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Pharaoh pursueth the Israelites. EXODUS, XIV.

Moses divideth the sea. in a pillar of fire, to give them B. C. 1491. | Egyptians? For it had been better light; to go by day and night.

for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wil

22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.



(CHAP. 14.) a Num.33.7.

b Jer.44.1.

1 God instructeth the Israelites in their journey. 5 Pharaoh pursueth them. 21 They pass through the Red Sea. 23 The Egyptians are drowned.


ND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

d ch.4.21,&c.

2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp e Ps. 105.25. before a Pi-hahiroth, between b Migdol and the sea, over against fch.15.4. Baal-zephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

c Ps.3.2.

71.11. Jer. 20. 10, 11.

g Num.33.3.

3 For Pharaoh will say of the
children of Israel, c They are en-h Jos.24.7.
tangled in the land, the wilderness
hath shut them in.



4 And I will hardend Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them: and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; i ch.5.21. that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.


5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his & servants was turned e against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?

6 And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him:

7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high g hand.

9 But the Egyptians pursued after them, (all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army,) and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-zephon.


Num. 14.9.

2 Ch.20.15,

17. Ps.27.1,2. 46.1-3. Is.41.1014.

or, for
whereas ye



Jos. 10.14.
2 Ch.20.29.

20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and have seen darkness to them, but it gave light the Egyp-by night to these: so that the one tians to came not near the other all the night.


21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sean dry land, and the waters were divided.

13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not. k stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: 1 for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.

14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

o 1Cor. 10.1.
or, and
made them
to go

15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:

16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it; and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

19 And the angel m of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted

22 And the children of Israel went into the midst o of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a


and on their left.

up their eyes, and, behold, the m Nu.20.16. wall unto them on their right hand Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore h afraid and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD.

n Jos.3.16.

4.23. Ps.66.6.

11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry 2 us forth out of Egypt?

12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in i Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the

23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,

25 And took off their chariot wheels, 2 that they drave them

The Egyptians drowned.

EXODUS, XV. heavily so that the Egyptians B. C. 1491. said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for 3 shook off. them against the Egyptians.


26 And the LORD said unto Mo-p ch.15.10.
ses, Stretch out thine hand over
the sea, that the waters may come
again upon the Egyptians, upon
their chariots, and upon their 9 ch.4.13.

4 hand.

19.9. Juo.2.11. 11.45.

27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyp-a tians fled against it; and the LORD 3 overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.

(CHAP. 15.) Ju.5.1. 2Sam.22.1. Ps. 106.12.

b Ps. 18.2.

28 And the waters returned, and 27.1. covered p the chariots, and the 62.6. horsemen, and all the host of Pha- 118.14. raoh that came into the sea after 1s. 12.2. them: there remained not so much c 1Ki.8.13, as one of them. 27.

29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea-shore.

31 And Israel saw that great 4 work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses. CHAPTER XV.

1 Moses' song. 23 The waters at Marah are bitter.

d Ps.24.8. 45.3.

Rev. 19.11.

e Ps. 118.15,


f Deut.33.26.


HEN sang a Moses and the


Tchildren of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.


Is.5.24. 47.14. Mat.3.12.

h 2Sa.22.16.

Job 4.9.

1 or, re-


Ps. 147. 18.

k Is.40.18.

2 or, mighty


I Is.63.13.

2 The LORD is my strength and b song, and he is become iny salva-m Jos.5.1. tion: he is my God, and I will pre-n Deut.2.25. pare him an c habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him. 3 The LORD is a man of d war:0 1Sa.25.37. the LORD is his name.



p Ps.74.2. 4 Pharaoh's chariots and his host Acts 20.28. hath he cast into the sea: his chosen q Ps.44.2. captains also are drowned in ther Ps.78.54. Red sea. s Ps. 146.10. 5 The depths have covered them: Dan.4.3. they sank into the bottom as a stone. 7.27.

6 Thy right hand, e O LORD, is be-t Ju.11.34. come glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy.

2Sam.6.5. Ps.68.25. 81.2. 149.3. 150.4.

7 And in the greatness of thine f excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: u ver. 1. thou sentest forth thy wrath, which v Ge. 16.7. consumed them g as stubbie.

The Song of Moses.

8 And with the blast of h thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.

9 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil: my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall 1 destroy them. 10 Thou didst blow with thy i wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters. 11 Who is like k unto thee, O LORD, among the 2 gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?

12 Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earth swallowed them. 13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habi


14 The people shall hear, and be afraid sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina.

15 Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them: all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt m away.

16 Fear and dread shall n fall upon them: by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still o as a stone; till thy people pass over, 0 LORD, till the people pass over, which p thou hast purchased.

17 Thou shalt bring them in, and q plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, 0 LORD, which thou hast made for thee to dwell in; in the r sanctuary, O LORD, which thy hands have established.

18 The LORD shall reign s for ever and ever.

19 For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the LORD brought again the waters of the sea upon them: but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.

20 T And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, t took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.

21 And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, u for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea; and they went out into the wilderness of v Shur: and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.

The Israelites murmur.

23 And when they came to w Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called 3 Marah.

24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?


25 And he cried unto the LORD;
and the LORD shewed him a tree, y De.28.27,
which when he had cast into the
waters, the waters were made
sweet: there he made for them a
statute and an ordinance, and there
he proved them,

z Ps.41.4.
(CHAP. 16.)

a Nu.33.10.

b Eze.30.15.

c ch. 15.24.

26 And said, If thou wilt diligently
hearken to the voice of the LORD
thy God, and wilt do that which is
right in his sight, and wilt give ear
to his commandments, and keep!
all his statutes. I will put none of
these diseases upon thee, which I d Nu. 11.4,5.
have brought upon the Egyptians: ye
for I am the LORD z that healeth;

B. C. 1491.

w Num.33.8.

3 that is,
Ru. 1.20.

x 2Ki.2.21.

Ps. 106.25.
1Cor. 10.10.



the portion
of a day in
his day.

f Deut.8.16.
g ver.22.

h ver. 10.


27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and three score and ten palm-trees: and they encamped there by the



2 The Israelites murmur. 11 Quails are sent, 14 and manna.

12 I have heard the m murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the mornNu. ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.

ND they took their journey from congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of b Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land Nu. 16.16. of Egypt.

13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails n came up, and covered the camp; and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.

/ Nu. 14.10.
m ver.7.

2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel c murinured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

n Nu. 11.31.

14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoarfrost on the ground.

or, What

15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to anois this? or, ther, 2 It is manna: 0 for they wist

It is a por-

And Moses said
not what it was.
unto them, This is the bread which
the LORD hath given you to eat.
16 This is the thing which the
LORD hath commanded, Gather of
it every man according to his eat-
ing, an omer 3 for every man, ac-
cording to the number of your 4 per-
sons: take ye every man for them
which are in his tents.


i 1Sam.8.7.
Mat. 10.40.
Lu.10. 16.

3 And the children of Israel said
unto them, Would to God we had
died by the hand of the LORD in
the land of Egypt, when d we sat
by the flesh-pots, and when we did.
eat bread to the full; for ye have
brought us forth into this wilder-
ness, to kill this whole assembly over.31.38.
with hunger.

4 Then said the LORD unto Mo-
ses, Behold, I will rain e bread from
heaven for you; and the people
shall go out and gather a certain
rate every day, that I may ƒ prove
them, whether they will walk in
my law, or no.

De.8.3, 16.

1Cor. 10.3.

5 And it shall come to pass, that
on the sixth day they shall prepare
that which they bring in; and it 3 by the poll,
shall be twice g as much as they
gather daily.

or, head,

Quails and manna are sent. hath brought you out from the land of Egypt;

7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory h of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?

4 souls.

6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, p 2Cor.8.15. then ye shall know that the LORD!

8 And Moses said. This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, i but against the LORD.

9 And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come knear before the LORD; for he hath heard your murmurings.

10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD I ap peared in the cloud.

11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.

18 And when they did mete it with an omer,p he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack: they gathered every man according to his eating.

Manna is not to be

EXODUS, XVII. 19 And Moses said, Let no mang B. C. 1491. leave of it till the morning.

20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank and Moses was wroth with them.

21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating and when the sunt waxed hot, it melted.

22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice! as much bread, two omers for one man and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the r rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you, to be kept until the morning.

24 And they laid it up till they morning, as Moses bade: and it did not s stink, neither was there any worm therein.

25 And Moses said, Eat that to day, for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field.

q Mat.6.34.
r ch.20.8.

s ver.20.

ch.20.9.10. u Nu. 14.11. 2Ki. 17.14. Ps.78.10, 22. 106.13. Jer.9.6. Eze.5.6.


27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.

28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse u ye to keep my commandments and my laws?

v Nu. 11.7,8.
w Heb.9.4.

x ch.25.16.
Num. 1.50.

Nu.33 38.



children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, a after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt c the LORD?

3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said,

26 Sixt days ye shall gather it;
but on the seventh day, which is (CHAP. 17.) Wherefore is this that thou hast
the sabbath, in it there shall be

a ch.16.1.

brought us up out of Egypt, to kill
us and our children and our cattle
with thirst?

b Nu.20.3,4.

4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this c Deut.6.16. people? they be almost ready to Ps.78.18,41 stone d me. 95.8.9. Is.7.12. Mat.4.7. 1Cor. 10.9.

5 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smot1Sam.30.6. este the river, take in thine hand,

29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the d bread of two days: abide ye every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

and go.

Jno.8.59. 10.31. Acts 7.59. 14.19. e ch.7.20.

30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there Num.20.8- shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.


31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it f Ps. 105.41. was like v coriander seed, white;) and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.


1 i. e. temp-
i. e. chid-
ing, or,

32 And Moses said, This is the
thing which the LORD command-2
eth, Fill an omer of it to be kept
for your generations; that they strife.
may see the bread wherewith Ig Ge.35.12.
have fed you in the wilderness, Nu.24.20.
when I brought you forth from the 3 called
land of Egypt.

33 And Moses said unto Aaron, w Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up be-1

Acts 7.45.

z Jos.5.12.

a ver. 16,32,

found on the sabbath.

fore the LORD, to be kept for your generations.

34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up z before the Testimony, to be kept.

35 And the children of Israel did eat manna y forty years, until they came to a land inhabited: they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders z of the land of Canaan.

36 Now an omera is the tenth part of an ephah.


1 The people murmur for water at Rephidim. 5 Moses sent to the rock in Horeb. 13 Amalek is


7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and 2 Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?

8 Then came g Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

9 And Moses said unto 3 Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.

10 So Joshua did as Moses had

Amalek is overcome.

EXODUS, XVIII. said to him, and fought with Ama- | B. C. 1491. I lek and Moses, Aaron, and Hur, went up to the top of the hill.

11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

12 But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon: and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side: and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek h from under heaven.

15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it 4 JEHOVAHnissi :

16 For he said, 5 Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation. CHAPTER XVIII.

1 Jethro bringeth to Moses his wife and two sons. Moses entertaineth him.

h Nu.24.20.

6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father-in-law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.

4 i. e. the

13 And Joshua discomfited Ama

lek and his people with the edge the hand


of the sword.

upon the
throne of
the LORD.

7 And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and did obeisance,c and kissed him: and they asked each other of their 3 welfare; and they came into the tent.

8 And Moses told his father-inlaw all that the LORD had done

5 or, Because
the hand

of Amalek
is against
the throne

of the

(CHAP. 18.)
a ch.2.16.

1 i. e. a

stranger there.

2 i.e. my
GOD is
an help.
b ch.3.1,12.

c Ge.29.13.


THEN a Jethro, the priest of 4 found
Midian, Moses' father-in- them.
law, heard of all that God had d Ps. 106.43.
done for Moses, and for Israel his
people, and that the LORD had e Rom. 12.15.
brought Israel out of Egypt:
2 Then Jethro, Moses father-in-f25a. 18.28.
law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife,
after he had sent her back,

Lu. 1.68.

3 And her two sons; of which the name of the one was 1 Gershom; (for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land :)

4 And the name of the other was
? Eliezer; (For the God of my fa-
ther, said he, was mine help, and Nu.15.34.
delivered me from the sword of
Pharaoh :)

5 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-
law, came with his sons and his
wife unto Moses into the wilder-6
ness, where he encamped at the b
mount of God:

5 a man and
his fellow.

thou wilt

1 De.1.9, 12.

3 peace.

g Ps.95.3.


h Job 40.11.

i Deut. 12.7.
1 Ch.29.22.
1Cor. 10.21.


m ch.20.19.


n Deut.4.1.

Moses entertaineth Jethro.

unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had 4 come upon them by the Iway, and how the LORD d delivered them.

De. 1.15-17.

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20 And thou shalt teach them n ordinances and laws, and shalt 6.1,2. shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.

21 Moreover, thou shalt provide Job 29.16. out of all the people able men, 31.13. such as o fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness: and place

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