd, The devil was in arms;
· Nourish here signifies a nurse. ?j. e. their miseries which have had only a short interinission from Henry the Fifdi's death to my coining amongst them. :i. e. scarcely.
All the whole army stood agaz'd on him: So in the earth, to this day is not known:
Now we are victors, upon us he smiles.
What towns of any moment, but we have ? Here had the conquest fully been seal'd up, 5. At pleasure here we lie, near Orleans ; If Sir John Fastolfe had not play.d the coward: Otherwhiles, thefamish'd English,like pale ghosts, He being in the vaward' (plac'd behind, |Faintly besiege us one hour in a month. With purpose to relieve and follow them)
Alen. They want their porridge, and their fat Cowardly fled, not having struck one stroke.
bull-beeves: Hence grew the general wreck and massacre; 10 Either they inust be dieted, like mules, Enclosed were they with their enemies: And have their provender ty'd to their mouths, A base Walloon, to win the Dauphin's grace, Or piteous they will look like drowned mice. Thrust Talbot with a spear into the back; Reig. Let's raise the siege;Whyliveweidlyhere? Whomall France, withherchiefassembledstrength, Talbot is taken, whom we wont to fear: Durst not presume to look once in the face. 15 Remaineth none, but mad-brain'd Salisbury;
Bed. Is Talbot slain? then I will slay myself, And he may well in fretting spend his gall, For living idly here, in pomp and ease, Nor men, nor money, hath be to make war. Whilst such a worthy leader, wanting aid,
Char. Sound, sound alarum; we will rush on Unto his dastard foc-men is betray'd.
them. 3 Mess. O no, he lives; but is took prisoner, 20 Now for the honour of the forlorn French:And lord Scales with him, and lord Hungerford: Him I forgive my death, that killeth me, Most of the rest slaughter'd, or took, likewise, When he sees nie go back one foot, or fly. Exeunt.
Bed. His ransom there is none but I shall pay: [Here alarum, they are beaten back by the I'll hale the Dauphin headlong from his throne, English, with great loss. His crown shall be the ransom of my friend; 25 Re-enter Charles, Alençon, and Reignier. Four of their lords I'll change for one of ours.- Char. Who ever saw the like? what men have Farewell, my masters; to my task will I;
[fied, Bonfires in France forthwith I am to make, Dogs! cowards! dastards !- I would ne'er have To keep our great Saint George's feast withal: But that they left me 'nidst my enemies. Ten thousand soldiers with me I will take, 30 Reig. Salisbury is a desperate homicide; Whose bloodydeedsshall make all Europe quake. He fighteth as one weary of his life.
3Mess. So you had need; for Orleans is besieg'd;| The other lords, like lions wanting food, The English army is grown weak and faint: Do rush upon us as their hungry prey. The earl of Salisbury craveth supply;
Alen. Froisard, a countryman of ours, records, And hardly keeps his men from mutiny, 35 England all Olivers and Rowlands 2 bred, Since they, so few, watch such a multitude. During the time Edward the third did reign. Exe. Remember, lords, your oaths to Henry More truly now may this be verified; sworn;
For none but Sampsons, and Goliasses, Either to quell the Dauphin utterly,
It sendeth forth to skirmish. One to ten!
Bed. I do remember it; and here take leave, They had such courage and audacity?
[Erit. Char. Let's leave this town; for they are hairGlo. I'll to the Tower with all the haste I can,
brain'd slaves, To view the artillery and munition;
And hunger will enforce them to be more eager: And then I will proclaimyoung Henryking:[Exit. 45 Of old I know them; rather with their teeth
Ere. To Eltham will I, where the young king is, The walls they'lltear down, than forsakethesiege. Being ordaind his special governor;
Reig. I think, by some odd gimmals 3 or device, And for his safety there I'll best advise. (Exit. Their arms are set, like clocks, still to strike on;
Win. Each hath his place and function to attend: Else they could ne'er hold out so, as they do.
Alen. Be it so.
Enter the Bastard of Orleans. And sit at chiefest stern of public weal. [Exit. Bast. Where's the Prince Dauphin? I have SCENE II.
news for him. Before Orleans in France.
55 Dau. Bastard of Orleans, thrice welcome to us. Enter Charles, Alençon, and Reignier, marching Bast. Methinks, your looks are sad, your cheart with a Drum and Soldiers.
appall'd; Char. Mars his true moving, even as in the Hath the late overthrow wrought this offence? heavens,
Be not dismay'd, for succour is at hand: 'i.e. the back part of the can or front. 2 These were two of the most famous in the list of, Charlemagne'stwelvepeers; and theirexploits are render'dsoridiculously and equally extravagant by the old romancers, that from thence arose that saying amongst our plain and sensible ancestors, of giting one a Rowland for his Oliver, to signify the matching one incredible lye with another; or, as in the modern acceptation of the proverb, to give a person as good a one as he brings. 3 Agimmal is a piece of jointed work, where one piece moves within another, whence it is taken at large for an engine. It is now vulgarly called a gimcrack. 4 Chear is countenance, appearance.