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God's severe judgments

strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the 3 ambushes: for the LORD hath both devised and done that which he spake against the inhabitants of Babylon.

denounced against Babylon.

B. C. 595. k from the rocks, and will make
thee a burnt mountain.

26 And they shall not take of thee
a stone for a corner, nor a stone for
u Re. 17.1,15. foundations; but thou shalt be
v Hab.2.9, 10.9 desolate for ever, saith the LORD.
4 his soul. 27 Set ye up a standard in the
land, blow the trumpet among the
nations, prepare the nations against
5 utter.
her, call together against her the
kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and
Ashchenaz; appoint a captain
against her; cause the horses to
come up as the rough caterpillars.m
28 Prepare against her the nations
with the kings of the Medes, n the
captains thereof, and all the rulers
thereof, and all the land of his do-


13 0 thou that dwellest upon many waters, u abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy v covetousness.

14 The LORD of hosts hath sworn by 4 himself, saying, Surely I will x Ge.1.1,6. fill thee with men, as with cater-y Job 9.8. pillars; w and they shall lift up a Ps. 104.2. shout against thee. Is.40.22.

15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched y out the heaven by his understanding.z

16 When a he uttereth his voice, there is a 6 multitude of waters in the heavens; and he b causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends! of the earth: he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.

17 Every man 7 is brutish by his knowledge; c every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath d in them.

20 Thou art my battle-axe and weapons of war: for 8 with thee will I break in pieces g the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms; 21 And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider;

22 With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman; and with thee will I break in pieces old and young; and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid;

3 liers in

23 I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers.

24 And I will render h unto BabyJon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they' have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.

25 Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, i saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down

z Pr.3.19.

a ch. 10.12,

18 They are vanity, the work of errors in the time of their visita-I tion they shall perish.


19 The portion e of Jacob is not like them; for he is the former of all things: and Israel is the rod fi of his inheritance. The LORD of hosts is his name.


Ps. 107.25.

6 or, noise.
b Ps. 135.7.

or, is more


than to
c Ro. 1.22.
d Ps. 115.5,&c.
e Ps. 16.5.


or,in,or, by
Is.41.15, 16.

Mi.4. 13.

h ch.50.15,29.
Is. 13.2.

k Re.8.8.

9 everlasting
m ver. 14.
n ver. 11.
o Is. 19.16.
p ch.50.36.

Am. 1.5.
Na.3. 13.

10 or, in the
time that
he thresheth

q Hab.3.12.
Is. 17.5.
Joel 3.13.
Mat. 13.39.
Re. 14. 15,


t La. 1.15.
11 My.
12 or,remain-
u Ps. 137.8,9.
13 inhabi-'


14 or, shake

29 And the land shall tremble and sorrow for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.

30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborne to fight, they have remained in their holds: their might hath failed; they became o as women: they have burned her dwelling-places; her bars p are broken.

31 One post shall run to meet another, and one messenger to meet. another, to show the king of Babylon that his city is taken at one end, 32 And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

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God's severe judgments

JEREMIAH, LII. 39 In their heat I will make their B. C. 595. feasts, and I will make them drunken, v that they may rejoice, v ver.57. and sleep a perpetual sleep, and w Da.5.4,&c. not wake, saith the LORD.

x Is.8.7.

40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he-goats.

y ver.58.

z ch.50.8.
Re. 18.4.

55 Because the LORD hath spoiled Babylon, and destroyed out of her the great voice; when her waves

41 How is Sheshach taken! and

how is the praise of the whole 15 or, let not, do roar like great waters, a noise of their voice is uttered:


earth w surprised! how is Babylon
become an astonishment among
the nations!

42 The sear is come up upon Ba-b Re. 18.20.
bylon she is covered with the c ch.50.3.41.
multitude of the waves thereof.
17 or, Both
Babylon is
to fall, O
ye stain of
Israel, and
with Baby


43 Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.

41 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swal- 180r,country. lowed up and the nations shall d ch.44.28. not flow together any more unto e Ps. 122.6. him: yea, the wally of Babylon 137.5,6. shall fall. f La. 1.10.

a Mar. 13.7.
16 visit.

15 My people, go ye out z of the midst of her, and deliver ye every g ver.47. man his soul from the fierce anger

of the LORD.

h Is. 13. 15, 16.
Ps. 139.8-10.

Is. 14. 13.

46 And 15 lest your heart faint, and ye fear for the rumoura that shall be heard in the land; a rumour shall both come one year, and after that in another year shall come a rumour, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler.

m Ps.94.1.

k ch.50.22-29. 47 Therefore behold, the days 1 1Sa.2.4. come, that I will 16 do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.

n ch.25.27.

19 or, walls of
broad Ba-
20 or, made

48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing b for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, c saith the LORD.

49 17 As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the 18 earth. 50 Ye that have escaped d the sword, go away, stand not still: remember the LORD afar off, and let Jerusalem e come into your mind.

denounced against Babylon. should fortify the height of her strength, yet, from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD. 54 A sound k of a cry cometh from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans:

P Hab.2.13.
21 or, on the
behalf of.
or, prince
of Menu-
cha, or,



51 We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces; for stran- 23 desolagers ƒ are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD's house.



52 Wherefore, behold, the days 9 Re. 18.21. come, saith the LORD, that I will dor ver.58. judgment upon her graven images:g and through all her land the (CHAP. 52.) wounded h shall groan. a 2Ki.24.18. 53 Though Babylon should mounti 1 reigned. up to heaven, and though she

56 Because the spoiler is come upon her, even upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken, every one of their bows is broken: for the LORD God of recompenses shall surely requite.m

57 And I will make drunk n her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the king, o whose name is the LORD of hosts.

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3 or, fetters.

4 And b it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the teath day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched e Zec.7.5. against it, and built forts against it round about.


5 So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.

b ch.39.1,&c.


6 And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

house of the

f ver.29.

5 chief of the


13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire.

14 And all the army of the Chal

ers, or, slaughtermen; or, chief marshal; and so v. 14,&c. and Da.2.14. 6 stood before.

g ch.39.10.

7 Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain.

8 But the army of the Chal-h deans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.

9 Thenc they took the king and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.

22 And a chapiter k of brass was

10 And the king of Babylon slew 8 or, basons. upon it; and the height of one chathe sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.

piter was five cubits, with net-work and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these.



i Ex.27.3.

7 or, instru-
ments to

remove the


or, censers.

10 their.

11 Then dhe 2 put out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Baby-11 thread. lon bound him in 3 chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in 4 prison till the day of his 12Ki.25.18. death.

k 2Ch.3.15.


12 T Now in the fifth e month, in m ch.21.1. the tenth day of the month, (which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon,) came Nebuzar-adan, 5 captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,

12 threshold.


saw the face of the king.

and burned. deans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down all the walls of Jerusalem round about. tain of the guard carried away cap15 Then Nebuzar-adan the captive certain of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude.

14 or, scribe
of the cap-
lain of the


16 But Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor g of the land, for vine-dressers and for husbandmen.

17 Also h the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brazen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.

18 The caldrons also, and the 7 shovels, and the snuffers, and the 8 bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.

19 And the basins, and the 9 firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.

20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brazen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: 10 the brass of all these vessels was without weight.

21 And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a 11 fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow.

23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the net-work were an hundred round about.

24 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and m Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the 12 door:

25 He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war; and seven men of them that 13 were near the king's person, which were found in the city; and the 14 principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of

The Jews


taken captive. the persons were four thousand and six hundred.

the people of the land, that were B. C. 595. found in the midst of the city. 26 So Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon, to 02Ki.24.1, &c. tivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah.

n La.1.1,3.

And p it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the cap



15 souls.

P 2Ki.25.27,


27 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah, in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away cap-; tive out n of his own land. 28 This o is the people whom Ne-9 Ge.40.13, buchadrezzar carried away captive in the seventh year, three 16 good thousand Jews and three and things with twenty:



29 In the eighteenth year of Ne-r Zec.3.3-5. buchadrezzar he carried away cap- $ 28a.9.13. tive from Jerusalem eight hundred! IKI.2.7. thirty and two 15 persons:

30 In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar, Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all

17 the matter
of the day
in his day.
t Lu. 11.3.


The miserable estate of Jerusalem by reason of her sin.

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B. C. 588.
a Je.52.27.

OW doth the city sit solitary, ab Is.47.8.
is e 2Ch.9.26.

she become as a widow!b she that Ezr.4.20.
was great among the nations, and
princess c among the provinces, how 1 for the
is she become tributary!

d Je.4.30.

2 She weepeth sore in the night,
and her tears are on her cheeks: e De.28.64.
among all her lovers d she hath fDe.28.143,44.
none to comfort her: all her friends g Da.9.7,16.
have dealt treacherously with her,
they are become her enemies.

3 Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and 1 because of great servitude: she dwelleth ei among the heathen, she findeth nok rest: all her persecutors overtook her between the straits.

Year of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, 19....Of Zedekiah, last king of Judah, 11.

h Je.52.8,11.
2 or, desira-
ble, ver. 10,
Ps. 137.3.
become a re-

4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins are af flicted, and she is in bitterness.

5 Her adversaries are the chief, f her enemies prosper; for the LORD hath afflicted her for the multitude of her transgressions: g her child- 52.13. ren are gone into captivity before o De.23.3. the enemy.

n Je.51.51.

in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head q of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison,

32 And spake 16 kindly unto him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon,


m De.32.29.

33 And changed r his prison-garments: and he did continually eat breads before him all the days of his life.

4 or, desira-

34 And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, 17 every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.

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·Jerusalem complaineth.

11 All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to 5 relieve the soul: see, O LORD, and consider; for I am become p vile.

5 or,make the

126 Is it nothing to you, all yep that pass 7 by? behold, and see if

soul to come
Job 40.4.
or, It is.

there be any a sorrow like unto my

by the way. Howarhter of Zion with a cloude

TOW LORD covered the

q Da.9.12.

r Eze. 17.20.

Sorrow, which is done unto me,
wherewith the LORD hath afflicted
me in the day of his fierce anger.
13 From above hath he sent fires De.28.48.
into my bones, and it prevaileth
against them: he hath spread a
net for my feet, he hath turned
me back he hath made me deso-
late and faint all the day.

u Is.63.3.
s or, the wine
press of the

in his anger, and cast down from
heaven unto the earth the beauty b
of Israel, and remembered not his
footstool c in the day of his anger!
2 The LORD hath swallowed up
all the habitations of Jacob, and
hath not d pitied: he hath throw
down in his wrath the strong holds
of the daughter of Judah; he hall
1 brought them down to the groundie
he hath polluted the kingdom and
the princes thereof.

bring back.
w Ho.9.12.
? H.8.8.

14 The yoke s of iny transgressions
is bound by his hand: they are
wreathed, and come up upon my
neck: he hath made my strength
to fall, the LORD hath delivered me
into their hands, from whom t I am
not able to rise up.
15 The LORD hath trodden under 10 mouth.
foot all my mighty men in the midst
of me; he hath called an assembly
against me to crush my young men:
the LORD hath trodden 8 the vir-
gin, the daughter of Judah, as in a

z Ne.9.33.

3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, and he burned against Jacob like a flaming g fire, which devoureth round about.

a Je.2.28.

30. 14. Ps.51.3,4.

c De.32.25.

Is. 13.6,&c.
Je.46. 10.

16 For these things I weep; mine
eye, mine eye runneth down with
water, because the comforter that 11 or, pro-
should relieve my soul is far from
me: my w children are desolate, be-
cause the enemy prevailed.


e Fs. 137.7-9.

17 Zion spreadeth forth r her
hands, and there is none to comfort f Lu.23.31.
her: the LORD hath commanded g ch.5.17.
concerning Jacob, that his adver-
saries should be round about y him:
(CHAP. 2.)
Jerusalem is as a menstruous wo- 2Sa. 1.19.
a Joel 2.2.
man among them.

18 The LORD is righteous; z for I have rebelled against his 10 commandment: hear, I pray you, all people, and behold my sorrow; my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity. 19 I called for my lovers, buta they deceived me: my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls.

20 Behold, O LORD; for I am in distress; my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; forb I have grievously rebelled; abroad the sword bereaveth, c at home there is as death. 21 They have heard that I sigh:n there is none to comfort me: all mine enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that thou hast done it thou wilt bring the dayd that thou hast 11 called, and they shall be like unto me.

22 Lete all their wickedness come

B. C. 588.

v Je. 13. 17.



c. 1Ch.23.2.
Ps. 132.7.

Je. 13. 14.
made to



e Ps.89.39. f Ps.74.11. & Ps.89.46.

h Is.63.10.


2 the desira

able of.

i Is.5.5.


or, hedge,
Job 1.10.
k ch. 1.4.
shut up.
m Ps.74.4,&c.
5 swallowing

Jeremiah lamenteth

before thee; and do unto them as
thou hast done unto me for all my
transgressions: for my sighs are
and my heart is g faint.
Jeremiah lamenteth the misery of Je-



o Jé.51.30.
p De.28.36.

4 He hath bent his how like an h enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all 2 that were pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire.

5 The LORD was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed her strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation.

6 And he hath violently taken away i his 3 tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn & feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest.

7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he hath 4 given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise m in the house of the LORD, as in the day of solemn feast.

8 The LORD hath purposed to de stroy the wall of the daughter of Zion: he hath stretched out a line,n he hath not withdrawn his hand from 5 destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished together. 9 Her gates are sunk into the ground: he hath destroyed and broken her o bars: her kingp and her princes are among the Gentiles: the law is no more; her pro

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